hda_generic.c 119 KB
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/*
 * Universal Interface for Intel High Definition Audio Codec
 *
 * Generic widget tree parser
 *
 * Copyright (c) 2004 Takashi Iwai <tiwai@suse.de>
 *
 *  This driver is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
 *  it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
 *  the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
 *  (at your option) any later version.
 *
 *  This driver is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
 *  but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
 *  MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
 *  GNU General Public License for more details.
 *
 *  You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
 *  along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
 *  Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA  02111-1307 USA
 */

#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
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#include <linux/export.h>
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#include <linux/sort.h>
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#include <linux/ctype.h>
#include <linux/string.h>
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#include <linux/bitops.h>
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#include <sound/core.h>
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#include <sound/jack.h>
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#include "hda_codec.h"
#include "hda_local.h"
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#include "hda_auto_parser.h"
#include "hda_jack.h"
#include "hda_generic.h"
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/* initialize hda_gen_spec struct */
int snd_hda_gen_spec_init(struct hda_gen_spec *spec)
{
	snd_array_init(&spec->kctls, sizeof(struct snd_kcontrol_new), 32);
	snd_array_init(&spec->paths, sizeof(struct nid_path), 8);
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	mutex_init(&spec->pcm_mutex);
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	return 0;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_HDA(snd_hda_gen_spec_init);
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struct snd_kcontrol_new *
snd_hda_gen_add_kctl(struct hda_gen_spec *spec, const char *name,
		     const struct snd_kcontrol_new *temp)
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{
	struct snd_kcontrol_new *knew = snd_array_new(&spec->kctls);
	if (!knew)
		return NULL;
	*knew = *temp;
	if (name)
		knew->name = kstrdup(name, GFP_KERNEL);
	else if (knew->name)
		knew->name = kstrdup(knew->name, GFP_KERNEL);
	if (!knew->name)
		return NULL;
	return knew;
}
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EXPORT_SYMBOL_HDA(snd_hda_gen_add_kctl);
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static void free_kctls(struct hda_gen_spec *spec)
{
	if (spec->kctls.list) {
		struct snd_kcontrol_new *kctl = spec->kctls.list;
		int i;
		for (i = 0; i < spec->kctls.used; i++)
			kfree(kctl[i].name);
	}
	snd_array_free(&spec->kctls);
}
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void snd_hda_gen_spec_free(struct hda_gen_spec *spec)
{
	if (!spec)
		return;
	free_kctls(spec);
	snd_array_free(&spec->paths);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_HDA(snd_hda_gen_spec_free);
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/*
 * store user hints
 */
static void parse_user_hints(struct hda_codec *codec)
{
	struct hda_gen_spec *spec = codec->spec;
	int val;

	val = snd_hda_get_bool_hint(codec, "jack_detect");
	if (val >= 0)
		codec->no_jack_detect = !val;
	val = snd_hda_get_bool_hint(codec, "inv_jack_detect");
	if (val >= 0)
		codec->inv_jack_detect = !!val;
	val = snd_hda_get_bool_hint(codec, "trigger_sense");
	if (val >= 0)
		codec->no_trigger_sense = !val;
	val = snd_hda_get_bool_hint(codec, "inv_eapd");
	if (val >= 0)
		codec->inv_eapd = !!val;
	val = snd_hda_get_bool_hint(codec, "pcm_format_first");
	if (val >= 0)
		codec->pcm_format_first = !!val;
	val = snd_hda_get_bool_hint(codec, "sticky_stream");
	if (val >= 0)
		codec->no_sticky_stream = !val;
	val = snd_hda_get_bool_hint(codec, "spdif_status_reset");
	if (val >= 0)
		codec->spdif_status_reset = !!val;
	val = snd_hda_get_bool_hint(codec, "pin_amp_workaround");
	if (val >= 0)
		codec->pin_amp_workaround = !!val;
	val = snd_hda_get_bool_hint(codec, "single_adc_amp");
	if (val >= 0)
		codec->single_adc_amp = !!val;

