xattr.c 41.4 KB
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/*
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 * linux/fs/ext4/xattr.c
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 *
 * Copyright (C) 2001-2003 Andreas Gruenbacher, <agruen@suse.de>
 *
 * Fix by Harrison Xing <harrison@mountainviewdata.com>.
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 * Ext4 code with a lot of help from Eric Jarman <ejarman@acm.org>.
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 * Extended attributes for symlinks and special files added per
 *  suggestion of Luka Renko <luka.renko@hermes.si>.
 * xattr consolidation Copyright (c) 2004 James Morris <jmorris@redhat.com>,
 *  Red Hat Inc.
 * ea-in-inode support by Alex Tomas <alex@clusterfs.com> aka bzzz
 *  and Andreas Gruenbacher <agruen@suse.de>.
 */

/*
 * Extended attributes are stored directly in inodes (on file systems with
 * inodes bigger than 128 bytes) and on additional disk blocks. The i_file_acl
 * field contains the block number if an inode uses an additional block. All
 * attributes must fit in the inode and one additional block. Blocks that
 * contain the identical set of attributes may be shared among several inodes.
 * Identical blocks are detected by keeping a cache of blocks that have
 * recently been accessed.
 *
 * The attributes in inodes and on blocks have a different header; the entries
 * are stored in the same format:
 *
 *   +------------------+
 *   | header           |
 *   | entry 1          | |
 *   | entry 2          | | growing downwards
 *   | entry 3          | v
 *   | four null bytes  |
 *   | . . .            |
 *   | value 1          | ^
 *   | value 3          | | growing upwards
 *   | value 2          | |
 *   +------------------+
 *
 * The header is followed by multiple entry descriptors. In disk blocks, the
 * entry descriptors are kept sorted. In inodes, they are unsorted. The
 * attribute values are aligned to the end of the block in no specific order.
 *
 * Locking strategy
 * ----------------
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 * EXT4_I(inode)->i_file_acl is protected by EXT4_I(inode)->xattr_sem.
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 * EA blocks are only changed if they are exclusive to an inode, so
 * holding xattr_sem also means that nothing but the EA block's reference
 * count can change. Multiple writers to the same block are synchronized
 * by the buffer lock.
 */

#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/fs.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/mbcache.h>
#include <linux/quotaops.h>
#include <linux/rwsem.h>
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#include "ext4_jbd2.h"
#include "ext4.h"
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#include "xattr.h"
#include "acl.h"

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#define BHDR(bh) ((struct ext4_xattr_header *)((bh)->b_data))
#define ENTRY(ptr) ((struct ext4_xattr_entry *)(ptr))
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#define BFIRST(bh) ENTRY(BHDR(bh)+1)
#define IS_LAST_ENTRY(entry) (*(__u32 *)(entry) == 0)

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#ifdef EXT4_XATTR_DEBUG
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# define ea_idebug(inode, f...) do { \
		printk(KERN_DEBUG "inode %s:%lu: ", \
			inode->i_sb->s_id, inode->i_ino); \
		printk(f); \
		printk("\n"); \
	} while (0)
# define ea_bdebug(bh, f...) do { \
		char b[BDEVNAME_SIZE]; \
		printk(KERN_DEBUG "block %s:%lu: ", \
			bdevname(bh->b_bdev, b), \
			(unsigned long) bh->b_blocknr); \
		printk(f); \
		printk("\n"); \
	} while (0)
#else
# define ea_idebug(f...)
# define ea_bdebug(f...)
#endif

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static void ext4_xattr_cache_insert(struct buffer_head *);
static struct buffer_head *ext4_xattr_cache_find(struct inode *,
						 struct ext4_xattr_header *,
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						 struct mb_cache_entry **);
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static void ext4_xattr_rehash(struct ext4_xattr_header *,
			      struct ext4_xattr_entry *);
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static int ext4_xattr_list(struct inode *inode, char *buffer,
			   size_t buffer_size);
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static struct mb_cache *ext4_xattr_cache;
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static struct xattr_handler *ext4_xattr_handler_map[] = {
	[EXT4_XATTR_INDEX_USER]		     = &ext4_xattr_user_handler,
#ifdef CONFIG_EXT4DEV_FS_POSIX_ACL
	[EXT4_XATTR_INDEX_POSIX_ACL_ACCESS]  = &ext4_xattr_acl_access_handler,
	[EXT4_XATTR_INDEX_POSIX_ACL_DEFAULT] = &ext4_xattr_acl_default_handler,
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#endif
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	[EXT4_XATTR_INDEX_TRUSTED]	     = &ext4_xattr_trusted_handler,
#ifdef CONFIG_EXT4DEV_FS_SECURITY
	[EXT4_XATTR_INDEX_SECURITY]	     = &ext4_xattr_security_handler,
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#endif
};

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struct xattr_handler *ext4_xattr_handlers[] = {
	&ext4_xattr_user_handler,
	&ext4_xattr_trusted_handler,
#ifdef CONFIG_EXT4DEV_FS_POSIX_ACL
	&ext4_xattr_acl_access_handler,
	&ext4_xattr_acl_default_handler,
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#endif
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#ifdef CONFIG_EXT4DEV_FS_SECURITY
	&ext4_xattr_security_handler,
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#endif
	NULL
};

static inline struct xattr_handler *
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ext4_xattr_handler(int name_index)
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{
	struct xattr_handler *handler = NULL;

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	if (name_index > 0 && name_index < ARRAY_SIZE(ext4_xattr_handler_map))
		handler = ext4_xattr_handler_map[name_index];
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	return handler;
}

