Commit 2a26ed8e authored by Mauro Carvalho Chehab's avatar Mauro Carvalho Chehab Committed by Jonathan Corbet
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vfio-mediated-device.txt: standardize document format



Each text file under Documentation follows a different
format. Some doesn't even have titles!

In this specific document, the title, copyright and authorship
are added as if it were a C file!

Change its representation to follow the adopted standard,
using ReST markups for it to be parseable by Sphinx:
- convert document preambule to the proper format;
- mark literal blocks;
- adjust identation;
- use numbered lists for references.

Reviewed by: Kirti Wankhede <kwankhede@nvidia.com>
Signed-off-by: default avatarMauro Carvalho Chehab <mchehab@s-opensource.com>
Signed-off-by: default avatarJonathan Corbet <corbet@lwn.net>
parent c6ebaf6b
/*
* VFIO Mediated devices
*
* Copyright (c) 2016, NVIDIA CORPORATION. All rights reserved.
* Author: Neo Jia <cjia@nvidia.com>
* Kirti Wankhede <kwankhede@nvidia.com>
*
* This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
* it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as
* published by the Free Software Foundation.
*/
.. include:: <isonum.txt>
=====================
VFIO Mediated devices
=====================
:Copyright: |copy| 2016, NVIDIA CORPORATION. All rights reserved.
:Author: Neo Jia <cjia@nvidia.com>
:Author: Kirti Wankhede <kwankhede@nvidia.com>
This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as
published by the Free Software Foundation.
Virtual Function I/O (VFIO) Mediated devices[1]
===============================================
......@@ -42,7 +45,7 @@ removes it from a VFIO group.
The following high-level block diagram shows the main components and interfaces
in the VFIO mediated driver framework. The diagram shows NVIDIA, Intel, and IBM
devices as examples, as these devices are the first devices to use this module.
devices as examples, as these devices are the first devices to use this module::
+---------------+
| |
......@@ -91,7 +94,7 @@ Registration Interface for a Mediated Bus Driver
------------------------------------------------
The registration interface for a mediated bus driver provides the following
structure to represent a mediated device's driver:
structure to represent a mediated device's driver::
/*
* struct mdev_driver [2] - Mediated device's driver
......@@ -110,14 +113,14 @@ structure to represent a mediated device's driver:
A mediated bus driver for mdev should use this structure in the function calls
to register and unregister itself with the core driver:
* Register:
* Register::
extern int mdev_register_driver(struct mdev_driver *drv,
extern int mdev_register_driver(struct mdev_driver *drv,
struct module *owner);
* Unregister:
* Unregister::
extern void mdev_unregister_driver(struct mdev_driver *drv);
extern void mdev_unregister_driver(struct mdev_driver *drv);
The mediated bus driver is responsible for adding mediated devices to the VFIO
group when devices are bound to the driver and removing mediated devices from
......@@ -152,15 +155,15 @@ The callbacks in the mdev_parent_ops structure are as follows:
* mmap: mmap emulation callback
A driver should use the mdev_parent_ops structure in the function call to
register itself with the mdev core driver:
register itself with the mdev core driver::
extern int mdev_register_device(struct device *dev,
const struct mdev_parent_ops *ops);
extern int mdev_register_device(struct device *dev,
const struct mdev_parent_ops *ops);
However, the mdev_parent_ops structure is not required in the function call
that a driver should use to unregister itself with the mdev core driver:
that a driver should use to unregister itself with the mdev core driver::
extern void mdev_unregister_device(struct device *dev);
extern void mdev_unregister_device(struct device *dev);
Mediated Device Management Interface Through sysfs
......@@ -183,30 +186,32 @@ with the mdev core driver.
Directories and files under the sysfs for Each Physical Device
--------------------------------------------------------------
|- [parent physical device]
|--- Vendor-specific-attributes [optional]
|--- [mdev_supported_types]
| |--- [<type-id>]
| | |--- create
| | |--- name
| | |--- available_instances
| | |--- device_api
| | |--- description
| | |--- [devices]
| |--- [<type-id>]
| | |--- create
| | |--- name
| | |--- available_instances
| | |--- device_api
| | |--- description
| | |--- [devices]
| |--- [<type-id>]
| |--- create
| |--- name
| |--- available_instances
| |--- device_api
| |--- description
| |--- [devices]
::
|- [parent physical device]
|--- Vendor-specific-attributes [optional]
|--- [mdev_supported_types]
| |--- [<type-id>]
| | |--- create
| | |--- name
| | |--- available_instances
| | |--- device_api
| | |--- description
| | |--- [devices]
| |--- [<type-id>]
| | |--- create
| | |--- name
| | |--- available_instances
| | |--- device_api
| | |--- description
| | |--- [devices]
| |--- [<type-id>]
| |--- create
| |--- name
| |--- available_instances
| |--- device_api
| |--- description
| |--- [devices]
* [mdev_supported_types]
......@@ -219,12 +224,12 @@ Directories and files under the sysfs for Each Physical Device
The [<type-id>] name is created by adding the device driver string as a prefix
to the string provided by the vendor driver. This format of this name is as
follows:
follows::
sprintf(buf, "%s-%s", dev_driver_string(parent->dev), group->name);
(or using mdev_parent_dev(mdev) to arrive at the parent device outside
of the core mdev code)
of the core mdev code)
* device_api
......@@ -239,7 +244,7 @@ Directories and files under the sysfs for Each Physical Device
* [device]
This directory contains links to the devices of type <type-id> that have been
created.