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	val = snd_hda_get_bool_hint(codec, "auto_mute");
	if (val >= 0)
		spec->suppress_auto_mute = !val;
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	val = snd_hda_get_bool_hint(codec, "auto_mic");
	if (val >= 0)
		spec->suppress_auto_mic = !val;
	val = snd_hda_get_bool_hint(codec, "line_in_auto_switch");
	if (val >= 0)
		spec->line_in_auto_switch = !!val;
	val = snd_hda_get_bool_hint(codec, "need_dac_fix");
	if (val >= 0)
		spec->need_dac_fix = !!val;
	val = snd_hda_get_bool_hint(codec, "primary_hp");
	if (val >= 0)
		spec->no_primary_hp = !val;
	val = snd_hda_get_bool_hint(codec, "multi_cap_vol");
	if (val >= 0)
		spec->multi_cap_vol = !!val;
	val = snd_hda_get_bool_hint(codec, "inv_dmic_split");
	if (val >= 0)
		spec->inv_dmic_split = !!val;
	val = snd_hda_get_bool_hint(codec, "indep_hp");
	if (val >= 0)
		spec->indep_hp = !!val;
	val = snd_hda_get_bool_hint(codec, "add_stereo_mix_input");
	if (val >= 0)
		spec->add_stereo_mix_input = !!val;
	val = snd_hda_get_bool_hint(codec, "add_out_jack_modes");
	if (val >= 0)
		spec->add_out_jack_modes = !!val;
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	val = snd_hda_get_bool_hint(codec, "add_in_jack_modes");
	if (val >= 0)
		spec->add_in_jack_modes = !!val;
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	if (!snd_hda_get_int_hint(codec, "mixer_nid", &val))
		spec->mixer_nid = val;
}

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/*
 * pin control value accesses
 */

#define update_pin_ctl(codec, pin, val) \
	snd_hda_codec_update_cache(codec, pin, 0, \
				   AC_VERB_SET_PIN_WIDGET_CONTROL, val)

/* restore the pinctl based on the cached value */
static inline void restore_pin_ctl(struct hda_codec *codec, hda_nid_t pin)
{
	update_pin_ctl(codec, pin, snd_hda_codec_get_pin_target(codec, pin));
}

/* set the pinctl target value and write it if requested */
static void set_pin_target(struct hda_codec *codec, hda_nid_t pin,
			   unsigned int val, bool do_write)
{
	if (!pin)
		return;
	val = snd_hda_correct_pin_ctl(codec, pin, val);
	snd_hda_codec_set_pin_target(codec, pin, val);
	if (do_write)
		update_pin_ctl(codec, pin, val);
}

/* set pinctl target values for all given pins */
static void set_pin_targets(struct hda_codec *codec, int num_pins,
			    hda_nid_t *pins, unsigned int val)
{
	int i;
	for (i = 0; i < num_pins; i++)
		set_pin_target(codec, pins[i], val, false);
}

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/*
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 * parsing paths
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 */

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/* return the position of NID in the list, or -1 if not found */
static int find_idx_in_nid_list(hda_nid_t nid, const hda_nid_t *list, int nums)
{
	int i;
	for (i = 0; i < nums; i++)
		if (list[i] == nid)
			return i;
	return -1;
}

/* return true if the given NID is contained in the path */
static bool is_nid_contained(struct nid_path *path, hda_nid_t nid)
{
	return find_idx_in_nid_list(nid, path->path, path->depth) >= 0;
}

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static struct nid_path *get_nid_path(struct hda_codec *codec,
				     hda_nid_t from_nid, hda_nid_t to_nid,
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				     int anchor_nid)
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{
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	struct hda_gen_spec *spec = codec->spec;
	int i;
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	for (i = 0; i < spec->paths.used; i++) {
		struct nid_path *path = snd_array_elem(&spec->paths, i);
		if (path->depth <= 0)
			continue;
		if ((!from_nid || path->path[0] == from_nid) &&
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		    (!to_nid || path->path[path->depth - 1] == to_nid)) {
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			if (!anchor_nid ||
			    (anchor_nid > 0 && is_nid_contained(path, anchor_nid)) ||
			    (anchor_nid < 0 && !is_nid_contained(path, anchor_nid)))
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				return path;
		}
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	}
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	return NULL;
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}
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/* get the path between the given NIDs;
 * passing 0 to either @pin or @dac behaves as a wildcard
 */
struct nid_path *snd_hda_get_nid_path(struct hda_codec *codec,
				      hda_nid_t from_nid, hda_nid_t to_nid)
{
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	return get_nid_path(codec, from_nid, to_nid, 0);
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}
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EXPORT_SYMBOL_HDA(snd_hda_get_nid_path);
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/* get the index number corresponding to the path instance;
 * the index starts from 1, for easier checking the invalid value
 */
int snd_hda_get_path_idx(struct hda_codec *codec, struct nid_path *path)
{
	struct hda_gen_spec *spec = codec->spec;
	struct nid_path *array = spec->paths.list;
	ssize_t idx;

	if (!spec->paths.used)
		return 0;
	idx = path - array;
	if (idx < 0 || idx >= spec->paths.used)
		return 0;
	return idx + 1;
}