/*
 * Inode operation listxattr()
 *
 * dentry->d_inode->i_mutex: don't care
 */
ssize_t
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ext4_listxattr(struct dentry *dentry, char *buffer, size_t size)
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{
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	return ext4_xattr_list(dentry->d_inode, buffer, size);
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}

static int
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ext4_xattr_check_names(struct ext4_xattr_entry *entry, void *end)
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{
	while (!IS_LAST_ENTRY(entry)) {
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		struct ext4_xattr_entry *next = EXT4_XATTR_NEXT(entry);
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		if ((void *)next >= end)
			return -EIO;
		entry = next;
	}
	return 0;
}

static inline int
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ext4_xattr_check_block(struct buffer_head *bh)
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{
	int error;

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	if (BHDR(bh)->h_magic != cpu_to_le32(EXT4_XATTR_MAGIC) ||
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	    BHDR(bh)->h_blocks != cpu_to_le32(1))
		return -EIO;
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	error = ext4_xattr_check_names(BFIRST(bh), bh->b_data + bh->b_size);
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	return error;
}

static inline int
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ext4_xattr_check_entry(struct ext4_xattr_entry *entry, size_t size)
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{
	size_t value_size = le32_to_cpu(entry->e_value_size);

	if (entry->e_value_block != 0 || value_size > size ||
	    le16_to_cpu(entry->e_value_offs) + value_size > size)
		return -EIO;
	return 0;
}

static int
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ext4_xattr_find_entry(struct ext4_xattr_entry **pentry, int name_index,
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		      const char *name, size_t size, int sorted)
{
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	struct ext4_xattr_entry *entry;
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	size_t name_len;
	int cmp = 1;

	if (name == NULL)
		return -EINVAL;
	name_len = strlen(name);
	entry = *pentry;
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	for (; !IS_LAST_ENTRY(entry); entry = EXT4_XATTR_NEXT(entry)) {
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		cmp = name_index - entry->e_name_index;
		if (!cmp)
			cmp = name_len - entry->e_name_len;
		if (!cmp)
			cmp = memcmp(name, entry->e_name, name_len);
		if (cmp <= 0 && (sorted || cmp == 0))
			break;
	}
	*pentry = entry;
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	if (!cmp && ext4_xattr_check_entry(entry, size))
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			return -EIO;
	return cmp ? -ENODATA : 0;
}

static int
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ext4_xattr_block_get(struct inode *inode, int name_index, const char *name,
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		     void *buffer, size_t buffer_size)
{
	struct buffer_head *bh = NULL;
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	struct ext4_xattr_entry *entry;
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	size_t size;
	int error;

	ea_idebug(inode, "name=%d.%s, buffer=%p, buffer_size=%ld",
		  name_index, name, buffer, (long)buffer_size);

	error = -ENODATA;
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	if (!EXT4_I(inode)->i_file_acl)
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		goto cleanup;
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	ea_idebug(inode, "reading block %u", EXT4_I(inode)->i_file_acl);
	bh = sb_bread(inode->i_sb, EXT4_I(inode)->i_file_acl);
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	if (!bh)
		goto cleanup;
	ea_bdebug(bh, "b_count=%d, refcount=%d",
		atomic_read(&(bh->b_count)), le32_to_cpu(BHDR(bh)->h_refcount));
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	if (ext4_xattr_check_block(bh)) {
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bad_block:	ext4_error(inode->i_sb, __func__,
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			   "inode %lu: bad block %llu", inode->i_ino,
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			   EXT4_I(inode)->i_file_acl);
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		error = -EIO;
		goto cleanup;
	}
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	ext4_xattr_cache_insert(bh);
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	entry = BFIRST(bh);
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	error = ext4_xattr_find_entry(&entry, name_index, name, bh->b_size, 1);
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	if (error == -EIO)
		goto bad_block;
	if (error)
		goto cleanup;
	size = le32_to_cpu(entry->e_value_size);
	if (buffer) {
		error = -ERANGE;
		if (size > buffer_size)
			goto cleanup;
		memcpy(buffer, bh->b_data + le16_to_cpu(entry->e_value_offs),
		       size);
	}
	error = size;

cleanup:
	brelse(bh);
	return error;
}

static int
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ext4_xattr_ibody_get(struct inode *inode, int name_index, const char *name,
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		     void *buffer, size_t buffer_size)
{
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	struct ext4_xattr_ibody_header *header;
	struct ext4_xattr_entry *entry;
	struct ext4_inode *raw_inode;
	struct ext4_iloc iloc;
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	size_t size;
	void *end;
	int error;

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	if (!(EXT4_I(inode)->i_state & EXT4_STATE_XATTR))
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		return -ENODATA;
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	error = ext4_get_inode_loc(inode, &iloc);
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	if (error)
		return error;
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	raw_inode = ext4_raw_inode(&iloc);
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	header = IHDR(inode, raw_inode);
	entry = IFIRST(header);
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	end = (void *)raw_inode + EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb)->s_inode_size;
	error = ext4_xattr_check_names(entry, end);
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	if (error)
		goto cleanup;
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	error = ext4_xattr_find_entry(&entry, name_index, name,
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				      end - (void *)entry, 0);
	if (error)
		goto cleanup;
	size = le32_to_cpu(entry->e_value_size);
	if (buffer) {
		error = -ERANGE;
		if (size > buffer_size)
			goto cleanup;
		memcpy(buffer, (void *)IFIRST(header) +
		       le16_to_cpu(entry->e_value_offs), size);
	}
	error = size;

cleanup:
	brelse(iloc.bh);
	return error;
}

/*
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 * ext4_xattr_get()
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 *
 * Copy an extended attribute into the buffer
 * provided, or compute the buffer size required.
 * Buffer is NULL to compute the size of the buffer required.
 *
 * Returns a negative error number on failure, or the number of bytes
 * used / required on success.
 */
int
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ext4_xattr_get(struct inode *inode, int name_index, const char *name,
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	       void *buffer, size_t buffer_size)
{
	int error;

