Commit cd0980fc authored by Hendrik Brueckner's avatar Hendrik Brueckner Committed by Frederic Weisbecker
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tracing: Check invalid syscall nr while tracing syscalls

Most arch syscall_get_nr() implementations returns -1 if the syscall
number is not valid.  Accessing the bit field without a check might
result in a kernel oops (at least I saw it on s390 for ftrace selftest).

Before this change, this problem did not occur, because the invalid
syscall number (-1) caused syscall_nr_to_meta() to return NULL.

There are at least two scenarios where syscall_get_nr() can return -1:

1. For example, ptrace stores an invalid syscall number, and thus,
   tracing code resets it.
   (see do_syscall_trace_enter in arch/s390/kernel/ptrace.c)

2. The syscall_regfunc() (kernel/tracepoint.c) sets the
   TIF_SYSCALL_FTRACE (now: TIF_SYSCALL_TRACEPOINT) flag for all threads
   which include kernel threads.
   However, the ftrace selftest triggers a kernel oops when testing
   syscall trace points:
      - The kernel thread is started as ususal (do_fork()),
      - tracing code sets TIF_SYSCALL_FTRACE,
      - the ret_from_fork() function is triggered and starts
	ftrace_syscall_exit() with an invalid syscall number.

To avoid these scenarios, I suggest to check the syscall_nr.

For instance, the ftrace selftest fails for s390 (with config option
CONFIG_FTRACE_SYSCALLS set) and produces the following kernel oops.

Unable to handle kernel pointer dereference at virtual kernel address 2000000000

Oops: 0038 [#1] PREEMPT SMP
Modules linked in:
CPU: 0 Not tainted 2.6.31-rc6-next-20090819-dirty #18
Process kthreadd (pid: 818, task: 000000003ea207e8, ksp: 000000003e813eb8)
Krnl PSW : 0704100180000000 00000000000ea54c (ftrace_syscall_exit+0x58/0xdc)
           R:0 T:1 IO:1 EX:1 Key:0 M:1 W:0 P:0 AS:0 CC:1 PM:0 EA:3
Krnl GPRS: 0000000000000000 00000000000e0000 ffffffffffffffff 20000000008c2650
           0000000000000007 0000000000000000 0000000000000000 0000000000000000
           0000000000000000 0000000000000000 ffffffffffffffff 000000003e813d78
           000000003e813f58 0000000000505ba8 000000003e813e18 000000003e813d78
Krnl Code: 00000000000ea540: e330d0000008       ag      %r3,0(%r13)
           00000000000ea546: a7480007           lhi     %r4,7
           00000000000ea54a: 1442               nr      %r4,%r2
          >00000000000ea54c: e31030000090       llgc    %r1,0(%r3)
           00000000000ea552: 5410d008           n       %r1,8(%r13)
           00000000000ea556: 8a104000           sra     %r1,0(%r4)
           00000000000ea55a: 5410d00c           n       %r1,12(%r13)
           00000000000ea55e: 1211               ltr     %r1,%r1
Call Trace:
([<0000000000000000>] 0x0)
 [<000000000001fa22>] do_syscall_trace_exit+0x132/0x18c
 [<000000000002d0c4>] sysc_return+0x0/0x8
 [<000000000001c738>] kernel_thread_starter+0x0/0xc
Last Breaking-Event-Address:
 [<00000000000ea51e>] ftrace_syscall_exit+0x2a/0xdc

Signed-off-by: default avatarHendrik Brueckner <>
Acked-by: default avatarHeiko Carstens <>
Cc: Jason Baron <>
Cc: Frederic Weisbecker <>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <>
Cc: Lai Jiangshan <>
Cc: Steven Rostedt <>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <>
Cc: Mathieu Desnoyers <>
Cc: Jiaying Zhang <>
Cc: Martin Bligh <>
Cc: Li Zefan <>
Cc: Martin Schwidefsky <>
Cc: Paul Mundt <>
LKML-Reference: <>
Signed-off-by: default avatarFrederic Weisbecker <>
parent 7515bf59
......@@ -227,6 +227,8 @@ void ftrace_syscall_enter(struct pt_regs *regs, long id)
int syscall_nr;
syscall_nr = syscall_get_nr(current, regs);
if (syscall_nr < 0)
if (!test_bit(syscall_nr, enabled_enter_syscalls))
......@@ -257,6 +259,8 @@ void ftrace_syscall_exit(struct pt_regs *regs, long ret)
int syscall_nr;
syscall_nr = syscall_get_nr(current, regs);
if (syscall_nr < 0)
if (!test_bit(syscall_nr, enabled_exit_syscalls))
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