Commit 2475ff9d authored by Catalin Marinas's avatar Catalin Marinas
Browse files

arm64: Add simple earlyprintk support



This patch adds support for "earlyprintk=" parameter on the kernel
command line. The format is:

  earlyprintk=<name>[,<addr>][,<options>]

where <name> is the name of the (UART) device, e.g. "pl011", <addr> is
the I/O address. The <options> aren't currently used.

The mapping of the earlyprintk device is done very early during kernel
boot and there are restrictions on which functions it can call. A
special early_io_map() function is added which creates the mapping from
the pre-defined EARLY_IOBASE to the device I/O address passed via the
kernel parameter. The pgd entry corresponding to EARLY_IOBASE is
pre-populated in head.S during kernel boot.

Only PL011 is currently supported and it is assumed that the interface
is already initialised by the boot loader before the kernel is started.
Signed-off-by: default avatarCatalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com>
Acked-by: default avatarArnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de>
parent d6bafb9b
......@@ -35,6 +35,8 @@ ffffffbc00000000 ffffffbdffffffff 8GB vmemmap
ffffffbe00000000 ffffffbffbbfffff ~8GB [guard, future vmmemap]
ffffffbffbc00000 ffffffbffbdfffff 2MB earlyprintk device
ffffffbffbe00000 ffffffbffbe0ffff 64KB PCI I/O space
ffffffbbffff0000 ffffffbcffffffff ~2MB [guard]
......
......@@ -24,4 +24,13 @@ config DEBUG_STACK_USAGE
Enables the display of the minimum amount of free stack which each
task has ever had available in the sysrq-T output.
config EARLY_PRINTK
bool "Early printk support"
default y
help
Say Y here if you want to have an early console using the
earlyprintk=<name>[,<addr>][,<options>] kernel parameter. It
is assumed that the early console device has been initialised
by the boot loader prior to starting the Linux kernel.
endmenu
......@@ -230,6 +230,9 @@ extern void __iounmap(volatile void __iomem *addr);
#define ioremap_wc(addr, size) __ioremap((addr), (size), __pgprot(PROT_NORMAL_NC))
#define iounmap __iounmap
#define PROT_SECT_DEFAULT (PMD_TYPE_SECT | PMD_SECT_AF)
#define PROT_SECT_DEVICE_nGnRE (PROT_SECT_DEFAULT | PTE_PXN | PTE_UXN | PMD_ATTRINDX(MT_DEVICE_nGnRE))
#define ARCH_HAS_IOREMAP_WC
#include <asm-generic/iomap.h>
......
......@@ -43,6 +43,7 @@
#define PAGE_OFFSET UL(0xffffffc000000000)
#define MODULES_END (PAGE_OFFSET)
#define MODULES_VADDR (MODULES_END - SZ_64M)
#define EARLYCON_IOBASE (MODULES_VADDR - SZ_4M)
#define VA_BITS (39)
#define TASK_SIZE_64 (UL(1) << VA_BITS)
......
......@@ -26,5 +26,6 @@ typedef struct {
extern void paging_init(void);
extern void setup_mm_for_reboot(void);
extern void __iomem *early_io_map(phys_addr_t phys, unsigned long virt);
#endif
......@@ -17,6 +17,7 @@ arm64-obj-$(CONFIG_MODULES) += arm64ksyms.o module.o
arm64-obj-$(CONFIG_SMP) += smp.o
arm64-obj-$(CONFIG_HW_PERF_EVENTS) += perf_event.o
arm64-obj-$(CONFIG_HAVE_HW_BREAKPOINT)+= hw_breakpoint.o
arm64-obj-$(CONFIG_EARLY_PRINTK) += early_printk.o
obj-y += $(arm64-obj-y) vdso/
obj-m += $(arm64-obj-m)
......
/*
* Earlyprintk support.
*
* Copyright (C) 2012 ARM Ltd.
* Author: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com>
*
* This program is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify
* it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as
* published by the Free Software Foundation.
*
* This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
* but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
* MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
* GNU General Public License for more details.
*
* You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
* along with this program. If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
*/
#include <linux/kernel.h>
#include <linux/console.h>
#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/string.h>
#include <linux/mm.h>
#include <linux/io.h>
#include <linux/amba/serial.h>
static void __iomem *early_base;
static void (*printch)(char ch);
/*
* PL011 single character TX.
*/
static void pl011_printch(char ch)
{
while (readl_relaxed(early_base + UART01x_FR) & UART01x_FR_TXFF)
