Commit b2f68edf authored by Lukas Wunner's avatar Lukas Wunner Committed by Linus Walleij
Browse files

gpio: Add driver for Maxim MAX3191x industrial serializer



The driver was developed for and tested with the MAX31913 built into
the Revolution Pi by KUNBUS, but should work with all members of the
MAX3191x family:

MAX31910: low power
MAX31911: LED drivers
MAX31912: LED drivers + 2nd voltage monitor + low power
MAX31913: LED drivers + 2nd voltage monitor
MAX31953: LED drivers + 2nd voltage monitor + isolation
MAX31963: LED drivers + 2nd voltage monitor + isolation + buck regulator

Cc: Mathias Duckeck <m.duckeck@kunbus.de>
Signed-off-by: default avatarLukas Wunner <lukas@wunner.de>
Signed-off-by: default avatarLinus Walleij <linus.walleij@linaro.org>
parent c019c18d
......@@ -1255,6 +1255,16 @@ config GPIO_74X164
shift registers. This driver can be used to provide access
to more gpio outputs.
config GPIO_MAX3191X
tristate "Maxim MAX3191x industrial serializer"
select CRC8
help
GPIO driver for Maxim MAX31910, MAX31911, MAX31912, MAX31913,
MAX31953 and MAX31963 industrial serializer, a daisy-chainable
chip to make 8 digital 24V inputs available via SPI. Supports
CRC checksums to guard against electromagnetic interference,
as well as undervoltage and overtemperature detection.
config GPIO_MAX7301
tristate "Maxim MAX7301 GPIO expander"
select GPIO_MAX730X
......
......@@ -69,6 +69,7 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_ARCH_LPC32XX) += gpio-lpc32xx.o
obj-$(CONFIG_GPIO_LP873X) += gpio-lp873x.o
obj-$(CONFIG_GPIO_LP87565) += gpio-lp87565.o
obj-$(CONFIG_GPIO_LYNXPOINT) += gpio-lynxpoint.o
obj-$(CONFIG_GPIO_MAX3191X) += gpio-max3191x.o
obj-$(CONFIG_GPIO_MAX730X) += gpio-max730x.o
obj-$(CONFIG_GPIO_MAX7300) += gpio-max7300.o
obj-$(CONFIG_GPIO_MAX7301) += gpio-max7301.o
......
/*
* gpio-max3191x.c - GPIO driver for Maxim MAX3191x industrial serializer
*
* Copyright (C) 2017 KUNBUS GmbH
*
* The MAX3191x makes 8 digital 24V inputs available via SPI.
* Multiple chips can be daisy-chained, the spec does not impose
* a limit on the number of chips and neither does this driver.
*
* Either of two modes is selectable: In 8-bit mode, only the state
* of the inputs is clocked out to achieve high readout speeds;
* In 16-bit mode, an additional status byte is clocked out with
* a CRC and indicator bits for undervoltage and overtemperature.
* The driver returns an error instead of potentially bogus data
* if any of these fault conditions occur. However it does allow
* readout of non-faulting chips in the same daisy-chain.
*
* MAX3191x supports four debounce settings and the driver is
* capable of configuring these differently for each chip in the
* daisy-chain.
*
* If the chips are hardwired to 8-bit mode ("modesel" pulled high),
* gpio-pisosr.c can be used alternatively to this driver.
*
* https://datasheets.maximintegrated.com/en/ds/MAX31910.pdf
* https://datasheets.maximintegrated.com/en/ds/MAX31911.pdf
* https://datasheets.maximintegrated.com/en/ds/MAX31912.pdf
* https://datasheets.maximintegrated.com/en/ds/MAX31913.pdf
* https://datasheets.maximintegrated.com/en/ds/MAX31953-MAX31963.pdf
*
* This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
* it under the terms of the GNU General Public License (version 2) as
* published by the Free Software Foundation.
