fuse_i.h 6.78 KB
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/*
  FUSE: Filesystem in Userspace
  Copyright (C) 2001-2005  Miklos Szeredi <miklos@szeredi.hu>

  This program can be distributed under the terms of the GNU GPL.
  See the file COPYING.
*/

#include <linux/fuse.h>
#include <linux/fs.h>
#include <linux/wait.h>
#include <linux/list.h>
#include <linux/spinlock.h>
#include <linux/mm.h>
#include <linux/backing-dev.h>
#include <asm/semaphore.h>

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/** Max number of pages that can be used in a single read request */
#define FUSE_MAX_PAGES_PER_REQ 32

/** If more requests are outstanding, then the operation will block */
#define FUSE_MAX_OUTSTANDING 10

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/** FUSE inode */
struct fuse_inode {
	/** Inode data */
	struct inode inode;

	/** Unique ID, which identifies the inode between userspace
	 * and kernel */
	u64 nodeid;

	/** Time in jiffies until the file attributes are valid */
	unsigned long i_time;
};

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/** One input argument of a request */
struct fuse_in_arg {
	unsigned size;
	const void *value;
};

/** The request input */
struct fuse_in {
	/** The request header */
	struct fuse_in_header h;

	/** True if the data for the last argument is in req->pages */
	unsigned argpages:1;

	/** Number of arguments */
	unsigned numargs;

	/** Array of arguments */
	struct fuse_in_arg args[3];
};

/** One output argument of a request */
struct fuse_arg {
	unsigned size;
	void *value;
};

/** The request output */
struct fuse_out {
	/** Header returned from userspace */
	struct fuse_out_header h;

	/** Last argument is variable length (can be shorter than
	    arg->size) */
	unsigned argvar:1;

	/** Last argument is a list of pages to copy data to */
	unsigned argpages:1;

	/** Zero partially or not copied pages */
	unsigned page_zeroing:1;

	/** Number or arguments */
	unsigned numargs;

	/** Array of arguments */
	struct fuse_arg args[3];
};

struct fuse_req;
struct fuse_conn;

/**
 * A request to the client
 */
struct fuse_req {
	/** This can be on either unused_list, pending or processing
	    lists in fuse_conn */
	struct list_head list;

	/** refcount */
	atomic_t count;

	/** True if the request has reply */
	unsigned isreply:1;

	/** The request is preallocated */
	unsigned preallocated:1;

	/** The request was interrupted */
	unsigned interrupted:1;

	/** Request is sent in the background */
	unsigned background:1;

	/** Data is being copied to/from the request */
	unsigned locked:1;

	/** Request has been sent to userspace */
	unsigned sent:1;

	/** The request is finished */
	unsigned finished:1;

	/** The request input */
	struct fuse_in in;

	/** The request output */
	struct fuse_out out;

	/** Used to wake up the task waiting for completion of request*/
	wait_queue_head_t waitq;

	/** Data for asynchronous requests */
	union {
		struct fuse_init_in_out init_in_out;
	} misc;

	/** page vector */
	struct page *pages[FUSE_MAX_PAGES_PER_REQ];

	/** number of pages in vector */
	unsigned num_pages;

	/** offset of data on first page */
	unsigned page_offset;

	/** Inode used in the request */
	struct inode *inode;

	/** Second inode used in the request (or NULL) */
	struct inode *inode2;

	/** File used in the request (or NULL) */
	struct file *file;
};

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/**
 * A Fuse connection.
 *
 * This structure is created, when the filesystem is mounted, and is
 * destroyed, when the client device is closed and the filesystem is
 * unmounted.
 */
struct fuse_conn {
	/** The superblock of the mounted filesystem */
	struct super_block *sb;

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	/** The opened client device */
	struct file *file;

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	/** The user id for this mount */
	uid_t user_id;

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	/** Readers of the connection are waiting on this */
	wait_queue_head_t waitq;

	/** The list of pending requests */
	struct list_head pending;

	/** The list of requests being processed */
	struct list_head processing;

	/** Controls the maximum number of outstanding requests */
	struct semaphore outstanding_sem;

	/** This counts the number of outstanding requests if
	    outstanding_sem would go negative */
	unsigned outstanding_debt;

	/** The list of unused requests */
	struct list_head unused_list;

	/** The next unique request id */
	u64 reqctr;

	/** Connection failed (version mismatch) */
	unsigned conn_error : 1;

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	/** Backing dev info */
	struct backing_dev_info bdi;
};

static inline struct fuse_conn **get_fuse_conn_super_p(struct super_block *sb)
{
	return (struct fuse_conn **) &sb->s_fs_info;
}

static inline struct fuse_conn *get_fuse_conn_super(struct super_block *sb)
{
	return *get_fuse_conn_super_p(sb);
}

static inline struct fuse_conn *get_fuse_conn(struct inode *inode)
{
	return get_fuse_conn_super(inode->i_sb);
}

static inline struct fuse_inode *get_fuse_inode(struct inode *inode)
{
	return container_of(inode, struct fuse_inode, inode);
}

static inline u64 get_node_id(struct inode *inode)
{
	return get_fuse_inode(inode)->nodeid;
}

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/** Device operations */
extern struct file_operations fuse_dev_operations;

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/**
 * This is the single global spinlock which protects FUSE's structures
 *
 * The following data is protected by this lock:
 *
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 *  - the private_data field of the device file
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 *  - the s_fs_info field of the super block
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 *  - unused_list, pending, processing lists in fuse_conn
 *  - the unique request ID counter reqctr in fuse_conn
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 *  - the sb (super_block) field in fuse_conn
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 *  - the file (device file) field in fuse_conn
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 */
extern spinlock_t fuse_lock;

/**
 * Check if the connection can be released, and if yes, then free the
 * connection structure
 */
void fuse_release_conn(struct fuse_conn *fc);

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/**
 * Initialize the client device
 */
int fuse_dev_init(void);

/**
 * Cleanup the client device
 */
void fuse_dev_cleanup(void);

/**
 * Allocate a request
 */
struct fuse_req *fuse_request_alloc(void);

/**
 * Free a request
 */
void fuse_request_free(struct fuse_req *req);

/**
 * Reinitialize a request, the preallocated flag is left unmodified
 */
void fuse_reset_request(struct fuse_req *req);

/**
 * Reserve a preallocated request
 */
struct fuse_req *fuse_get_request(struct fuse_conn *fc);

/**
 * Reserve a preallocated request, only interruptible by SIGKILL
 */
struct fuse_req *fuse_get_request_nonint(struct fuse_conn *fc);

/**
 * Decrement reference count of a request.  If count goes to zero put
 * on unused list (preallocated) or free reqest (not preallocated).
 */
void fuse_put_request(struct fuse_conn *fc, struct fuse_req *req);

/**
 * Send a request (synchronous, interruptible)
 */
void request_send(struct fuse_conn *fc, struct fuse_req *req);

/**
 * Send a request (synchronous, non-interruptible except by SIGKILL)
 */
void request_send_nonint(struct fuse_conn *fc, struct fuse_req *req);

/**
 * Send a request with no reply
 */
void request_send_noreply(struct fuse_conn *fc, struct fuse_req *req);

/**
 * Send a request in the background
 */
void request_send_background(struct fuse_conn *fc, struct fuse_req *req);

/**
 * Send the INIT message
 */
void fuse_send_init(struct fuse_conn *fc);