;
writeb_relaxed(ch, early_base + UART01x_DR);
while (readl_relaxed(early_base + UART01x_FR) & UART01x_FR_BUSY)
;
}
struct earlycon_match {
const char *name;
void (*printch)(char ch);
};
static const struct earlycon_match earlycon_match[] __initconst = {
{ .name = "pl011", .printch = pl011_printch, },
{}
};
static void early_write(struct console *con, const char *s, unsigned n)
{
while (n-- > 0) {
if (*s == '\n')
printch('\r');
printch(*s);
s++;
}
}
static struct console early_console = {
.name = "earlycon",
.write = early_write,
.flags = CON_PRINTBUFFER | CON_BOOT,
.index = -1,
};
/*
* Parse earlyprintk=... parameter in the format:
*
* <name>[,<addr>][,<options>]
*
* and register the early console. It is assumed that the UART has been
* initialised by the bootloader already.
*/
static int __init setup_early_printk(char *buf)
{
const struct earlycon_match *match = earlycon_match;
phys_addr_t paddr = 0;
if (!buf) {
pr_warning("No earlyprintk arguments passed.\n");
return 0;
}
while (match->name) {
size_t len = strlen(match->name);
if (!strncmp(buf, match->name, len)) {
buf += len;
break;
}
match++;
}
if (!match->name) {
pr_warning("Unknown earlyprintk arguments: %s\n", buf);
return 0;
}
/* I/O address */
if (!strncmp(buf, ",0x", 3)) {
char *e;
paddr = simple_strtoul(buf + 1, &e, 16);
buf = e;
}
/* no options parsing yet */
if (paddr)
early_base = early_io_map(paddr, EARLYCON_IOBASE);
printch = match->printch;
register_console(&early_console);
return 0;
}
early_param("earlyprintk", setup_early_printk);
......@@ -82,10 +82,8 @@
#ifdef CONFIG_ARM64_64K_PAGES
#define MM_MMUFLAGS PTE_ATTRINDX(MT_NORMAL) | PTE_FLAGS
#define IO_MMUFLAGS PTE_ATTRINDX(MT_DEVICE_nGnRE) | PTE_XN | PTE_FLAGS
#else
#define MM_MMUFLAGS PMD_ATTRINDX(MT_NORMAL) | PMD_FLAGS
#define IO_MMUFLAGS PMD_ATTRINDX(MT_DEVICE_nGnRE) | PMD_SECT_XN | PMD_FLAGS
#endif
/*
......@@ -368,6 +366,7 @@ ENDPROC(__calc_phys_offset)
* - identity mapping to enable the MMU (low address, TTBR0)
* - first few MB of the kernel linear mapping to jump to once the MMU has
* been enabled, including the FDT blob (TTBR1)
* - UART mapping if CONFIG_EARLY_PRINTK is enabled (TTBR1)
*/
__create_page_tables:
pgtbl x25, x26, x24 // idmap_pg_dir and swapper_pg_dir addresses
......@@ -420,6 +419,15 @@ __create_page_tables:
sub x6, x6, #1 // inclusive range
create_block_map x0, x7, x3, x5, x6
1:
#ifdef CONFIG_EARLY_PRINTK
/*
* Create the pgd entry for the UART mapping. The full mapping is done
* later based earlyprintk kernel parameter.
*/
ldr x5, =EARLYCON_IOBASE // UART virtual address
add x0, x26, #2 * PAGE_SIZE // section table address
create_pgd_entry x26, x0, x5, x6, x7
#endif
ret
ENDPROC(__create_page_tables)
.ltorg
......
......@@ -25,6 +25,7 @@
#include <linux/nodemask.h>
#include <linux/memblock.h>
#include <linux/fs.h>
#include <linux/io.h>
#include <asm/cputype.h>
#include <asm/sections.h>
......@@ -251,6 +252,47 @@ static void __init create_mapping(phys_addr_t phys, unsigned long virt,
} while (pgd++, addr = next, addr != end);
}
#ifdef CONFIG_EARLY_PRINTK
/*
* Create an early I/O mapping using the pgd/pmd entries already populated
* in head.S as this function is called too early to allocated any memory. The
* mapping size is 2MB with 4KB pages or 64KB or 64KB pages.
*/
void __iomem * __init early_io_map(phys_addr_t phys, unsigned long virt)
{
unsigned long size, mask;
bool page64k = IS_ENABLED(ARM64_64K_PAGES);
pgd_t *pgd;
pud_t *pud;
pmd_t *pmd;
pte_t *pte;
/*
* No early pte entries with !ARM64_64K_PAGES configuration, so using
* sections (pmd).
*/
size = page64k ? PAGE_SIZE : SECTION_SIZE;
mask = ~(size - 1);
pgd = pgd_offset_k(virt);
pud = pud_offset(pgd, virt);
if (pud_none(*pud))
return NULL;
pmd = pmd_offset(pud, virt);
if (page64k) {
if (pmd_none(*pmd))
return NULL;
pte = pte_offset_kernel(pmd, virt);
set_pte(pte, __pte((phys & mask) | PROT_DEVICE_nGnRE));
} else {
set_pmd(pmd, __pmd((phys & mask) | PROT_SECT_DEVICE_nGnRE));
}
return (void __iomem *)((virt & mask) + (phys & ~mask));
}
#endif
static void __init map_mem(void)
{
struct memblock_region *reg;
......
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