signal.c 17.8 KB
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/*
 *  linux/arch/arm/kernel/signal.c
 *
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 *  Copyright (C) 1995-2009 Russell King
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 *
 * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
 * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as
 * published by the Free Software Foundation.
 */
#include <linux/errno.h>
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#include <linux/random.h>
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#include <linux/signal.h>
#include <linux/personality.h>
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#include <linux/uaccess.h>
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#include <linux/tracehook.h>
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#include <linux/uprobes.h>
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#include <linux/syscalls.h>
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#include <asm/elf.h>
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#include <asm/cacheflush.h>
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#include <asm/traps.h>
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#include <asm/unistd.h>
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#include <asm/vfp.h>
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#include "signal.h"

extern const unsigned long sigreturn_codes[17];
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static unsigned long signal_return_offset;

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#ifdef CONFIG_CRUNCH
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static int preserve_crunch_context(struct crunch_sigframe __user *frame)
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{
	char kbuf[sizeof(*frame) + 8];
	struct crunch_sigframe *kframe;

	/* the crunch context must be 64 bit aligned */
	kframe = (struct crunch_sigframe *)((unsigned long)(kbuf + 8) & ~7);
	kframe->magic = CRUNCH_MAGIC;
	kframe->size = CRUNCH_STORAGE_SIZE;
	crunch_task_copy(current_thread_info(), &kframe->storage);
	return __copy_to_user(frame, kframe, sizeof(*frame));
}

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static int restore_crunch_context(char __user **auxp)
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{
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	struct crunch_sigframe __user *frame =
		(struct crunch_sigframe __user *)*auxp;
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	char kbuf[sizeof(*frame) + 8];
	struct crunch_sigframe *kframe;

	/* the crunch context must be 64 bit aligned */
	kframe = (struct crunch_sigframe *)((unsigned long)(kbuf + 8) & ~7);
	if (__copy_from_user(kframe, frame, sizeof(*frame)))
		return -1;
	if (kframe->magic != CRUNCH_MAGIC ||
	    kframe->size != CRUNCH_STORAGE_SIZE)
		return -1;
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	*auxp += CRUNCH_STORAGE_SIZE;
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	crunch_task_restore(current_thread_info(), &kframe->storage);
	return 0;
}
#endif

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#ifdef CONFIG_IWMMXT

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static int preserve_iwmmxt_context(struct iwmmxt_sigframe __user *frame)
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{
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	char kbuf[sizeof(*frame) + 8];
	struct iwmmxt_sigframe *kframe;
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	int err = 0;
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	/* the iWMMXt context must be 64 bit aligned */
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	kframe = (struct iwmmxt_sigframe *)((unsigned long)(kbuf + 8) & ~7);
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	if (test_thread_flag(TIF_USING_IWMMXT)) {
		kframe->magic = IWMMXT_MAGIC;
		kframe->size = IWMMXT_STORAGE_SIZE;
		iwmmxt_task_copy(current_thread_info(), &kframe->storage);
	} else {
		/*
		 * For bug-compatibility with older kernels, some space
		 * has to be reserved for iWMMXt even if it's not used.
		 * Set the magic and size appropriately so that properly
		 * written userspace can skip it reliably:
		 */
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		*kframe = (struct iwmmxt_sigframe) {
			.magic = DUMMY_MAGIC,
			.size  = IWMMXT_STORAGE_SIZE,
		};
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	}

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	err = __copy_to_user(frame, kframe, sizeof(*kframe));

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	return err;
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}

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static int restore_iwmmxt_context(char __user **auxp)
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{
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	struct iwmmxt_sigframe __user *frame =
		(struct iwmmxt_sigframe __user *)*auxp;
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	char kbuf[sizeof(*frame) + 8];
	struct iwmmxt_sigframe *kframe;