/* get the path instance corresponding to the given index number */
struct nid_path *snd_hda_get_path_from_idx(struct hda_codec *codec, int idx)
{
	struct hda_gen_spec *spec = codec->spec;

	if (idx <= 0 || idx > spec->paths.used)
		return NULL;
	return snd_array_elem(&spec->paths, idx - 1);
}

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/* check whether the given DAC is already found in any existing paths */
static bool is_dac_already_used(struct hda_codec *codec, hda_nid_t nid)
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{
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	struct hda_gen_spec *spec = codec->spec;
	int i;
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	for (i = 0; i < spec->paths.used; i++) {
		struct nid_path *path = snd_array_elem(&spec->paths, i);
		if (path->path[0] == nid)
			return true;
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	}
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	return false;
}
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/* check whether the given two widgets can be connected */
static bool is_reachable_path(struct hda_codec *codec,
			      hda_nid_t from_nid, hda_nid_t to_nid)
{
	if (!from_nid || !to_nid)
		return false;
	return snd_hda_get_conn_index(codec, to_nid, from_nid, true) >= 0;
}
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/* nid, dir and idx */
#define AMP_VAL_COMPARE_MASK	(0xffff | (1U << 18) | (0x0f << 19))

/* check whether the given ctl is already assigned in any path elements */
static bool is_ctl_used(struct hda_codec *codec, unsigned int val, int type)
{
	struct hda_gen_spec *spec = codec->spec;
	int i;

	val &= AMP_VAL_COMPARE_MASK;
	for (i = 0; i < spec->paths.used; i++) {
		struct nid_path *path = snd_array_elem(&spec->paths, i);
		if ((path->ctls[type] & AMP_VAL_COMPARE_MASK) == val)
			return true;
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	}
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	return false;
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}

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/* check whether a control with the given (nid, dir, idx) was assigned */
static bool is_ctl_associated(struct hda_codec *codec, hda_nid_t nid,
			      int dir, int idx)
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{
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	unsigned int val = HDA_COMPOSE_AMP_VAL(nid, 3, idx, dir);
	return is_ctl_used(codec, val, NID_PATH_VOL_CTL) ||
		is_ctl_used(codec, val, NID_PATH_MUTE_CTL);
}
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static void print_nid_path(const char *pfx, struct nid_path *path)
{
	char buf[40];
	int i;


	buf[0] = 0;
	for (i = 0; i < path->depth; i++) {
		char tmp[4];
		sprintf(tmp, ":%02x", path->path[i]);
		strlcat(buf, tmp, sizeof(buf));
	}
	snd_printdd("%s path: depth=%d %s\n", pfx, path->depth, buf);
}

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/* called recursively */
static bool __parse_nid_path(struct hda_codec *codec,
			     hda_nid_t from_nid, hda_nid_t to_nid,
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			     int anchor_nid, struct nid_path *path,
			     int depth)
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{
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	const hda_nid_t *conn;
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	int i, nums;

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	if (to_nid == anchor_nid)
		anchor_nid = 0; /* anchor passed */
	else if (to_nid == (hda_nid_t)(-anchor_nid))
		return false; /* hit the exclusive nid */
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	nums = snd_hda_get_conn_list(codec, to_nid, &conn);
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	for (i = 0; i < nums; i++) {
		if (conn[i] != from_nid) {
			/* special case: when from_nid is 0,
			 * try to find an empty DAC
			 */
			if (from_nid ||
			    get_wcaps_type(get_wcaps(codec, conn[i])) != AC_WID_AUD_OUT ||
			    is_dac_already_used(codec, conn[i]))
				continue;
		}
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		/* anchor is not requested or already passed? */
		if (anchor_nid <= 0)
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			goto found;
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	}
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	if (depth >= MAX_NID_PATH_DEPTH)
		return false;
	for (i = 0; i < nums; i++) {
		unsigned int type;
		type = get_wcaps_type(get_wcaps(codec, conn[i]));
		if (type == AC_WID_AUD_OUT || type == AC_WID_AUD_IN ||
		    type == AC_WID_PIN)
			continue;
		if (__parse_nid_path(codec, from_nid, conn[i],
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				     anchor_nid, path, depth + 1))
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			goto found;
	}
	return false;

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	path->path[path->depth] = conn[i];
	path->idx[path->depth + 1] = i;
	if (nums > 1 && get_wcaps_type(get_wcaps(codec, to_nid)) != AC_WID_AUD_MIX)
		path->multi[path->depth + 1] = 1;
	path->depth++;
	return true;
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}

