Commit ac9721f3 authored by Peter Zijlstra's avatar Peter Zijlstra Committed by Ingo Molnar
Browse files

perf_events: Fix races and clean up perf_event and perf_mmap_data interaction



In order to move toward separate buffer objects, rework the whole
perf_mmap_data construct to be a more self-sufficient entity, one
with its own lifetime rules.

This greatly sanitizes the whole output redirection code, which
was riddled with bugs and races.
Signed-off-by: default avatarPeter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl>
Cc: <stable@kernel.org>
LKML-Reference: <new-submission>
Signed-off-by: default avatarIngo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
parent 67a3e12b
......@@ -585,6 +585,7 @@ enum perf_event_active_state {
struct file;
struct perf_mmap_data {
atomic_t refcount;
struct rcu_head rcu_head;
#ifdef CONFIG_PERF_USE_VMALLOC
struct work_struct work;
......@@ -592,7 +593,6 @@ struct perf_mmap_data {
#endif
int nr_pages; /* nr of data pages */
int writable; /* are we writable */
int nr_locked; /* nr pages mlocked */
atomic_t poll; /* POLL_ for wakeups */
......@@ -643,7 +643,6 @@ struct perf_event {
int nr_siblings;
int group_flags;
struct perf_event *group_leader;
struct perf_event *output;
const struct pmu *pmu;
enum perf_event_active_state state;
......@@ -704,6 +703,8 @@ struct perf_event {
/* mmap bits */
struct mutex mmap_mutex;
atomic_t mmap_count;
int mmap_locked;
struct user_struct *mmap_user;
struct perf_mmap_data *data;
/* poll related */
......
......@@ -1841,6 +1841,7 @@ static void free_event_rcu(struct rcu_head *head)
}
static void perf_pending_sync(struct perf_event *event);
static void perf_mmap_data_put(struct perf_mmap_data *data);
static void free_event(struct perf_event *event)
{
......@@ -1856,9 +1857,9 @@ static void free_event(struct perf_event *event)
atomic_dec(&nr_task_events);
}
if (event->output) {
fput(event->output->filp);
event->output = NULL;
if (event->data) {
perf_mmap_data_put(event->data);
event->data = NULL;
}
if (event->destroy)
......@@ -2175,7 +2176,27 @@ static int perf_event_period(struct perf_event *event, u64 __user *arg)
return ret;
}
static int perf_event_set_output(struct perf_event *event, int output_fd);
static const struct file_operations perf_fops;
static struct perf_event *perf_fget_light(int fd, int *fput_needed)
{
struct file *file;
file = fget_light(fd, fput_needed);
if (!file)
return ERR_PTR(-EBADF);
if (file->f_op != &perf_fops) {
fput_light(file, *fput_needed);
*fput_needed = 0;
return ERR_PTR(-EBADF);
}
return file->private_data;
}
static int perf_event_set_output(struct perf_event *event,
struct perf_event *output_event);
static int perf_event_set_filter(struct perf_event *event, void __user *arg);
static long perf_ioctl(struct file *file, unsigned int cmd, unsigned long arg)
......@@ -2202,7 +2223,23 @@ static long perf_ioctl(struct file *file, unsigned int cmd, unsigned long arg)
return perf_event_period(event, (u64 __user *)arg);
case PERF_EVENT_IOC_SET_OUTPUT:
return perf_event_set_output(event, arg);
{
struct perf_event *output_event = NULL;
int fput_needed = 0;
int ret;
if (arg != -1) {
output_event = perf_fget_light(arg, &fput_needed);
if (IS_ERR(output_event))
return PTR_ERR(output_event);
}
ret = perf_event_set_output(event, output_event);
if (output_event)
fput_light(output_event->filp, fput_needed);
return ret;
}
case PERF_EVENT_IOC_SET_FILTER:
return perf_event_set_filter(event, (void __user *)arg);
......@@ -2335,8 +2372,6 @@ perf_mmap_data_alloc(struct perf_event *event, int nr_pages)
unsigned long size;
int i;
WARN_ON(atomic_read(&event->mmap_count));
size = sizeof(struct perf_mmap_data);
size += nr_pages * sizeof(void *);
......@@ -2452,8 +2487,6 @@ perf_mmap_data_alloc(struct perf_event *event, int nr_pages)
unsigned long size;
void *all_buf;
WARN_ON(atomic_read(&event->mmap_count));
size = sizeof(struct perf_mmap_data);
size += sizeof(void *);