	/* the iWMMXt context must be 64 bit aligned */
	kframe = (struct iwmmxt_sigframe *)((unsigned long)(kbuf + 8) & ~7);
	if (__copy_from_user(kframe, frame, sizeof(*frame)))
		return -1;
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	/*
	 * For non-iWMMXt threads: a single iwmmxt_sigframe-sized dummy
	 * block is discarded for compatibility with setup_sigframe() if
	 * present, but we don't mandate its presence.  If some other
	 * magic is here, it's not for us:
	 */
	if (!test_thread_flag(TIF_USING_IWMMXT) &&
	    kframe->magic != DUMMY_MAGIC)
		return 0;

	if (kframe->size != IWMMXT_STORAGE_SIZE)
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		return -1;
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	if (test_thread_flag(TIF_USING_IWMMXT)) {
		if (kframe->magic != IWMMXT_MAGIC)
			return -1;

		iwmmxt_task_restore(current_thread_info(), &kframe->storage);
	}

	*auxp += IWMMXT_STORAGE_SIZE;
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	return 0;
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}

#endif

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#ifdef CONFIG_VFP

static int preserve_vfp_context(struct vfp_sigframe __user *frame)
{
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	struct vfp_sigframe kframe;
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	int err = 0;

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	memset(&kframe, 0, sizeof(kframe));
	kframe.magic = VFP_MAGIC;
	kframe.size = VFP_STORAGE_SIZE;
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	err = vfp_preserve_user_clear_hwstate(&kframe.ufp, &kframe.ufp_exc);
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	if (err)
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		return err;
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	return __copy_to_user(frame, &kframe, sizeof(kframe));
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}

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static int restore_vfp_context(char __user **auxp)
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{
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	struct vfp_sigframe frame;
	int err;
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	err = __copy_from_user(&frame, *auxp, sizeof(frame));
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	if (err)
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		return err;

	if (frame.magic != VFP_MAGIC || frame.size != VFP_STORAGE_SIZE)
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		return -EINVAL;

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	*auxp += sizeof(frame);
	return vfp_restore_user_hwstate(&frame.ufp, &frame.ufp_exc);
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}

#endif

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/*
 * Do a signal return; undo the signal stack.  These are aligned to 64-bit.
 */

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static int restore_sigframe(struct pt_regs *regs, struct sigframe __user *sf)
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{
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	struct sigcontext context;
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	char __user *aux;
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	sigset_t set;
	int err;

	err = __copy_from_user(&set, &sf->uc.uc_sigmask, sizeof(set));
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	if (err == 0)
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		set_current_blocked(&set);
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	err |= __copy_from_user(&context, &sf->uc.uc_mcontext, sizeof(context));
	if (err == 0) {
		regs->ARM_r0 = context.arm_r0;
		regs->ARM_r1 = context.arm_r1;
		regs->ARM_r2 = context.arm_r2;
		regs->ARM_r3 = context.arm_r3;
		regs->ARM_r4 = context.arm_r4;
		regs->ARM_r5 = context.arm_r5;
		regs->ARM_r6 = context.arm_r6;
		regs->ARM_r7 = context.arm_r7;
		regs->ARM_r8 = context.arm_r8;
		regs->ARM_r9 = context.arm_r9;
		regs->ARM_r10 = context.arm_r10;
		regs->ARM_fp = context.arm_fp;
		regs->ARM_ip = context.arm_ip;
		regs->ARM_sp = context.arm_sp;
		regs->ARM_lr = context.arm_lr;
		regs->ARM_pc = context.arm_pc;
		regs->ARM_cpsr = context.arm_cpsr;
	}
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	err |= !valid_user_regs(regs);

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	aux = (char __user *) sf->uc.uc_regspace;
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#ifdef CONFIG_CRUNCH
	if (err == 0)
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		err |= restore_crunch_context(&aux);
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#endif
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#ifdef CONFIG_IWMMXT
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	if (err == 0)
		err |= restore_iwmmxt_context(&aux);
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#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_VFP
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	if (err == 0)
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		err |= restore_vfp_context(&aux);
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#endif

	return err;
}

asmlinkage int sys_sigreturn(struct pt_regs *regs)
{
	struct sigframe __user *frame;

