Commit 10164c2a authored by Johan Hovold's avatar Johan Hovold Committed by Greg Kroah-Hartman
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USB: serial: fix sysfs-attribute removal deadlock



Fix driver new_id sysfs-attribute removal deadlock by making sure to
not hold any locks that the attribute operations grab when removing the
attribute.

Specifically, usb_serial_deregister holds the table mutex when
deregistering the driver, which includes removing the new_id attribute.
This can lead to a deadlock as writing to new_id increments the
attribute's active count before trying to grab the same mutex in
usb_serial_probe.

The deadlock can easily be triggered by inserting a sleep in
usb_serial_deregister and writing the id of an unbound device to new_id
during module unload.

As the table mutex (in this case) is used to prevent subdriver unload
during probe, it should be sufficient to only hold the lock while
manipulating the usb-serial driver list during deregister. A racing
probe will then either fail to find a matching subdriver or fail to get
the corresponding module reference.

Since v3.15-rc1 this also triggers the following lockdep warning:

======================================================
[ INFO: possible circular locking dependency detected ]
3.15.0-rc2 #123 Tainted: G        W
-------------------------------------------------------
modprobe/190 is trying to acquire lock:
 (s_active#4){++++.+}, at: [<c0167aa0>] kernfs_remove_by_name_ns+0x4c/0x94

but task is already holding lock:
 (table_lock){+.+.+.}, at: [<bf004d84>] usb_serial_deregister+0x3c/0x78 [usbserial]

which lock already depends on the new lock.

the existing dependency chain (in reverse order) is:

-> #1 (table_lock){+.+.+.}:
       [<c0075f84>] __lock_acquire+0x1694/0x1ce4
       [<c0076de8>] lock_acquire+0xb4/0x154
       [<c03af3cc>] _raw_spin_lock+0x4c/0x5c
       [<c02bbc24>] usb_store_new_id+0x14c/0x1ac
       [<bf007eb4>] new_id_store+0x68/0x70 [usbserial]
       [<c025f568>] drv_attr_store+0x30/0x3c
       [<c01690e0>] sysfs_kf_write+0x5c/0x60
       [<c01682c0>] kernfs_fop_write+0xd4/0x194
       [<c010881c>] vfs_write+0xbc/0x198
       [<c0108e4c>] SyS_write+0x4c/0xa0
       [<c000f880>] ret_fast_syscall+0x0/0x48

-> #0 (s_active#4){++++.+}:
       [<c03a7a28>] print_circular_bug+0x68/0x2f8
       [<c0076218>] __lock_acquire+0x1928/0x1ce4
       [<c0076de8>] lock_acquire+0xb4/0x154
       [<c0166b70>] __kernfs_remove+0x254/0x310
       [<c0167aa0>] kernfs_remove_by_name_ns+0x4c/0x94
       [<c0169fb8>] remove_files.isra.1+0x48/0x84
       [<c016a2fc>] sysfs_remove_group+0x58/0xac
       [<c016a414>] sysfs_remove_groups+0x34/0x44
       [<c02623b8>] driver_remove_groups+0x1c/0x20
       [<c0260e9c>] bus_remove_driver+0x3c/0xe4
       [<c026235c>] driver_unregister+0x38/0x58
       [<bf007fb4>] usb_serial_bus_deregister+0x84/0x88 [usbserial]
       [<bf004db4>] usb_serial_deregister+0x6c/0x78 [usbserial]
       [<bf005330>] usb_serial_deregister_drivers+0x2c/0x4c [usbserial]
       [<bf016618>] usb_serial_module_exit+0x14/0x1c [sierra]
       [<c009d6cc>] SyS_delete_module+0x184/0x210
       [<c000f880>] ret_fast_syscall+0x0/0x48

other info that might help us debug this:

 Possible unsafe locking scenario:

       CPU0                    CPU1
       ----                    ----
  lock(table_lock);
                               lock(s_active#4);
                               lock(table_lock);
  lock(s_active#4);

 *** DEADLOCK ***

1 lock held by modprobe/190:
 #0:  (table_lock){+.+.+.}, at: [<bf004d84>] usb_serial_deregister+0x3c/0x78 [usbserial]

stack backtrace:
CPU: 0 PID: 190 Comm: modprobe Tainted: G        W     3.15.0-rc2 #123
[<c0015e10>] (unwind_backtrace) from [<c0013728>] (show_stack+0x20/0x24)
[<c0013728>] (show_stack) from [<c03a9a54>] (dump_stack+0x24/0x28)
[<c03a9a54>] (dump_stack) from [<c03a7cac>] (print_circular_bug+0x2ec/0x2f8)
[<c03a7cac>] (print_circular_bug) from [<c0076218>] (__lock_acquire+0x1928/0x1ce4)
[<c0076218>] (__lock_acquire) from [<c0076de8>] (lock_acquire+0xb4/0x154)
[<c0076de8>] (lock_acquire) from [<c0166b70>] (__kernfs_remove+0x254/0x310)
[<c0166b70>] (__kernfs_remove) from [<c0167aa0>] (kernfs_remove_by_name_ns+0x4c/0x94)
[<c0167aa0>] (kernfs_remove_by_name_ns) from [<c0169fb8>] (remove_files.isra.1+0x48/0x84)
[<c0169fb8>] (remove_files.isra.1) from [<c016a2fc>] (sysfs_remove_group+0x58/0xac)
[<c016a2fc>] (sysfs_remove_group) from [<c016a414>] (sysfs_remove_groups+0x34/0x44)
[<c016a414>] (sysfs_remove_groups) from [<c02623b8>] (driver_remove_groups+0x1c/0x20)
[<c02623b8>] (driver_remove_groups) from [<c0260e9c>] (bus_remove_driver+0x3c/0xe4)
[<c0260e9c>] (bus_remove_driver) from [<c026235c>] (driver_unregister+0x38/0x58)
[<c026235c>] (driver_unregister) from [<bf007fb4>] (usb_serial_bus_deregister+0x84/0x88 [usbserial])
[<bf007fb4>] (usb_serial_bus_deregister [usbserial]) from [<bf004db4>] (usb_serial_deregister+0x6c/0x78 [usbserial])
[<bf004db4>] (usb_serial_deregister [usbserial]) from [<bf005330>] (usb_serial_deregister_drivers+0x2c/0x4c [usbserial])
[<bf005330>] (usb_serial_deregister_drivers [usbserial]) from [<bf016618>] (usb_serial_module_exit+0x14/0x1c [sierra])
[<bf016618>] (usb_serial_module_exit [sierra]) from [<c009d6cc>] (SyS_delete_module+0x184/0x210)
[<c009d6cc>] (SyS_delete_module) from [<c000f880>] (ret_fast_syscall+0x0/0x48)
Signed-off-by: default avatarJohan Hovold <jhovold@gmail.com>
Cc: stable <stable@vger.kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: default avatarGreg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
parent bd130ada
......@@ -1347,10 +1347,12 @@ static int usb_serial_register(struct usb_serial_driver *driver)
static void usb_serial_deregister(struct usb_serial_driver *device)
{
pr_info("USB Serial deregistering driver %s\n", device->description);
mutex_lock(&table_lock);
list_del(&device->driver_list);
usb_serial_bus_deregister(device);
mutex_unlock(&table_lock);
usb_serial_bus_deregister(device);
}
/**
......
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