Commit 9992c2e2 authored by Bjørn Mork's avatar Bjørn Mork Committed by David S. Miller
Browse files

net: cdc_ncm: workaround for missing CDC Union

Adding support for the MBIM mode in some Sierra Wireless devices.

Some Sierra Wireless firmwares support CDC MBIM but have no CDC
Union funtional descriptor. This violates the MBIM specification,
but we can easily work around the bug by looking at the Interface
Association Descriptor instead.  This is most likely what
Windows uses too, which explains how the firmware bug has gone
unnoticed until now.

This change will not affect any currently supported device
conforming to the NCM or MBIM specifications, as they must have
the CDC Union descriptor.

Cc: Greg Suarez <>
Cc: Alexey Orishko <>
Signed-off-by: default avatarBjørn Mork <>
Signed-off-by: default avatarDavid S. Miller <>
parent 8141ed9f
......@@ -344,6 +344,23 @@ static const struct ethtool_ops cdc_ncm_ethtool_ops = {
.nway_reset = usbnet_nway_reset,
/* return first slave interface if an IAD matches the given master */
static struct usb_interface *get_iad_slave(struct usb_device *udev,
struct usb_interface *master) {
int i;
struct usb_interface_assoc_descriptor *iad;
u8 mnum = master->cur_altsetting->desc.bInterfaceNumber;
for (i = 0; i < USB_MAXIADS; i++) {
iad = udev->actconfig->intf_assoc[i];
if (!iad)
if (iad->bFirstInterface == mnum && iad->bInterfaceCount == 2)
return usb_ifnum_to_if(udev, mnum + 1);
return NULL;
int cdc_ncm_bind_common(struct usbnet *dev, struct usb_interface *intf, u8 data_altsetting)
struct cdc_ncm_ctx *ctx;
......@@ -435,6 +452,16 @@ int cdc_ncm_bind_common(struct usbnet *dev, struct usb_interface *intf, u8 data_
len -= temp;
/* some buggy devices have an IAD but no CDC Union */
if (!ctx->union_desc) {
dev_dbg(&intf->dev, "missing CDC Union descriptor\n");
ctx->data = get_iad_slave(dev->udev, intf);
if (ctx->data) {
ctx->control = intf;
dev_dbg(&intf->dev, "got slave from IAD\n");
/* check if we got everything */
if ((ctx->control == NULL) || (ctx->data == NULL) ||
((!ctx->mbim_desc) && ((ctx->ether_desc == NULL) || (ctx->control != intf))))
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