1. 01 Nov, 2018 2 commits
  2. 02 Nov, 2017 1 commit
    • Greg Kroah-Hartman's avatar
      License cleanup: add SPDX GPL-2.0 license identifier to files with no license · b2441318
      Greg Kroah-Hartman authored
      Many source files in the tree are missing licensing information, which
      makes it harder for compliance tools to determine the correct license.
      By default all files without license information are under the default
      license of the kernel, which is GPL version 2.
      Update the files which contain no license information with the 'GPL-2.0'
      SPDX license identifier.  The SPDX identifier is a legally binding
      shorthand, which can be used instead of the full boiler plate text.
      This patch is based on work done by Thomas Gleixner and Kate Stewart and
      Philippe Ombredanne.
      How this work was done:
      Patches were generated and checked against linux-4.14-rc6 for a subset of
      the use cases:
       - file had no licensing information it it.
       - file was a */uapi/* one with no licensing information in it,
       - file was a */uapi/* one with existing licensing information,
      Further patches will be generated in subsequent months to fix up cases
      where non-standard license headers were used, and references to license
      had to be inferred by heuristics based on keywords.
      The analysis to determine which SPDX License Identifier to be applied to
      a file was done in a spreadsheet of side by side results from of the
      output of two independent scanners (ScanCode & Windriver) producing SPDX
      tag:value files created by Philippe Ombredanne.  Philippe prepared the
      base worksheet, and did an initial spot review of a few 1000 files.
      The 4.13 kernel was the starting point of the analysis with 60,537 files
      assessed.  Kate Stewart did a file by file comparison of the scanner
      results in the spreadsheet to determine which SPDX license identifier(s)
      to be applied to the file. She confirmed any determination that was not
      immediately clear with lawyers working with the Linux Foundation.
      Criteria used to select files for SPDX license identifier tagging was:
       - Files considered eligible had to be source code files.
       - Make and config files were included as candidates if they contained >5
         lines of source
       - File already had some variant of a license header in it (even if <5
      All documentation files were explicitly excluded.
      The following heuristics were used to determine which SPDX license
      identifiers to apply.
       - when both scanners couldn't find any license traces, file was
         considered to have no license information in it, and the top level
         COPYING file license applied.
         For non */uapi/* files that summary was:
         SPDX license identifier                            # files
         GPL-2.0                                              11139
         and resulted in the first patch in this series.
         If that file was a */uapi/* path one, it was "GPL-2.0 WITH
         Linux-syscall-note" otherwise it was "GPL-2.0".  Results of that was:
         SPDX license identifier                            # files
         GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note                        930
         and resulted in the second patch in this series.
       - if a file had some form of licensing information in it, and was one
         of the */uapi/* ones, it was denoted with the Linux-syscall-note if
         any GPL family license was found in the file or had no licensing in
         it (per prior point).  Results summary:
         SPDX license identifier                            # files
         GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note                       270
         GPL-2.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note                      169
         ((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR BSD-2-Clause)    21
         ((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR BSD-3-Clause)    17
         LGPL-2.1+ WITH Linux-syscall-note                      15
         GPL-1.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note                       14
         ((GPL-2.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR BSD-3-Clause)    5
         LGPL-2.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note                       4
         LGPL-2.1 WITH Linux-syscall-note                        3
         ((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR MIT)              3
         ((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) AND MIT)             1
         and that resulted in the third patch in this series.
       - when the two scanners agreed on the detected license(s), that became
         the concluded license(s).
       - when there was disagreement between the two scanners (one detected a
         license but the other didn't, or they both detected different
         licenses) a manual inspection of the file occurred.
       - In most cases a manual inspection of the information in the file
         resulted in a clear resolution of the license that should apply (and
         which scanner probably needed to revisit its heuristics).
       - When it was not immediately clear, the license identifier was
         confirmed with lawyers working with the Linux Foundation.
       - If there was any question as to the appropriate license identifier,
         the file was flagged for further research and to be revisited later
         in time.
      In total, over 70 hours of logged manual review was done on the
      spreadsheet to determine the SPDX license identifiers to apply to the
      source files by Kate, Philippe, Thomas and, in some cases, confirmation
      by lawyers working with the Linux Foundation.
      Kate also obtained a third independent scan of the 4.13 code base from
      FOSSology, and compared selected files where the other two scanners
      disagreed against that SPDX file, to see if there was new insights.  The
      Windriver scanner is based on an older version of FOSSology in part, so
      they are related.
      Thomas did random spot checks in about 500 files from the spreadsheets
      for the uapi headers and agreed with SPDX license identifier in the
      files he inspected. For the non-uapi files Thomas did random spot checks
      in about 15000 files.
