Commit f47233c2 authored by Jiri Kosina's avatar Jiri Kosina Committed by Borislav Petkov
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x86/mm/ASLR: Propagate base load address calculation



 ("x86, kaslr: randomize module base load address")

makes the base address for module to be unconditionally randomized in
case when CONFIG_RANDOMIZE_BASE is defined and "nokaslr" option isn't
present on the commandline.

This is not consistent with how choose_kernel_location() decides whether
it will randomize kernel load base.

Namely, CONFIG_HIBERNATION disables kASLR (unless "kaslr" option is
explicitly specified on kernel commandline), which makes the state space
larger than what module loader is looking at. IOW CONFIG_HIBERNATION &&
CONFIG_RANDOMIZE_BASE is a valid config option, kASLR wouldn't be applied
by default in that case, but module loader is not aware of that.

Instead of fixing the logic in module.c, this patch takes more generic
aproach. It introduces a new bootparam setup data_type SETUP_KASLR and
uses that to pass the information whether kaslr has been applied during
kernel decompression, and sets a global 'kaslr_enabled' variable
accordingly, so that any kernel code (module loading, livepatching, ...)
can make decisions based on its value.

x86 module loader is converted to make use of this flag.
Signed-off-by: default avatarJiri Kosina <>
Acked-by: default avatarKees Cook <>
Cc: "H. Peter Anvin" <>

[ Always dump correct kaslr status when panicking ]
Signed-off-by: default avatarBorislav Petkov <>
parent bfa76d49
......@@ -14,6 +14,13 @@
static const char build_str[] = UTS_RELEASE " (" LINUX_COMPILE_BY "@"
struct kaslr_setup_data {
__u64 next;
__u32 type;
__u32 len;
__u8 data[1];
} kaslr_setup_data;
#define I8254_PORT_CONTROL 0x43
#define I8254_PORT_COUNTER0 0x40
#define I8254_CMD_READBACK 0xC0
......@@ -295,7 +302,29 @@ static unsigned long find_random_addr(unsigned long minimum,
return slots_fetch_random();
unsigned char *choose_kernel_location(unsigned char *input,
static void add_kaslr_setup_data(struct boot_params *params, __u8 enabled)
struct setup_data *data;
kaslr_setup_data.type = SETUP_KASLR;
kaslr_setup_data.len = 1; = 0;[0] = enabled;
data = (struct setup_data *)(unsigned long)params->hdr.setup_data;
while (data && data->next)
data = (struct setup_data *)(unsigned long)data->next;
if (data)
data->next = (unsigned long)&kaslr_setup_data;
params->hdr.setup_data = (unsigned long)&kaslr_setup_data;
unsigned char *choose_kernel_location(struct boot_params *params,
unsigned char *input,
unsigned long input_size,
unsigned char *output,
unsigned long output_size)
......@@ -306,14 +335,17 @@ unsigned char *choose_kernel_location(unsigned char *input,
if (!cmdline_find_option_bool("kaslr")) {
debug_putstr("KASLR disabled by default...\n");
add_kaslr_setup_data(params, 0);
goto out;
if (cmdline_find_option_bool("nokaslr")) {
debug_putstr("KASLR disabled by cmdline...\n");
add_kaslr_setup_data(params, 0);
goto out;
add_kaslr_setup_data(params, 1);
/* Record the various known unsafe memory ranges. */
mem_avoid_init((unsigned long)input, input_size,
......@@ -401,7 +401,8 @@ asmlinkage __visible void *decompress_kernel(void *rmode, memptr heap,
* the entire decompressed kernel plus relocation table, or the
* entire decompressed kernel plus .bss and .brk sections.
output = choose_kernel_location(input_data, input_len, output,
output = choose_kernel_location(real_mode, input_data, input_len,
output_len > run_size ? output_len
: run_size);
......@@ -56,7 +56,8 @@ int cmdline_find_option_bool(const char *option);
/* aslr.c */
unsigned char *choose_kernel_location(unsigned char *input,
unsigned char *choose_kernel_location(struct boot_params *params,
unsigned char *input,
unsigned long input_size,
unsigned char *output,
unsigned long output_size);
......@@ -64,7 +65,8 @@ unsigned char *choose_kernel_location(unsigned char *input,
bool has_cpuflag(int flag);
static inline
unsigned char *choose_kernel_location(unsigned char *input,
unsigned char *choose_kernel_location(struct boot_params *params,
unsigned char *input,
unsigned long input_size,
unsigned char *output,
unsigned long output_size)
......@@ -3,6 +3,7 @@
#include <linux/const.h>
#include <linux/types.h>
#include <asm/bootparam.h>
/* PAGE_SHIFT determines the page size */
#define PAGE_SHIFT 12
......@@ -51,6 +52,8 @@ extern int devmem_is_allowed(unsigned long pagenr);
extern unsigned long max_low_pfn_mapped;
extern unsigned long max_pfn_mapped;
extern bool kaslr_enabled;
static inline phys_addr_t get_max_mapped(void)
return (phys_addr_t)max_pfn_mapped << PAGE_SHIFT;
......@@ -7,6 +7,7 @@
#define SETUP_DTB 2
#define SETUP_PCI 3
#define SETUP_EFI 4
#define SETUP_KASLR 5
/* ram_size flags */
......@@ -32,6 +32,7 @@
#include <asm/page.h>
#include <asm/pgtable.h>
#include <asm/page_types.h>
#if 0
#define DEBUGP(fmt, ...) \
......@@ -46,21 +47,13 @@ do { \
static unsigned long module_load_offset;
static int randomize_modules = 1;
/* Mutex protects the module_load_offset. */
static DEFINE_MUTEX(module_kaslr_mutex);
static int __init parse_nokaslr(char *p)
randomize_modules = 0;
return 0;
early_param("nokaslr", parse_nokaslr);
static unsigned long int get_module_load_offset(void)
if (randomize_modules) {
if (kaslr_enabled) {
* Calculate the module_load_offset the first time this
......@@ -121,6 +121,8 @@
unsigned long max_low_pfn_mapped;
unsigned long max_pfn_mapped;
bool __read_mostly kaslr_enabled = false;
RESERVE_BRK(dmi_alloc, 65536);
......@@ -424,6 +426,11 @@ static void __init reserve_initrd(void)
static void __init parse_kaslr_setup(u64 pa_data, u32 data_len)
kaslr_enabled = (bool)(pa_data + sizeof(struct setup_data));
static void __init parse_setup_data(void)
struct setup_data *data;
......@@ -451,6 +458,9 @@ static void __init parse_setup_data(void)
parse_efi_setup(pa_data, data_len);
parse_kaslr_setup(pa_data, data_len);
......@@ -833,10 +843,14 @@ static void __init trim_low_memory_range(void)
static int
dump_kernel_offset(struct notifier_block *self, unsigned long v, void *p)
pr_emerg("Kernel Offset: 0x%lx from 0x%lx "
"(relocation range: 0x%lx-0x%lx)\n",
(unsigned long)&_text - __START_KERNEL, __START_KERNEL,
if (kaslr_enabled)
pr_emerg("Kernel Offset: 0x%lx from 0x%lx (relocation range: 0x%lx-0x%lx)\n",
(unsigned long)&_text - __START_KERNEL,
pr_emerg("Kernel Offset: disabled\n");
return 0;
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