*/
#include <linux/bitmap.h>
#include <linux/crc8.h>
#include <linux/gpio/consumer.h>
#include <linux/gpio/driver.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/spi/spi.h>
enum max3191x_mode {
STATUS_BYTE_ENABLED,
STATUS_BYTE_DISABLED,
};
/**
* struct max3191x_chip - max3191x daisy-chain
* @gpio: GPIO controller struct
* @lock: protects read sequences
* @nchips: number of chips in the daisy-chain
* @mode: current mode, 0 for 16-bit, 1 for 8-bit;
* for simplicity, all chips in the daisy-chain are assumed
* to use the same mode
* @modesel_pins: GPIO pins to configure modesel of each chip
* @fault_pins: GPIO pins to detect fault of each chip
* @db0_pins: GPIO pins to configure debounce of each chip
* @db1_pins: GPIO pins to configure debounce of each chip
* @mesg: SPI message to perform a readout
* @xfer: SPI transfer used by @mesg
* @crc_error: bitmap signaling CRC error for each chip
* @overtemp: bitmap signaling overtemperature alarm for each chip
* @undervolt1: bitmap signaling undervoltage alarm for each chip
* @undervolt2: bitmap signaling undervoltage warning for each chip
* @fault: bitmap signaling assertion of @fault_pins for each chip
* @ignore_uv: whether to ignore undervoltage alarms;
* set by a device property if the chips are powered through
* 5VOUT instead of VCC24V, in which case they will constantly
* signal undervoltage;
* for simplicity, all chips in the daisy-chain are assumed
* to be powered the same way
*/
struct max3191x_chip {
struct gpio_chip gpio;
struct mutex lock;
u32 nchips;
enum max3191x_mode mode;
struct gpio_descs *modesel_pins;
struct gpio_descs *fault_pins;
struct gpio_descs *db0_pins;
struct gpio_descs *db1_pins;
struct spi_message mesg;
struct spi_transfer xfer;
unsigned long *crc_error;
unsigned long *overtemp;
unsigned long *undervolt1;
unsigned long *undervolt2;
unsigned long *fault;
bool ignore_uv;
};
#define MAX3191X_NGPIO 8
#define MAX3191X_CRC8_POLYNOMIAL 0xa8 /* (x^5) + x^4 + x^2 + x^0 */
DECLARE_CRC8_TABLE(max3191x_crc8);
static int max3191x_get_direction(struct gpio_chip *gpio, unsigned int offset)
{
return 1; /* always in */
}
static int max3191x_direction_input(struct gpio_chip *gpio, unsigned int offset)
{
return 0;
}
static int max3191x_direction_output(struct gpio_chip *gpio,
unsigned int offset, int value)
{
return -EINVAL;
}
static void max3191x_set(struct gpio_chip *gpio, unsigned int offset, int value)
{ }
static void max3191x_set_multiple(struct gpio_chip *gpio, unsigned long *mask,
unsigned long *bits)
{ }
static unsigned int max3191x_wordlen(struct max3191x_chip *max3191x)
{
return max3191x->mode == STATUS_BYTE_ENABLED ? 2 : 1;
}
static int max3191x_readout_locked(struct max3191x_chip *max3191x)
{
struct device *dev = max3191x->gpio.parent;
struct spi_device *spi = to_spi_device(dev);
int val, i, ot = 0, uv1 = 0;
val = spi_sync(spi, &max3191x->mesg);
if (val) {
dev_err_ratelimited(dev, "SPI receive error %d\n", val);
return val;
}
for (i = 0; i < max3191x->nchips; i++) {
if (max3191x->mode == STATUS_BYTE_ENABLED) {
u8 in = ((u8 *)max3191x->xfer.rx_buf)[i * 2];