      In initial set of patches against 4.14-rc6, 3 files were found to have
      copy/paste license identifier errors, and have been fixed to reflect the
      correct identifier.
      Additionally Philippe spent 10 hours this week doing a detailed manual
      inspection and review of the 12,461 patched files from the initial patch
      version early this week with:
       - a full scancode scan run, collecting the matched texts, detected
         license ids and scores
       - reviewing anything where there was a license detected (about 500+
         files) to ensure that the applied SPDX license was correct
       - reviewing anything where there was no detection but the patch license
         was not GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note to ensure that the applied
         SPDX license was correct
      This produced a worksheet with 20 files needing minor correction.  This
      worksheet was then exported into 3 different .csv files for the
      different types of files to be modified.
      These .csv files were then reviewed by Greg.  Thomas wrote a script to
      parse the csv files and add the proper SPDX tag to the file, in the
      format that the file expected.  This script was further refined by Greg
      based on the output to detect more types of files automatically and to
      distinguish between header and source .c files (which need different
      comment types.)  Finally Greg ran the script using the .csv files to
      generate the patches.
      Reviewed-by: default avatarKate Stewart <kstewart@linuxfoundation.org>
      Reviewed-by: default avatarPhilippe Ombredanne <pombredanne@nexb.com>
      Reviewed-by: default avatarThomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarGreg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
  3. 29 Aug, 2017 1 commit
  4. 25 Aug, 2017 1 commit
    • Peter Zijlstra's avatar
      locking/lockdep: Fix workqueue crossrelease annotation · e6f3faa7
      Peter Zijlstra authored
      The new completion/crossrelease annotations interact unfavourable with
      the extant flush_work()/flush_workqueue() annotations.
      The problem is that when a single work class does:
      in different executions, we'll build dependencies like:
      which results in the dependency chain: W->C->W, which lockdep thinks
      spells deadlock, even though there is no deadlock potential since
      works are ran concurrently.
      One possibility would be to change the work 'lock' to recursive-read,
      but that would mean hitting a lockdep limitation on recursive locks.
      Also, unconditinoally switching to recursive-read here would fail to
      detect the actual deadlock on single-threaded workqueues, which do
      have a problem with this.
      For now, forcefully disregard these locks for crossrelease.
      Signed-off-by: default avatarPeter Zijlstra (Intel) <peterz@infradead.org>
      Acked-by: default avatarTejun Heo <tj@kernel.org>
      Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
      Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
      Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
      Cc: boqun.feng@gmail.com
      Cc: byungchul.park@lge.com
      Cc: david@fromorbit.com
      Cc: johannes@sipsolutions.net
      Cc: oleg@redhat.com
      Signed-off-by: default avatarIngo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
  5. 10 Aug, 2017 1 commit
    • Byungchul Park's avatar
      locking/lockdep: Implement the 'crossrelease' feature · b09be676
      Byungchul Park authored
      Lockdep is a runtime locking correctness validator that detects and
      reports a deadlock or its possibility by checking dependencies between
      locks. It's useful since it does not report just an actual deadlock but
      also the possibility of a deadlock that has not actually happened yet.
      That enables problems to be fixed before they affect real systems.
      However, this facility is only applicable to typical locks, such as
      spinlocks and mutexes, which are normally released within the context in
      which they were acquired. However, synchronization primitives like page
      locks or completions, which are allowed to be released in any context,
      also create dependencies and can cause a deadlock.
      So lockdep should track these locks to do a better job. The 'crossrelease'
      implementation makes these primitives also be tracked.
      Signed-off-by: default avatarByungchul Park <byungchul.park@lge.com>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarPeter Zijlstra (Intel) <peterz@infradead.org>
      Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
      Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
      Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
      Cc: akpm@linux-foundation.org
      Cc: boqun.feng@gmail.com
      Cc: kernel-team@lge.com
      Cc: kirill@shutemov.name
      Cc: npiggin@gmail.com
      Cc: walken@google.com
      Cc: willy@infradead.org
      Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1502089981-21272-6-git-send-email-byungchul.park@lge.com
      Signed-off-by: default avatarIngo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
  6. 19 Feb, 2015 1 commit
  7. 07 Oct, 2010 1 commit
    • David Howells's avatar
      Fix IRQ flag handling naming · df9ee292
      David Howells authored
      Fix the IRQ flag handling naming.  In linux/irqflags.h under one configuration,
      it maps:
      	local_irq_enable() -> raw_local_irq_enable()
      	local_irq_disable() -> raw_local_irq_disable()
      	local_irq_save() -> raw_local_irq_save()
      and under the other configuration, it maps:
      	raw_local_irq_enable() -> local_irq_enable()
      	raw_local_irq_disable() -> local_irq_disable()
      	raw_local_irq_save() -> local_irq_save()
      This is quite confusing.  There should be one set of names expected of the
      arch, and this should be wrapped to give another set of names that are expected
      by users of this facility.
