Commit 9226b5b4 authored by Linus Torvalds's avatar Linus Torvalds
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vfs: avoid non-forwarding large load after small store in path lookup

The performance regression that Josef Bacik reported in the pathname
lookup (see commit 99d263d4

 "vfs: fix bad hashing of dentries") made
me look at performance stability of the dcache code, just to verify that
the problem was actually fixed.  That turned up a few other problems in
this area.

There are a few cases where we exit RCU lookup mode and go to the slow
serializing case when we shouldn't, Al has fixed those and they'll come
in with the next VFS pull.

But my performance verification also shows that link_path_walk() turns
out to have a very unfortunate 32-bit store of the length and hash of
the name we look up, followed by a 64-bit read of the combined hash_len
field.  That screws up the processor store to load forwarding, causing
an unnecessary hickup in this critical routine.

It's caused by the ugly calling convention for the "hash_name()"
function, and easily fixed by just making hash_name() fill in the whole
'struct qstr' rather than passing it a pointer to just the hash value.

With that, the profile for this function looks much smoother.
Signed-off-by: default avatarLinus Torvalds <>
parent 5910cfdc
......@@ -1669,13 +1669,14 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL(full_name_hash);
* Calculate the length and hash of the path component, and
* return the length of the component;
* fill in the qstr. return the "len" as the result.
static inline unsigned long hash_name(const char *name, unsigned int *hashp)
static inline unsigned long hash_name(const char *name, struct qstr *res)
unsigned long a, b, adata, bdata, mask, hash, len;
const struct word_at_a_time constants = WORD_AT_A_TIME_CONSTANTS;
res->name = name;
hash = a = 0;
len = -sizeof(unsigned long);
do {
......@@ -1691,9 +1692,10 @@ static inline unsigned long hash_name(const char *name, unsigned int *hashp)
mask = create_zero_mask(adata | bdata);
hash += a & zero_bytemask(mask);
*hashp = fold_hash(hash);
len += find_zero(mask);
res->hash_len = hashlen_create(fold_hash(hash), len);
return len + find_zero(mask);
return len;
......@@ -1711,18 +1713,19 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL(full_name_hash);
* We know there's a real path component here of at least
* one character.
static inline unsigned long hash_name(const char *name, unsigned int *hashp)
static inline long hash_name(const char *name, struct qstr *res)
unsigned long hash = init_name_hash();
unsigned long len = 0, c;
res->name = name;
c = (unsigned char)*name;
do {
hash = partial_name_hash(c, hash);
c = (unsigned char)name[len];
} while (c && c != '/');
*hashp = end_name_hash(hash);
res->hash_len = hashlen_create(end_name_hash(hash), len);
return len;
......@@ -1756,9 +1759,7 @@ static int link_path_walk(const char *name, struct nameidata *nd)
if (err)
len = hash_name(name, &this.hash); = name;
this.len = len;
len = hash_name(name, &this);
type = LAST_NORM;
if (name[0] == '.') switch (len) {
......@@ -55,6 +55,7 @@ struct qstr {
#define QSTR_INIT(n,l) { { { .len = l } }, .name = n }
#define hashlen_hash(hashlen) ((u32) (hashlen))
#define hashlen_len(hashlen) ((u32)((hashlen) >> 32))
#define hashlen_create(hash,len) (((u64)(len)<<32)|(u32)(hash))
struct dentry_stat_t {
long nr_dentry;
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