fault.c 14.8 KB
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/*
 *  linux/arch/arm/mm/fault.c
 *
 *  Copyright (C) 1995  Linus Torvalds
 *  Modifications for ARM processor (c) 1995-2004 Russell King
 *
 * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
 * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as
 * published by the Free Software Foundation.
 */
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/signal.h>
#include <linux/mm.h>
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#include <linux/hardirq.h>
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#include <linux/init.h>
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#include <linux/kprobes.h>
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#include <linux/uaccess.h>
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#include <linux/page-flags.h>
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#include <linux/sched.h>
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#include <linux/highmem.h>
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#include <linux/perf_event.h>
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#include <asm/exception.h>
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#include <asm/pgtable.h>
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#include <asm/system_misc.h>
#include <asm/system_info.h>
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#include <asm/tlbflush.h>

#include "fault.h"

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#ifdef CONFIG_MMU
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#ifdef CONFIG_KPROBES
static inline int notify_page_fault(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned int fsr)
{
	int ret = 0;

	if (!user_mode(regs)) {
		/* kprobe_running() needs smp_processor_id() */
		preempt_disable();
		if (kprobe_running() && kprobe_fault_handler(regs, fsr))
			ret = 1;
		preempt_enable();
	}

	return ret;
}
#else
static inline int notify_page_fault(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned int fsr)
{
	return 0;
}
#endif

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/*
 * This is useful to dump out the page tables associated with
 * 'addr' in mm 'mm'.
 */
void show_pte(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr)
{
	pgd_t *pgd;

	if (!mm)
		mm = &init_mm;

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	pr_alert("pgd = %p\n", mm->pgd);
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	pgd = pgd_offset(mm, addr);
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	pr_alert("[%08lx] *pgd=%08llx",
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			addr, (long long)pgd_val(*pgd));
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	do {
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		pud_t *pud;
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		pmd_t *pmd;
		pte_t *pte;

		if (pgd_none(*pgd))
			break;

		if (pgd_bad(*pgd)) {
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			pr_cont("(bad)");
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			break;
		}

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		pud = pud_offset(pgd, addr);
		if (PTRS_PER_PUD != 1)
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			pr_cont(", *pud=%08llx", (long long)pud_val(*pud));
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		if (pud_none(*pud))
			break;

		if (pud_bad(*pud)) {
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			pr_cont("(bad)");
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			break;
		}

		pmd = pmd_offset(pud, addr);
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		if (PTRS_PER_PMD != 1)
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			pr_cont(", *pmd=%08llx", (long long)pmd_val(*pmd));
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		if (pmd_none(*pmd))
			break;

		if (pmd_bad(*pmd)) {
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			pr_cont("(bad)");
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			break;
		}

		/* We must not map this if we have highmem enabled */
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		if (PageHighMem(pfn_to_page(pmd_val(*pmd) >> PAGE_SHIFT)))
			break;

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		pte = pte_offset_map(pmd, addr);
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		pr_cont(", *pte=%08llx", (long long)pte_val(*pte));
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#ifndef CONFIG_ARM_LPAE
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		pr_cont(", *ppte=%08llx",
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		       (long long)pte_val(pte[PTE_HWTABLE_PTRS]));
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#endif
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		pte_unmap(pte);
	} while(0);

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	pr_cont("\n");
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}
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#else					/* CONFIG_MMU */
void show_pte(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr)
{ }
#endif					/* CONFIG_MMU */
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/*
 * Oops.  The kernel tried to access some page that wasn't present.
 */
static void
__do_kernel_fault(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, unsigned int fsr,
		  struct pt_regs *regs)
{
	/*
	 * Are we prepared to handle this kernel fault?
	 */
	if (fixup_exception(regs))
		return;

	/*
	 * No handler, we'll have to terminate things with extreme prejudice.
	 */
	bust_spinlocks(1);
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	pr_alert("Unable to handle kernel %s at virtual address %08lx\n",
		 (addr < PAGE_SIZE) ? "NULL pointer dereference" :
		 "paging request", addr);
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	show_pte(mm, addr);
	die("Oops", regs, fsr);
	bust_spinlocks(0);
	do_exit(SIGKILL);
}