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/* parse the widget path from the given nid to the target nid;
 * when @from_nid is 0, try to find an empty DAC;
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 * when @anchor_nid is set to a positive value, only paths through the widget
 * with the given value are evaluated.
 * when @anchor_nid is set to a negative value, paths through the widget
 * with the negative of given value are excluded, only other paths are chosen.
 * when @anchor_nid is zero, no special handling about path selection.
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 */
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bool snd_hda_parse_nid_path(struct hda_codec *codec, hda_nid_t from_nid,
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			    hda_nid_t to_nid, int anchor_nid,
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			    struct nid_path *path)
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{
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	if (__parse_nid_path(codec, from_nid, to_nid, anchor_nid, path, 1)) {
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		path->path[path->depth] = to_nid;
		path->depth++;
		return true;
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	}
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	return false;
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}
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EXPORT_SYMBOL_HDA(snd_hda_parse_nid_path);
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/*
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 * parse the path between the given NIDs and add to the path list.
 * if no valid path is found, return NULL
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 */
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struct nid_path *
snd_hda_add_new_path(struct hda_codec *codec, hda_nid_t from_nid,
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		     hda_nid_t to_nid, int anchor_nid)
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{
	struct hda_gen_spec *spec = codec->spec;
	struct nid_path *path;

	if (from_nid && to_nid && !is_reachable_path(codec, from_nid, to_nid))
		return NULL;

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	/* check whether the path has been already added */
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	path = get_nid_path(codec, from_nid, to_nid, anchor_nid);
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	if (path)
		return path;

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	path = snd_array_new(&spec->paths);
	if (!path)
		return NULL;
	memset(path, 0, sizeof(*path));
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	if (snd_hda_parse_nid_path(codec, from_nid, to_nid, anchor_nid, path))
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		return path;
	/* push back */
	spec->paths.used--;
	return NULL;
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}
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EXPORT_SYMBOL_HDA(snd_hda_add_new_path);
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/* clear the given path as invalid so that it won't be picked up later */
static void invalidate_nid_path(struct hda_codec *codec, int idx)
{
	struct nid_path *path = snd_hda_get_path_from_idx(codec, idx);
	if (!path)
		return;
	memset(path, 0, sizeof(*path));
}

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/* look for an empty DAC slot */
static hda_nid_t look_for_dac(struct hda_codec *codec, hda_nid_t pin,
			      bool is_digital)
{
	struct hda_gen_spec *spec = codec->spec;
	bool cap_digital;
	int i;

	for (i = 0; i < spec->num_all_dacs; i++) {
		hda_nid_t nid = spec->all_dacs[i];
		if (!nid || is_dac_already_used(codec, nid))
			continue;
		cap_digital = !!(get_wcaps(codec, nid) & AC_WCAP_DIGITAL);
		if (is_digital != cap_digital)
			continue;
		if (is_reachable_path(codec, nid, pin))
			return nid;
	}
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	return 0;
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}

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/* replace the channels in the composed amp value with the given number */
static unsigned int amp_val_replace_channels(unsigned int val, unsigned int chs)
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{
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	val &= ~(0x3U << 16);
	val |= chs << 16;
	return val;
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}

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/* check whether the widget has the given amp capability for the direction */
static bool check_amp_caps(struct hda_codec *codec, hda_nid_t nid,
			   int dir, unsigned int bits)
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{
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	if (!nid)
		return false;
	if (get_wcaps(codec, nid) & (1 << (dir + 1)))
		if (query_amp_caps(codec, nid, dir) & bits)
			return true;
	return false;
}

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static bool same_amp_caps(struct hda_codec *codec, hda_nid_t nid1,
			  hda_nid_t nid2, int dir)
{
	if (!(get_wcaps(codec, nid1) & (1 << (dir + 1))))
		return !(get_wcaps(codec, nid2) & (1 << (dir + 1)));
	return (query_amp_caps(codec, nid1, dir) ==
		query_amp_caps(codec, nid2, dir));
}

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#define nid_has_mute(codec, nid, dir) \
	check_amp_caps(codec, nid, dir, AC_AMPCAP_MUTE)
#define nid_has_volume(codec, nid, dir) \
	check_amp_caps(codec, nid, dir, AC_AMPCAP_NUM_STEPS)

/* look for a widget suitable for assigning a mute switch in the path */
static hda_nid_t look_for_out_mute_nid(struct hda_codec *codec,
				       struct nid_path *path)
{
	int i;

	for (i = path->depth - 1; i >= 0; i--) {
		if (nid_has_mute(codec, path->path[i], HDA_OUTPUT))
			return path->path[i];
		if (i != path->depth - 1 && i != 0 &&
		    nid_has_mute(codec, path->path[i], HDA_INPUT))
			return path->path[i];
	}
	return 0;
}

