Commit 791b48b6 authored by Minchan Kim's avatar Minchan Kim Committed by Linus Torvalds
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mm: vmscan: scan until it finds eligible pages

Although there are a ton of free swap and anonymous LRU page in elgible
zones, OOM happened.

  balloon invoked oom-killer: gfp_mask=0x17080c0(GFP_KERNEL_ACCOUNT|__GFP_ZERO|__GFP_NOTRACK), nodemask=(null),  order=0, oom_score_adj=0
  CPU: 7 PID: 1138 Comm: balloon Not tainted 4.11.0-rc6-mm1-zram-00289-ge228d67e9677-dirty #17
  Hardware name: QEMU Standard PC (i440FX + PIIX, 1996), BIOS Ubuntu-1.8.2-1ubuntu1 04/01/2014
  Call Trace:
  active_anon:424716 inactive_anon:65314 isolated_anon:0
   active_file:52 inactive_file:46 isolated_file:0
   unevictable:0 dirty:27 writeback:0 unstable:0
   slab_reclaimable:3967 slab_unreclaimable:4125
   mapped:133 shmem:43 pagetables:1674 bounce:0
   free:4637 free_pcp:225 free_cma:0
  Node 0 active_anon:1698864kB inactive_anon:261256kB active_file:208kB inactive_file:184kB unevictable:0kB isolated(anon):0kB isolated(file):0kB mapped:532kB dirty:108kB writeback:0kB shmem:172kB writeback_tmp:0kB unstable:0kB all_unreclaimable? no
  DMA free:7316kB min:32kB low:44kB high:56kB active_anon:8064kB inactive_anon:0kB active_file:0kB inactive_file:0kB unevictable:0kB writepending:0kB present:15992kB managed:15908kB mlocked:0kB slab_reclaimable:464kB slab_unreclaimable:40kB kernel_stack:0kB pagetables:24kB bounce:0kB free_pcp:0kB local_pcp:0kB free_cma:0kB
  lowmem_reserve[]: 0 992 992 1952
  DMA32 free:9088kB min:2048kB low:3064kB high:4080kB active_anon:952176kB inactive_anon:0kB active_file:36kB inactive_file:0kB unevictable:0kB writepending:88kB present:1032192kB managed:1019388kB mlocked:0kB slab_reclaimable:13532kB slab_unreclaimable:16460kB kernel_stack:3552kB pagetables:6672kB bounce:0kB free_pcp:56kB local_pcp:24kB free_cma:0kB
  lowmem_reserve[]: 0 0 0 959
  Movable free:3644kB min:1980kB low:2960kB high:3940kB active_anon:738560kB inactive_anon:261340kB active_file:188kB inactive_file:640kB unevictable:0kB writepending:20kB present:1048444kB managed:1010816kB mlocked:0kB slab_reclaimable:0kB slab_unreclaimable:0kB kernel_stack:0kB pagetables:0kB bounce:0kB free_pcp:832kB local_pcp:60kB free_cma:0kB
  lowmem_reserve[]: 0 0 0 0
  DMA: 1*4kB (E) 0*8kB 18*16kB (E) 10*32kB (E) 10*64kB (E) 9*128kB (ME) 8*256kB (E) 2*512kB (E) 2*1024kB (E) 0*2048kB 0*4096kB = 7524kB
  DMA32: 417*4kB (UMEH) 181*8kB (UMEH) 68*16kB (UMEH) 48*32kB (UMEH) 14*64kB (MH) 3*128kB (M) 1*256kB (H) 1*512kB (M) 2*1024kB (M) 0*2048kB 0*4096kB = 9836kB
  Movable: 1*4kB (M) 1*8kB (M) 1*16kB (M) 1*32kB (M) 0*64kB 1*128kB (M) 2*256kB (M) 4*512kB (M) 1*1024kB (M) 0*2048kB 0*4096kB = 3772kB
  378 total pagecache pages
  17 pages in swap cache
  Swap cache stats: add 17325, delete 17302, find 0/27
  Free swap  = 978940kB
  Total swap = 1048572kB
  524157 pages RAM
  0 pages HighMem/MovableOnly
  12629 pages reserved
  0 pages cma reserved
  0 pages hwpoisoned
  [ pid ]   uid  tgid total_vm      rss nr_ptes nr_pmds swapents oom_score_adj name
  [  433]     0   433     4904        5      14       3       82             0 upstart-udev-br
  [  438]     0   438    12371        5      27       3      191         -1000 systemd-udevd