/*
 * Something tried to access memory that isn't in our memory map..
 * User mode accesses just cause a SIGSEGV
 */
static void
__do_user_fault(struct task_struct *tsk, unsigned long addr,
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		unsigned int fsr, unsigned int sig, int code,
		struct pt_regs *regs)
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{
	struct siginfo si;

#ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_USER
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	if (((user_debug & UDBG_SEGV) && (sig == SIGSEGV)) ||
	    ((user_debug & UDBG_BUS)  && (sig == SIGBUS))) {
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		printk(KERN_DEBUG "%s: unhandled page fault (%d) at 0x%08lx, code 0x%03x\n",
		       tsk->comm, sig, addr, fsr);
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		show_pte(tsk->mm, addr);
		show_regs(regs);
	}
#endif

	tsk->thread.address = addr;
	tsk->thread.error_code = fsr;
	tsk->thread.trap_no = 14;
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	si.si_signo = sig;
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	si.si_errno = 0;
	si.si_code = code;
	si.si_addr = (void __user *)addr;
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	force_sig_info(sig, &si, tsk);
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}

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void do_bad_area(unsigned long addr, unsigned int fsr, struct pt_regs *regs)
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{
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	struct task_struct *tsk = current;
	struct mm_struct *mm = tsk->active_mm;

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	/*
	 * If we are in kernel mode at this point, we
	 * have no context to handle this fault with.
	 */
	if (user_mode(regs))
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		__do_user_fault(tsk, addr, fsr, SIGSEGV, SEGV_MAPERR, regs);
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	else
		__do_kernel_fault(mm, addr, fsr, regs);
}

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#ifdef CONFIG_MMU
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#define VM_FAULT_BADMAP		0x010000
#define VM_FAULT_BADACCESS	0x020000
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/*
 * Check that the permissions on the VMA allow for the fault which occurred.
 * If we encountered a write fault, we must have write permission, otherwise
 * we allow any permission.
 */
static inline bool access_error(unsigned int fsr, struct vm_area_struct *vma)
{
	unsigned int mask = VM_READ | VM_WRITE | VM_EXEC;

	if (fsr & FSR_WRITE)
		mask = VM_WRITE;
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	if (fsr & FSR_LNX_PF)
		mask = VM_EXEC;
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	return vma->vm_flags & mask ? false : true;
}

static int __kprobes
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__do_page_fault(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, unsigned int fsr,
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		unsigned int flags, struct task_struct *tsk)
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{
	struct vm_area_struct *vma;
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	int fault;
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	vma = find_vma(mm, addr);
	fault = VM_FAULT_BADMAP;
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	if (unlikely(!vma))
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		goto out;
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	if (unlikely(vma->vm_start > addr))
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		goto check_stack;

	/*
	 * Ok, we have a good vm_area for this
	 * memory access, so we can handle it.
	 */
good_area:
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	if (access_error(fsr, vma)) {
		fault = VM_FAULT_BADACCESS;
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		goto out;
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	}
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	return handle_mm_fault(vma, addr & PAGE_MASK, flags);
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check_stack:
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	/* Don't allow expansion below FIRST_USER_ADDRESS */
	if (vma->vm_flags & VM_GROWSDOWN &&
	    addr >= FIRST_USER_ADDRESS && !expand_stack(vma, addr))
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		goto good_area;
out:
	return fault;
}

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static int __kprobes
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do_page_fault(unsigned long addr, unsigned int fsr, struct pt_regs *regs)
{
	struct task_struct *tsk;
	struct mm_struct *mm;
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	int fault, sig, code;
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	unsigned int flags = FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY | FAULT_FLAG_KILLABLE;
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	if (notify_page_fault(regs, fsr))
		return 0;

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	tsk = current;
	mm  = tsk->mm;