/* look for a widget suitable for assigning a volume ctl in the path */
static hda_nid_t look_for_out_vol_nid(struct hda_codec *codec,
				      struct nid_path *path)
{
	int i;
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	for (i = path->depth - 1; i >= 0; i--) {
		if (nid_has_volume(codec, path->path[i], HDA_OUTPUT))
			return path->path[i];
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	}
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	return 0;
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}

/*
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 * path activation / deactivation
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 */
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/* can have the amp-in capability? */
static bool has_amp_in(struct hda_codec *codec, struct nid_path *path, int idx)
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{
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	hda_nid_t nid = path->path[idx];
	unsigned int caps = get_wcaps(codec, nid);
	unsigned int type = get_wcaps_type(caps);

	if (!(caps & AC_WCAP_IN_AMP))
		return false;
	if (type == AC_WID_PIN && idx > 0) /* only for input pins */
		return false;
	return true;
}
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/* can have the amp-out capability? */
static bool has_amp_out(struct hda_codec *codec, struct nid_path *path, int idx)
{
	hda_nid_t nid = path->path[idx];
	unsigned int caps = get_wcaps(codec, nid);
	unsigned int type = get_wcaps_type(caps);

	if (!(caps & AC_WCAP_OUT_AMP))
		return false;
	if (type == AC_WID_PIN && !idx) /* only for output pins */
		return false;
	return true;
}
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/* check whether the given (nid,dir,idx) is active */
static bool is_active_nid(struct hda_codec *codec, hda_nid_t nid,
			  unsigned int idx, unsigned int dir)
{
	struct hda_gen_spec *spec = codec->spec;
	int i, n;
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	for (n = 0; n < spec->paths.used; n++) {
		struct nid_path *path = snd_array_elem(&spec->paths, n);
		if (!path->active)
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			continue;
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		for (i = 0; i < path->depth; i++) {
			if (path->path[i] == nid) {
				if (dir == HDA_OUTPUT || path->idx[i] == idx)
					return true;
				break;
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			}
		}
	}
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	return false;
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}

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/* get the default amp value for the target state */
static int get_amp_val_to_activate(struct hda_codec *codec, hda_nid_t nid,
				   int dir, bool enable)
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{
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	unsigned int caps;
	unsigned int val = 0;

	caps = query_amp_caps(codec, nid, dir);
	if (caps & AC_AMPCAP_NUM_STEPS) {
		/* set to 0dB */
		if (enable)
			val = (caps & AC_AMPCAP_OFFSET) >> AC_AMPCAP_OFFSET_SHIFT;
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	}
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	if (caps & AC_AMPCAP_MUTE) {
		if (!enable)
			val |= HDA_AMP_MUTE;
	}
	return val;
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}

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/* initialize the amp value (only at the first time) */
static void init_amp(struct hda_codec *codec, hda_nid_t nid, int dir, int idx)
{
	int val = get_amp_val_to_activate(codec, nid, dir, false);
	snd_hda_codec_amp_init_stereo(codec, nid, dir, idx, 0xff, val);
}
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static void activate_amp(struct hda_codec *codec, hda_nid_t nid, int dir,
			 int idx, bool enable)
{
	int val;
	if (is_ctl_associated(codec, nid, dir, idx) ||
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	    (!enable && is_active_nid(codec, nid, dir, idx)))
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		return;
	val = get_amp_val_to_activate(codec, nid, dir, enable);
	snd_hda_codec_amp_stereo(codec, nid, dir, idx, 0xff, val);
}

static void activate_amp_out(struct hda_codec *codec, struct nid_path *path,
			     int i, bool enable)
{
	hda_nid_t nid = path->path[i];
	init_amp(codec, nid, HDA_OUTPUT, 0);
	activate_amp(codec, nid, HDA_OUTPUT, 0, enable);
}

static void activate_amp_in(struct hda_codec *codec, struct nid_path *path,
			    int i, bool enable, bool add_aamix)
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{
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	struct hda_gen_spec *spec = codec->spec;
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	const hda_nid_t *conn;
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	int n, nums, idx;
	int type;
	hda_nid_t nid = path->path[i];