u8 status = ((u8 *)max3191x->xfer.rx_buf)[i * 2 + 1];
val = (status & 0xf8) != crc8(max3191x_crc8, &in, 1, 0);
__assign_bit(i, max3191x->crc_error, val);
if (val)
dev_err_ratelimited(dev,
"chip %d: CRC error\n", i);
ot = (status >> 1) & 1;
__assign_bit(i, max3191x->overtemp, ot);
if (ot)
dev_err_ratelimited(dev,
"chip %d: overtemperature\n", i);
if (!max3191x->ignore_uv) {
uv1 = !((status >> 2) & 1);
__assign_bit(i, max3191x->undervolt1, uv1);
if (uv1)
dev_err_ratelimited(dev,
"chip %d: undervoltage\n", i);
val = !(status & 1);
__assign_bit(i, max3191x->undervolt2, val);
if (val && !uv1)
dev_warn_ratelimited(dev,
"chip %d: voltage warn\n", i);
}
}
if (max3191x->fault_pins && !max3191x->ignore_uv) {
/* fault pin shared by all chips or per chip */
struct gpio_desc *fault_pin =
(max3191x->fault_pins->ndescs == 1)
? max3191x->fault_pins->desc[0]
: max3191x->fault_pins->desc[i];
val = gpiod_get_value_cansleep(fault_pin);
if (val < 0) {
dev_err_ratelimited(dev,
"GPIO read error %d\n", val);
return val;
}
__assign_bit(i, max3191x->fault, val);
if (val && !uv1 && !ot)
dev_err_ratelimited(dev,
"chip %d: fault\n", i);
}
}
return 0;
}
static bool max3191x_chip_is_faulting(struct max3191x_chip *max3191x,
unsigned int chipnum)
{
/* without status byte the only diagnostic is the fault pin */
if (!max3191x->ignore_uv && test_bit(chipnum, max3191x->fault))
return true;
if (max3191x->mode == STATUS_BYTE_DISABLED)
return false;
return test_bit(chipnum, max3191x->crc_error) ||
test_bit(chipnum, max3191x->overtemp) ||
(!max3191x->ignore_uv &&
test_bit(chipnum, max3191x->undervolt1));
}
static int max3191x_get(struct gpio_chip *gpio, unsigned int offset)
{
struct max3191x_chip *max3191x = gpiochip_get_data(gpio);
int ret, chipnum, wordlen = max3191x_wordlen(max3191x);
u8 in;
mutex_lock(&max3191x->lock);
ret = max3191x_readout_locked(max3191x);
if (ret)
goto out_unlock;
chipnum = offset / MAX3191X_NGPIO;
if (max3191x_chip_is_faulting(max3191x, chipnum)) {
ret = -EIO;
goto out_unlock;
}
in = ((u8 *)max3191x->xfer.rx_buf)[chipnum * wordlen];
ret = (in >> (offset % MAX3191X_NGPIO)) & 1;
out_unlock:
mutex_unlock(&max3191x->lock);
return ret;
}
static int max3191x_get_multiple(struct gpio_chip *gpio, unsigned long *mask,
unsigned long *bits)
{
struct max3191x_chip *max3191x = gpiochip_get_data(gpio);
int ret, bit = 0, wordlen = max3191x_wordlen(max3191x);
mutex_lock(&max3191x->lock);
ret = max3191x_readout_locked(max3191x);
if (ret)
goto out_unlock;
while ((bit = find_next_bit(mask, gpio->ngpio, bit)) != gpio->ngpio) {
unsigned int chipnum = bit / MAX3191X_NGPIO;
unsigned long in, shift, index;
if (max3191x_chip_is_faulting(max3191x, chipnum)) {
ret = -EIO;
goto out_unlock;
}
in = ((u8 *)max3191x->xfer.rx_buf)[chipnum * wordlen];
shift = round_down(bit % BITS_PER_LONG, MAX3191X_NGPIO);
index = bit / BITS_PER_LONG;
bits[index] &= ~(mask[index] & (0xff << shift));
bits[index] |= mask[index] & (in << shift); /* copy bits */
bit = (chipnum + 1) * MAX3191X_NGPIO; /* go to next chip */
}
out_unlock:
mutex_unlock(&max3191x->lock);
return ret;
}