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	down_read(&EXT4_I(inode)->xattr_sem);
	error = ext4_xattr_ibody_get(inode, name_index, name, buffer,
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				     buffer_size);
	if (error == -ENODATA)
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		error = ext4_xattr_block_get(inode, name_index, name, buffer,
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					     buffer_size);
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	up_read(&EXT4_I(inode)->xattr_sem);
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	return error;
}

static int
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ext4_xattr_list_entries(struct inode *inode, struct ext4_xattr_entry *entry,
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			char *buffer, size_t buffer_size)
{
	size_t rest = buffer_size;

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	for (; !IS_LAST_ENTRY(entry); entry = EXT4_XATTR_NEXT(entry)) {
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		struct xattr_handler *handler =
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			ext4_xattr_handler(entry->e_name_index);
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		if (handler) {
			size_t size = handler->list(inode, buffer, rest,
						    entry->e_name,
						    entry->e_name_len);
			if (buffer) {
				if (size > rest)
					return -ERANGE;
				buffer += size;
			}
			rest -= size;
		}
	}
	return buffer_size - rest;
}

static int
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ext4_xattr_block_list(struct inode *inode, char *buffer, size_t buffer_size)
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{
	struct buffer_head *bh = NULL;
	int error;

	ea_idebug(inode, "buffer=%p, buffer_size=%ld",
		  buffer, (long)buffer_size);

	error = 0;
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	if (!EXT4_I(inode)->i_file_acl)
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		goto cleanup;
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	ea_idebug(inode, "reading block %u", EXT4_I(inode)->i_file_acl);
	bh = sb_bread(inode->i_sb, EXT4_I(inode)->i_file_acl);
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	error = -EIO;
	if (!bh)
		goto cleanup;
	ea_bdebug(bh, "b_count=%d, refcount=%d",
		atomic_read(&(bh->b_count)), le32_to_cpu(BHDR(bh)->h_refcount));
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	if (ext4_xattr_check_block(bh)) {
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		ext4_error(inode->i_sb, __func__,
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			   "inode %lu: bad block %llu", inode->i_ino,
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			   EXT4_I(inode)->i_file_acl);
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		error = -EIO;
		goto cleanup;
	}
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	ext4_xattr_cache_insert(bh);
	error = ext4_xattr_list_entries(inode, BFIRST(bh), buffer, buffer_size);
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cleanup:
	brelse(bh);

	return error;
}

static int
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ext4_xattr_ibody_list(struct inode *inode, char *buffer, size_t buffer_size)
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{
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	struct ext4_xattr_ibody_header *header;
	struct ext4_inode *raw_inode;
	struct ext4_iloc iloc;
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	void *end;
	int error;

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	if (!(EXT4_I(inode)->i_state & EXT4_STATE_XATTR))
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		return 0;
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	error = ext4_get_inode_loc(inode, &iloc);
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	if (error)
		return error;
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	raw_inode = ext4_raw_inode(&iloc);
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	header = IHDR(inode, raw_inode);
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	end = (void *)raw_inode + EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb)->s_inode_size;
	error = ext4_xattr_check_names(IFIRST(header), end);
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	if (error)
		goto cleanup;
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	error = ext4_xattr_list_entries(inode, IFIRST(header),
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					buffer, buffer_size);

cleanup:
	brelse(iloc.bh);
	return error;
}

/*
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 * ext4_xattr_list()
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 *
 * Copy a list of attribute names into the buffer
 * provided, or compute the buffer size required.
 * Buffer is NULL to compute the size of the buffer required.
 *
 * Returns a negative error number on failure, or the number of bytes
 * used / required on success.
 */
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static int
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ext4_xattr_list(struct inode *inode, char *buffer, size_t buffer_size)
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{
	int i_error, b_error;

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	down_read(&EXT4_I(inode)->xattr_sem);
	i_error = ext4_xattr_ibody_list(inode, buffer, buffer_size);
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	if (i_error < 0) {
		b_error = 0;
	} else {
		if (buffer) {
			buffer += i_error;
			buffer_size -= i_error;
		}
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		b_error = ext4_xattr_block_list(inode, buffer, buffer_size);
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		if (b_error < 0)
			i_error = 0;
	}
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	up_read(&EXT4_I(inode)->xattr_sem);
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	return i_error + b_error;
}

/*
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 * If the EXT4_FEATURE_COMPAT_EXT_ATTR feature of this file system is
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 * not set, set it.
 */
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static void ext4_xattr_update_super_block(handle_t *handle,
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					  struct super_block *sb)
{
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	if (EXT4_HAS_COMPAT_FEATURE(sb, EXT4_FEATURE_COMPAT_EXT_ATTR))
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		return;

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	if (ext4_journal_get_write_access(handle, EXT4_SB(sb)->s_sbh) == 0) {
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		EXT4_SET_COMPAT_FEATURE(sb, EXT4_FEATURE_COMPAT_EXT_ATTR);
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		sb->s_dirt = 1;
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		ext4_journal_dirty_metadata(handle, EXT4_SB(sb)->s_sbh);
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	}
}

/*
 * Release the xattr block BH: If the reference count is > 1, decrement
 * it; otherwise free the block.
 */
static void
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ext4_xattr_release_block(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode,
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			 struct buffer_head *bh)
{
	struct mb_cache_entry *ce = NULL;
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	int error = 0;
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	ce = mb_cache_entry_get(ext4_xattr_cache, bh->b_bdev, bh->b_blocknr);
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	error = ext4_journal_get_write_access(handle, bh);
	if (error)
		goto out;

	lock_buffer(bh);
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	if (BHDR(bh)->h_refcount == cpu_to_le32(1)) {
		ea_bdebug(bh, "refcount now=0; freeing");
		if (ce)
			mb_cache_entry_free(ce);
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		ext4_free_blocks(handle, inode, bh->b_blocknr, 1, 1);
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		get_bh(bh);
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		ext4_forget(handle, 1, inode, bh, bh->b_blocknr);
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	} else {
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		le32_add_cpu(&BHDR(bh)->h_refcount, -1);
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		error = ext4_journal_dirty_metadata(handle, bh);
		if (IS_SYNC(inode))
			handle->h_sync = 1;
		DQUOT_FREE_BLOCK(inode, 1);
		ea_bdebug(bh, "refcount now=%d; releasing",
			  le32_to_cpu(BHDR(bh)->h_refcount));
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		if (ce)
			mb_cache_entry_release(ce);
	}
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	unlock_buffer(bh);
out:
	ext4_std_error(inode->i_sb, error);
	return;
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}