      Change this to have the arch provide:
      	flags = arch_local_save_flags()
      	flags = arch_local_irq_save()
      Then linux/irqflags.h wraps these to provide:
      with type checking on the flags 'arguments', and then wraps those to provide:
      with tracing included if enabled.
      The arch functions can now all be inline functions rather than some of them
      having to be macros.
      Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com> [X86, FRV, MN10300]
      Signed-off-by: Chris Metcalf <cmetcalf@tilera.com> [Tile]
      Signed-off-by: Michal Simek <monstr@monstr.eu> [Microblaze]
      Tested-by: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com> [ARM]
      Acked-by: default avatarThomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
      Acked-by: Haavard Skinnemoen <haavard.skinnemoen@atmel.com> [AVR]
      Acked-by: Tony Luck <tony.luck@intel.com> [IA-64]
      Acked-by: Hirokazu Takata <takata@linux-m32r.org> [M32R]
      Acked-by: Greg Ungerer <gerg@uclinux.org> [M68K/M68KNOMMU]
      Acked-by: Ralf Baechle <ralf@linux-mips.org> [MIPS]
      Acked-by: Kyle McMartin <kyle@mcmartin.ca> [PA-RISC]
      Acked-by: Paul Mackerras <paulus@samba.org> [PowerPC]
      Acked-by: Martin Schwidefsky <schwidefsky@de.ibm.com> [S390]
      Acked-by: Chen Liqin <liqin.chen@sunplusct.com> [Score]
      Acked-by: Matt Fleming <matt@console-pimps.org> [SH]
      Acked-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net> [Sparc]
      Acked-by: Chris Zankel <chris@zankel.net> [Xtensa]
      Reviewed-by: Richard Henderson <rth@twiddle.net> [Alpha]
      Reviewed-by: Yoshinori Sato <ysato@users.sourceforge.jp> [H8300]
      Cc: starvik@axis.com [CRIS]
      Cc: jesper.nilsson@axis.com [CRIS]
      Cc: linux-cris-kernel@axis.com
  8. 23 Oct, 2009 1 commit
  9. 13 Mar, 2009 1 commit
  10. 14 Sep, 2008 1 commit
  11. 04 Sep, 2008 1 commit
  12. 25 Jul, 2008 1 commit
  13. 23 May, 2008 2 commits
    • Steven Rostedt's avatar
      ftrace: trace preempt off critical timings · 6cd8a4bb
      Steven Rostedt authored
      Add preempt off timings. A lot of kernel core code is taken from the RT patch
      latency trace that was written by Ingo Molnar.
      This adds "preemptoff" and "preemptirqsoff" to /debugfs/tracing/available_tracers
      Now instead of just tracing irqs off, preemption off can be selected
      to be recorded.
      When this is selected, it shares the same files as irqs off timings.
      One can either trace preemption off, irqs off, or one or the other off.
      By echoing "preemptoff" into /debugfs/tracing/current_tracer, recording
      of preempt off only is performed. "irqsoff" will only record the time
      irqs are disabled, but "preemptirqsoff" will take the total time irqs
      or preemption are disabled. Runtime switching of these options is now
      supported by simpling echoing in the appropriate trace name into
      Signed-off-by: default avatarSteven Rostedt <srostedt@redhat.com>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarIngo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarThomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
    • Steven Rostedt's avatar
      ftrace: trace irq disabled critical timings · 81d68a96
      Steven Rostedt authored
      This patch adds latency tracing for critical timings
      (how long interrupts are disabled for).
       "irqsoff" is added to /debugfs/tracing/available_tracers
          also holds the max latency for irqsoff (in usecs).
         (default to large number so one must start latency tracing)
          threshold (in usecs) to always print out if irqs off
          is detected to be longer than stated here.
          If irq_thresh is non-zero, then max_irq_latency
          is ignored.
