trace.c 152 KB
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/*
 * ring buffer based function tracer
 *
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 * Copyright (C) 2007-2012 Steven Rostedt <srostedt@redhat.com>
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 * Copyright (C) 2008 Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com>
 *
 * Originally taken from the RT patch by:
 *    Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo <acme@redhat.com>
 *
 * Based on code from the latency_tracer, that is:
 *  Copyright (C) 2004-2006 Ingo Molnar
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 *  Copyright (C) 2004 Nadia Yvette Chambers
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 */
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#include <linux/ring_buffer.h>
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#include <generated/utsrelease.h>
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#include <linux/stacktrace.h>
#include <linux/writeback.h>
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#include <linux/kallsyms.h>
#include <linux/seq_file.h>
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#include <linux/notifier.h>
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#include <linux/irqflags.h>
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#include <linux/debugfs.h>
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#include <linux/pagemap.h>
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#include <linux/hardirq.h>
#include <linux/linkage.h>
#include <linux/uaccess.h>
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#include <linux/kprobes.h>
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#include <linux/ftrace.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/percpu.h>
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#include <linux/splice.h>
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#include <linux/kdebug.h>
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#include <linux/string.h>
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#include <linux/rwsem.h>
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#include <linux/slab.h>
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#include <linux/ctype.h>
#include <linux/init.h>
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#include <linux/poll.h>
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#include <linux/nmi.h>
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#include <linux/fs.h>
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#include <linux/sched/rt.h>
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#include "trace.h"
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#include "trace_output.h"
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/*
 * On boot up, the ring buffer is set to the minimum size, so that
 * we do not waste memory on systems that are not using tracing.
 */
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bool ring_buffer_expanded;
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/*
 * We need to change this state when a selftest is running.
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 * A selftest will lurk into the ring-buffer to count the
 * entries inserted during the selftest although some concurrent
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 * insertions into the ring-buffer such as trace_printk could occurred
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 * at the same time, giving false positive or negative results.
 */
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static bool __read_mostly tracing_selftest_running;
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/*
 * If a tracer is running, we do not want to run SELFTEST.
 */
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bool __read_mostly tracing_selftest_disabled;
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/* For tracers that don't implement custom flags */
static struct tracer_opt dummy_tracer_opt[] = {
	{ }
};

static struct tracer_flags dummy_tracer_flags = {
	.val = 0,
	.opts = dummy_tracer_opt
};

static int dummy_set_flag(u32 old_flags, u32 bit, int set)
{
	return 0;
}
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/*
 * To prevent the comm cache from being overwritten when no
 * tracing is active, only save the comm when a trace event
 * occurred.
 */
static DEFINE_PER_CPU(bool, trace_cmdline_save);

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/*
 * Kill all tracing for good (never come back).
 * It is initialized to 1 but will turn to zero if the initialization
 * of the tracer is successful. But that is the only place that sets
 * this back to zero.
 */
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static int tracing_disabled = 1;
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DEFINE_PER_CPU(int, ftrace_cpu_disabled);
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cpumask_var_t __read_mostly	tracing_buffer_mask;
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/*
 * ftrace_dump_on_oops - variable to dump ftrace buffer on oops
 *
 * If there is an oops (or kernel panic) and the ftrace_dump_on_oops
 * is set, then ftrace_dump is called. This will output the contents
 * of the ftrace buffers to the console.  This is very useful for
 * capturing traces that lead to crashes and outputing it to a
 * serial console.
 *
 * It is default off, but you can enable it with either specifying
 * "ftrace_dump_on_oops" in the kernel command line, or setting
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 * /proc/sys/kernel/ftrace_dump_on_oops
 * Set 1 if you want to dump buffers of all CPUs
 * Set 2 if you want to dump the buffer of the CPU that triggered oops
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 */
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enum ftrace_dump_mode ftrace_dump_on_oops;
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/* When set, tracing will stop when a WARN*() is hit */
int __disable_trace_on_warning;

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static int tracing_set_tracer(const char *buf);

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#define MAX_TRACER_SIZE		100
static char bootup_tracer_buf[MAX_TRACER_SIZE] __initdata;
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static char *default_bootup_tracer;
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static bool allocate_snapshot;

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static int __init set_cmdline_ftrace(char *str)
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{
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	strlcpy(bootup_tracer_buf, str, MAX_TRACER_SIZE);
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	default_bootup_tracer = bootup_tracer_buf;
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	/* We are using ftrace early, expand it */
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	ring_buffer_expanded = true;
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	return 1;
}
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__setup("ftrace=", set_cmdline_ftrace);
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static int __init set_ftrace_dump_on_oops(char *str)
{
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	if (*str++ != '=' || !*str) {
		ftrace_dump_on_oops = DUMP_ALL;
		return 1;
	}

	if (!strcmp("orig_cpu", str)) {
		ftrace_dump_on_oops = DUMP_ORIG;
                return 1;
        }

        return 0;
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}
__setup("ftrace_dump_on_oops", set_ftrace_dump_on_oops);
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static int __init stop_trace_on_warning(char *str)
{
	__disable_trace_on_warning = 1;
	return 1;
}
__setup("traceoff_on_warning=", stop_trace_on_warning);

