Commit b097186f authored by Konrad Rzeszutek Wilk's avatar Konrad Rzeszutek Wilk

swiotlb-xen: SWIOTLB library for Xen PV guest with PCI passthrough.

This patchset:

PV guests under Xen are running in an non-contiguous memory architecture.

When PCI pass-through is utilized, this necessitates an IOMMU for
translating bus (DMA) to virtual and vice-versa and also providing a
mechanism to have contiguous pages for device drivers operations (say DMA
operations).

Specifically, under Xen the Linux idea of pages is an illusion. It
assumes that pages start at zero and go up to the available memory. To
help with that, the Linux Xen MMU provides a lookup mechanism to
translate the page frame numbers (PFN) to machine frame numbers (MFN)
and vice-versa. The MFN are the "real" frame numbers. Furthermore
memory is not contiguous. Xen hypervisor stitches memory for guests
from different pools, which means there is no guarantee that PFN==MFN
and PFN+1==MFN+1. Lastly with Xen 4.0, pages (in debug mode) are
allocated in descending order (high to low), meaning the guest might
never get any MFN's under the 4GB mark.
Signed-off-by: default avatarKonrad Rzeszutek Wilk <konrad.wilk@oracle.com>
Acked-by: default avatarJeremy Fitzhardinge <jeremy.fitzhardinge@citrix.com>
Cc: FUJITA Tomonori <fujita.tomonori@lab.ntt.co.jp>
Cc: Albert Herranz <albert_herranz@yahoo.es>
Cc: Ian Campbell <Ian.Campbell@citrix.com>
parent d2cb2145
......@@ -62,4 +62,8 @@ config XEN_SYS_HYPERVISOR
virtual environment, /sys/hypervisor will still be present,
but will have no xen contents.
config SWIOTLB_XEN
def_bool y
depends on SWIOTLB
endmenu
......@@ -9,4 +9,5 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_XEN_XENCOMM) += xencomm.o
obj-$(CONFIG_XEN_BALLOON) += balloon.o
obj-$(CONFIG_XEN_DEV_EVTCHN) += evtchn.o
obj-$(CONFIG_XENFS) += xenfs/
obj-$(CONFIG_XEN_SYS_HYPERVISOR) += sys-hypervisor.o
\ No newline at end of file
obj-$(CONFIG_XEN_SYS_HYPERVISOR) += sys-hypervisor.o
obj-$(CONFIG_SWIOTLB_XEN) += swiotlb-xen.o
/*
* Copyright 2010
* by Konrad Rzeszutek Wilk <konrad.wilk@oracle.com>
*
* This code provides a IOMMU for Xen PV guests with PCI passthrough.
*
* This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
* it under the terms of the GNU General Public License v2.0 as published by
* the Free Software Foundation
*
* This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
* but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
* MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
* GNU General Public License for more details.
*
* PV guests under Xen are running in an non-contiguous memory architecture.
*
* When PCI pass-through is utilized, this necessitates an IOMMU for
* translating bus (DMA) to virtual and vice-versa and also providing a
* mechanism to have contiguous pages for device drivers operations (say DMA
* operations).
*
* Specifically, under Xen the Linux idea of pages is an illusion. It
* assumes that pages start at zero and go up to the available memory. To
* help with that, the Linux Xen MMU provides a lookup mechanism to
* translate the page frame numbers (PFN) to machine frame numbers (MFN)
* and vice-versa. The MFN are the "real" frame numbers. Furthermore
* memory is not contiguous. Xen hypervisor stitches memory for guests
* from different pools, which means there is no guarantee that PFN==MFN
* and PFN+1==MFN+1. Lastly with Xen 4.0, pages (in debug mode) are
* allocated in descending order (high to low), meaning the guest might
* never get any MFN's under the 4GB mark.
*
*/
#include <linux/bootmem.h>
#include <linux/dma-mapping.h>
#include <xen/swiotlb-xen.h>
#include <xen/page.h>
#include <xen/xen-ops.h>
/*
* Used to do a quick range check in swiotlb_tbl_unmap_single and
* swiotlb_tbl_sync_single_*, to see if the memory was in fact allocated by this
* API.
*/
static char *xen_io_tlb_start, *xen_io_tlb_end;
static unsigned long xen_io_tlb_nslabs;
/*
* Quick lookup value of the bus address of the IOTLB.