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	/* Enable interrupts if they were enabled in the parent context. */
	if (interrupts_enabled(regs))
		local_irq_enable();

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	/*
	 * If we're in an interrupt or have no user
	 * context, we must not take the fault..
	 */
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	if (faulthandler_disabled() || !mm)
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		goto no_context;

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	if (user_mode(regs))
		flags |= FAULT_FLAG_USER;
	if (fsr & FSR_WRITE)
		flags |= FAULT_FLAG_WRITE;

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	/*
	 * As per x86, we may deadlock here.  However, since the kernel only
	 * validly references user space from well defined areas of the code,
	 * we can bug out early if this is from code which shouldn't.
	 */
	if (!down_read_trylock(&mm->mmap_sem)) {
		if (!user_mode(regs) && !search_exception_tables(regs->ARM_pc))
			goto no_context;
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retry:
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		down_read(&mm->mmap_sem);
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	} else {
		/*
		 * The above down_read_trylock() might have succeeded in
		 * which case, we'll have missed the might_sleep() from
		 * down_read()
		 */
		might_sleep();
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#ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_VM
		if (!user_mode(regs) &&
		    !search_exception_tables(regs->ARM_pc))
			goto no_context;
#endif
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	}

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	fault = __do_page_fault(mm, addr, fsr, flags, tsk);

	/* If we need to retry but a fatal signal is pending, handle the
	 * signal first. We do not need to release the mmap_sem because
	 * it would already be released in __lock_page_or_retry in
	 * mm/filemap.c. */
	if ((fault & VM_FAULT_RETRY) && fatal_signal_pending(current))
		return 0;

	/*
	 * Major/minor page fault accounting is only done on the
	 * initial attempt. If we go through a retry, it is extremely
	 * likely that the page will be found in page cache at that point.
	 */
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	perf_sw_event(PERF_COUNT_SW_PAGE_FAULTS, 1, regs, addr);
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	if (!(fault & VM_FAULT_ERROR) && flags & FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY) {
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		if (fault & VM_FAULT_MAJOR) {
			tsk->maj_flt++;
			perf_sw_event(PERF_COUNT_SW_PAGE_FAULTS_MAJ, 1,
					regs, addr);
		} else {
			tsk->min_flt++;
			perf_sw_event(PERF_COUNT_SW_PAGE_FAULTS_MIN, 1,
					regs, addr);
		}
		if (fault & VM_FAULT_RETRY) {
			/* Clear FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY to avoid any risk
			* of starvation. */
			flags &= ~FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY;
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			flags |= FAULT_FLAG_TRIED;
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			goto retry;
		}
	}

	up_read(&mm->mmap_sem);
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	/*
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	 * Handle the "normal" case first - VM_FAULT_MAJOR
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	 */
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	if (likely(!(fault & (VM_FAULT_ERROR | VM_FAULT_BADMAP | VM_FAULT_BADACCESS))))
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		return 0;

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	/*
	 * If we are in kernel mode at this point, we
	 * have no context to handle this fault with.
	 */
	if (!user_mode(regs))
		goto no_context;

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	if (fault & VM_FAULT_OOM) {
		/*
		 * We ran out of memory, call the OOM killer, and return to
		 * userspace (which will retry the fault, or kill us if we
		 * got oom-killed)
		 */
		pagefault_out_of_memory();
		return 0;
	}

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	if (fault & VM_FAULT_SIGBUS) {
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		/*
		 * We had some memory, but were unable to
		 * successfully fix up this page fault.
		 */
		sig = SIGBUS;
		code = BUS_ADRERR;
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	} else {
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		/*
		 * Something tried to access memory that
		 * isn't in our memory map..
		 */
		sig = SIGSEGV;
		code = fault == VM_FAULT_BADACCESS ?
			SEGV_ACCERR : SEGV_MAPERR;
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	}