      Here's an example of a trace with ftrace_enabled = 0
      preemption latency trace v1.1.5 on 2.6.24-rc7
      Signed-off-by: default avatarIngo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
       latency: 100 us, #3/3, CPU#1 | (M:rt VP:0, KP:0, SP:0 HP:0 #P:2)
          | task: swapper-0 (uid:0 nice:0 policy:0 rt_prio:0)
       => started at: _spin_lock_irqsave+0x2a/0xb7
       => ended at:   _spin_unlock_irqrestore+0x32/0x5f
                       _------=> CPU#
                      / _-----=> irqs-off
                     | / _----=> need-resched
                     || / _---=> hardirq/softirq
                     ||| / _--=> preempt-depth
                     |||| /
                     |||||     delay
         cmd     pid ||||| time  |   caller
            \   /    |||||   \   |   /
       swapper-0     1d.s3    0us+: _spin_lock_irqsave+0x2a/0xb7 (e1000_update_stats+0x47/0x64c [e1000])
       swapper-0     1d.s3  100us : _spin_unlock_irqrestore+0x32/0x5f (e1000_update_stats+0x641/0x64c [e1000])
       swapper-0     1d.s3  100us : trace_hardirqs_on_caller+0x75/0x89 (_spin_unlock_irqrestore+0x32/0x5f)
      And this is a trace with ftrace_enabled == 1
      preemption latency trace v1.1.5 on 2.6.24-rc7
       latency: 102 us, #12/12, CPU#1 | (M:rt VP:0, KP:0, SP:0 HP:0 #P:2)
          | task: swapper-0 (uid:0 nice:0 policy:0 rt_prio:0)
       => started at: _spin_lock_irqsave+0x2a/0xb7
       => ended at:   _spin_unlock_irqrestore+0x32/0x5f
                       _------=> CPU#
                      / _-----=> irqs-off
                     | / _----=> need-resched
                     || / _---=> hardirq/softirq
                     ||| / _--=> preempt-depth
                     |||| /
                     |||||     delay
         cmd     pid ||||| time  |   caller
            \   /    |||||   \   |   /
       swapper-0     1dNs3    0us+: _spin_lock_irqsave+0x2a/0xb7 (e1000_update_stats+0x47/0x64c [e1000])
       swapper-0     1dNs3   46us : e1000_read_phy_reg+0x16/0x225 [e1000] (e1000_update_stats+0x5e2/0x64c [e1000])
       swapper-0     1dNs3   46us : e1000_swfw_sync_acquire+0x10/0x99 [e1000] (e1000_read_phy_reg+0x49/0x225 [e1000])
       swapper-0     1dNs3   46us : e1000_get_hw_eeprom_semaphore+0x12/0xa6 [e1000] (e1000_swfw_sync_acquire+0x36/0x99 [e1000])
       swapper-0     1dNs3   47us : __const_udelay+0x9/0x47 (e1000_read_phy_reg+0x116/0x225 [e1000])
       swapper-0     1dNs3   47us+: __delay+0x9/0x50 (__const_udelay+0x45/0x47)
       swapper-0     1dNs3   97us : preempt_schedule+0xc/0x84 (__delay+0x4e/0x50)
       swapper-0     1dNs3   98us : e1000_swfw_sync_release+0xc/0x55 [e1000] (e1000_read_phy_reg+0x211/0x225 [e1000])
       swapper-0     1dNs3   99us+: e1000_put_hw_eeprom_semaphore+0x9/0x35 [e1000] (e1000_swfw_sync_release+0x50/0x55 [e1000])
       swapper-0     1dNs3  101us : _spin_unlock_irqrestore+0xe/0x5f (e1000_update_stats+0x641/0x64c [e1000])
       swapper-0     1dNs3  102us : _spin_unlock_irqrestore+0x32/0x5f (e1000_update_stats+0x641/0x64c [e1000])
       swapper-0     1dNs3  102us : trace_hardirqs_on_caller+0x75/0x89 (_spin_unlock_irqrestore+0x32/0x5f)
      Signed-off-by: default avatarSteven Rostedt <srostedt@redhat.com>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarIngo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarThomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
  14. 19 Apr, 2008 1 commit
  15. 27 Nov, 2006 1 commit
  16. 25 Nov, 2006 1 commit
    • Alexey Dobriyan's avatar
      [PATCH] Enforce "unsigned long flags;" when spinlocking · ee3ce191
      Alexey Dobriyan authored
      Make it break or warn if you pass to spin_lock_irqsave() and friends
      something different from "unsigned long flags;".  Suprisingly large amount
      of these was caught by recent commit
       and others.
      Idea is largely from FRV typechecking. Suggestions from Andrew Morton.
      All stupid typos in first version fixed.
      Passes allmodconfig on i386, x86_64, alpha, arm as well as my usual config.
      Note #1: checking with sparse is still needed, because a driver can save
      	 and pass around flags or something. So far patch is very intrusive.
      Note #2: techically, we should break only if
      		sizeof(flags) < sizeof(unsigned long),
      	 however, the more pain for getting suspicious code into kernel,
      	 the better.
      Signed-off-by: default avatarAlexey Dobriyan <adobriyan@gmail.com>
      Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarAndrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarLinus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
  17. 03 Jul, 2006 1 commit