......@@ -2536,7 +2569,7 @@ perf_mmap_data_init(struct perf_event *event, struct perf_mmap_data *data)
if (!data->watermark)
data->watermark = max_size / 2;
atomic_set(&data->refcount, 1);
rcu_assign_pointer(event->data, data);
}
......@@ -2548,13 +2581,26 @@ static void perf_mmap_data_free_rcu(struct rcu_head *rcu_head)
perf_mmap_data_free(data);
}
static void perf_mmap_data_release(struct perf_event *event)
static struct perf_mmap_data *perf_mmap_data_get(struct perf_event *event)
{
struct perf_mmap_data *data = event->data;
struct perf_mmap_data *data;
rcu_read_lock();
data = rcu_dereference(event->data);
if (data) {
if (!atomic_inc_not_zero(&data->refcount))
data = NULL;
}
rcu_read_unlock();
return data;
}
WARN_ON(atomic_read(&event->mmap_count));
static void perf_mmap_data_put(struct perf_mmap_data *data)
{
if (!atomic_dec_and_test(&data->refcount))
return;
rcu_assign_pointer(event->data, NULL);
call_rcu(&data->rcu_head, perf_mmap_data_free_rcu);
}
......@@ -2569,15 +2615,18 @@ static void perf_mmap_close(struct vm_area_struct *vma)
{
struct perf_event *event = vma->vm_file->private_data;
WARN_ON_ONCE(event->ctx->parent_ctx);
if (atomic_dec_and_mutex_lock(&event->mmap_count, &event->mmap_mutex)) {
unsigned long size = perf_data_size(event->data);
struct user_struct *user = current_user();
struct user_struct *user = event->mmap_user;
struct perf_mmap_data *data = event->data;
atomic_long_sub((size >> PAGE_SHIFT) + 1, &user->locked_vm);
vma->vm_mm->locked_vm -= event->data->nr_locked;
perf_mmap_data_release(event);
vma->vm_mm->locked_vm -= event->mmap_locked;
rcu_assign_pointer(event->data, NULL);
mutex_unlock(&event->mmap_mutex);
perf_mmap_data_put(data);
free_uid(user);
}
}
......@@ -2629,13 +2678,10 @@ static int perf_mmap(struct file *file, struct vm_area_struct *vma)
WARN_ON_ONCE(event->ctx->parent_ctx);
mutex_lock(&event->mmap_mutex);
if (event->output) {
ret = -EINVAL;
goto unlock;
}
if (atomic_inc_not_zero(&event->mmap_count)) {
if (nr_pages != event->data->nr_pages)
if (event->data) {
if (event->data->nr_pages == nr_pages)
atomic_inc(&event->data->refcount);
else
ret = -EINVAL;
goto unlock;
}
......@@ -2667,21 +2713,23 @@ static int perf_mmap(struct file *file, struct vm_area_struct *vma)
WARN_ON(event->data);
data = perf_mmap_data_alloc(event, nr_pages);
ret = -ENOMEM;
if (!data)
if (!data) {
ret = -ENOMEM;
goto unlock;
}
ret = 0;
perf_mmap_data_init(event, data);
atomic_set(&event->mmap_count, 1);
atomic_long_add(user_extra, &user->locked_vm);
vma->vm_mm->locked_vm += extra;
event->data->nr_locked = extra;
if (vma->vm_flags & VM_WRITE)
event->data->writable = 1;
atomic_long_add(user_extra, &user->locked_vm);
event->mmap_locked = extra;
event->mmap_user = get_current_user();
vma->vm_mm->locked_vm += event->mmap_locked;
unlock:
if (!ret)
atomic_inc(&event->mmap_count);
mutex_unlock(&event->mmap_mutex);
vma->vm_flags |= VM_RESERVED;
......@@ -2993,7 +3041,6 @@ int perf_output_begin(struct perf_output_handle *handle,
struct perf_event *event, unsigned int size,
int nmi, int sample)
{
struct perf_event *output_event;
struct perf_mmap_data *data;
unsigned long tail, offset, head;
int have_lost;
......@@ -3010,10 +3057,6 @@ int perf_output_begin(struct perf_output_handle *handle,
if (event->parent)
event = event->parent;
output_event = rcu_dereference(event->output);
if (output_event)
event = output_event;
data = rcu_dereference(event->data);
if (!data)
goto out;
......@@ -4912,39 +4955,17 @@ static int perf_copy_attr(struct perf_event_attr __user *uattr,
goto out;
}
static int perf_event_set_output(struct perf_event *event, int output_fd)
static int
perf_event_set_output(struct perf_event *event, struct perf_event *output_event)
{
struct perf_event *output_event = NULL;
struct file *output_file = NULL;
struct perf_event *old_output;
int fput_needed = 0;
struct perf_mmap_data *data = NULL, *old_data = NULL;
int ret = -EINVAL;
/*
* Don't allow output of inherited per-task events. This would
* create performance issues due to cross cpu access.