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	nums = snd_hda_get_conn_list(codec, nid, &conn);
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	type = get_wcaps_type(get_wcaps(codec, nid));
	if (type == AC_WID_PIN ||
	    (type == AC_WID_AUD_IN && codec->single_adc_amp)) {
		nums = 1;
		idx = 0;
	} else
		idx = path->idx[i];

	for (n = 0; n < nums; n++)
		init_amp(codec, nid, HDA_INPUT, n);

	if (is_ctl_associated(codec, nid, HDA_INPUT, idx))
		return;
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	/* here is a little bit tricky in comparison with activate_amp_out();
	 * when aa-mixer is available, we need to enable the path as well
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	 */
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	for (n = 0; n < nums; n++) {
		if (n != idx && (!add_aamix || conn[n] != spec->mixer_nid))
			continue;
		activate_amp(codec, nid, HDA_INPUT, n, enable);
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	}
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}
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/* activate or deactivate the given path
 * if @add_aamix is set, enable the input from aa-mix NID as well (if any)
 */
void snd_hda_activate_path(struct hda_codec *codec, struct nid_path *path,
			   bool enable, bool add_aamix)
{
	int i;

	if (!enable)
		path->active = false;

	for (i = path->depth - 1; i >= 0; i--) {
		if (enable && path->multi[i])
			snd_hda_codec_write_cache(codec, path->path[i], 0,
					    AC_VERB_SET_CONNECT_SEL,
					    path->idx[i]);
		if (has_amp_in(codec, path, i))
			activate_amp_in(codec, path, i, enable, add_aamix);
		if (has_amp_out(codec, path, i))
			activate_amp_out(codec, path, i, enable);
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	}

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	if (enable)
		path->active = true;
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}
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EXPORT_SYMBOL_HDA(snd_hda_activate_path);

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/* turn on/off EAPD on the given pin */
static void set_pin_eapd(struct hda_codec *codec, hda_nid_t pin, bool enable)
{
	struct hda_gen_spec *spec = codec->spec;
	if (spec->own_eapd_ctl ||
	    !(snd_hda_query_pin_caps(codec, pin) & AC_PINCAP_EAPD))
		return;
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	if (codec->inv_eapd)
		enable = !enable;
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	snd_hda_codec_update_cache(codec, pin, 0,
				   AC_VERB_SET_EAPD_BTLENABLE,
				   enable ? 0x02 : 0x00);
}

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/*
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 * Helper functions for creating mixer ctl elements
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 */

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enum {
	HDA_CTL_WIDGET_VOL,
	HDA_CTL_WIDGET_MUTE,
	HDA_CTL_BIND_MUTE,
};
static const struct snd_kcontrol_new control_templates[] = {
	HDA_CODEC_VOLUME(NULL, 0, 0, 0),
	HDA_CODEC_MUTE(NULL, 0, 0, 0),
	HDA_BIND_MUTE(NULL, 0, 0, 0),
};
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/* add dynamic controls from template */
static int add_control(struct hda_gen_spec *spec, int type, const char *name,
		       int cidx, unsigned long val)
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{
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	struct snd_kcontrol_new *knew;
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	knew = snd_hda_gen_add_kctl(spec, name, &control_templates[type]);
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	if (!knew)
		return -ENOMEM;
	knew->index = cidx;
	if (get_amp_nid_(val))
		knew->subdevice = HDA_SUBDEV_AMP_FLAG;
	knew->private_value = val;
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	return 0;
}

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static int add_control_with_pfx(struct hda_gen_spec *spec, int type,
				const char *pfx, const char *dir,
				const char *sfx, int cidx, unsigned long val)
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{
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	char name[32];
	snprintf(name, sizeof(name), "%s %s %s", pfx, dir, sfx);
	return add_control(spec, type, name, cidx, val);
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}

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#define add_pb_vol_ctrl(spec, type, pfx, val)			\
	add_control_with_pfx(spec, type, pfx, "Playback", "Volume", 0, val)
#define add_pb_sw_ctrl(spec, type, pfx, val)			\
	add_control_with_pfx(spec, type, pfx, "Playback", "Switch", 0, val)
#define __add_pb_vol_ctrl(spec, type, pfx, cidx, val)			\
	add_control_with_pfx(spec, type, pfx, "Playback", "Volume", cidx, val)
#define __add_pb_sw_ctrl(spec, type, pfx, cidx, val)			\
	add_control_with_pfx(spec, type, pfx, "Playback", "Switch", cidx, val)

static int add_vol_ctl(struct hda_codec *codec, const char *pfx, int cidx,
		       unsigned int chs, struct nid_path *path)
{
	unsigned int val;
	if (!path)
		return 0;
	val = path->ctls[NID_PATH_VOL_CTL];
	if (!val)
		return 0;
	val = amp_val_replace_channels(val, chs);
	return __add_pb_vol_ctrl(codec->spec, HDA_CTL_WIDGET_VOL, pfx, cidx, val);
}