With investigation, skipping page of isolate_lru_pages makes reclaim
void because it returns zero nr_taken easily so LRU shrinking is
effectively nothing and just increases priority aggressively.  Finally,
OOM happens.

The problem is that get_scan_count determines nr_to_scan with eligible
zones so although priority drops to zero, it couldn't reclaim any pages
if the LRU contains mostly ineligible pages.


        size = lruvec_lru_size(lruvec, lru, sc->reclaim_idx);
	size = size >> sc->priority;

Assumes sc->priority is 0 and LRU list is as follows.


(Ie, small eligible pages are in the head of LRU but others are
 almost ineligible pages)

In that case, size becomes 4 so VM want to scan 4 pages but 4 pages from
tail of the LRU are not eligible pages.  If get_scan_count counts
skipped pages, it doesn't reclaim any pages remained after scanning 4
pages so it ends up OOM happening.

This patch makes isolate_lru_pages try to scan pages until it encounters
eligible zones's pages.

[ clean up mind-bending `for' statement.  Tweak comment text]
Fixes: 3db65812 ("Revert "mm, vmscan: account for skipped pages as a partial scan"")

Signed-off-by: default avatarMinchan Kim <>
Acked-by: default avatarMichal Hocko <>
Acked-by: default avatarJohannes Weiner <>
Cc: Mel Gorman <>
Signed-off-by: default avatarAndrew Morton <>
Signed-off-by: default avatarLinus Torvalds <>
parent 338a16ba
......@@ -1449,7 +1449,7 @@ static __always_inline void update_lru_sizes(struct lruvec *lruvec,
* Appropriate locks must be held before calling this function.
* @nr_to_scan: The number of pages to look through on the list.
* @nr_to_scan: The number of eligible pages to look through on the list.
* @lruvec: The LRU vector to pull pages from.
* @dst: The temp list to put pages on to.
* @nr_scanned: The number of pages that were scanned.
......@@ -1469,11 +1469,13 @@ static unsigned long isolate_lru_pages(unsigned long nr_to_scan,
unsigned long nr_zone_taken[MAX_NR_ZONES] = { 0 };
unsigned long nr_skipped[MAX_NR_ZONES] = { 0, };
unsigned long skipped = 0;
unsigned long scan, nr_pages;
unsigned long scan, total_scan, nr_pages;
for (scan = 0; scan < nr_to_scan && nr_taken < nr_to_scan &&
!list_empty(src); scan++) {
scan = 0;
for (total_scan = 0;
scan < nr_to_scan && nr_taken < nr_to_scan && !list_empty(src);
total_scan++) {
struct page *page;
page = lru_to_page(src);
......@@ -1487,6 +1489,13 @@ static unsigned long isolate_lru_pages(unsigned long nr_to_scan,
* Do not count skipped pages because that makes the function
* return with no isolated pages if the LRU mostly contains
* ineligible pages. This causes the VM to not reclaim any
* pages, triggering a premature OOM.
switch (__isolate_lru_page(page, mode)) {
case 0:
nr_pages = hpage_nr_pages(page);
......@@ -1524,9 +1533,9 @@ static unsigned long isolate_lru_pages(unsigned long nr_to_scan,
skipped += nr_skipped[zid];
*nr_scanned = scan;
*nr_scanned = total_scan;
trace_mm_vmscan_lru_isolate(sc->reclaim_idx, sc->order, nr_to_scan,
scan, skipped, nr_taken, mode, lru);
total_scan, skipped, nr_taken, mode, lru);
update_lru_sizes(lruvec, lru, nr_zone_taken);
return nr_taken;
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