*/
u64 start_dma_addr;
static dma_addr_t xen_phys_to_bus(phys_addr_t paddr)
{
return phys_to_machine(XPADDR(paddr)).maddr;;
}
static phys_addr_t xen_bus_to_phys(dma_addr_t baddr)
{
return machine_to_phys(XMADDR(baddr)).paddr;
}
static dma_addr_t xen_virt_to_bus(void *address)
{
return xen_phys_to_bus(virt_to_phys(address));
}
static int check_pages_physically_contiguous(unsigned long pfn,
unsigned int offset,
size_t length)
{
unsigned long next_mfn;
int i;
int nr_pages;
next_mfn = pfn_to_mfn(pfn);
nr_pages = (offset + length + PAGE_SIZE-1) >> PAGE_SHIFT;
for (i = 1; i < nr_pages; i++) {
if (pfn_to_mfn(++pfn) != ++next_mfn)
return 0;
}
return 1;
}
static int range_straddles_page_boundary(phys_addr_t p, size_t size)
{
unsigned long pfn = PFN_DOWN(p);
unsigned int offset = p & ~PAGE_MASK;
if (offset + size <= PAGE_SIZE)
return 0;
if (check_pages_physically_contiguous(pfn, offset, size))
return 0;
return 1;
}
static int is_xen_swiotlb_buffer(dma_addr_t dma_addr)
{
unsigned long mfn = PFN_DOWN(dma_addr);
unsigned long pfn = mfn_to_local_pfn(mfn);
phys_addr_t paddr;
/* If the address is outside our domain, it CAN
* have the same virtual address as another address
* in our domain. Therefore _only_ check address within our domain.
*/
if (pfn_valid(pfn)) {
paddr = PFN_PHYS(pfn);
return paddr >= virt_to_phys(xen_io_tlb_start) &&
paddr < virt_to_phys(xen_io_tlb_end);
}
return 0;
}
static int max_dma_bits = 32;
static int
xen_swiotlb_fixup(void *buf, size_t size, unsigned long nslabs)
{
int i, rc;
int dma_bits;
dma_bits = get_order(IO_TLB_SEGSIZE << IO_TLB_SHIFT) + PAGE_SHIFT;
i = 0;
do {
int slabs = min(nslabs - i, (unsigned long)IO_TLB_SEGSIZE);
do {
rc = xen_create_contiguous_region(
(unsigned long)buf + (i << IO_TLB_SHIFT),
get_order(slabs << IO_TLB_SHIFT),
dma_bits);
} while (rc && dma_bits++ < max_dma_bits);
if (rc)
return rc;
i += slabs;
} while (i < nslabs);
return 0;
}
void __init xen_swiotlb_init(int verbose)
{
unsigned long bytes;
int rc;
xen_io_tlb_nslabs = (64 * 1024 * 1024 >> IO_TLB_SHIFT);
xen_io_tlb_nslabs = ALIGN(xen_io_tlb_nslabs, IO_TLB_SEGSIZE);
bytes = xen_io_tlb_nslabs << IO_TLB_SHIFT;
/*
* Get IO TLB memory from any location.
*/
xen_io_tlb_start = alloc_bootmem(bytes);
if (!xen_io_tlb_start)
panic("Cannot allocate SWIOTLB buffer");
xen_io_tlb_end = xen_io_tlb_start + bytes;
/*
* And replace that memory with pages under 4GB.
*/
rc = xen_swiotlb_fixup(xen_io_tlb_start,
bytes,
xen_io_tlb_nslabs);
if (rc)
goto error;
start_dma_addr = xen_virt_to_bus(xen_io_tlb_start);
swiotlb_init_with_tbl(xen_io_tlb_start, xen_io_tlb_nslabs, verbose);
return;
error:
panic("DMA(%d): Failed to exchange pages allocated for DMA with Xen! "\
"We either don't have the permission or you do not have enough"\
"free memory under 4GB!\n", rc);
}
void *
xen_swiotlb_alloc_coherent(struct device *hwdev, size_t size,
dma_addr_t *dma_handle, gfp_t flags)
{
void *ret;
int order = get_order(size);
u64 dma_mask = DMA_BIT_MASK(32);
unsigned long vstart;
/*
* Ignore region specifiers - the kernel's ideas of
* pseudo-phys memory layout has nothing to do with the
* machine physical layout. We can't allocate highmem
* because we can't return a pointer to it.