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	__do_user_fault(tsk, addr, fsr, sig, code, regs);
	return 0;
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no_context:
	__do_kernel_fault(mm, addr, fsr, regs);
	return 0;
}
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#else					/* CONFIG_MMU */
static int
do_page_fault(unsigned long addr, unsigned int fsr, struct pt_regs *regs)
{
	return 0;
}
#endif					/* CONFIG_MMU */
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/*
 * First Level Translation Fault Handler
 *
 * We enter here because the first level page table doesn't contain
 * a valid entry for the address.
 *
 * If the address is in kernel space (>= TASK_SIZE), then we are
 * probably faulting in the vmalloc() area.
 *
 * If the init_task's first level page tables contains the relevant
 * entry, we copy the it to this task.  If not, we send the process
 * a signal, fixup the exception, or oops the kernel.
 *
 * NOTE! We MUST NOT take any locks for this case. We may be in an
 * interrupt or a critical region, and should only copy the information
 * from the master page table, nothing more.
 */
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#ifdef CONFIG_MMU
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static int __kprobes
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do_translation_fault(unsigned long addr, unsigned int fsr,
		     struct pt_regs *regs)
{
	unsigned int index;
	pgd_t *pgd, *pgd_k;
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	pud_t *pud, *pud_k;
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	pmd_t *pmd, *pmd_k;

	if (addr < TASK_SIZE)
		return do_page_fault(addr, fsr, regs);

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	if (user_mode(regs))
		goto bad_area;

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	index = pgd_index(addr);

	pgd = cpu_get_pgd() + index;
	pgd_k = init_mm.pgd + index;

	if (pgd_none(*pgd_k))
		goto bad_area;
	if (!pgd_present(*pgd))
		set_pgd(pgd, *pgd_k);

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	pud = pud_offset(pgd, addr);
	pud_k = pud_offset(pgd_k, addr);

	if (pud_none(*pud_k))
		goto bad_area;
	if (!pud_present(*pud))
		set_pud(pud, *pud_k);

	pmd = pmd_offset(pud, addr);
	pmd_k = pmd_offset(pud_k, addr);
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#ifdef CONFIG_ARM_LPAE
	/*
	 * Only one hardware entry per PMD with LPAE.
	 */
	index = 0;
#else
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	/*
	 * On ARM one Linux PGD entry contains two hardware entries (see page
	 * tables layout in pgtable.h). We normally guarantee that we always
	 * fill both L1 entries. But create_mapping() doesn't follow the rule.
	 * It can create inidividual L1 entries, so here we have to call
	 * pmd_none() check for the entry really corresponded to address, not
	 * for the first of pair.
	 */
	index = (addr >> SECTION_SHIFT) & 1;
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#endif
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	if (pmd_none(pmd_k[index]))
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		goto bad_area;

	copy_pmd(pmd, pmd_k);
	return 0;

bad_area:
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	do_bad_area(addr, fsr, regs);
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	return 0;
}
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#else					/* CONFIG_MMU */
static int
do_translation_fault(unsigned long addr, unsigned int fsr,
		     struct pt_regs *regs)
{
	return 0;
}
#endif					/* CONFIG_MMU */
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/*
 * Some section permission faults need to be handled gracefully.
 * They can happen due to a __{get,put}_user during an oops.
 */
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#ifndef CONFIG_ARM_LPAE
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static int
do_sect_fault(unsigned long addr, unsigned int fsr, struct pt_regs *regs)
{
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	do_bad_area(addr, fsr, regs);
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	return 0;
}
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#endif /* CONFIG_ARM_LPAE */
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/*
 * This abort handler always returns "fault".
 */
static int
do_bad(unsigned long addr, unsigned int fsr, struct pt_regs *regs)
{
	return 1;
}

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struct fsr_info {
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	int	(*fn)(unsigned long addr, unsigned int fsr, struct pt_regs *regs);
	int	sig;
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	int	code;
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	const char *name;
};

