Commit e1bdd5f2 authored by Kent Overstreet's avatar Kent Overstreet Committed by Benjamin LaHaise
Browse files

aio: percpu reqs_available



See the previous patch ("aio: reqs_active -> reqs_available") for why we
want to do this - this basically implements a per cpu allocator for
reqs_available that doesn't actually allocate anything.

Note that we need to increase the size of the ringbuffer we allocate,
since a single thread won't necessarily be able to use all the
reqs_available slots - some (up to about half) might be on other per cpu
lists, unavailable for the current thread.

We size the ringbuffer based on the nr_events userspace passed to
io_setup(), so this is a slight behaviour change - but nr_events wasn't
being used as a hard limit before, it was being rounded up to the next
page before so this doesn't change the actual semantics.
Signed-off-by: default avatarKent Overstreet <koverstreet@google.com>
Cc: Zach Brown <zab@redhat.com>
Cc: Felipe Balbi <balbi@ti.com>
Cc: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
Cc: Mark Fasheh <mfasheh@suse.com>
Cc: Joel Becker <jlbec@evilplan.org>
Cc: Rusty Russell <rusty@rustcorp.com.au>
Cc: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk>
Cc: Asai Thambi S P <asamymuthupa@micron.com>
Cc: Selvan Mani <smani@micron.com>
Cc: Sam Bradshaw <sbradshaw@micron.com>
Cc: Jeff Moyer <jmoyer@redhat.com>
Cc: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
Cc: Benjamin LaHaise <bcrl@kvack.org>
Reviewed-by: default avatar"Theodore Ts'o" <tytso@mit.edu>
Signed-off-by: default avatarAndrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: default avatarBenjamin LaHaise <bcrl@kvack.org>
parent 34e83fc6
......@@ -26,6 +26,7 @@
#include <linux/mm.h>
#include <linux/mman.h>
#include <linux/mmu_context.h>
#include <linux/percpu.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/timer.h>
#include <linux/aio.h>
......@@ -64,6 +65,10 @@ struct aio_ring {
#define AIO_RING_PAGES 8
struct kioctx_cpu {
unsigned reqs_available;
};
struct kioctx {
atomic_t users;
atomic_t dead;
......@@ -72,6 +77,13 @@ struct kioctx {
unsigned long user_id;
struct hlist_node list;
struct __percpu kioctx_cpu *cpu;
/*
* For percpu reqs_available, number of slots we move to/from global
* counter at a time:
*/
unsigned req_batch;
/*
* This is what userspace passed to io_setup(), it's not used for
* anything but counting against the global max_reqs quota.
......@@ -99,6 +111,8 @@ struct kioctx {
* so we avoid overflowing it: it's decremented (if positive)
* when allocating a kiocb and incremented when the resulting
* io_event is pulled off the ringbuffer.
*
* We batch accesses to it with a percpu version.
*/
atomic_t reqs_available;
} ____cacheline_aligned_in_smp;
......@@ -379,6 +393,8 @@ static int kiocb_cancel(struct kioctx *ctx, struct kiocb *kiocb,
static void free_ioctx_rcu(struct rcu_head *head)
{
struct kioctx *ctx = container_of(head, struct kioctx, rcu_head);
free_percpu(ctx->cpu);
kmem_cache_free(kioctx_cachep, ctx);
}
......@@ -392,7 +408,7 @@ static void free_ioctx(struct kioctx *ctx)
struct aio_ring *ring;
struct io_event res;
struct kiocb *req;
unsigned head, avail;
unsigned cpu, head, avail;
spin_lock_irq(&ctx->ctx_lock);
......@@ -406,6 +422,13 @@ static void free_ioctx(struct kioctx *ctx)
spin_unlock_irq(&ctx->ctx_lock);
for_each_possible_cpu(cpu) {
struct kioctx_cpu *kcpu = per_cpu_ptr(ctx->cpu, cpu);
atomic_add(kcpu->reqs_available, &ctx->reqs_available);
kcpu->reqs_available = 0;
}
ring = kmap_atomic(ctx->ring_pages[0]);
head = ring->head;
kunmap_atomic(ring);
......@@ -454,6 +477,18 @@ static struct kioctx *ioctx_alloc(unsigned nr_events)
struct kioctx *ctx;
int err = -ENOMEM;
/*
* We keep track of the number of available ringbuffer slots, to prevent