/* return the channel bits suitable for the given path->ctls[] */
static int get_default_ch_nums(struct hda_codec *codec, struct nid_path *path,
			       int type)
{
	int chs = 1; /* mono (left only) */
	if (path) {
		hda_nid_t nid = get_amp_nid_(path->ctls[type]);
		if (nid && (get_wcaps(codec, nid) & AC_WCAP_STEREO))
			chs = 3; /* stereo */
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	}
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	return chs;
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}

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static int add_stereo_vol(struct hda_codec *codec, const char *pfx, int cidx,
			  struct nid_path *path)
{
	int chs = get_default_ch_nums(codec, path, NID_PATH_VOL_CTL);
	return add_vol_ctl(codec, pfx, cidx, chs, path);
}

/* create a mute-switch for the given mixer widget;
 * if it has multiple sources (e.g. DAC and loopback), create a bind-mute
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 */
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static int add_sw_ctl(struct hda_codec *codec, const char *pfx, int cidx,
		      unsigned int chs, struct nid_path *path)
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{
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	unsigned int val;
	int type = HDA_CTL_WIDGET_MUTE;
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	if (!path)
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		return 0;
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	val = path->ctls[NID_PATH_MUTE_CTL];
	if (!val)
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		return 0;
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	val = amp_val_replace_channels(val, chs);
	if (get_amp_direction_(val) == HDA_INPUT) {
		hda_nid_t nid = get_amp_nid_(val);
		int nums = snd_hda_get_num_conns(codec, nid);
		if (nums > 1) {
			type = HDA_CTL_BIND_MUTE;
			val |= nums << 19;
		}
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	}
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	return __add_pb_sw_ctrl(codec->spec, type, pfx, cidx, val);
}
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static int add_stereo_sw(struct hda_codec *codec, const char *pfx,
				  int cidx, struct nid_path *path)
{
	int chs = get_default_ch_nums(codec, path, NID_PATH_MUTE_CTL);
	return add_sw_ctl(codec, pfx, cidx, chs, path);
}
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static const char * const channel_name[4] = {
	"Front", "Surround", "CLFE", "Side"
};
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/* give some appropriate ctl name prefix for the given line out channel */
static const char *get_line_out_pfx(struct hda_gen_spec *spec, int ch,
				    bool can_be_master, int *index)
{
	struct auto_pin_cfg *cfg = &spec->autocfg;
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	*index = 0;
	if (cfg->line_outs == 1 && !spec->multi_ios &&
	    !cfg->hp_outs && !cfg->speaker_outs && can_be_master)
		return spec->vmaster_mute.hook ? "PCM" : "Master";
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	/* if there is really a single DAC used in the whole output paths,
	 * use it master (or "PCM" if a vmaster hook is present)
	 */
	if (spec->multiout.num_dacs == 1 && !spec->mixer_nid &&
	    !spec->multiout.hp_out_nid[0] && !spec->multiout.extra_out_nid[0])
		return spec->vmaster_mute.hook ? "PCM" : "Master";

	switch (cfg->line_out_type) {
	case AUTO_PIN_SPEAKER_OUT:
		if (cfg->line_outs == 1)
			return "Speaker";
		if (cfg->line_outs == 2)
			return ch ? "Bass Speaker" : "Speaker";
		break;
	case AUTO_PIN_HP_OUT:
		/* for multi-io case, only the primary out */
		if (ch && spec->multi_ios)
			break;
		*index = ch;
		return "Headphone";
	default:
		if (cfg->line_outs == 1 && !spec->multi_ios)
			return "PCM";
		break;
	}
	if (ch >= ARRAY_SIZE(channel_name)) {
		snd_BUG();
		return "PCM";
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	}

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	return channel_name[ch];
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}

/*
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 * Parse output paths
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 */
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/* badness definition */
enum {
	/* No primary DAC is found for the main output */
	BAD_NO_PRIMARY_DAC = 0x10000,
	/* No DAC is found for the extra output */
	BAD_NO_DAC = 0x4000,
	/* No possible multi-ios */
	BAD_MULTI_IO = 0x103,
	/* No individual DAC for extra output */
	BAD_NO_EXTRA_DAC = 0x102,
	/* No individual DAC for extra surrounds */
	BAD_NO_EXTRA_SURR_DAC = 0x101,
	/* Primary DAC shared with main surrounds */
	BAD_SHARED_SURROUND = 0x100,
	/* Primary DAC shared with main CLFE */
	BAD_SHARED_CLFE = 0x10,
	/* Primary DAC shared with extra surrounds */
	BAD_SHARED_EXTRA_SURROUND = 0x10,
	/* Volume widget is shared */
	BAD_SHARED_VOL = 0x10,
};