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/* FSR definition */
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#ifdef CONFIG_ARM_LPAE
#include "fsr-3level.c"
#else
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#include "fsr-2level.c"
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#endif
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void __init
hook_fault_code(int nr, int (*fn)(unsigned long, unsigned int, struct pt_regs *),
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		int sig, int code, const char *name)
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{
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	if (nr < 0 || nr >= ARRAY_SIZE(fsr_info))
		BUG();

	fsr_info[nr].fn   = fn;
	fsr_info[nr].sig  = sig;
	fsr_info[nr].code = code;
	fsr_info[nr].name = name;
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}

/*
 * Dispatch a data abort to the relevant handler.
 */
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asmlinkage void __exception
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do_DataAbort(unsigned long addr, unsigned int fsr, struct pt_regs *regs)
{
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	const struct fsr_info *inf = fsr_info + fsr_fs(fsr);
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	struct siginfo info;
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	if (!inf->fn(addr, fsr & ~FSR_LNX_PF, regs))
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		return;

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	pr_alert("Unhandled fault: %s (0x%03x) at 0x%08lx\n",
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		inf->name, fsr, addr);
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	show_pte(current->mm, addr);
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	info.si_signo = inf->sig;
	info.si_errno = 0;
	info.si_code  = inf->code;
	info.si_addr  = (void __user *)addr;
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	arm_notify_die("", regs, &info, fsr, 0);
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}

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void __init
hook_ifault_code(int nr, int (*fn)(unsigned long, unsigned int, struct pt_regs *),
		 int sig, int code, const char *name)
{
	if (nr < 0 || nr >= ARRAY_SIZE(ifsr_info))
		BUG();

	ifsr_info[nr].fn   = fn;
	ifsr_info[nr].sig  = sig;
	ifsr_info[nr].code = code;
	ifsr_info[nr].name = name;
}

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asmlinkage void __exception
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do_PrefetchAbort(unsigned long addr, unsigned int ifsr, struct pt_regs *regs)
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{
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	const struct fsr_info *inf = ifsr_info + fsr_fs(ifsr);
	struct siginfo info;

	if (!inf->fn(addr, ifsr | FSR_LNX_PF, regs))
		return;

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	pr_alert("Unhandled prefetch abort: %s (0x%03x) at 0x%08lx\n",
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		inf->name, ifsr, addr);

	info.si_signo = inf->sig;
	info.si_errno = 0;
	info.si_code  = inf->code;
	info.si_addr  = (void __user *)addr;
	arm_notify_die("", regs, &info, ifsr, 0);
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}

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/*
 * Abort handler to be used only during first unmasking of asynchronous aborts
 * on the boot CPU. This makes sure that the machine will not die if the
 * firmware/bootloader left an imprecise abort pending for us to trip over.
 */
static int __init early_abort_handler(unsigned long addr, unsigned int fsr,
				      struct pt_regs *regs)
{
	pr_warn("Hit pending asynchronous external abort (FSR=0x%08x) during "
		"first unmask, this is most likely caused by a "
		"firmware/bootloader bug.\n", fsr);

	return 0;
}

void __init early_abt_enable(void)
{
	fsr_info[22].fn = early_abort_handler;
	local_abt_enable();
	fsr_info[22].fn = do_bad;
}

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#ifndef CONFIG_ARM_LPAE
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static int __init exceptions_init(void)
{
	if (cpu_architecture() >= CPU_ARCH_ARMv6) {
		hook_fault_code(4, do_translation_fault, SIGSEGV, SEGV_MAPERR,
				"I-cache maintenance fault");
	}

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	if (cpu_architecture() >= CPU_ARCH_ARMv7) {
		/*
		 * TODO: Access flag faults introduced in ARMv6K.
		 * Runtime check for 'K' extension is needed
		 */
		hook_fault_code(3, do_bad, SIGSEGV, SEGV_MAPERR,
				"section access flag fault");
		hook_fault_code(6, do_bad, SIGSEGV, SEGV_MAPERR,
				"section access flag fault");
	}

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	return 0;
}

arch_initcall(exceptions_init);
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#endif