Commit 034260d6 authored by Kevin Cernekee's avatar Kevin Cernekee Committed by Ralf Baechle
Browse files

printk: fix delayed messages from CPU hotplug events

When a secondary CPU is being brought up, it is not uncommon for
printk() to be invoked when cpu_online(smp_processor_id()) == 0.  The
case that I witnessed personally was on MIPS:

If (can_use_console() == 0), printk() will spool its output to log_buf
and it will be visible in "dmesg", but that output will NOT be echoed to
the console until somebody calls release_console_sem() from a CPU that
is online.  Therefore, the boot time messages from the new CPU can get
stuck in "limbo" for a long time, and might suddenly appear on the
screen when a completely unrelated event (e.g. "eth0: link is down")

This patch modifies the console code so that any pending messages are
automatically flushed out to the console whenever a CPU hotplug
operation completes successfully or aborts.

The issue was seen on 2.6.34.

Original patch by Kevin Cernekee with cleanups by akpm and additional fixes
by Santosh Shilimkar.  This patch superseeds

Signed-off-by: default avatarKevin Cernekee <>
To: <>
To: <>
To: <>
To: <>
To: <>
Cc: <>
Cc: <>
Reviewed-by: default avatarPaul Mundt <>
Signed-off-by: default avatarKevin Cernekee <>

LKML-Reference: <ede63b5a20af951c755736f035d1e787772d7c28@localhost>
LKML-Reference: <>
Signed-off-by: default avatarRalf Baechle <>
parent d745866e
......@@ -37,6 +37,8 @@
#include <linux/ratelimit.h>
#include <linux/kmsg_dump.h>
#include <linux/syslog.h>
#include <linux/cpu.h>
#include <linux/notifier.h>
#include <asm/uaccess.h>
......@@ -984,6 +986,32 @@ void resume_console(void)
* console_cpu_notify - print deferred console messages after CPU hotplug
* @self: notifier struct
* @action: CPU hotplug event
* @hcpu: unused
* If printk() is called from a CPU that is not online yet, the messages
* will be spooled but will not show up on the console. This function is
* called when a new CPU comes online (or fails to come up), and ensures
* that any such output gets printed.
static int __cpuinit console_cpu_notify(struct notifier_block *self,
unsigned long action, void *hcpu)
switch (action) {
case CPU_DEAD:
return NOTIFY_OK;
* acquire_console_sem - lock the console system for exclusive use.
......@@ -1371,7 +1399,7 @@ int unregister_console(struct console *console)
static int __init disable_boot_consoles(void)
static int __init printk_late_init(void)
struct console *con;
......@@ -1382,9 +1410,10 @@ static int __init disable_boot_consoles(void)
hotcpu_notifier(console_cpu_notify, 0);
return 0;
#if defined CONFIG_PRINTK
Markdown is supported
0% or .
You are about to add 0 people to the discussion. Proceed with caution.
Finish editing this message first!
Please register or to comment