Commit 142bbdfc authored by Jan Kara's avatar Jan Kara Committed by Jens Axboe
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cfq: Disable writeback throttling by default



Writeback throttling does not play well with CFQ since that also tries
to throttle async writes. As a result async writeback can get starved in
presence of readers. As an example take a benchmark simulating
postgreSQL database running over a standard rotating SATA drive. There
are 16 processes doing random reads from a huge file (2*machine memory),
1 process doing random writes to the huge file and calling fsync once
per 50000 writes and 1 process doing sequential 8k writes to a
relatively small file wrapping around at the end of the file and calling
fsync every 5 writes. Under this load read latency easily exceeds the
target latency of 75 ms (just because there are so many reads happening
against a relatively slow disk) and thus writeback is throttled to a
point where only 1 write request is allowed at a time. Blktrace data
then looks like:

  8,0    1        0     8.347751764     0  m   N cfq workload slice:40000000
  8,0    1        0     8.347755256     0  m   N cfq293A  / set_active wl_class: 0 wl_type:0
  8,0    1        0     8.347784100     0  m   N cfq293A  / Not idling.  st->count:1
  8,0    1     3814     8.347763916  5839 UT   N [kworker/u9:2] 1
  8,0    0        0     8.347777605     0  m   N cfq293A  / Not idling.  st->count:1
  8,0    1        0     8.347784100     0  m   N cfq293A  / Not idling.  st->count:1
  8,0    3     1596     8.354364057     0  C   R 156109528 + 8 (6906954) [0]
  8,0    3        0     8.354383193     0  m   N cfq6196SN / complete rqnoidle 0
  8,0    3        0     8.354386476     0  m   N cfq schedule dispatch
  8,0    3        0     8.354399397     0  m   N cfq293A  / Not idling.  st->count:1
  8,0    3        0     8.354404705     0  m   N cfq293A  / dispatch_insert
  8,0    3        0     8.354409454     0  m   N cfq293A  / dispatched a request
  8,0    3        0     8.354412527     0  m   N cfq293A  / activate rq, drv=1
  8,0    3     1597     8.354414692     0  D   W 145961400 + 24 (6718452) [swapper/0]
  8,0    3        0     8.354484184     0  m   N cfq293A  / Not idling.  st->count:1
  8,0    3        0     8.354487536     0  m   N cfq293A  / slice expired t=0
  8,0    3        0     8.354498013     0  m   N / served: vt=5888102466265088 min_vt=5888074869387264
  8,0    3        0     8.354502692     0  m   N cfq293A  / sl_used=6737519 disp=1 charge=6737519 iops=0 sect=24
  8,0    3        0     8.354505695     0  m   N cfq293A  / del_from_rr
...
  8,0    0     1810     8.354728768     0  C   W 145961400 + 24 (314076) [0]
  8,0    0        0     8.354746927     0  m   N cfq293A  / complete rqnoidle 0
...
  8,0    1     3829     8.389886102  5839  G   W 145962968 + 24 [kworker/u9:2]
  8,0    1     3830     8.389888127  5839  P   N [kworker/u9:2]
  8,0    1     3831     8.389908102  5839  A   W 145978336 + 24 <- (8,4) 44000
  8,0    1     3832     8.389910477  5839  Q   W 145978336 + 24 [kworker/u9:2]
  8,0    1     3833     8.389914248  5839  I   W 145962968 + 24 (28146) [kworker/u9:2]
  8,0    1        0     8.389919137     0  m   N cfq293A  / insert_request
  8,0    1        0     8.389924305     0  m   N cfq293A  / add_to_rr
  8,0    1     3834     8.389933175  5839 UT   N [kworker/u9:2] 1
...
  8,0    0        0     9.455290997     0  m   N cfq workload slice:40000000
  8,0    0        0     9.455294769     0  m   N cfq293A  / set_active wl_class:0 wl_type:0
  8,0    0        0     9.455303499     0  m   N cfq293A  / fifo=ffff880003166090
  8,0    0        0     9.455306851     0  m   N cfq293A  / dispatch_insert
  8,0    0        0     9.455311251     0  m   N cfq293A  / dispatched a request
  8,0    0        0     9.455314324     0  m   N cfq293A  / activate rq, drv=1
  8,0    0     2043     9.455316210  6204  D   W 145962968 + 24 (1065401962) [pgioperf]
  8,0    0        0     9.455392407     0  m   N cfq293A  / Not idling.  st->count:1
  8,0    0        0     9.455395969     0  m   N cfq293A  / slice expired t=0
  8,0    0        0     9.455404210     0  m   N / served: vt=5888958194597888 min_vt=5888941810597888
  8,0    0        0     9.455410077     0  m   N cfq293A  / sl_used=4000000 disp=1 charge=4000000 iops=0 sect=24
  8,0    0        0     9.455416851     0  m   N cfq293A  / del_from_rr
...
  8,0    0     2045     9.455648515     0  C   W 145962968 + 24 (332305) [0]
  8,0    0        0     9.455668350     0  m   N cfq293A  / complete rqnoidle 0
...
  8,0    1     4371     9.455710115  5839  G   W 145978336 + 24 [kworker/u9:2]
  8,0    1     4372     9.455712350  5839  P   N [kworker/u9:2]
  8,0    1     4373     9.455730159  5839  A   W 145986616 + 24 <- (8,4) 52280
  8,0    1     4374     9.455732674  5839  Q   W 145986616 + 24 [kworker/u9:2]
  8,0    1     4375     9.455737563  5839  I   W 145978336 + 24 (27448) [kworker/u9:2]
  8,0    1        0     9.455742871     0  m   N cfq293A  / insert_request
  8,0    1        0     9.455747550     0  m   N cfq293A  / add_to_rr
  8,0    1     4376     9.455756629  5839 UT   N [kworker/u9:2] 1