*/
if (event->cpu == -1 && event->attr.inherit)
return -EINVAL;
if (!output_fd)
if (!output_event)
goto set;
output_file = fget_light(output_fd, &fput_needed);
if (!output_file)
return -EBADF;
if (output_file->f_op != &perf_fops)
goto out;
output_event = output_file->private_data;
/* Don't chain output fds */
if (output_event->output)
goto out;
/* Don't set an output fd when we already have an output channel */
if (event->data)
/* don't allow circular references */
if (event == output_event)
goto out;
/*
......@@ -4959,26 +4980,28 @@ static int perf_event_set_output(struct perf_event *event, int output_fd)
if (output_event->cpu == -1 && output_event->ctx != event->ctx)
goto out;
atomic_long_inc(&output_file->f_count);
set:
mutex_lock(&event->mmap_mutex);
old_output = event->output;
rcu_assign_pointer(event->output, output_event);
mutex_unlock(&event->mmap_mutex);
/* Can't redirect output if we've got an active mmap() */
if (atomic_read(&event->mmap_count))
goto unlock;
if (old_output) {
/*
* we need to make sure no existing perf_output_*()
* is still referencing this event.
*/
synchronize_rcu();
fput(old_output->filp);
if (output_event) {
/* get the buffer we want to redirect to */
data = perf_mmap_data_get(output_event);
if (!data)
goto unlock;
}
old_data = event->data;
rcu_assign_pointer(event->data, data);
ret = 0;
unlock:
mutex_unlock(&event->mmap_mutex);
if (old_data)
perf_mmap_data_put(old_data);
out:
fput_light(output_file, fput_needed);
return ret;
}
......@@ -4994,7 +5017,7 @@ SYSCALL_DEFINE5(perf_event_open,
struct perf_event_attr __user *, attr_uptr,
pid_t, pid, int, cpu, int, group_fd, unsigned long, flags)
{
struct perf_event *event, *group_leader;
struct perf_event *event, *group_leader = NULL, *output_event = NULL;
struct perf_event_attr attr;
struct perf_event_context *ctx;
struct file *event_file = NULL;
......@@ -5034,19 +5057,25 @@ SYSCALL_DEFINE5(perf_event_open,
goto err_fd;
}
if (group_fd != -1) {
group_leader = perf_fget_light(group_fd, &fput_needed);
if (IS_ERR(group_leader)) {
err = PTR_ERR(group_leader);
goto err_put_context;
}
group_file = group_leader->filp;
if (flags & PERF_FLAG_FD_OUTPUT)
output_event = group_leader;
if (flags & PERF_FLAG_FD_NO_GROUP)
group_leader = NULL;
}
/*
* Look up the group leader (we will attach this event to it):
*/
group_leader = NULL;
if (group_fd != -1 && !(flags & PERF_FLAG_FD_NO_GROUP)) {
if (group_leader) {
err = -EINVAL;
group_file = fget_light(group_fd, &fput_needed);
if (!group_file)
goto err_put_context;
if (group_file->f_op != &perf_fops)
goto err_put_context;
group_leader = group_file->private_data;
/*
* Do not allow a recursive hierarchy (this new sibling
* becoming part of another group-sibling):
......@@ -5068,9 +5097,16 @@ SYSCALL_DEFINE5(perf_event_open,
event = perf_event_alloc(&attr, cpu, ctx, group_leader,
NULL, NULL, GFP_KERNEL);
err = PTR_ERR(event);
if (IS_ERR(event))
if (IS_ERR(event)) {
err = PTR_ERR(event);
goto err_put_context;
}
if (output_event) {
err = perf_event_set_output(event, output_event);
if (err)
goto err_free_put_context;
}
event_file = anon_inode_getfile("[perf_event]", &perf_fops, event, O_RDWR);
if (IS_ERR(event_file)) {
......@@ -5078,12 +5114,6 @@ SYSCALL_DEFINE5(perf_event_open,
goto err_free_put_context;
}
if (flags & PERF_FLAG_FD_OUTPUT) {
err = perf_event_set_output(event, group_fd);
if (err)
goto err_fput_free_put_context;
}
event->filp = event_file;
WARN_ON_ONCE(ctx->parent_ctx);
mutex_lock(&ctx->mutex);
......@@ -5101,8 +5131,6 @@ SYSCALL_DEFINE5(perf_event_open,
fd_install(event_fd, event_file);
return event_fd;
err_fput_free_put_context:
fput(event_file);
err_free_put_context:
free_event(event);
err_put_context:
......
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