*/
flags &= ~(__GFP_DMA | __GFP_HIGHMEM);
if (dma_alloc_from_coherent(hwdev, size, dma_handle, &ret))
return ret;
vstart = __get_free_pages(flags, order);
ret = (void *)vstart;
if (hwdev && hwdev->coherent_dma_mask)
dma_mask = dma_alloc_coherent_mask(hwdev, flags);
if (ret) {
if (xen_create_contiguous_region(vstart, order,
fls64(dma_mask)) != 0) {
free_pages(vstart, order);
return NULL;
}
memset(ret, 0, size);
*dma_handle = virt_to_machine(ret).maddr;
}
return ret;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(xen_swiotlb_alloc_coherent);
void
xen_swiotlb_free_coherent(struct device *hwdev, size_t size, void *vaddr,
dma_addr_t dev_addr)
{
int order = get_order(size);
if (dma_release_from_coherent(hwdev, order, vaddr))
return;
xen_destroy_contiguous_region((unsigned long)vaddr, order);
free_pages((unsigned long)vaddr, order);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(xen_swiotlb_free_coherent);
/*
* Map a single buffer of the indicated size for DMA in streaming mode. The
* physical address to use is returned.
*
* Once the device is given the dma address, the device owns this memory until
* either xen_swiotlb_unmap_page or xen_swiotlb_dma_sync_single is performed.
*/
dma_addr_t xen_swiotlb_map_page(struct device *dev, struct page *page,
unsigned long offset, size_t size,
enum dma_data_direction dir,
struct dma_attrs *attrs)
{
phys_addr_t phys = page_to_phys(page) + offset;
dma_addr_t dev_addr = xen_phys_to_bus(phys);
void *map;
BUG_ON(dir == DMA_NONE);
/*
* If the address happens to be in the device's DMA window,
* we can safely return the device addr and not worry about bounce
* buffering it.
*/
if (dma_capable(dev, dev_addr, size) &&
!range_straddles_page_boundary(phys, size) && !swiotlb_force)
return dev_addr;
/*
* Oh well, have to allocate and map a bounce buffer.
*/
map = swiotlb_tbl_map_single(dev, start_dma_addr, phys, size, dir);
if (!map)
return DMA_ERROR_CODE;
dev_addr = xen_virt_to_bus(map);
/*
* Ensure that the address returned is DMA'ble
*/
if (!dma_capable(dev, dev_addr, size))
panic("map_single: bounce buffer is not DMA'ble");
return dev_addr;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(xen_swiotlb_map_page);
/*
* Unmap a single streaming mode DMA translation. The dma_addr and size must
* match what was provided for in a previous xen_swiotlb_map_page call. All
* other usages are undefined.
*
* After this call, reads by the cpu to the buffer are guaranteed to see
* whatever the device wrote there.
*/
static void xen_unmap_single(struct device *hwdev, dma_addr_t dev_addr,
size_t size, enum dma_data_direction dir)
{
phys_addr_t paddr = xen_bus_to_phys(dev_addr);
BUG_ON(dir == DMA_NONE);
/* NOTE: We use dev_addr here, not paddr! */
if (is_xen_swiotlb_buffer(dev_addr)) {
swiotlb_tbl_unmap_single(hwdev, phys_to_virt(paddr), size, dir);
return;
}
if (dir != DMA_FROM_DEVICE)
return;
/*
* phys_to_virt doesn't work with hihgmem page but we could
* call dma_mark_clean() with hihgmem page here. However, we
* are fine since dma_mark_clean() is null on POWERPC. We can
* make dma_mark_clean() take a physical address if necessary.
*/
dma_mark_clean(phys_to_virt(paddr), size);
}
void xen_swiotlb_unmap_page(struct device *hwdev, dma_addr_t dev_addr,
size_t size, enum dma_data_direction dir,
struct dma_attrs *attrs)
{
xen_unmap_single(hwdev, dev_addr, size, dir);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(xen_swiotlb_unmap_page);
/*
* Make physical memory consistent for a single streaming mode DMA translation
* after a transfer.