	/* Always make any pending restarted system calls return -EINTR */
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	current->restart_block.fn = do_no_restart_syscall;
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	/*
	 * Since we stacked the signal on a 64-bit boundary,
	 * then 'sp' should be word aligned here.  If it's
	 * not, then the user is trying to mess with us.
	 */
	if (regs->ARM_sp & 7)
		goto badframe;

	frame = (struct sigframe __user *)regs->ARM_sp;

	if (!access_ok(VERIFY_READ, frame, sizeof (*frame)))
		goto badframe;

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	if (restore_sigframe(regs, frame))
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		goto badframe;

	return regs->ARM_r0;

badframe:
	force_sig(SIGSEGV, current);
	return 0;
}

asmlinkage int sys_rt_sigreturn(struct pt_regs *regs)
{
	struct rt_sigframe __user *frame;

	/* Always make any pending restarted system calls return -EINTR */
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	current->restart_block.fn = do_no_restart_syscall;
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	/*
	 * Since we stacked the signal on a 64-bit boundary,
	 * then 'sp' should be word aligned here.  If it's
	 * not, then the user is trying to mess with us.
	 */
	if (regs->ARM_sp & 7)
		goto badframe;

	frame = (struct rt_sigframe __user *)regs->ARM_sp;

	if (!access_ok(VERIFY_READ, frame, sizeof (*frame)))
		goto badframe;

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	if (restore_sigframe(regs, &frame->sig))
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		goto badframe;

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	if (restore_altstack(&frame->sig.uc.uc_stack))
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		goto badframe;

	return regs->ARM_r0;

badframe:
	force_sig(SIGSEGV, current);
	return 0;
}

static int
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setup_sigframe(struct sigframe __user *sf, struct pt_regs *regs, sigset_t *set)
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{
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	struct aux_sigframe __user *aux;
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	struct sigcontext context;
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	int err = 0;

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	context = (struct sigcontext) {
		.arm_r0        = regs->ARM_r0,
		.arm_r1        = regs->ARM_r1,
		.arm_r2        = regs->ARM_r2,
		.arm_r3        = regs->ARM_r3,
		.arm_r4        = regs->ARM_r4,
		.arm_r5        = regs->ARM_r5,
		.arm_r6        = regs->ARM_r6,
		.arm_r7        = regs->ARM_r7,
		.arm_r8        = regs->ARM_r8,
		.arm_r9        = regs->ARM_r9,
		.arm_r10       = regs->ARM_r10,
		.arm_fp        = regs->ARM_fp,
		.arm_ip        = regs->ARM_ip,
		.arm_sp        = regs->ARM_sp,
		.arm_lr        = regs->ARM_lr,
		.arm_pc        = regs->ARM_pc,
		.arm_cpsr      = regs->ARM_cpsr,

		.trap_no       = current->thread.trap_no,
		.error_code    = current->thread.error_code,
		.fault_address = current->thread.address,
		.oldmask       = set->sig[0],
	};

	err |= __copy_to_user(&sf->uc.uc_mcontext, &context, sizeof(context));
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	err |= __copy_to_user(&sf->uc.uc_sigmask, set, sizeof(*set));
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	aux = (struct aux_sigframe __user *) sf->uc.uc_regspace;
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#ifdef CONFIG_CRUNCH
	if (err == 0)
		err |= preserve_crunch_context(&aux->crunch);
#endif
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#ifdef CONFIG_IWMMXT
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	if (err == 0)
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		err |= preserve_iwmmxt_context(&aux->iwmmxt);
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_VFP
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	if (err == 0)
		err |= preserve_vfp_context(&aux->vfp);
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#endif
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	__put_user_error(0, &aux->end_magic, err);
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	return err;
}

static inline void __user *
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get_sigframe(struct ksignal *ksig, struct pt_regs *regs, int framesize)
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{
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	unsigned long sp = sigsp(regs->ARM_sp, ksig);
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	void __user *frame;

	/*
	 * ATPCS B01 mandates 8-byte alignment
	 */
	frame = (void __user *)((sp - framesize) & ~7);