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/* look for widgets in the given path which are appropriate for
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 * volume and mute controls, and assign the values to ctls[].
 *
 * When no appropriate widget is found in the path, the badness value
 * is incremented depending on the situation.  The function returns the
 * total badness for both volume and mute controls.
 */
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static int assign_out_path_ctls(struct hda_codec *codec, struct nid_path *path)
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{
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	hda_nid_t nid;
	unsigned int val;
	int badness = 0;

	if (!path)
		return BAD_SHARED_VOL * 2;
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	if (path->ctls[NID_PATH_VOL_CTL] ||
	    path->ctls[NID_PATH_MUTE_CTL])
		return 0; /* already evaluated */

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	nid = look_for_out_vol_nid(codec, path);
	if (nid) {
		val = HDA_COMPOSE_AMP_VAL(nid, 3, 0, HDA_OUTPUT);
		if (is_ctl_used(codec, val, NID_PATH_VOL_CTL))
			badness += BAD_SHARED_VOL;
		else
			path->ctls[NID_PATH_VOL_CTL] = val;
	} else
		badness += BAD_SHARED_VOL;
	nid = look_for_out_mute_nid(codec, path);
	if (nid) {
		unsigned int wid_type = get_wcaps_type(get_wcaps(codec, nid));
		if (wid_type == AC_WID_PIN || wid_type == AC_WID_AUD_OUT ||
		    nid_has_mute(codec, nid, HDA_OUTPUT))
			val = HDA_COMPOSE_AMP_VAL(nid, 3, 0, HDA_OUTPUT);
		else
			val = HDA_COMPOSE_AMP_VAL(nid, 3, 0, HDA_INPUT);
		if (is_ctl_used(codec, val, NID_PATH_MUTE_CTL))
			badness += BAD_SHARED_VOL;
		else
			path->ctls[NID_PATH_MUTE_CTL] = val;
	} else
		badness += BAD_SHARED_VOL;
	return badness;
}
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struct badness_table {
	int no_primary_dac;	/* no primary DAC */
	int no_dac;		/* no secondary DACs */
	int shared_primary;	/* primary DAC is shared with main output */
	int shared_surr;	/* secondary DAC shared with main or primary */
	int shared_clfe;	/* third DAC shared with main or primary */
	int shared_surr_main;	/* secondary DAC sahred with main/DAC0 */
};
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static struct badness_table main_out_badness = {
	.no_primary_dac = BAD_NO_PRIMARY_DAC,
	.no_dac = BAD_NO_DAC,
	.shared_primary = BAD_NO_PRIMARY_DAC,
	.shared_surr = BAD_SHARED_SURROUND,
	.shared_clfe = BAD_SHARED_CLFE,
	.shared_surr_main = BAD_SHARED_SURROUND,
};

static struct badness_table extra_out_badness = {
	.no_primary_dac = BAD_NO_DAC,
	.no_dac = BAD_NO_DAC,
	.shared_primary = BAD_NO_EXTRA_DAC,
	.shared_surr = BAD_SHARED_EXTRA_SURROUND,
	.shared_clfe = BAD_SHARED_EXTRA_SURROUND,
	.shared_surr_main = BAD_NO_EXTRA_SURR_DAC,
};

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/* get the DAC of the primary output corresponding to the given array index */
static hda_nid_t get_primary_out(struct hda_codec *codec, int idx)
{
	struct hda_gen_spec *spec = codec->spec;
	struct auto_pin_cfg *cfg = &spec->autocfg;

	if (cfg->line_outs > idx)
		return spec->private_dac_nids[idx];
	idx -= cfg->line_outs;
	if (spec->multi_ios > idx)
		return spec->multi_io[idx].dac;
	return 0;
}

/* return the DAC if it's reachable, otherwise zero */
static inline hda_nid_t try_dac(struct hda_codec *codec,
				hda_nid_t dac, hda_nid_t pin)
{
	return is_reachable_path(codec, dac, pin) ? dac : 0;
}

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/* try to assign DACs to pins and return the resultant badness */
static int try_assign_dacs(struct hda_codec *codec, int num_outs,
			   const hda_nid_t *pins, hda_nid_t *dacs,
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			   int *path_idx,
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			   const struct badness_table *bad)