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/*
 * Find the available free space for EAs. This also returns the total number of
 * bytes used by EA entries.
 */
static size_t ext4_xattr_free_space(struct ext4_xattr_entry *last,
				    size_t *min_offs, void *base, int *total)
{
	for (; !IS_LAST_ENTRY(last); last = EXT4_XATTR_NEXT(last)) {
		*total += EXT4_XATTR_LEN(last->e_name_len);
		if (!last->e_value_block && last->e_value_size) {
			size_t offs = le16_to_cpu(last->e_value_offs);
			if (offs < *min_offs)
				*min_offs = offs;
		}
	}
	return (*min_offs - ((void *)last - base) - sizeof(__u32));
}

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struct ext4_xattr_info {
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	int name_index;
	const char *name;
	const void *value;
	size_t value_len;
};

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struct ext4_xattr_search {
	struct ext4_xattr_entry *first;
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	void *base;
	void *end;
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	struct ext4_xattr_entry *here;
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	int not_found;
};

static int
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ext4_xattr_set_entry(struct ext4_xattr_info *i, struct ext4_xattr_search *s)
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{
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	struct ext4_xattr_entry *last;
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	size_t free, min_offs = s->end - s->base, name_len = strlen(i->name);

	/* Compute min_offs and last. */
	last = s->first;
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	for (; !IS_LAST_ENTRY(last); last = EXT4_XATTR_NEXT(last)) {
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		if (!last->e_value_block && last->e_value_size) {
			size_t offs = le16_to_cpu(last->e_value_offs);
			if (offs < min_offs)
				min_offs = offs;
		}
	}
	free = min_offs - ((void *)last - s->base) - sizeof(__u32);
	if (!s->not_found) {
		if (!s->here->e_value_block && s->here->e_value_size) {
			size_t size = le32_to_cpu(s->here->e_value_size);
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			free += EXT4_XATTR_SIZE(size);
558
		}
559
		free += EXT4_XATTR_LEN(name_len);
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	}
	if (i->value) {
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		if (free < EXT4_XATTR_SIZE(i->value_len) ||
		    free < EXT4_XATTR_LEN(name_len) +
			   EXT4_XATTR_SIZE(i->value_len))
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			return -ENOSPC;
	}

	if (i->value && s->not_found) {
		/* Insert the new name. */
570
		size_t size = EXT4_XATTR_LEN(name_len);
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		size_t rest = (void *)last - (void *)s->here + sizeof(__u32);
		memmove((void *)s->here + size, s->here, rest);
		memset(s->here, 0, size);
		s->here->e_name_index = i->name_index;
		s->here->e_name_len = name_len;
		memcpy(s->here->e_name, i->name, name_len);
	} else {
		if (!s->here->e_value_block && s->here->e_value_size) {
			void *first_val = s->base + min_offs;
			size_t offs = le16_to_cpu(s->here->e_value_offs);
			void *val = s->base + offs;
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			size_t size = EXT4_XATTR_SIZE(
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				le32_to_cpu(s->here->e_value_size));

585
			if (i->value && size == EXT4_XATTR_SIZE(i->value_len)) {
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				/* The old and the new value have the same
				   size. Just replace. */
				s->here->e_value_size =
					cpu_to_le32(i->value_len);
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				memset(val + size - EXT4_XATTR_PAD, 0,
				       EXT4_XATTR_PAD); /* Clear pad bytes. */
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				memcpy(val, i->value, i->value_len);
				return 0;
			}

			/* Remove the old value. */
			memmove(first_val + size, first_val, val - first_val);
			memset(first_val, 0, size);
			s->here->e_value_size = 0;
			s->here->e_value_offs = 0;
			min_offs += size;

			/* Adjust all value offsets. */
			last = s->first;
			while (!IS_LAST_ENTRY(last)) {
				size_t o = le16_to_cpu(last->e_value_offs);
				if (!last->e_value_block &&
				    last->e_value_size && o < offs)
					last->e_value_offs =
						cpu_to_le16(o + size);
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				last = EXT4_XATTR_NEXT(last);
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			}
		}
		if (!i->value) {
			/* Remove the old name. */
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			size_t size = EXT4_XATTR_LEN(name_len);
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			last = ENTRY((void *)last - size);
			memmove(s->here, (void *)s->here + size,
				(void *)last - (void *)s->here + sizeof(__u32));
			memset(last, 0, size);
		}
	}

	if (i->value) {
		/* Insert the new value. */
		s->here->e_value_size = cpu_to_le32(i->value_len);
		if (i->value_len) {
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			size_t size = EXT4_XATTR_SIZE(i->value_len);
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			void *val = s->base + min_offs - size;
			s->here->e_value_offs = cpu_to_le16(min_offs - size);
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			memset(val + size - EXT4_XATTR_PAD, 0,
			       EXT4_XATTR_PAD); /* Clear the pad bytes. */
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			memcpy(val, i->value, i->value_len);
		}
	}
	return 0;
}

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struct ext4_xattr_block_find {
	struct ext4_xattr_search s;
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	struct buffer_head *bh;
};

static int
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ext4_xattr_block_find(struct inode *inode, struct ext4_xattr_info *i,
		      struct ext4_xattr_block_find *bs)
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{
	struct super_block *sb = inode->i_sb;
	int error;

	ea_idebug(inode, "name=%d.%s, value=%p, value_len=%ld",
		  i->name_index, i->name, i->value, (long)i->value_len);