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static int __init boot_alloc_snapshot(char *str)
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{
	allocate_snapshot = true;
	/* We also need the main ring buffer expanded */
	ring_buffer_expanded = true;
	return 1;
}
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__setup("alloc_snapshot", boot_alloc_snapshot);
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static char trace_boot_options_buf[MAX_TRACER_SIZE] __initdata;
static char *trace_boot_options __initdata;

static int __init set_trace_boot_options(char *str)
{
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	strlcpy(trace_boot_options_buf, str, MAX_TRACER_SIZE);
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	trace_boot_options = trace_boot_options_buf;
	return 0;
}
__setup("trace_options=", set_trace_boot_options);

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unsigned long long ns2usecs(cycle_t nsec)
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{
	nsec += 500;
	do_div(nsec, 1000);
	return nsec;
}

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/*
 * The global_trace is the descriptor that holds the tracing
 * buffers for the live tracing. For each CPU, it contains
 * a link list of pages that will store trace entries. The
 * page descriptor of the pages in the memory is used to hold
 * the link list by linking the lru item in the page descriptor
 * to each of the pages in the buffer per CPU.
 *
 * For each active CPU there is a data field that holds the
 * pages for the buffer for that CPU. Each CPU has the same number
 * of pages allocated for its buffer.
 */
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static struct trace_array	global_trace;

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LIST_HEAD(ftrace_trace_arrays);
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int trace_array_get(struct trace_array *this_tr)
{
	struct trace_array *tr;
	int ret = -ENODEV;

	mutex_lock(&trace_types_lock);
	list_for_each_entry(tr, &ftrace_trace_arrays, list) {
		if (tr == this_tr) {
			tr->ref++;
			ret = 0;
			break;
		}
	}
	mutex_unlock(&trace_types_lock);

	return ret;
}

static void __trace_array_put(struct trace_array *this_tr)
{
	WARN_ON(!this_tr->ref);
	this_tr->ref--;
}

void trace_array_put(struct trace_array *this_tr)
{
	mutex_lock(&trace_types_lock);
	__trace_array_put(this_tr);
	mutex_unlock(&trace_types_lock);
}

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int filter_current_check_discard(struct ring_buffer *buffer,
				 struct ftrace_event_call *call, void *rec,
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				 struct ring_buffer_event *event)
{
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	return filter_check_discard(call, rec, buffer, event);
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}
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EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(filter_current_check_discard);
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cycle_t ftrace_now(int cpu)
{
	u64 ts;

	/* Early boot up does not have a buffer yet */
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	if (!global_trace.trace_buffer.buffer)
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		return trace_clock_local();

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	ts = ring_buffer_time_stamp(global_trace.trace_buffer.buffer, cpu);
	ring_buffer_normalize_time_stamp(global_trace.trace_buffer.buffer, cpu, &ts);
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	return ts;
}
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/**
 * tracing_is_enabled - Show if global_trace has been disabled
 *
 * Shows if the global trace has been enabled or not. It uses the
 * mirror flag "buffer_disabled" to be used in fast paths such as for
 * the irqsoff tracer. But it may be inaccurate due to races. If you
 * need to know the accurate state, use tracing_is_on() which is a little
 * slower, but accurate.
 */
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int tracing_is_enabled(void)
{
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	/*
	 * For quick access (irqsoff uses this in fast path), just
	 * return the mirror variable of the state of the ring buffer.
	 * It's a little racy, but we don't really care.
	 */
	smp_rmb();
	return !global_trace.buffer_disabled;
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}

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/*
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 * trace_buf_size is the size in bytes that is allocated
 * for a buffer. Note, the number of bytes is always rounded
 * to page size.
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 *
 * This number is purposely set to a low number of 16384.
 * If the dump on oops happens, it will be much appreciated
 * to not have to wait for all that output. Anyway this can be
 * boot time and run time configurable.
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 */
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#define TRACE_BUF_SIZE_DEFAULT	1441792UL /* 16384 * 88 (sizeof(entry)) */
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static unsigned long		trace_buf_size = TRACE_BUF_SIZE_DEFAULT;
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/* trace_types holds a link list of available tracers. */
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static struct tracer		*trace_types __read_mostly;
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/*
 * trace_types_lock is used to protect the trace_types list.
 */
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DEFINE_MUTEX(trace_types_lock);
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/*
 * serialize the access of the ring buffer
 *
 * ring buffer serializes readers, but it is low level protection.
 * The validity of the events (which returns by ring_buffer_peek() ..etc)
 * are not protected by ring buffer.
 *
 * The content of events may become garbage if we allow other process consumes
 * these events concurrently:
 *   A) the page of the consumed events may become a normal page
 *      (not reader page) in ring buffer, and this page will be rewrited
 *      by events producer.
 *   B) The page of the consumed events may become a page for splice_read,
 *      and this page will be returned to system.
 *
 * These primitives allow multi process access to different cpu ring buffer
 * concurrently.
 *
 * These primitives don't distinguish read-only and read-consume access.
 * Multi read-only access are also serialized.
 */

