Commit 04f2cbe3 authored by Committed by Linus Torvalds
hugetlb: guarantee that COW faults for a process that called mmap(MAP_PRIVATE)...
hugetlb: guarantee that COW faults for a process that called mmap(MAP_PRIVATE) on hugetlbfs will succeed After patch 2 in this series, a process that successfully calls mmap() for a MAP_PRIVATE mapping will be guaranteed to successfully fault until a process calls fork(). At that point, the next write fault from the parent could fail due to COW if the child still has a reference. We only reserve pages for the parent but a copy must be made to avoid leaking data from the parent to the child after fork(). Reserves could be taken for both parent and child at fork time to guarantee faults but if the mapping is large it is highly likely we will not have sufficient pages for the reservation, and it is common to fork only to exec() immediatly after. A failure here would be very undesirable. Note that the current behaviour of mainline with MAP_PRIVATE pages is pretty bad. The following situation is allowed to occur today. 1. Process calls mmap(MAP_PRIVATE) 2. Process calls mlock() to fault all pages and makes sure it succeeds 3. Process forks() 4. Process writes to MAP_PRIVATE mapping while child still exists 5. If the COW fails at this point, the process gets SIGKILLed even though it had taken care to ensure the pages existed This patch improves the situation by guaranteeing the reliability of the process that successfully calls mmap(). When the parent performs COW, it will try to satisfy the allocation without using reserves. If that fails the parent will steal the page leaving any children without a page. Faults from the child after that point will result in failure. If the child COW happens first, an attempt will be made to allocate the page without reserves and the child will get SIGKILLed on failure. To summarise the new behaviour: 1. If the original mapper performs COW on a private mapping with multiple references, it will attempt to allocate a hugepage from the pool or the buddy allocator without using the existing reserves. On fail, VMAs mapping the same area are traversed and the page being COW'd is unmapped where found. It will then steal the original page as the last mapper in the normal way. 2. The VMAs the pages were unmapped from are flagged to note that pages with data no longer exist. Future no-page faults on those VMAs will terminate the process as otherwise it would appear that data was corrupted. A warning is printed to the console that this situation occured. 2. If the child performs COW first, it will attempt to satisfy the COW from the pool if there are enough pages or via the buddy allocator if overcommit is allowed and the buddy allocator can satisfy the request. If it fails, the child will be killed. If the pool is large enough, existing applications will not notice that the reserves were a factor. Existing applications depending on the no-reserves been set are unlikely to exist as for much of the history of hugetlbfs, pages were prefaulted at mmap(), allocating the pages at that point or failing the mmap(). [firstname.lastname@example.org: fix CONFIG_HUGETLB=n build] Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <email@example.com> Acked-by: Adam Litke <firstname.lastname@example.org> Cc: Andy Whitcroft <email@example.com> Cc: William Lee Irwin III <firstname.lastname@example.org> Cc: Hugh Dickins <email@example.com> Cc: Nick Piggin <firstname.lastname@example.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <email@example.com> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <firstname.lastname@example.org>
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