static int max3191x_set_config(struct gpio_chip *gpio, unsigned int offset,
unsigned long config)
{
struct max3191x_chip *max3191x = gpiochip_get_data(gpio);
u32 debounce, chipnum, db0_val, db1_val;
if (pinconf_to_config_param(config) != PIN_CONFIG_INPUT_DEBOUNCE)
return -ENOTSUPP;
if (!max3191x->db0_pins || !max3191x->db1_pins)
return -EINVAL;
debounce = pinconf_to_config_argument(config);
switch (debounce) {
case 0:
db0_val = 0;
db1_val = 0;
break;
case 1 ... 25:
db0_val = 0;
db1_val = 1;
break;
case 26 ... 750:
db0_val = 1;
db1_val = 0;
break;
case 751 ... 3000:
db0_val = 1;
db1_val = 1;
break;
default:
return -EINVAL;
}
if (max3191x->db0_pins->ndescs == 1)
chipnum = 0; /* all chips use the same pair of debounce pins */
else
chipnum = offset / MAX3191X_NGPIO; /* per chip debounce pins */
mutex_lock(&max3191x->lock);
gpiod_set_value_cansleep(max3191x->db0_pins->desc[chipnum], db0_val);
gpiod_set_value_cansleep(max3191x->db1_pins->desc[chipnum], db1_val);
mutex_unlock(&max3191x->lock);
return 0;
}
static void gpiod_set_array_single_value_cansleep(unsigned int ndescs,
struct gpio_desc **desc,
int value)
{
int i, values[ndescs];
for (i = 0; i < ndescs; i++)
values[i] = value;
gpiod_set_array_value_cansleep(ndescs, desc, values);
}
static struct gpio_descs *devm_gpiod_get_array_optional_count(
struct device *dev, const char *con_id,
enum gpiod_flags flags, unsigned int expected)
{
struct gpio_descs *descs;
int found = gpiod_count(dev, con_id);
if (found == -ENOENT)
return NULL;
if (found != expected && found != 1) {
dev_err(dev, "ignoring %s-gpios: found %d, expected %u or 1\n",
con_id, found, expected);
return NULL;
}
descs = devm_gpiod_get_array_optional(dev, con_id, flags);
if (IS_ERR(descs)) {
dev_err(dev, "failed to get %s-gpios: %ld\n",
con_id, PTR_ERR(descs));
return NULL;
}
return descs;
}
static int max3191x_probe(struct spi_device *spi)
{
struct device *dev = &spi->dev;
struct max3191x_chip *max3191x;
int n, ret;
max3191x = devm_kzalloc(dev, sizeof(*max3191x), GFP_KERNEL);
if (!max3191x)
return -ENOMEM;
spi_set_drvdata(spi, max3191x);
max3191x->nchips = 1;
device_property_read_u32(dev, "#daisy-chained-devices",
&max3191x->nchips);
n = BITS_TO_LONGS(max3191x->nchips);
max3191x->crc_error = devm_kcalloc(dev, n, sizeof(long), GFP_KERNEL);
max3191x->undervolt1 = devm_kcalloc(dev, n, sizeof(long), GFP_KERNEL);
max3191x->undervolt2 = devm_kcalloc(dev, n, sizeof(long), GFP_KERNEL);
max3191x->overtemp = devm_kcalloc(dev, n, sizeof(long), GFP_KERNEL);
max3191x->fault = devm_kcalloc(dev, n, sizeof(long), GFP_KERNEL);
max3191x->xfer.rx_buf = devm_kcalloc(dev, max3191x->nchips,
2, GFP_KERNEL);
if (!max3191x->crc_error || !max3191x->undervolt1 ||
!max3191x->overtemp || !max3191x->undervolt2 ||
!max3191x->fault || !max3191x->xfer.rx_buf)
return -ENOMEM;
max3191x->modesel_pins = devm_gpiod_get_array_optional_count(dev,
"maxim,modesel", GPIOD_ASIS, max3191x->nchips);
max3191x->fault_pins = devm_gpiod_get_array_optional_count(dev,
"maxim,fault", GPIOD_IN, max3191x->nchips);
max3191x->db0_pins = devm_gpiod_get_array_optional_count(dev,
"maxim,db0", GPIOD_OUT_LOW, max3191x->nchips);