#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
static DECLARE_RWSEM(all_cpu_access_lock);
static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct mutex, cpu_access_lock);

static inline void trace_access_lock(int cpu)
{
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	if (cpu == RING_BUFFER_ALL_CPUS) {
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		/* gain it for accessing the whole ring buffer. */
		down_write(&all_cpu_access_lock);
	} else {
		/* gain it for accessing a cpu ring buffer. */

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		/* Firstly block other trace_access_lock(RING_BUFFER_ALL_CPUS). */
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		down_read(&all_cpu_access_lock);

		/* Secondly block other access to this @cpu ring buffer. */
		mutex_lock(&per_cpu(cpu_access_lock, cpu));
	}
}

static inline void trace_access_unlock(int cpu)
{
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	if (cpu == RING_BUFFER_ALL_CPUS) {
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		up_write(&all_cpu_access_lock);
	} else {
		mutex_unlock(&per_cpu(cpu_access_lock, cpu));
		up_read(&all_cpu_access_lock);
	}
}

static inline void trace_access_lock_init(void)
{
	int cpu;

	for_each_possible_cpu(cpu)
		mutex_init(&per_cpu(cpu_access_lock, cpu));
}

#else

static DEFINE_MUTEX(access_lock);

static inline void trace_access_lock(int cpu)
{
	(void)cpu;
	mutex_lock(&access_lock);
}

static inline void trace_access_unlock(int cpu)
{
	(void)cpu;
	mutex_unlock(&access_lock);
}

static inline void trace_access_lock_init(void)
{
}

#endif

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/* trace_flags holds trace_options default values */
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unsigned long trace_flags = TRACE_ITER_PRINT_PARENT | TRACE_ITER_PRINTK |
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	TRACE_ITER_ANNOTATE | TRACE_ITER_CONTEXT_INFO | TRACE_ITER_SLEEP_TIME |
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	TRACE_ITER_GRAPH_TIME | TRACE_ITER_RECORD_CMD | TRACE_ITER_OVERWRITE |
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	TRACE_ITER_IRQ_INFO | TRACE_ITER_MARKERS | TRACE_ITER_FUNCTION;
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static void tracer_tracing_on(struct trace_array *tr)
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{
	if (tr->trace_buffer.buffer)
		ring_buffer_record_on(tr->trace_buffer.buffer);
	/*
	 * This flag is looked at when buffers haven't been allocated
	 * yet, or by some tracers (like irqsoff), that just want to
	 * know if the ring buffer has been disabled, but it can handle
	 * races of where it gets disabled but we still do a record.
	 * As the check is in the fast path of the tracers, it is more
	 * important to be fast than accurate.
	 */
	tr->buffer_disabled = 0;
	/* Make the flag seen by readers */
	smp_wmb();
}

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/**
 * tracing_on - enable tracing buffers
 *
 * This function enables tracing buffers that may have been
 * disabled with tracing_off.
 */
void tracing_on(void)
{
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	tracer_tracing_on(&global_trace);
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}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(tracing_on);

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/**
 * __trace_puts - write a constant string into the trace buffer.
 * @ip:	   The address of the caller
 * @str:   The constant string to write
 * @size:  The size of the string.
 */
int __trace_puts(unsigned long ip, const char *str, int size)
{
	struct ring_buffer_event *event;
	struct ring_buffer *buffer;
	struct print_entry *entry;
	unsigned long irq_flags;
	int alloc;

	alloc = sizeof(*entry) + size + 2; /* possible \n added */

	local_save_flags(irq_flags);
	buffer = global_trace.trace_buffer.buffer;
	event = trace_buffer_lock_reserve(buffer, TRACE_PRINT, alloc, 
					  irq_flags, preempt_count());
	if (!event)
		return 0;

	entry = ring_buffer_event_data(event);
	entry->ip = ip;

	memcpy(&entry->buf, str, size);

	/* Add a newline if necessary */
	if (entry->buf[size - 1] != '\n') {
		entry->buf[size] = '\n';
		entry->buf[size + 1] = '\0';
	} else
		entry->buf[size] = '\0';

	__buffer_unlock_commit(buffer, event);

	return size;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(__trace_puts);

/**
 * __trace_bputs - write the pointer to a constant string into trace buffer
 * @ip:	   The address of the caller
 * @str:   The constant string to write to the buffer to
 */
int __trace_bputs(unsigned long ip, const char *str)
{
	struct ring_buffer_event *event;
	struct ring_buffer *buffer;
	struct bputs_entry *entry;
	unsigned long irq_flags;
	int size = sizeof(struct bputs_entry);

	local_save_flags(irq_flags);
	buffer = global_trace.trace_buffer.buffer;
	event = trace_buffer_lock_reserve(buffer, TRACE_BPUTS, size,
					  irq_flags, preempt_count());
	if (!event)
		return 0;

	entry = ring_buffer_event_data(event);
	entry->ip			= ip;
	entry->str			= str;