*
* If you perform a xen_swiotlb_map_page() but wish to interrogate the buffer
* using the cpu, yet do not wish to teardown the dma mapping, you must
* call this function before doing so. At the next point you give the dma
* address back to the card, you must first perform a
* xen_swiotlb_dma_sync_for_device, and then the device again owns the buffer
*/
static void
xen_swiotlb_sync_single(struct device *hwdev, dma_addr_t dev_addr,
size_t size, enum dma_data_direction dir,
enum dma_sync_target target)
{
phys_addr_t paddr = xen_bus_to_phys(dev_addr);
BUG_ON(dir == DMA_NONE);
/* NOTE: We use dev_addr here, not paddr! */
if (is_xen_swiotlb_buffer(dev_addr)) {
swiotlb_tbl_sync_single(hwdev, phys_to_virt(paddr), size, dir,
target);
return;
}
if (dir != DMA_FROM_DEVICE)
return;
dma_mark_clean(phys_to_virt(paddr), size);
}
void
xen_swiotlb_sync_single_for_cpu(struct device *hwdev, dma_addr_t dev_addr,
size_t size, enum dma_data_direction dir)
{
xen_swiotlb_sync_single(hwdev, dev_addr, size, dir, SYNC_FOR_CPU);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(xen_swiotlb_sync_single_for_cpu);
void
xen_swiotlb_sync_single_for_device(struct device *hwdev, dma_addr_t dev_addr,
size_t size, enum dma_data_direction dir)
{
xen_swiotlb_sync_single(hwdev, dev_addr, size, dir, SYNC_FOR_DEVICE);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(xen_swiotlb_sync_single_for_device);
/*
* Map a set of buffers described by scatterlist in streaming mode for DMA.
* This is the scatter-gather version of the above xen_swiotlb_map_page
* interface. Here the scatter gather list elements are each tagged with the
* appropriate dma address and length. They are obtained via
* sg_dma_{address,length}(SG).
*
* NOTE: An implementation may be able to use a smaller number of
* DMA address/length pairs than there are SG table elements.
* (for example via virtual mapping capabilities)
* The routine returns the number of addr/length pairs actually
* used, at most nents.
*
* Device ownership issues as mentioned above for xen_swiotlb_map_page are the
* same here.
*/
int
xen_swiotlb_map_sg_attrs(struct device *hwdev, struct scatterlist *sgl,
int nelems, enum dma_data_direction dir,
struct dma_attrs *attrs)
{
struct scatterlist *sg;
int i;
BUG_ON(dir == DMA_NONE);
for_each_sg(sgl, sg, nelems, i) {
phys_addr_t paddr = sg_phys(sg);
dma_addr_t dev_addr = xen_phys_to_bus(paddr);
if (swiotlb_force ||
!dma_capable(hwdev, dev_addr, sg->length) ||
range_straddles_page_boundary(paddr, sg->length)) {
void *map = swiotlb_tbl_map_single(hwdev,
start_dma_addr,
sg_phys(sg),
sg->length, dir);
if (!map) {
/* Don't panic here, we expect map_sg users
to do proper error handling. */
xen_swiotlb_unmap_sg_attrs(hwdev, sgl, i, dir,
attrs);
sgl[0].dma_length = 0;
return DMA_ERROR_CODE;
}
sg->dma_address = xen_virt_to_bus(map);
} else
sg->dma_address = dev_addr;
sg->dma_length = sg->length;
}
return nelems;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(xen_swiotlb_map_sg_attrs);
int
xen_swiotlb_map_sg(struct device *hwdev, struct scatterlist *sgl, int nelems,
enum dma_data_direction dir)
{
return xen_swiotlb_map_sg_attrs(hwdev, sgl, nelems, dir, NULL);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(xen_swiotlb_map_sg);
/*
* Unmap a set of streaming mode DMA translations. Again, cpu read rules
* concerning calls here are the same as for swiotlb_unmap_page() above.
*/
void
xen_swiotlb_unmap_sg_attrs(struct device *hwdev, struct scatterlist *sgl,
int nelems, enum dma_data_direction dir,
struct dma_attrs *attrs)
{
struct scatterlist *sg;
int i;
BUG_ON(dir == DMA_NONE);
for_each_sg(sgl, sg, nelems, i)
xen_unmap_single(hwdev, sg->dma_address, sg->dma_length, dir);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(xen_swiotlb_unmap_sg_attrs);
void
xen_swiotlb_unmap_sg(struct device *hwdev, struct scatterlist *sgl, int nelems,
enum dma_data_direction dir)
{
return xen_swiotlb_unmap_sg_attrs(hwdev, sgl, nelems, dir, NULL);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(xen_swiotlb_unmap_sg);
/*
* Make physical memory consistent for a set of streaming mode DMA translations
* after a transfer.