max3191x->db1_pins = devm_gpiod_get_array_optional_count(dev,
"maxim,db1", GPIOD_OUT_LOW, max3191x->nchips);
max3191x->mode = device_property_read_bool(dev, "maxim,modesel-8bit")
? STATUS_BYTE_DISABLED : STATUS_BYTE_ENABLED;
if (max3191x->modesel_pins)
gpiod_set_array_single_value_cansleep(
max3191x->modesel_pins->ndescs,
max3191x->modesel_pins->desc, max3191x->mode);
max3191x->ignore_uv = device_property_read_bool(dev,
"maxim,ignore-undervoltage");
if (max3191x->db0_pins && max3191x->db1_pins &&
max3191x->db0_pins->ndescs != max3191x->db1_pins->ndescs) {
dev_err(dev, "ignoring maxim,db*-gpios: array len mismatch\n");
devm_gpiod_put_array(dev, max3191x->db0_pins);
devm_gpiod_put_array(dev, max3191x->db1_pins);
max3191x->db0_pins = NULL;
max3191x->db1_pins = NULL;
}
max3191x->xfer.len = max3191x->nchips * max3191x_wordlen(max3191x);
spi_message_init_with_transfers(&max3191x->mesg, &max3191x->xfer, 1);
max3191x->gpio.label = spi->modalias;
max3191x->gpio.owner = THIS_MODULE;
max3191x->gpio.parent = dev;
max3191x->gpio.base = -1;
max3191x->gpio.ngpio = max3191x->nchips * MAX3191X_NGPIO;
max3191x->gpio.can_sleep = true;
max3191x->gpio.get_direction = max3191x_get_direction;
max3191x->gpio.direction_input = max3191x_direction_input;
max3191x->gpio.direction_output = max3191x_direction_output;
max3191x->gpio.set = max3191x_set;
max3191x->gpio.set_multiple = max3191x_set_multiple;
max3191x->gpio.get = max3191x_get;
max3191x->gpio.get_multiple = max3191x_get_multiple;
max3191x->gpio.set_config = max3191x_set_config;
mutex_init(&max3191x->lock);
ret = gpiochip_add_data(&max3191x->gpio, max3191x);
if (ret) {
mutex_destroy(&max3191x->lock);
return ret;
}
return 0;
}
static int max3191x_remove(struct spi_device *spi)
{
struct max3191x_chip *max3191x = spi_get_drvdata(spi);
gpiochip_remove(&max3191x->gpio);
mutex_destroy(&max3191x->lock);
return 0;
}
static int __init max3191x_register_driver(struct spi_driver *sdrv)
{
crc8_populate_msb(max3191x_crc8, MAX3191X_CRC8_POLYNOMIAL);
return spi_register_driver(sdrv);
}
#ifdef CONFIG_OF
static const struct of_device_id max3191x_of_id[] = {
{ .compatible = "maxim,max31910" },
{ .compatible = "maxim,max31911" },
{ .compatible = "maxim,max31912" },
{ .compatible = "maxim,max31913" },
{ .compatible = "maxim,max31953" },
{ .compatible = "maxim,max31963" },
{ }
};
MODULE_DEVICE_TABLE(of, max3191x_of_id);
#endif
static const struct spi_device_id max3191x_spi_id[] = {
{ "max31910" },
{ "max31911" },
{ "max31912" },
{ "max31913" },
{ "max31953" },
{ "max31963" },
{ }
};
MODULE_DEVICE_TABLE(spi, max3191x_spi_id);
static struct spi_driver max3191x_driver = {
.driver = {
.name = "max3191x",
.of_match_table = of_match_ptr(max3191x_of_id),
},
.probe = max3191x_probe,
.remove = max3191x_remove,
.id_table = max3191x_spi_id,
};
module_driver(max3191x_driver, max3191x_register_driver, spi_unregister_driver);
MODULE_AUTHOR("Lukas Wunner <lukas@wunner.de>");
MODULE_DESCRIPTION("GPIO driver for Maxim MAX3191x industrial serializer");
MODULE_LICENSE("GPL v2");
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