	__buffer_unlock_commit(buffer, event);

	return 1;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(__trace_bputs);

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#ifdef CONFIG_TRACER_SNAPSHOT
/**
 * trace_snapshot - take a snapshot of the current buffer.
 *
 * This causes a swap between the snapshot buffer and the current live
 * tracing buffer. You can use this to take snapshots of the live
 * trace when some condition is triggered, but continue to trace.
 *
 * Note, make sure to allocate the snapshot with either
 * a tracing_snapshot_alloc(), or by doing it manually
 * with: echo 1 > /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/snapshot
 *
 * If the snapshot buffer is not allocated, it will stop tracing.
 * Basically making a permanent snapshot.
 */
void tracing_snapshot(void)
{
	struct trace_array *tr = &global_trace;
	struct tracer *tracer = tr->current_trace;
	unsigned long flags;

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	if (in_nmi()) {
		internal_trace_puts("*** SNAPSHOT CALLED FROM NMI CONTEXT ***\n");
		internal_trace_puts("*** snapshot is being ignored        ***\n");
		return;
	}

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	if (!tr->allocated_snapshot) {
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		internal_trace_puts("*** SNAPSHOT NOT ALLOCATED ***\n");
		internal_trace_puts("*** stopping trace here!   ***\n");
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		tracing_off();
		return;
	}

	/* Note, snapshot can not be used when the tracer uses it */
	if (tracer->use_max_tr) {
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		internal_trace_puts("*** LATENCY TRACER ACTIVE ***\n");
		internal_trace_puts("*** Can not use snapshot (sorry) ***\n");
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		return;
	}

	local_irq_save(flags);
	update_max_tr(tr, current, smp_processor_id());
	local_irq_restore(flags);
}
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EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(tracing_snapshot);
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static int resize_buffer_duplicate_size(struct trace_buffer *trace_buf,
					struct trace_buffer *size_buf, int cpu_id);
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static void set_buffer_entries(struct trace_buffer *buf, unsigned long val);

static int alloc_snapshot(struct trace_array *tr)
{
	int ret;

	if (!tr->allocated_snapshot) {

		/* allocate spare buffer */
		ret = resize_buffer_duplicate_size(&tr->max_buffer,
				   &tr->trace_buffer, RING_BUFFER_ALL_CPUS);
		if (ret < 0)
			return ret;

		tr->allocated_snapshot = true;
	}

	return 0;
}

void free_snapshot(struct trace_array *tr)
{
	/*
	 * We don't free the ring buffer. instead, resize it because
	 * The max_tr ring buffer has some state (e.g. ring->clock) and
	 * we want preserve it.
	 */
	ring_buffer_resize(tr->max_buffer.buffer, 1, RING_BUFFER_ALL_CPUS);
	set_buffer_entries(&tr->max_buffer, 1);
	tracing_reset_online_cpus(&tr->max_buffer);
	tr->allocated_snapshot = false;
}
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/**
 * trace_snapshot_alloc - allocate and take a snapshot of the current buffer.
 *
 * This is similar to trace_snapshot(), but it will allocate the
 * snapshot buffer if it isn't already allocated. Use this only
 * where it is safe to sleep, as the allocation may sleep.
 *
 * This causes a swap between the snapshot buffer and the current live
 * tracing buffer. You can use this to take snapshots of the live
 * trace when some condition is triggered, but continue to trace.
 */
void tracing_snapshot_alloc(void)
{
	struct trace_array *tr = &global_trace;
	int ret;

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	ret = alloc_snapshot(tr);
	if (WARN_ON(ret < 0))
		return;
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	tracing_snapshot();
}
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EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(tracing_snapshot_alloc);
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#else
void tracing_snapshot(void)
{
	WARN_ONCE(1, "Snapshot feature not enabled, but internal snapshot used");
}
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EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(tracing_snapshot);
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void tracing_snapshot_alloc(void)
{
	/* Give warning */
	tracing_snapshot();
}
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EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(tracing_snapshot_alloc);
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#endif /* CONFIG_TRACER_SNAPSHOT */

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static void tracer_tracing_off(struct trace_array *tr)
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{
	if (tr->trace_buffer.buffer)
		ring_buffer_record_off(tr->trace_buffer.buffer);
	/*
	 * This flag is looked at when buffers haven't been allocated
	 * yet, or by some tracers (like irqsoff), that just want to
	 * know if the ring buffer has been disabled, but it can handle
	 * races of where it gets disabled but we still do a record.
	 * As the check is in the fast path of the tracers, it is more
	 * important to be fast than accurate.
	 */
	tr->buffer_disabled = 1;
	/* Make the flag seen by readers */
	smp_wmb();
}

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/**
 * tracing_off - turn off tracing buffers
 *
 * This function stops the tracing buffers from recording data.
 * It does not disable any overhead the tracers themselves may
 * be causing. This function simply causes all recording to
 * the ring buffers to fail.
 */
void tracing_off(void)
{
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	tracer_tracing_off(&global_trace);
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}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(tracing_off);