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	if (EXT4_I(inode)->i_file_acl) {
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		/* The inode already has an extended attribute block. */
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		bs->bh = sb_bread(sb, EXT4_I(inode)->i_file_acl);
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		error = -EIO;
		if (!bs->bh)
			goto cleanup;
		ea_bdebug(bs->bh, "b_count=%d, refcount=%d",
			atomic_read(&(bs->bh->b_count)),
			le32_to_cpu(BHDR(bs->bh)->h_refcount));
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		if (ext4_xattr_check_block(bs->bh)) {
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			ext4_error(sb, __func__,
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				"inode %lu: bad block %llu", inode->i_ino,
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				EXT4_I(inode)->i_file_acl);
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			error = -EIO;
			goto cleanup;
		}
		/* Find the named attribute. */
		bs->s.base = BHDR(bs->bh);
		bs->s.first = BFIRST(bs->bh);
		bs->s.end = bs->bh->b_data + bs->bh->b_size;
		bs->s.here = bs->s.first;
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		error = ext4_xattr_find_entry(&bs->s.here, i->name_index,
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					      i->name, bs->bh->b_size, 1);
		if (error && error != -ENODATA)
			goto cleanup;
		bs->s.not_found = error;
	}
	error = 0;

cleanup:
	return error;
}

static int
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ext4_xattr_block_set(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode,
		     struct ext4_xattr_info *i,
		     struct ext4_xattr_block_find *bs)
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{
	struct super_block *sb = inode->i_sb;
	struct buffer_head *new_bh = NULL;
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	struct ext4_xattr_search *s = &bs->s;
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	struct mb_cache_entry *ce = NULL;
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	int error = 0;
697

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#define header(x) ((struct ext4_xattr_header *)(x))
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	if (i->value && i->value_len > sb->s_blocksize)
		return -ENOSPC;
	if (s->base) {
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		ce = mb_cache_entry_get(ext4_xattr_cache, bs->bh->b_bdev,
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					bs->bh->b_blocknr);
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		error = ext4_journal_get_write_access(handle, bs->bh);
		if (error)
			goto cleanup;
		lock_buffer(bs->bh);

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		if (header(s->base)->h_refcount == cpu_to_le32(1)) {
			if (ce) {
				mb_cache_entry_free(ce);
				ce = NULL;
			}
			ea_bdebug(bs->bh, "modifying in-place");
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			error = ext4_xattr_set_entry(i, s);
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			if (!error) {
				if (!IS_LAST_ENTRY(s->first))
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					ext4_xattr_rehash(header(s->base),
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							  s->here);
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				ext4_xattr_cache_insert(bs->bh);
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			}
			unlock_buffer(bs->bh);
			if (error == -EIO)
				goto bad_block;
			if (!error)
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				error = ext4_journal_dirty_metadata(handle,
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								    bs->bh);
			if (error)
				goto cleanup;
			goto inserted;
		} else {
			int offset = (char *)s->here - bs->bh->b_data;

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			unlock_buffer(bs->bh);
			jbd2_journal_release_buffer(handle, bs->bh);
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			if (ce) {
				mb_cache_entry_release(ce);
				ce = NULL;
			}
			ea_bdebug(bs->bh, "cloning");
742
			s->base = kmalloc(bs->bh->b_size, GFP_NOFS);
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			error = -ENOMEM;
			if (s->base == NULL)
				goto cleanup;
			memcpy(s->base, BHDR(bs->bh), bs->bh->b_size);
			s->first = ENTRY(header(s->base)+1);
			header(s->base)->h_refcount = cpu_to_le32(1);
			s->here = ENTRY(s->base + offset);
			s->end = s->base + bs->bh->b_size;
		}
	} else {
		/* Allocate a buffer where we construct the new block. */
754
		s->base = kzalloc(sb->s_blocksize, GFP_NOFS);
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		/* assert(header == s->base) */
		error = -ENOMEM;
		if (s->base == NULL)
			goto cleanup;
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		header(s->base)->h_magic = cpu_to_le32(EXT4_XATTR_MAGIC);
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		header(s->base)->h_blocks = cpu_to_le32(1);
		header(s->base)->h_refcount = cpu_to_le32(1);
		s->first = ENTRY(header(s->base)+1);
		s->here = ENTRY(header(s->base)+1);
		s->end = s->base + sb->s_blocksize;
	}

767
	error = ext4_xattr_set_entry(i, s);
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	if (error == -EIO)
		goto bad_block;
	if (error)
		goto cleanup;
	if (!IS_LAST_ENTRY(s->first))
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		ext4_xattr_rehash(header(s->base), s->here);
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inserted:
	if (!IS_LAST_ENTRY(s->first)) {
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		new_bh = ext4_xattr_cache_find(inode, header(s->base), &ce);
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		if (new_bh) {
			/* We found an identical block in the cache. */
			if (new_bh == bs->bh)
				ea_bdebug(new_bh, "keeping");
			else {
				/* The old block is released after updating
				   the inode. */
				error = -EDQUOT;
				if (DQUOT_ALLOC_BLOCK(inode, 1))
					goto cleanup;
788
				error = ext4_journal_get_write_access(handle,
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								      new_bh);
				if (error)
					goto cleanup_dquot;
				lock_buffer(new_bh);
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Marcin Slusarz committed
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				le32_add_cpu(&BHDR(new_bh)->h_refcount, 1);
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				ea_bdebug(new_bh, "reusing; refcount now=%d",
					le32_to_cpu(BHDR(new_bh)->h_refcount));
				unlock_buffer(new_bh);
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				error = ext4_journal_dirty_metadata(handle,
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								    new_bh);
				if (error)
					goto cleanup_dquot;
			}
			mb_cache_entry_release(ce);
			ce = NULL;
		} else if (bs->bh && s->base == bs->bh->b_data) {
			/* We were modifying this block in-place. */
			ea_bdebug(bs->bh, "keeping this block");
			new_bh = bs->bh;
			get_bh(new_bh);
		} else {
			/* We need to allocate a new block */
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			ext4_fsblk_t goal = ext4_group_first_block_no(sb,
						EXT4_I(inode)->i_block_group);
813
			ext4_fsblk_t block = ext4_new_block(handle, inode,
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							goal, &error);
			if (error)
				goto cleanup;
			ea_idebug(inode, "creating block %d", block);