	/*
	 * Check that we can actually write to the signal frame.
	 */
	if (!access_ok(VERIFY_WRITE, frame, framesize))
		frame = NULL;

	return frame;
}

static int
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setup_return(struct pt_regs *regs, struct ksignal *ksig,
	     unsigned long __user *rc, void __user *frame)
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{
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	unsigned long handler = (unsigned long)ksig->ka.sa.sa_handler;
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	unsigned long handler_fdpic_GOT = 0;
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	unsigned long retcode;
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	unsigned int idx, thumb = 0;
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	unsigned long cpsr = regs->ARM_cpsr & ~(PSR_f | PSR_E_BIT);
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	bool fdpic = IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_BINFMT_ELF_FDPIC) &&
		     (current->personality & FDPIC_FUNCPTRS);

	if (fdpic) {
		unsigned long __user *fdpic_func_desc =
					(unsigned long __user *)handler;
		if (__get_user(handler, &fdpic_func_desc[0]) ||
		    __get_user(handler_fdpic_GOT, &fdpic_func_desc[1]))
			return 1;
	}
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	cpsr |= PSR_ENDSTATE;
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	/*
	 * Maybe we need to deliver a 32-bit signal to a 26-bit task.
	 */
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	if (ksig->ka.sa.sa_flags & SA_THIRTYTWO)
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		cpsr = (cpsr & ~MODE_MASK) | USR_MODE;

#ifdef CONFIG_ARM_THUMB
	if (elf_hwcap & HWCAP_THUMB) {
		/*
		 * The LSB of the handler determines if we're going to
		 * be using THUMB or ARM mode for this signal handler.
		 */
		thumb = handler & 1;

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		/*
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		 * Clear the If-Then Thumb-2 execution state.  ARM spec
		 * requires this to be all 000s in ARM mode.  Snapdragon
		 * S4/Krait misbehaves on a Thumb=>ARM signal transition
		 * without this.
		 *
		 * We must do this whenever we are running on a Thumb-2
		 * capable CPU, which includes ARMv6T2.  However, we elect
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		 * to always do this to simplify the code; this field is
		 * marked UNK/SBZP for older architectures.
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		 */
		cpsr &= ~PSR_IT_MASK;

		if (thumb) {
			cpsr |= PSR_T_BIT;
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		} else
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			cpsr &= ~PSR_T_BIT;
	}
#endif

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	if (ksig->ka.sa.sa_flags & SA_RESTORER) {
		retcode = (unsigned long)ksig->ka.sa.sa_restorer;
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		if (fdpic) {
			/*
			 * We need code to load the function descriptor.
			 * That code follows the standard sigreturn code
			 * (6 words), and is made of 3 + 2 words for each
			 * variant. The 4th copied word is the actual FD
			 * address that the assembly code expects.
			 */
			idx = 6 + thumb * 3;
			if (ksig->ka.sa.sa_flags & SA_SIGINFO)
				idx += 5;
			if (__put_user(sigreturn_codes[idx],   rc  ) ||
			    __put_user(sigreturn_codes[idx+1], rc+1) ||
			    __put_user(sigreturn_codes[idx+2], rc+2) ||
			    __put_user(retcode,                rc+3))
				return 1;
			goto rc_finish;
		}
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	} else {
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		idx = thumb << 1;
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		if (ksig->ka.sa.sa_flags & SA_SIGINFO)
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			idx += 3;
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		/*
		 * Put the sigreturn code on the stack no matter which return
		 * mechanism we use in order to remain ABI compliant
		 */
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		if (__put_user(sigreturn_codes[idx],   rc) ||
		    __put_user(sigreturn_codes[idx+1], rc+1))
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			return 1;

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rc_finish:
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#ifdef CONFIG_MMU
		if (cpsr & MODE32_BIT) {
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			struct mm_struct *mm = current->mm;