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void disable_trace_on_warning(void)
{
	if (__disable_trace_on_warning)
		tracing_off();
}

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/**
 * tracer_tracing_is_on - show real state of ring buffer enabled
 * @tr : the trace array to know if ring buffer is enabled
 *
 * Shows real state of the ring buffer if it is enabled or not.
 */
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static int tracer_tracing_is_on(struct trace_array *tr)
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{
	if (tr->trace_buffer.buffer)
		return ring_buffer_record_is_on(tr->trace_buffer.buffer);
	return !tr->buffer_disabled;
}

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/**
 * tracing_is_on - show state of ring buffers enabled
 */
int tracing_is_on(void)
{
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	return tracer_tracing_is_on(&global_trace);
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}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(tracing_is_on);

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static int __init set_buf_size(char *str)
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{
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	unsigned long buf_size;
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	if (!str)
		return 0;
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	buf_size = memparse(str, &str);
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	/* nr_entries can not be zero */
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	if (buf_size == 0)
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		return 0;
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	trace_buf_size = buf_size;
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	return 1;
}
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__setup("trace_buf_size=", set_buf_size);
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static int __init set_tracing_thresh(char *str)
{
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	unsigned long threshold;
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	int ret;

	if (!str)
		return 0;
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	ret = kstrtoul(str, 0, &threshold);
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	if (ret < 0)
		return 0;
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	tracing_thresh = threshold * 1000;
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	return 1;
}
__setup("tracing_thresh=", set_tracing_thresh);

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unsigned long nsecs_to_usecs(unsigned long nsecs)
{
	return nsecs / 1000;
}

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/* These must match the bit postions in trace_iterator_flags */
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static const char *trace_options[] = {
	"print-parent",
	"sym-offset",
	"sym-addr",
	"verbose",
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	"raw",
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	"hex",
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	"bin",
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	"block",
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	"stacktrace",
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	"trace_printk",
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	"ftrace_preempt",
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	"branch",
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	"annotate",
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	"userstacktrace",
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	"sym-userobj",
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	"printk-msg-only",
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	"context-info",
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	"latency-format",
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	"sleep-time",
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	"graph-time",
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	"record-cmd",
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	"overwrite",
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	"disable_on_free",
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	"irq-info",
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	"markers",
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	"function-trace",
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	NULL
};

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static struct {
	u64 (*func)(void);
	const char *name;
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	int in_ns;		/* is this clock in nanoseconds? */
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} trace_clocks[] = {
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	{ trace_clock_local,	"local",	1 },
	{ trace_clock_global,	"global",	1 },
	{ trace_clock_counter,	"counter",	0 },
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	{ trace_clock_jiffies,	"uptime",	1 },
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	{ trace_clock,		"perf",		1 },
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	ARCH_TRACE_CLOCKS
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};

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/*
 * trace_parser_get_init - gets the buffer for trace parser
 */
int trace_parser_get_init(struct trace_parser *parser, int size)
{
	memset(parser, 0, sizeof(*parser));

	parser->buffer = kmalloc(size, GFP_KERNEL);
	if (!parser->buffer)
		return 1;

	parser->size = size;
	return 0;
}

/*
 * trace_parser_put - frees the buffer for trace parser
 */
void trace_parser_put(struct trace_parser *parser)
{
	kfree(parser->buffer);
}

/*
 * trace_get_user - reads the user input string separated by  space
 * (matched by isspace(ch))
 *
 * For each string found the 'struct trace_parser' is updated,
 * and the function returns.
 *
 * Returns number of bytes read.
 *
 * See kernel/trace/trace.h for 'struct trace_parser' details.
 */
int trace_get_user(struct trace_parser *parser, const char __user *ubuf,
	size_t cnt, loff_t *ppos)
{
	char ch;
	size_t read = 0;
	ssize_t ret;

	if (!*ppos)
		trace_parser_clear(parser);

	ret = get_user(ch, ubuf++);
	if (ret)
		goto out;

	read++;
	cnt--;

	/*
	 * The parser is not finished with the last write,
	 * continue reading the user input without skipping spaces.
	 */
	if (!parser->cont) {
		/* skip white space */
		while (cnt && isspace(ch)) {
			ret = get_user(ch, ubuf++);
			if (ret)
				goto out;
			read++;
			cnt--;
		}

		/* only spaces were written */
		if (isspace(ch)) {
			*ppos += read;
			ret = read;
			goto out;
		}

		parser->idx = 0;
	}

	/* read the non-space input */
	while (cnt && !isspace(ch)) {
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		if (parser->idx < parser->size - 1)
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			parser->buffer[parser->idx++] = ch;
		else {
			ret = -EINVAL;
			goto out;
		}
		ret = get_user(ch, ubuf++);
		if (ret)
			goto out;
		read++;
		cnt--;
	}