			new_bh = sb_getblk(sb, block);
			if (!new_bh) {
getblk_failed:
822
				ext4_free_blocks(handle, inode, block, 1, 1);
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				error = -EIO;
				goto cleanup;
			}
			lock_buffer(new_bh);
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			error = ext4_journal_get_create_access(handle, new_bh);
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			if (error) {
				unlock_buffer(new_bh);
				goto getblk_failed;
			}
			memcpy(new_bh->b_data, s->base, new_bh->b_size);
			set_buffer_uptodate(new_bh);
			unlock_buffer(new_bh);
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			ext4_xattr_cache_insert(new_bh);
			error = ext4_journal_dirty_metadata(handle, new_bh);
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			if (error)
				goto cleanup;
		}
	}

	/* Update the inode. */
843
	EXT4_I(inode)->i_file_acl = new_bh ? new_bh->b_blocknr : 0;
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845
846

	/* Drop the previous xattr block. */
	if (bs->bh && bs->bh != new_bh)
847
		ext4_xattr_release_block(handle, inode, bs->bh);
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	error = 0;

cleanup:
	if (ce)
		mb_cache_entry_release(ce);
	brelse(new_bh);
	if (!(bs->bh && s->base == bs->bh->b_data))
		kfree(s->base);

	return error;

cleanup_dquot:
	DQUOT_FREE_BLOCK(inode, 1);
	goto cleanup;

bad_block:
864
	ext4_error(inode->i_sb, __func__,
865
		   "inode %lu: bad block %llu", inode->i_ino,
866
		   EXT4_I(inode)->i_file_acl);
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	goto cleanup;

#undef header
}

872
873
874
struct ext4_xattr_ibody_find {
	struct ext4_xattr_search s;
	struct ext4_iloc iloc;
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876
877
};

static int
878
879
ext4_xattr_ibody_find(struct inode *inode, struct ext4_xattr_info *i,
		      struct ext4_xattr_ibody_find *is)
880
{
881
882
	struct ext4_xattr_ibody_header *header;
	struct ext4_inode *raw_inode;
883
884
	int error;

885
	if (EXT4_I(inode)->i_extra_isize == 0)
886
		return 0;
887
	raw_inode = ext4_raw_inode(&is->iloc);
888
889
890
	header = IHDR(inode, raw_inode);
	is->s.base = is->s.first = IFIRST(header);
	is->s.here = is->s.first;
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893
	is->s.end = (void *)raw_inode + EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb)->s_inode_size;
	if (EXT4_I(inode)->i_state & EXT4_STATE_XATTR) {
		error = ext4_xattr_check_names(IFIRST(header), is->s.end);
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895
896
		if (error)
			return error;
		/* Find the named attribute. */
897
		error = ext4_xattr_find_entry(&is->s.here, i->name_index,
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901
902
903
904
905
906
907
					      i->name, is->s.end -
					      (void *)is->s.base, 0);
		if (error && error != -ENODATA)
			return error;
		is->s.not_found = error;
	}
	return 0;
}

static int
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909
910
ext4_xattr_ibody_set(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode,
		     struct ext4_xattr_info *i,
		     struct ext4_xattr_ibody_find *is)
911
{
912
913
	struct ext4_xattr_ibody_header *header;
	struct ext4_xattr_search *s = &is->s;
914
915
	int error;

916
	if (EXT4_I(inode)->i_extra_isize == 0)
917
		return -ENOSPC;
918
	error = ext4_xattr_set_entry(i, s);
919
920
	if (error)
		return error;
921
	header = IHDR(inode, ext4_raw_inode(&is->iloc));
922
	if (!IS_LAST_ENTRY(s->first)) {
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924
		header->h_magic = cpu_to_le32(EXT4_XATTR_MAGIC);
		EXT4_I(inode)->i_state |= EXT4_STATE_XATTR;
925
926
	} else {
		header->h_magic = cpu_to_le32(0);
927
		EXT4_I(inode)->i_state &= ~EXT4_STATE_XATTR;
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929
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931
932
	}
	return 0;
}

/*
933
 * ext4_xattr_set_handle()
934
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936
937
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941
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944
 *
 * Create, replace or remove an extended attribute for this inode. Buffer
 * is NULL to remove an existing extended attribute, and non-NULL to
 * either replace an existing extended attribute, or create a new extended
 * attribute. The flags XATTR_REPLACE and XATTR_CREATE
 * specify that an extended attribute must exist and must not exist
 * previous to the call, respectively.
 *
 * Returns 0, or a negative error number on failure.
 */
int
945
ext4_xattr_set_handle(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode, int name_index,
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948
		      const char *name, const void *value, size_t value_len,
		      int flags)
{
949
	struct ext4_xattr_info i = {
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953
954
955
		.name_index = name_index,
		.name = name,
		.value = value,
		.value_len = value_len,

	};
956
	struct ext4_xattr_ibody_find is = {
957
958
		.s = { .not_found = -ENODATA, },
	};
959
	struct ext4_xattr_block_find bs = {
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967
		.s = { .not_found = -ENODATA, },
	};
	int error;

	if (!name)
		return -EINVAL;
	if (strlen(name) > 255)
		return -ERANGE;
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969
	down_write(&EXT4_I(inode)->xattr_sem);
	error = ext4_get_inode_loc(inode, &is.iloc);
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972
	if (error)
		goto cleanup;

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976
	if (EXT4_I(inode)->i_state & EXT4_STATE_NEW) {
		struct ext4_inode *raw_inode = ext4_raw_inode(&is.iloc);
		memset(raw_inode, 0, EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb)->s_inode_size);
		EXT4_I(inode)->i_state &= ~EXT4_STATE_NEW;
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	}