So we can see a Q event for a write request, then IO is blocked by
writeback throttling and G and I events for the request happen only once
other writeback IO is completed. Thus CFQ always sees only one write
request. When it sees it, it queues the async queue behind all the read
queues and the async queue gets scheduled after about one second. When
it is scheduled, that one request gets dispatched and async queue is
expired as it has no more requests to submit. Overall we submit about
one write request per second.

Although this scheduling is beneficial for read latency, writes are
heavily starved and this causes large delays all over the system (due to
processes blocking on page lock, transaction starts, etc.). When
writeback throttling is disabled, write throughput is about one fifth of
a read throughput which roughly matches readers/writers ratio and
overall the system stalls are much shorter.

Mixing writeback throttling logic with CFQ throttling logic is always a
recipe for surprises as CFQ assumes it sees the big part of the picture
which is not necessarily true when writeback throttling is blocking
requests. So disable writeback throttling logic by default when CFQ is
used as an IO scheduler.
Signed-off-by: default avatarJan Kara <jack@suse.cz>
Signed-off-by: default avatarJens Axboe <axboe@fb.com>
parent 85003a44
......@@ -3761,16 +3761,14 @@ static void cfq_init_cfqq(struct cfq_data *cfqd, struct cfq_queue *cfqq,
}
#ifdef CONFIG_CFQ_GROUP_IOSCHED
static bool check_blkcg_changed(struct cfq_io_cq *cic, struct bio *bio)
static void check_blkcg_changed(struct cfq_io_cq *cic, struct bio *bio)
{
struct cfq_data *cfqd = cic_to_cfqd(cic);
struct cfq_queue *cfqq;
uint64_t serial_nr;
bool nonroot_cg;
rcu_read_lock();
serial_nr = bio_blkcg(bio)->css.serial_nr;
nonroot_cg = bio_blkcg(bio) != &blkcg_root;
rcu_read_unlock();
/*
......@@ -3778,7 +3776,7 @@ static bool check_blkcg_changed(struct cfq_io_cq *cic, struct bio *bio)
* spuriously on a newly created cic but there's no harm.
*/
if (unlikely(!cfqd) || likely(cic->blkcg_serial_nr == serial_nr))
return nonroot_cg;
return;
/*
* Drop reference to queues. New queues will be assigned in new
......@@ -3799,12 +3797,10 @@ static bool check_blkcg_changed(struct cfq_io_cq *cic, struct bio *bio)
}
cic->blkcg_serial_nr = serial_nr;
return nonroot_cg;
}
#else
static inline bool check_blkcg_changed(struct cfq_io_cq *cic, struct bio *bio)
static inline void check_blkcg_changed(struct cfq_io_cq *cic, struct bio *bio)
{
return false;
}
#endif /* CONFIG_CFQ_GROUP_IOSCHED */
......@@ -4449,12 +4445,11 @@ cfq_set_request(struct request_queue *q, struct request *rq, struct bio *bio,
const int rw = rq_data_dir(rq);
const bool is_sync = rq_is_sync(rq);
struct cfq_queue *cfqq;
bool disable_wbt;
spin_lock_irq(q->queue_lock);
check_ioprio_changed(cic, bio);
disable_wbt = check_blkcg_changed(cic, bio);
check_blkcg_changed(cic, bio);
new_queue:
cfqq = cic_to_cfqq(cic, is_sync);
if (!cfqq || cfqq == &cfqd->oom_cfqq) {
......@@ -4491,9 +4486,6 @@ new_queue:
rq->elv.priv[1] = cfqq->cfqg;
spin_unlock_irq(q->queue_lock);
if (disable_wbt)
wbt_disable_default(q);
return 0;
}
......@@ -4706,6 +4698,7 @@ static void cfq_registered_queue(struct request_queue *q)
*/
if (blk_queue_nonrot(q))
cfqd->cfq_slice_idle = 0;
wbt_disable_default(q);
}
/*
......
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