	/* We either got finished input or we have to wait for another call. */
	if (isspace(ch)) {
		parser->buffer[parser->idx] = 0;
		parser->cont = false;
	} else {
		parser->cont = true;
		parser->buffer[parser->idx++] = ch;
	}

	*ppos += read;
	ret = read;

out:
	return ret;
}

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ssize_t trace_seq_to_user(struct trace_seq *s, char __user *ubuf, size_t cnt)
{
	int len;
	int ret;

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	if (!cnt)
		return 0;

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	if (s->len <= s->readpos)
		return -EBUSY;

	len = s->len - s->readpos;
	if (cnt > len)
		cnt = len;
	ret = copy_to_user(ubuf, s->buffer + s->readpos, cnt);
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	if (ret == cnt)
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		return -EFAULT;

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	cnt -= ret;

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	s->readpos += cnt;
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	return cnt;
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}

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static ssize_t trace_seq_to_buffer(struct trace_seq *s, void *buf, size_t cnt)
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{
	int len;

	if (s->len <= s->readpos)
		return -EBUSY;

	len = s->len - s->readpos;
	if (cnt > len)
		cnt = len;
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	memcpy(buf, s->buffer + s->readpos, cnt);
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	s->readpos += cnt;
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	return cnt;
}

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/*
 * ftrace_max_lock is used to protect the swapping of buffers
 * when taking a max snapshot. The buffers themselves are
 * protected by per_cpu spinlocks. But the action of the swap
 * needs its own lock.
 *
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 * This is defined as a arch_spinlock_t in order to help
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 * with performance when lockdep debugging is enabled.
 *
 * It is also used in other places outside the update_max_tr
 * so it needs to be defined outside of the
 * CONFIG_TRACER_MAX_TRACE.
 */
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static arch_spinlock_t ftrace_max_lock =
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	(arch_spinlock_t)__ARCH_SPIN_LOCK_UNLOCKED;
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unsigned long __read_mostly	tracing_thresh;

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#ifdef CONFIG_TRACER_MAX_TRACE
unsigned long __read_mostly	tracing_max_latency;

/*
 * Copy the new maximum trace into the separate maximum-trace
 * structure. (this way the maximum trace is permanently saved,
 * for later retrieval via /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/latency_trace)
 */
static void
__update_max_tr(struct trace_array *tr, struct task_struct *tsk, int cpu)
{
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	struct trace_buffer *trace_buf = &tr->trace_buffer;
	struct trace_buffer *max_buf = &tr->max_buffer;
	struct trace_array_cpu *data = per_cpu_ptr(trace_buf->data, cpu);
	struct trace_array_cpu *max_data = per_cpu_ptr(max_buf->data, cpu);
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	max_buf->cpu = cpu;
	max_buf->time_start = data->preempt_timestamp;
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	max_data->saved_latency = tracing_max_latency;
	max_data->critical_start = data->critical_start;
	max_data->critical_end = data->critical_end;
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	memcpy(max_data->comm, tsk->comm, TASK_COMM_LEN);
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	max_data->pid = tsk->pid;
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	/*
	 * If tsk == current, then use current_uid(), as that does not use
	 * RCU. The irq tracer can be called out of RCU scope.
	 */
	if (tsk == current)
		max_data->uid = current_uid();
	else
		max_data->uid = task_uid(tsk);

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	max_data->nice = tsk->static_prio - 20 - MAX_RT_PRIO;
	max_data->policy = tsk->policy;
	max_data->rt_priority = tsk->rt_priority;
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	/* record this tasks comm */
	tracing_record_cmdline(tsk);
}

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/**
 * update_max_tr - snapshot all trace buffers from global_trace to max_tr
 * @tr: tracer
 * @tsk: the task with the latency
 * @cpu: The cpu that initiated the trace.
 *
 * Flip the buffers between the @tr and the max_tr and record information
 * about which task was the cause of this latency.
 */
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void
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update_max_tr(struct trace_array *tr, struct task_struct *tsk, int cpu)
{
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	struct ring_buffer *buf;
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	if (tr->stop_count)
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		return;

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	WARN_ON_ONCE(!irqs_disabled());
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	if (!tr->allocated_snapshot) {
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		/* Only the nop tracer should hit this when disabling */
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		WARN_ON_ONCE(tr->current_trace != &nop_trace);
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		return;
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	}
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	arch_spin_lock(&ftrace_max_lock);
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	buf = tr->trace_buffer.buffer;
	tr->trace_buffer.buffer = tr->max_buffer.buffer;
	tr->max_buffer.buffer = buf;
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	__update_max_tr(tr, tsk, cpu);
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	arch_spin_unlock(&ftrace_max_lock);
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}

/**
 * update_max_tr_single - only copy one trace over, and reset the rest
 * @tr - tracer
 * @tsk - task with the latency
 * @cpu - the cpu of the buffer to copy.
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 *
 * Flip the trace of a single CPU buffer between the @tr and the max_tr.
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 */
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void
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update_max_tr_single(struct trace_array *tr, struct task_struct *tsk, int cpu)
{
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	int ret;
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	if (tr->stop_count)
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		return;