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			/*
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			 * 32-bit code can use the signal return page
			 * except when the MPU has protected the vectors
			 * page from PL0
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			 */
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			retcode = mm->context.sigpage + signal_return_offset +
				  (idx << 2) + thumb;
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		} else
#endif
		{
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			/*
			 * Ensure that the instruction cache sees
			 * the return code written onto the stack.
			 */
			flush_icache_range((unsigned long)rc,
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					   (unsigned long)(rc + 3));
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			retcode = ((unsigned long)rc) + thumb;
		}
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	}

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	regs->ARM_r0 = ksig->sig;
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	regs->ARM_sp = (unsigned long)frame;
	regs->ARM_lr = retcode;
	regs->ARM_pc = handler;
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	if (fdpic)
		regs->ARM_r9 = handler_fdpic_GOT;
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	regs->ARM_cpsr = cpsr;

	return 0;
}

static int
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setup_frame(struct ksignal *ksig, sigset_t *set, struct pt_regs *regs)
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{
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	struct sigframe __user *frame = get_sigframe(ksig, regs, sizeof(*frame));
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	int err = 0;

	if (!frame)
		return 1;

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	/*
	 * Set uc.uc_flags to a value which sc.trap_no would never have.
	 */
	__put_user_error(0x5ac3c35a, &frame->uc.uc_flags, err);
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	err |= setup_sigframe(frame, regs, set);
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	if (err == 0)
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		err = setup_return(regs, ksig, frame->retcode, frame);
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	return err;
}

static int
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setup_rt_frame(struct ksignal *ksig, sigset_t *set, struct pt_regs *regs)
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{
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	struct rt_sigframe __user *frame = get_sigframe(ksig, regs, sizeof(*frame));
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	int err = 0;

	if (!frame)
		return 1;

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	err |= copy_siginfo_to_user(&frame->info, &ksig->info);
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	__put_user_error(0, &frame->sig.uc.uc_flags, err);
	__put_user_error(NULL, &frame->sig.uc.uc_link, err);
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	err |= __save_altstack(&frame->sig.uc.uc_stack, regs->ARM_sp);
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	err |= setup_sigframe(&frame->sig, regs, set);
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	if (err == 0)
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		err = setup_return(regs, ksig, frame->sig.retcode, frame);
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	if (err == 0) {
		/*
		 * For realtime signals we must also set the second and third
		 * arguments for the signal handler.
		 *   -- Peter Maydell <pmaydell@chiark.greenend.org.uk> 2000-12-06
		 */
		regs->ARM_r1 = (unsigned long)&frame->info;
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		regs->ARM_r2 = (unsigned long)&frame->sig.uc;
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	}

	return err;
}

/*
 * OK, we're invoking a handler
 */	
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static void handle_signal(struct ksignal *ksig, struct pt_regs *regs)
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{
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	sigset_t *oldset = sigmask_to_save();
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	int ret;

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	/*
	 * Increment event counter and perform fixup for the pre-signal
	 * frame.
	 */
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	rseq_signal_deliver(ksig, regs);
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	/*
	 * Set up the stack frame
	 */
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	if (ksig->ka.sa.sa_flags & SA_SIGINFO)
		ret = setup_rt_frame(ksig, oldset, regs);
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	else
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		ret = setup_frame(ksig, oldset, regs);
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	/*
	 * Check that the resulting registers are actually sane.
	 */
	ret |= !valid_user_regs(regs);

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	signal_setup_done(ret, ksig, 0);
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}

/*
 * Note that 'init' is a special process: it doesn't get signals it doesn't
 * want to handle. Thus you cannot kill init even with a SIGKILL even by
 * mistake.
 *
 * Note that we go through the signals twice: once to check the signals that
 * the kernel can handle, and then we build all the user-level signal handling
 * stack-frames in one go after that.
 */
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static int do_signal(struct pt_regs *regs, int syscall)
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{
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	unsigned int retval = 0, continue_addr = 0, restart_addr = 0;
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	struct ksignal ksig;
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	int restart = 0;
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	/*
	 * If we were from a system call, check for system call restarting...
	 */
	if (syscall) {
		continue_addr = regs->ARM_pc;
		restart_addr = continue_addr - (thumb_mode(regs) ? 2 : 4);
		retval = regs->ARM_r0;