979
	error = ext4_xattr_ibody_find(inode, &i, &is);
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982
	if (error)
		goto cleanup;
	if (is.s.not_found)
983
		error = ext4_xattr_block_find(inode, &i, &bs);
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	if (error)
		goto cleanup;
	if (is.s.not_found && bs.s.not_found) {
		error = -ENODATA;
		if (flags & XATTR_REPLACE)
			goto cleanup;
		error = 0;
		if (!value)
			goto cleanup;
	} else {
		error = -EEXIST;
		if (flags & XATTR_CREATE)
			goto cleanup;
	}
998
	error = ext4_journal_get_write_access(handle, is.iloc.bh);
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1002
	if (error)
		goto cleanup;
	if (!value) {
		if (!is.s.not_found)
1003
			error = ext4_xattr_ibody_set(handle, inode, &i, &is);
1004
		else if (!bs.s.not_found)
1005
			error = ext4_xattr_block_set(handle, inode, &i, &bs);
1006
	} else {
1007
		error = ext4_xattr_ibody_set(handle, inode, &i, &is);
1008
1009
		if (!error && !bs.s.not_found) {
			i.value = NULL;
1010
			error = ext4_xattr_block_set(handle, inode, &i, &bs);
1011
		} else if (error == -ENOSPC) {
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1013
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1015
1016
			if (EXT4_I(inode)->i_file_acl && !bs.s.base) {
				error = ext4_xattr_block_find(inode, &i, &bs);
				if (error)
					goto cleanup;
			}
1017
			error = ext4_xattr_block_set(handle, inode, &i, &bs);
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1019
1020
1021
			if (error)
				goto cleanup;
			if (!is.s.not_found) {
				i.value = NULL;
1022
				error = ext4_xattr_ibody_set(handle, inode, &i,
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1025
1026
1027
							     &is);
			}
		}
	}
	if (!error) {
1028
		ext4_xattr_update_super_block(handle, inode->i_sb);
Kalpak Shah's avatar
Kalpak Shah committed
1029
		inode->i_ctime = ext4_current_time(inode);
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1031
		if (!value)
			EXT4_I(inode)->i_state &= ~EXT4_STATE_NO_EXPAND;
1032
		error = ext4_mark_iloc_dirty(handle, inode, &is.iloc);
1033
		/*
1034
		 * The bh is consumed by ext4_mark_iloc_dirty, even with
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1038
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		 * error != 0.
		 */
		is.iloc.bh = NULL;
		if (IS_SYNC(inode))
			handle->h_sync = 1;
	}

cleanup:
	brelse(is.iloc.bh);
	brelse(bs.bh);
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	up_write(&EXT4_I(inode)->xattr_sem);
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1047
1048
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	return error;
}

/*
1050
 * ext4_xattr_set()
1051
 *
1052
 * Like ext4_xattr_set_handle, but start from an inode. This extended
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1054
1055
1056
1057
 * attribute modification is a filesystem transaction by itself.
 *
 * Returns 0, or a negative error number on failure.
 */
int
1058
ext4_xattr_set(struct inode *inode, int name_index, const char *name,
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1060
1061
1062
1063
1064
	       const void *value, size_t value_len, int flags)
{
	handle_t *handle;
	int error, retries = 0;

retry:
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	handle = ext4_journal_start(inode, EXT4_DATA_TRANS_BLOCKS(inode->i_sb));
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	if (IS_ERR(handle)) {
		error = PTR_ERR(handle);
	} else {
		int error2;

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		error = ext4_xattr_set_handle(handle, inode, name_index, name,
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		error2 = ext4_journal_stop(handle);
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		    ext4_should_retry_alloc(inode->i_sb, &retries))
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			goto retry;
		if (error == 0)
			error = error2;
	}

	return error;
}

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/*
 * Shift the EA entries in the inode to create space for the increased
 * i_extra_isize.
 */
static void ext4_xattr_shift_entries(struct ext4_xattr_entry *entry,
				     int value_offs_shift, void *to,
				     void *from, size_t n, int blocksize)
{
	struct ext4_xattr_entry *last = entry;
	int new_offs;

	/* Adjust the value offsets of the entries */
	for (; !IS_LAST_ENTRY(last); last = EXT4_XATTR_NEXT(last)) {
		if (!last->e_value_block && last->e_value_size) {
			new_offs = le16_to_cpu(last->e_value_offs) +
							value_offs_shift;
			BUG_ON(new_offs + le32_to_cpu(last->e_value_size)
				 > blocksize);
			last->e_value_offs = cpu_to_le16(new_offs);
		}
	}
	/* Shift the entries by n bytes */
	memmove(to, from, n);
}

/*
 * Expand an inode by new_extra_isize bytes when EAs are present.
 * Returns 0 on success or negative error number on failure.
 */
int ext4_expand_extra_isize_ea(struct inode *inode, int new_extra_isize,
			       struct ext4_inode *raw_inode, handle_t *handle)
{
	struct ext4_xattr_ibody_header *header;
	struct ext4_xattr_entry *entry, *last, *first;
	struct buffer_head *bh = NULL;
	struct ext4_xattr_ibody_find *is = NULL;
	struct ext4_xattr_block_find *bs = NULL;
	char *buffer = NULL, *b_entry_name = NULL;
	size_t min_offs, free;
	int total_ino, total_blk;
	void *base, *start, *end;
	int extra_isize = 0, error = 0, tried_min_extra_isize = 0;
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	int s_min_extra_isize = le16_to_cpu(EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb)->s_es->s_min_extra_isize);
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	down_write(&EXT4_I(inode)->xattr_sem);
retry:
	if (EXT4_I(inode)->i_extra_isize >= new_extra_isize) {
		up_write(&EXT4_I(inode)->xattr_sem);
		return 0;
	}

	header = IHDR(inode, raw_inode);
	entry = IFIRST(header);