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	WARN_ON_ONCE(!irqs_disabled());
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	if (!tr->allocated_snapshot) {
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		/* Only the nop tracer should hit this when disabling */
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		WARN_ON_ONCE(tr->current_trace != &nop_trace);
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		return;
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	}
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	arch_spin_lock(&ftrace_max_lock);
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	ret = ring_buffer_swap_cpu(tr->max_buffer.buffer, tr->trace_buffer.buffer, cpu);
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	if (ret == -EBUSY) {
		/*
		 * We failed to swap the buffer due to a commit taking
		 * place on this CPU. We fail to record, but we reset
		 * the max trace buffer (no one writes directly to it)
		 * and flag that it failed.
		 */
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		trace_array_printk_buf(tr->max_buffer.buffer, _THIS_IP_,
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			"Failed to swap buffers due to commit in progress\n");
	}

	WARN_ON_ONCE(ret && ret != -EAGAIN && ret != -EBUSY);
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	__update_max_tr(tr, tsk, cpu);
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	arch_spin_unlock(&ftrace_max_lock);
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}
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#endif /* CONFIG_TRACER_MAX_TRACE */
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static void default_wait_pipe(struct trace_iterator *iter)
{
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	/* Iterators are static, they should be filled or empty */
	if (trace_buffer_iter(iter, iter->cpu_file))
		return;
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	ring_buffer_wait(iter->trace_buffer->buffer, iter->cpu_file);
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}

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#ifdef CONFIG_FTRACE_STARTUP_TEST
static int run_tracer_selftest(struct tracer *type)
{
	struct trace_array *tr = &global_trace;
	struct tracer *saved_tracer = tr->current_trace;
	int ret;
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	if (!type->selftest || tracing_selftest_disabled)
		return 0;
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	/*
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	 * Run a selftest on this tracer.
	 * Here we reset the trace buffer, and set the current
	 * tracer to be this tracer. The tracer can then run some
	 * internal tracing to verify that everything is in order.
	 * If we fail, we do not register this tracer.
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	 */
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	tracing_reset_online_cpus(&tr->trace_buffer);
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	tr->current_trace = type;

#ifdef CONFIG_TRACER_MAX_TRACE
	if (type->use_max_tr) {
		/* If we expanded the buffers, make sure the max is expanded too */
		if (ring_buffer_expanded)
			ring_buffer_resize(tr->max_buffer.buffer, trace_buf_size,
					   RING_BUFFER_ALL_CPUS);
		tr->allocated_snapshot = true;
	}
#endif

	/* the test is responsible for initializing and enabling */
	pr_info("Testing tracer %s: ", type->name);
	ret = type->selftest(type, tr);
	/* the test is responsible for resetting too */
	tr->current_trace = saved_tracer;
	if (ret) {
		printk(KERN_CONT "FAILED!\n");
		/* Add the warning after printing 'FAILED' */
		WARN_ON(1);
		return -1;
	}
	/* Only reset on passing, to avoid touching corrupted buffers */
	tracing_reset_online_cpus(&tr->trace_buffer);

#ifdef CONFIG_TRACER_MAX_TRACE
	if (type->use_max_tr) {
		tr->allocated_snapshot = false;
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		/* Shrink the max buffer again */
		if (ring_buffer_expanded)
			ring_buffer_resize(tr->max_buffer.buffer, 1,
					   RING_BUFFER_ALL_CPUS);
	}
#endif

	printk(KERN_CONT "PASSED\n");
	return 0;
}
#else
static inline int run_tracer_selftest(struct tracer *type)
{
	return 0;
1105
}
1106
#endif /* CONFIG_FTRACE_STARTUP_TEST */
1107

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/**
 * register_tracer - register a tracer with the ftrace system.
 * @type - the plugin for the tracer
 *
 * Register a new plugin tracer.
 */
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int register_tracer(struct tracer *type)
{
	struct tracer *t;
	int ret = 0;

	if (!type->name) {
		pr_info("Tracer must have a name\n");
		return -1;
	}

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	if (strlen(type->name) >= MAX_TRACER_SIZE) {
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		pr_info("Tracer has a name longer than %d\n", MAX_TRACER_SIZE);
		return -1;
	}

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	mutex_lock(&trace_types_lock);
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	tracing_selftest_running = true;

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	for (t = trace_types; t; t = t->next) {
		if (strcmp(type->name, t->name) == 0) {
			/* already found */
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			pr_info("Tracer %s already registered\n",
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				type->name);
			ret = -1;
			goto out;
		}
	}

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	if (!type->set_flag)
		type->set_flag = &dummy_set_flag;
	if (!type->flags)
		type->flags = &dummy_tracer_flags;
	else
		if (!type->flags->opts)
			type->flags->opts = dummy_tracer_opt;
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	if (!type->wait_pipe)
		type->wait_pipe = default_wait_pipe;

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	ret = run_tracer_selftest(type);
	if (ret < 0)
		goto out;
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	type->next = trace_types;
	trace_types = type;
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 out:
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	tracing_selftest_running = false;
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	mutex_unlock(&trace_types_lock);