		/*
		 * Prepare for system call restart.  We do this here so that a
		 * debugger will see the already changed PSW.
		 */
		switch (retval) {
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		case -ERESTART_RESTARTBLOCK:
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			restart -= 2;
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		case -ERESTARTNOHAND:
		case -ERESTARTSYS:
		case -ERESTARTNOINTR:
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			restart++;
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			regs->ARM_r0 = regs->ARM_ORIG_r0;
			regs->ARM_pc = restart_addr;
			break;
		}
	}

	/*
	 * Get the signal to deliver.  When running under ptrace, at this
	 * point the debugger may change all our registers ...
	 */
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	/*
	 * Depending on the signal settings we may need to revert the
	 * decision to restart the system call.  But skip this if a
	 * debugger has chosen to restart at a different PC.
	 */
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	if (get_signal(&ksig)) {
		/* handler */
		if (unlikely(restart) && regs->ARM_pc == restart_addr) {
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			if (retval == -ERESTARTNOHAND ||
			    retval == -ERESTART_RESTARTBLOCK
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			    || (retval == -ERESTARTSYS
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				&& !(ksig.ka.sa.sa_flags & SA_RESTART))) {
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				regs->ARM_r0 = -EINTR;
				regs->ARM_pc = continue_addr;
			}
		}
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		handle_signal(&ksig, regs);
	} else {
		/* no handler */
		restore_saved_sigmask();
		if (unlikely(restart) && regs->ARM_pc == restart_addr) {
			regs->ARM_pc = continue_addr;
			return restart;
		}
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	}
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	return 0;
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}

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asmlinkage int
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do_work_pending(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned int thread_flags, int syscall)
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{
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	/*
	 * The assembly code enters us with IRQs off, but it hasn't
	 * informed the tracing code of that for efficiency reasons.
	 * Update the trace code with the current status.
	 */
	trace_hardirqs_off();
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	do {
		if (likely(thread_flags & _TIF_NEED_RESCHED)) {
			schedule();
		} else {
			if (unlikely(!user_mode(regs)))
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				return 0;
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			local_irq_enable();
			if (thread_flags & _TIF_SIGPENDING) {
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				int restart = do_signal(regs, syscall);
				if (unlikely(restart)) {
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					/*
					 * Restart without handlers.
					 * Deal with it without leaving
					 * the kernel space.
					 */
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					return restart;
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				}
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				syscall = 0;
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			} else if (thread_flags & _TIF_UPROBE) {
				uprobe_notify_resume(regs);
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			} else {
				clear_thread_flag(TIF_NOTIFY_RESUME);
				tracehook_notify_resume(regs);
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				rseq_handle_notify_resume(NULL, regs);
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			}
		}
		local_irq_disable();
		thread_flags = current_thread_info()->flags;
	} while (thread_flags & _TIF_WORK_MASK);
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	return 0;
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}
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struct page *get_signal_page(void)
{
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	unsigned long ptr;
	unsigned offset;
	struct page *page;
	void *addr;
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	page = alloc_pages(GFP_KERNEL, 0);
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	if (!page)
		return NULL;
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	addr = page_address(page);
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	/* Give the signal return code some randomness */
	offset = 0x200 + (get_random_int() & 0x7fc);
	signal_return_offset = offset;
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	/*
	 * Copy signal return handlers into the vector page, and
	 * set sigreturn to be a pointer to these.
	 */
	memcpy(addr + offset, sigreturn_codes, sizeof(sigreturn_codes));
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	ptr = (unsigned long)addr + offset;
	flush_icache_range(ptr, ptr + sizeof(sigreturn_codes));
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	return page;
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}
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/* Defer to generic check */
asmlinkage void addr_limit_check_failed(void)
{
	addr_limit_user_check();
}
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#ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_RSEQ
asmlinkage void do_rseq_syscall(struct pt_regs *regs)
{
	rseq_syscall(regs);
}
#endif