	/*
	 * Check if enough free space is available in the inode to shift the
	 * entries ahead by new_extra_isize.
	 */

	base = start = entry;
	end = (void *)raw_inode + EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb)->s_inode_size;
	min_offs = end - base;
	last = entry;
	total_ino = sizeof(struct ext4_xattr_ibody_header);

	free = ext4_xattr_free_space(last, &min_offs, base, &total_ino);
	if (free >= new_extra_isize) {
		entry = IFIRST(header);
		ext4_xattr_shift_entries(entry,	EXT4_I(inode)->i_extra_isize
				- new_extra_isize, (void *)raw_inode +
				EXT4_GOOD_OLD_INODE_SIZE + new_extra_isize,
				(void *)header, total_ino,
				inode->i_sb->s_blocksize);
		EXT4_I(inode)->i_extra_isize = new_extra_isize;
		error = 0;
		goto cleanup;
	}

	/*
	 * Enough free space isn't available in the inode, check if
	 * EA block can hold new_extra_isize bytes.
	 */
	if (EXT4_I(inode)->i_file_acl) {
		bh = sb_bread(inode->i_sb, EXT4_I(inode)->i_file_acl);
		error = -EIO;
		if (!bh)
			goto cleanup;
		if (ext4_xattr_check_block(bh)) {
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			ext4_error(inode->i_sb, __func__,
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				"inode %lu: bad block %llu", inode->i_ino,
				EXT4_I(inode)->i_file_acl);
			error = -EIO;
			goto cleanup;
		}
		base = BHDR(bh);
		first = BFIRST(bh);
		end = bh->b_data + bh->b_size;
		min_offs = end - base;
		free = ext4_xattr_free_space(first, &min_offs, base,
					     &total_blk);
		if (free < new_extra_isize) {
			if (!tried_min_extra_isize && s_min_extra_isize) {
				tried_min_extra_isize++;
				new_extra_isize = s_min_extra_isize;
				brelse(bh);
				goto retry;
			}
			error = -1;
			goto cleanup;
		}
	} else {
		free = inode->i_sb->s_blocksize;
	}

	while (new_extra_isize > 0) {
		size_t offs, size, entry_size;
		struct ext4_xattr_entry *small_entry = NULL;
		struct ext4_xattr_info i = {
			.value = NULL,
			.value_len = 0,
		};
		unsigned int total_size;  /* EA entry size + value size */
		unsigned int shift_bytes; /* No. of bytes to shift EAs by? */
		unsigned int min_total_size = ~0U;

		is = kzalloc(sizeof(struct ext4_xattr_ibody_find), GFP_NOFS);
		bs = kzalloc(sizeof(struct ext4_xattr_block_find), GFP_NOFS);
		if (!is || !bs) {
			error = -ENOMEM;
			goto cleanup;
		}

		is->s.not_found = -ENODATA;
		bs->s.not_found = -ENODATA;
		is->iloc.bh = NULL;
		bs->bh = NULL;

		last = IFIRST(header);
		/* Find the entry best suited to be pushed into EA block */
		entry = NULL;
		for (; !IS_LAST_ENTRY(last); last = EXT4_XATTR_NEXT(last)) {
			total_size =
			EXT4_XATTR_SIZE(le32_to_cpu(last->e_value_size)) +
					EXT4_XATTR_LEN(last->e_name_len);
			if (total_size <= free && total_size < min_total_size) {
				if (total_size < new_extra_isize) {
					small_entry = last;
				} else {
					entry = last;
					min_total_size = total_size;
				}
			}
		}

		if (entry == NULL) {
			if (small_entry) {
				entry = small_entry;
			} else {
				if (!tried_min_extra_isize &&
				    s_min_extra_isize) {
					tried_min_extra_isize++;
					new_extra_isize = s_min_extra_isize;
					goto retry;
				}
				error = -1;
				goto cleanup;
			}
		}
		offs = le16_to_cpu(entry->e_value_offs);
		size = le32_to_cpu(entry->e_value_size);
		entry_size = EXT4_XATTR_LEN(entry->e_name_len);
		i.name_index = entry->e_name_index,
		buffer = kmalloc(EXT4_XATTR_SIZE(size), GFP_NOFS);
		b_entry_name = kmalloc(entry->e_name_len + 1, GFP_NOFS);
		if (!buffer || !b_entry_name) {
			error = -ENOMEM;
			goto cleanup;
		}
		/* Save the entry name and the entry value */
		memcpy(buffer, (void *)IFIRST(header) + offs,
		       EXT4_XATTR_SIZE(size));
		memcpy(b_entry_name, entry->e_name, entry->e_name_len);
		b_entry_name[entry->e_name_len] = '\0';
		i.name = b_entry_name;

		error = ext4_get_inode_loc(inode, &is->iloc);
		if (error)
			goto cleanup;

		error = ext4_xattr_ibody_find(inode, &i, is);
		if (error)
			goto cleanup;

		/* Remove the chosen entry from the inode */
		error = ext4_xattr_ibody_set(handle, inode, &i, is);

		entry = IFIRST(header);
		if (entry_size + EXT4_XATTR_SIZE(size) >= new_extra_isize)
			shift_bytes = new_extra_isize;
		else
			shift_bytes = entry_size + size;
		/* Adjust the offsets and shift the remaining entries ahead */
		ext4_xattr_shift_entries(entry, EXT4_I(inode)->i_extra_isize -
			shift_bytes, (void *)raw_inode +
			EXT4_GOOD_OLD_INODE_SIZE + extra_isize + shift_bytes,
			(void *)header, total_ino - entry_size,
			inode->i_sb->s_blocksize);

		extra_isize += shift_bytes;
		new_extra_isize -= shift_bytes;
		EXT4_I(inode)->i_extra_isize = extra_isize;

		i.name = b_entry_name;
		i.value = buffer;
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		i.value_len = size;
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