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	if (ret || !default_bootup_tracer)
		goto out_unlock;

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	if (strncmp(default_bootup_tracer, type->name, MAX_TRACER_SIZE))
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		goto out_unlock;

	printk(KERN_INFO "Starting tracer '%s'\n", type->name);
	/* Do we want this tracer to start on bootup? */
	tracing_set_tracer(type->name);
	default_bootup_tracer = NULL;
	/* disable other selftests, since this will break it. */
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	tracing_selftest_disabled = true;
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#ifdef CONFIG_FTRACE_STARTUP_TEST
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	printk(KERN_INFO "Disabling FTRACE selftests due to running tracer '%s'\n",
	       type->name);
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#endif

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 out_unlock:
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	return ret;
}

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void tracing_reset(struct trace_buffer *buf, int cpu)
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{
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	struct ring_buffer *buffer = buf->buffer;
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	if (!buffer)
		return;

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	ring_buffer_record_disable(buffer);

	/* Make sure all commits have finished */
	synchronize_sched();
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	ring_buffer_reset_cpu(buffer, cpu);
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	ring_buffer_record_enable(buffer);
}

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void tracing_reset_online_cpus(struct trace_buffer *buf)
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{
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	struct ring_buffer *buffer = buf->buffer;
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	int cpu;

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	if (!buffer)
		return;

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	ring_buffer_record_disable(buffer);

	/* Make sure all commits have finished */
	synchronize_sched();

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	buf->time_start = ftrace_now(buf->cpu);
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	for_each_online_cpu(cpu)
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		ring_buffer_reset_cpu(buffer, cpu);
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	ring_buffer_record_enable(buffer);
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}

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void tracing_reset_current(int cpu)
{
1224
	tracing_reset(&global_trace.trace_buffer, cpu);
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}

1227
void tracing_reset_all_online_cpus(void)
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{
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	struct trace_array *tr;

	mutex_lock(&trace_types_lock);
	list_for_each_entry(tr, &ftrace_trace_arrays, list) {
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		tracing_reset_online_cpus(&tr->trace_buffer);
#ifdef CONFIG_TRACER_MAX_TRACE
		tracing_reset_online_cpus(&tr->max_buffer);
#endif
1237
1238
	}
	mutex_unlock(&trace_types_lock);
1239
1240
}

1241
#define SAVED_CMDLINES 128
1242
#define NO_CMDLINE_MAP UINT_MAX
1243
1244
1245
1246
static unsigned map_pid_to_cmdline[PID_MAX_DEFAULT+1];
static unsigned map_cmdline_to_pid[SAVED_CMDLINES];
static char saved_cmdlines[SAVED_CMDLINES][TASK_COMM_LEN];
static int cmdline_idx;
1247
static arch_spinlock_t trace_cmdline_lock = __ARCH_SPIN_LOCK_UNLOCKED;
1248
1249

/* temporary disable recording */
1250
static atomic_t trace_record_cmdline_disabled __read_mostly;
1251
1252
1253

static void trace_init_cmdlines(void)
{
1254
1255
	memset(&map_pid_to_cmdline, NO_CMDLINE_MAP, sizeof(map_pid_to_cmdline));
	memset(&map_cmdline_to_pid, NO_CMDLINE_MAP, sizeof(map_cmdline_to_pid));
1256
1257
1258
	cmdline_idx = 0;
}

1259
1260
int is_tracing_stopped(void)
{
1261
	return global_trace.stop_count;
1262
1263
}

1264
1265
1266
1267
1268
1269
1270
1271
1272
1273
1274
1275
1276
1277
1278
/**
 * ftrace_off_permanent - disable all ftrace code permanently
 *
 * This should only be called when a serious anomally has
 * been detected.  This will turn off the function tracing,
 * ring buffers, and other tracing utilites. It takes no
 * locks and can be called from any context.
 */
void ftrace_off_permanent(void)
{
	tracing_disabled = 1;
	ftrace_stop();
	tracing_off_permanent();
}

1279
1280
1281
1282
1283
1284
1285
1286
1287
1288
1289
1290
1291
1292
/**
 * tracing_start - quick start of the tracer
 *
 * If tracing is enabled but was stopped by tracing_stop,
 * this will start the tracer back up.
 */
void tracing_start(void)
{
	struct ring_buffer *buffer;
	unsigned long flags;

	if (tracing_disabled)
		return;

1293
1294
1295
	raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&global_trace.start_lock, flags);
	if (--global_trace.stop_count) {
		if (global_trace.stop_count < 0) {
1296
1297
			/* Someone screwed up their debugging */
			WARN_ON_ONCE(1);
1298
			global_trace.stop_count = 0;
1299
		}
1300
1301
1302
		goto out;
	}

1303
1304
	/* Prevent the buffers from switching */
	arch_spin_lock(&ftrace_max_lock);
1305

1306
	buffer = global_trace.trace_buffer.buffer;