* overflow (reqs_available), and we also use percpu counters for this.
*
* So since up to half the slots might be on other cpu's percpu counters
* and unavailable, double nr_events so userspace sees what they
* expected: additionally, we move req_batch slots to/from percpu
* counters at a time, so make sure that isn't 0:
*/
nr_events = max(nr_events, num_possible_cpus() * 4);
nr_events *= 2;
/* Prevent overflows */
if ((nr_events > (0x10000000U / sizeof(struct io_event))) ||
(nr_events > (0x10000000U / sizeof(struct kiocb)))) {
......@@ -479,10 +514,16 @@ static struct kioctx *ioctx_alloc(unsigned nr_events)
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&ctx->active_reqs);
if (aio_setup_ring(ctx) < 0)
ctx->cpu = alloc_percpu(struct kioctx_cpu);
if (!ctx->cpu)
goto out_freectx;
if (aio_setup_ring(ctx) < 0)
goto out_freepcpu;
atomic_set(&ctx->reqs_available, ctx->nr_events - 1);
ctx->req_batch = (ctx->nr_events - 1) / (num_possible_cpus() * 4);
BUG_ON(!ctx->req_batch);
/* limit the number of system wide aios */
spin_lock(&aio_nr_lock);
......@@ -506,6 +547,8 @@ static struct kioctx *ioctx_alloc(unsigned nr_events)
out_cleanup:
err = -EAGAIN;
aio_free_ring(ctx);
out_freepcpu:
free_percpu(ctx->cpu);
out_freectx:
if (ctx->aio_ring_file)
fput(ctx->aio_ring_file);
......@@ -610,6 +653,52 @@ void exit_aio(struct mm_struct *mm)
}
}
static void put_reqs_available(struct kioctx *ctx, unsigned nr)
{
struct kioctx_cpu *kcpu;
preempt_disable();
kcpu = this_cpu_ptr(ctx->cpu);
kcpu->reqs_available += nr;
while (kcpu->reqs_available >= ctx->req_batch * 2) {
kcpu->reqs_available -= ctx->req_batch;
atomic_add(ctx->req_batch, &ctx->reqs_available);
}
preempt_enable();
}
static bool get_reqs_available(struct kioctx *ctx)
{
struct kioctx_cpu *kcpu;
bool ret = false;
preempt_disable();
kcpu = this_cpu_ptr(ctx->cpu);
if (!kcpu->reqs_available) {
int old, avail = atomic_read(&ctx->reqs_available);
do {
if (avail < ctx->req_batch)
goto out;
old = avail;
avail = atomic_cmpxchg(&ctx->reqs_available,
avail, avail - ctx->req_batch);
} while (avail != old);
kcpu->reqs_available += ctx->req_batch;
}
ret = true;
kcpu->reqs_available--;
out:
preempt_enable();
return ret;
}
/* aio_get_req
* Allocate a slot for an aio request. Increments the ki_users count
* of the kioctx so that the kioctx stays around until all requests are
......@@ -624,7 +713,7 @@ static inline struct kiocb *aio_get_req(struct kioctx *ctx)
{
struct kiocb *req;
if (atomic_dec_if_positive(&ctx->reqs_available) <= 0)
if (!get_reqs_available(ctx))
return NULL;
req = kmem_cache_alloc(kiocb_cachep, GFP_KERNEL|__GFP_ZERO);
......@@ -633,10 +722,9 @@ static inline struct kiocb *aio_get_req(struct kioctx *ctx)
atomic_set(&req->ki_users, 2);
req->ki_ctx = ctx;
return req;
out_put:
atomic_inc(&ctx->reqs_available);
put_reqs_available(ctx, 1);
return NULL;
}
......@@ -725,6 +813,10 @@ void aio_complete(struct kiocb *iocb, long res, long res2)
*/
if (unlikely(xchg(&iocb->ki_cancel,
KIOCB_CANCELLED) == KIOCB_CANCELLED)) {
/*
* Can't use the percpu reqs_available here - could race with
* free_ioctx()
*/
atomic_inc(&ctx->reqs_available);
/* Still need the wake_up in case free_ioctx is waiting */
goto put_rq;
......@@ -863,7 +955,7 @@ static long aio_read_events_ring(struct kioctx *ctx,
pr_debug("%li h%u t%u\n", ret, head, ctx->tail);
atomic_add(ret, &ctx->reqs_available);
put_reqs_available(ctx, ret);
out:
mutex_unlock(&ctx->ring_lock);
......@@ -1247,7 +1339,7 @@ static int io_submit_one(struct kioctx *ctx, struct iocb __user *user_iocb,
aio_put_req(req); /* drop extra ref to req */
return 0;
out_put_req:
atomic_inc(&ctx->reqs_available);
put_reqs_available(ctx, 1);
aio_put_req(req); /* drop extra ref to req */
aio_put_req(req); /* drop i/o ref to req */
return ret;
......
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