*
* The same as swiotlb_sync_single_* but for a scatter-gather list, same rules
* and usage.
*/
static void
xen_swiotlb_sync_sg(struct device *hwdev, struct scatterlist *sgl,
int nelems, enum dma_data_direction dir,
enum dma_sync_target target)
{
struct scatterlist *sg;
int i;
for_each_sg(sgl, sg, nelems, i)
xen_swiotlb_sync_single(hwdev, sg->dma_address,
sg->dma_length, dir, target);
}
void
xen_swiotlb_sync_sg_for_cpu(struct device *hwdev, struct scatterlist *sg,
int nelems, enum dma_data_direction dir)
{
xen_swiotlb_sync_sg(hwdev, sg, nelems, dir, SYNC_FOR_CPU);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(xen_swiotlb_sync_sg_for_cpu);
void
xen_swiotlb_sync_sg_for_device(struct device *hwdev, struct scatterlist *sg,
int nelems, enum dma_data_direction dir)
{
xen_swiotlb_sync_sg(hwdev, sg, nelems, dir, SYNC_FOR_DEVICE);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(xen_swiotlb_sync_sg_for_device);
int
xen_swiotlb_dma_mapping_error(struct device *hwdev, dma_addr_t dma_addr)
{
return !dma_addr;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(xen_swiotlb_dma_mapping_error);
/*
* Return whether the given device DMA address mask can be supported
* properly. For example, if your device can only drive the low 24-bits
* during bus mastering, then you would pass 0x00ffffff as the mask to
* this function.
*/
int
xen_swiotlb_dma_supported(struct device *hwdev, u64 mask)
{
return xen_virt_to_bus(xen_io_tlb_end - 1) <= mask;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(xen_swiotlb_dma_supported);
#ifndef __LINUX_SWIOTLB_XEN_H
#define __LINUX_SWIOTLB_XEN_H
#include <linux/swiotlb.h>
extern void xen_swiotlb_init(int verbose);
extern void
*xen_swiotlb_alloc_coherent(struct device *hwdev, size_t size,
dma_addr_t *dma_handle, gfp_t flags);
extern void
xen_swiotlb_free_coherent(struct device *hwdev, size_t size,
void *vaddr, dma_addr_t dma_handle);
extern dma_addr_t xen_swiotlb_map_page(struct device *dev, struct page *page,
unsigned long offset, size_t size,
enum dma_data_direction dir,
struct dma_attrs *attrs);
extern void xen_swiotlb_unmap_page(struct device *hwdev, dma_addr_t dev_addr,
size_t size, enum dma_data_direction dir,
struct dma_attrs *attrs);
/*
extern int
xen_swiotlb_map_sg(struct device *hwdev, struct scatterlist *sg, int nents,
enum dma_data_direction dir);
extern void
xen_swiotlb_unmap_sg(struct device *hwdev, struct scatterlist *sg, int nents,
enum dma_data_direction dir);
*/
extern int
xen_swiotlb_map_sg_attrs(struct device *hwdev, struct scatterlist *sgl,
int nelems, enum dma_data_direction dir,
struct dma_attrs *attrs);
extern void
xen_swiotlb_unmap_sg_attrs(struct device *hwdev, struct scatterlist *sgl,
int nelems, enum dma_data_direction dir,
struct dma_attrs *attrs);
extern void
xen_swiotlb_sync_single_for_cpu(struct device *hwdev, dma_addr_t dev_addr,
size_t size, enum dma_data_direction dir);
extern void
xen_swiotlb_sync_sg_for_cpu(struct device *hwdev, struct scatterlist *sg,
int nelems, enum dma_data_direction dir);
extern void
xen_swiotlb_sync_single_for_device(struct device *hwdev, dma_addr_t dev_addr,
size_t size, enum dma_data_direction dir);
extern void
xen_swiotlb_sync_sg_for_device(struct device *hwdev, struct scatterlist *sg,
int nelems, enum dma_data_direction dir);
extern int
xen_swiotlb_dma_mapping_error(struct device *hwdev, dma_addr_t dma_addr);
extern int
xen_swiotlb_dma_supported(struct device *hwdev, u64 mask);
#endif /* __LINUX_SWIOTLB_XEN_H */
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