created.
* name
......@@ -253,21 +258,25 @@ created.
Directories and Files Under the sysfs for Each mdev Device
----------------------------------------------------------
|- [parent phy device]
|--- [$MDEV_UUID]
::
|- [parent phy device]
|--- [$MDEV_UUID]
|--- remove
|--- mdev_type {link to its type}
|--- vendor-specific-attributes [optional]
* remove (write only)
Writing '1' to the 'remove' file destroys the mdev device. The vendor driver can
fail the remove() callback if that device is active and the vendor driver
doesn't support hot unplug.
Example:
Example::
# echo 1 > /sys/bus/mdev/devices/$mdev_UUID/remove
Mediated device Hot plug:
Mediated device Hot plug
------------------------
Mediated devices can be created and assigned at runtime. The procedure to hot
......@@ -277,13 +286,13 @@ Translation APIs for Mediated Devices
=====================================
The following APIs are provided for translating user pfn to host pfn in a VFIO
driver:
driver::
extern int vfio_pin_pages(struct device *dev, unsigned long *user_pfn,
int npage, int prot, unsigned long *phys_pfn);
extern int vfio_pin_pages(struct device *dev, unsigned long *user_pfn,
int npage, int prot, unsigned long *phys_pfn);
extern int vfio_unpin_pages(struct device *dev, unsigned long *user_pfn,
int npage);
extern int vfio_unpin_pages(struct device *dev, unsigned long *user_pfn,
int npage);
These functions call back into the back-end IOMMU module by using the pin_pages
and unpin_pages callbacks of the struct vfio_iommu_driver_ops[4]. Currently
......@@ -304,81 +313,80 @@ card.
This step creates a dummy device, /sys/devices/virtual/mtty/mtty/
Files in this device directory in sysfs are similar to the following:
# tree /sys/devices/virtual/mtty/mtty/
/sys/devices/virtual/mtty/mtty/
|-- mdev_supported_types
| |-- mtty-1
| | |-- available_instances
| | |-- create
| | |-- device_api
| | |-- devices
| | `-- name
| `-- mtty-2
| |-- available_instances
| |-- create
| |-- device_api
| |-- devices
| `-- name
|-- mtty_dev
| `-- sample_mtty_dev
|-- power
| |-- autosuspend_delay_ms
| |-- control
| |-- runtime_active_time
| |-- runtime_status
| `-- runtime_suspended_time
|-- subsystem -> ../../../../class/mtty
`-- uevent
Files in this device directory in sysfs are similar to the following::
# tree /sys/devices/virtual/mtty/mtty/
/sys/devices/virtual/mtty/mtty/
|-- mdev_supported_types
| |-- mtty-1
| | |-- available_instances
| | |-- create
| | |-- device_api
| | |-- devices
| | `-- name
| `-- mtty-2
| |-- available_instances
| |-- create
| |-- device_api
| |-- devices
| `-- name
|-- mtty_dev
| `-- sample_mtty_dev
|-- power
| |-- autosuspend_delay_ms
| |-- control
| |-- runtime_active_time
| |-- runtime_status
| `-- runtime_suspended_time
|-- subsystem -> ../../../../class/mtty
`-- uevent
2. Create a mediated device by using the dummy device that you created in the
previous step.
previous step::
# echo "83b8f4f2-509f-382f-3c1e-e6bfe0fa1001" > \
# echo "83b8f4f2-509f-382f-3c1e-e6bfe0fa1001" > \
/sys/devices/virtual/mtty/mtty/mdev_supported_types/mtty-2/create
3. Add parameters to qemu-kvm.
3. Add parameters to qemu-kvm::
-device vfio-pci,\
sysfsdev=/sys/bus/mdev/devices/83b8f4f2-509f-382f-3c1e-e6bfe0fa1001
-device vfio-pci,\
sysfsdev=/sys/bus/mdev/devices/83b8f4f2-509f-382f-3c1e-e6bfe0fa1001
4. Boot the VM.
In the Linux guest VM, with no hardware on the host, the device appears
as follows:
# lspci -s 00:05.0 -xxvv
00:05.0 Serial controller: Device 4348:3253 (rev 10) (prog-if 02 [16550])
Subsystem: Device 4348:3253
Physical Slot: 5
Control: I/O+ Mem- BusMaster- SpecCycle- MemWINV- VGASnoop- ParErr-
Stepping- SERR- FastB2B- DisINTx-
Status: Cap- 66MHz- UDF- FastB2B- ParErr- DEVSEL=medium >TAbort-
<TAbort- <MAbort- >SERR- <PERR- INTx-
Interrupt: pin A routed to IRQ 10
Region 0: I/O ports at c150 [size=8]
Region 1: I/O ports at c158 [size=8]
Kernel driver in use: serial
00: 48 43 53 32 01 00 00 02 10 02 00 07 00 00 00 00
10: 51 c1 00 00 59 c1 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
20: 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 48 43 53 32
30: 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 0a 01 00 00
In the Linux guest VM, dmesg output for the device is as follows:
serial 0000:00:05.0: PCI INT A -> Link[LNKA] -> GSI 10 (level, high) -> IRQ
10
0000:00:05.0: ttyS1 at I/O 0xc150 (irq = 10) is a 16550A
0000:00:05.0: ttyS2 at I/O 0xc158 (irq = 10) is a 16550A
5. In the Linux guest VM, check the serial ports.
# setserial -g /dev/ttyS*
/dev/ttyS0, UART: 16550A, Port: 0x03f8, IRQ: 4
/dev/ttyS1, UART: 16550A, Port: 0xc150, IRQ: 10
/dev/ttyS2, UART: 16550A, Port: 0xc158, IRQ: 10
as follows::
# lspci -s 00:05.0 -xxvv
00:05.0 Serial controller: Device 4348:3253 (rev 10) (prog-if 02 [16550])
Subsystem: Device 4348:3253
Physical Slot: 5
Control: I/O+ Mem- BusMaster- SpecCycle- MemWINV- VGASnoop- ParErr-
Stepping- SERR- FastB2B- DisINTx-
Status: Cap- 66MHz- UDF- FastB2B- ParErr- DEVSEL=medium >TAbort-
<TAbort- <MAbort- >SERR- <PERR- INTx-
Interrupt: pin A routed to IRQ 10
Region 0: I/O ports at c150 [size=8]
Region 1: I/O ports at c158 [size=8]
Kernel driver in use: serial
00: 48 43 53 32 01 00 00 02 10 02 00 07 00 00 00 00
10: 51 c1 00 00 59 c1 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
20: 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 48 43 53 32
30: 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 0a 01 00 00
In the Linux guest VM, dmesg output for the device is as follows:
serial 0000:00:05.0: PCI INT A -> Link[LNKA] -> GSI 10 (level, high) -> IRQ 10
0000:00:05.0: ttyS1 at I/O 0xc150 (irq = 10) is a 16550A
0000:00:05.0: ttyS2 at I/O 0xc158 (irq = 10) is a 16550A
5. In the Linux guest VM, check the serial ports::
# setserial -g /dev/ttyS*
/dev/ttyS0, UART: 16550A, Port: 0x03f8, IRQ: 4
/dev/ttyS1, UART: 16550A, Port: 0xc150, IRQ: 10
/dev/ttyS2, UART: 16550A, Port: 0xc158, IRQ: 10
6. Using minicom or any terminal emulation program, open port /dev/ttyS1 or
/dev/ttyS2 with hardware flow control disabled.
......@@ -388,14 +396,14 @@ card.
Data is loop backed from hosts mtty driver.
8. Destroy the mediated device that you created.
8. Destroy the mediated device that you created::
# echo 1 > /sys/bus/mdev/devices/83b8f4f2-509f-382f-3c1e-e6bfe0fa1001/remove
# echo 1 > /sys/bus/mdev/devices/83b8f4f2-509f-382f-3c1e-e6bfe0fa1001/remove
References
==========
[1] See Documentation/vfio.txt for more information on VFIO.
[2] struct mdev_driver in include/linux/mdev.h
[3] struct mdev_parent_ops in include/linux/mdev.h
[4] struct vfio_iommu_driver_ops in include/linux/vfio.h
1. See Documentation/vfio.txt for more information on VFIO.
2. struct mdev_driver in include/linux/mdev.h
3. struct mdev_parent_ops in include/linux/mdev.h
4. struct vfio_iommu_driver_ops in include/linux/vfio.h
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