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/*
 * Kernel support for the ptrace() and syscall tracing interfaces.
 *
 * Copyright (C) 1999-2005 Hewlett-Packard Co
 *	David Mosberger-Tang <davidm@hpl.hp.com>
 *
 * Derived from the x86 and Alpha versions.
 */
#include <linux/config.h>
#include <linux/kernel.h>
#include <linux/sched.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/mm.h>
#include <linux/errno.h>
#include <linux/ptrace.h>
#include <linux/smp_lock.h>
#include <linux/user.h>
#include <linux/security.h>
#include <linux/audit.h>
20
#include <linux/signal.h>
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#include <asm/pgtable.h>
#include <asm/processor.h>
#include <asm/ptrace_offsets.h>
#include <asm/rse.h>
#include <asm/system.h>
#include <asm/uaccess.h>
#include <asm/unwind.h>
#ifdef CONFIG_PERFMON
#include <asm/perfmon.h>
#endif

#include "entry.h"

/*
 * Bits in the PSR that we allow ptrace() to change:
 *	be, up, ac, mfl, mfh (the user mask; five bits total)
 *	db (debug breakpoint fault; one bit)
 *	id (instruction debug fault disable; one bit)
 *	dd (data debug fault disable; one bit)
 *	ri (restart instruction; two bits)
 *	is (instruction set; one bit)
 */
#define IPSR_MASK (IA64_PSR_UM | IA64_PSR_DB | IA64_PSR_IS	\
		   | IA64_PSR_ID | IA64_PSR_DD | IA64_PSR_RI)

#define MASK(nbits)	((1UL << (nbits)) - 1)	/* mask with NBITS bits set */
#define PFM_MASK	MASK(38)

#define PTRACE_DEBUG	0

#if PTRACE_DEBUG
# define dprintk(format...)	printk(format)
# define inline
#else
# define dprintk(format...)
#endif

/* Return TRUE if PT was created due to kernel-entry via a system-call.  */

static inline int
in_syscall (struct pt_regs *pt)
{
	return (long) pt->cr_ifs >= 0;
}

/*
 * Collect the NaT bits for r1-r31 from scratch_unat and return a NaT
 * bitset where bit i is set iff the NaT bit of register i is set.
 */
unsigned long
ia64_get_scratch_nat_bits (struct pt_regs *pt, unsigned long scratch_unat)
{
#	define GET_BITS(first, last, unat)				\
	({								\
		unsigned long bit = ia64_unat_pos(&pt->r##first);	\
		unsigned long nbits = (last - first + 1);		\
		unsigned long mask = MASK(nbits) << first;		\
		unsigned long dist;					\
		if (bit < first)					\
			dist = 64 + bit - first;			\
		else							\
			dist = bit - first;				\
		ia64_rotr(unat, dist) & mask;				\
	})
	unsigned long val;

	/*
	 * Registers that are stored consecutively in struct pt_regs
	 * can be handled in parallel.  If the register order in
	 * struct_pt_regs changes, this code MUST be updated.
	 */
	val  = GET_BITS( 1,  1, scratch_unat);
	val |= GET_BITS( 2,  3, scratch_unat);
	val |= GET_BITS(12, 13, scratch_unat);
	val |= GET_BITS(14, 14, scratch_unat);
	val |= GET_BITS(15, 15, scratch_unat);
	val |= GET_BITS( 8, 11, scratch_unat);
	val |= GET_BITS(16, 31, scratch_unat);
	return val;

#	undef GET_BITS
}

/*
 * Set the NaT bits for the scratch registers according to NAT and
 * return the resulting unat (assuming the scratch registers are
 * stored in PT).
 */
unsigned long
ia64_put_scratch_nat_bits (struct pt_regs *pt, unsigned long nat)
{
#	define PUT_BITS(first, last, nat)				\
	({								\
		unsigned long bit = ia64_unat_pos(&pt->r##first);	\
		unsigned long nbits = (last - first + 1);		\
		unsigned long mask = MASK(nbits) << first;		\
		long dist;						\
		if (bit < first)					\
			dist = 64 + bit - first;			\
		else							\
			dist = bit - first;				\
		ia64_rotl(nat & mask, dist);				\
	})
	unsigned long scratch_unat;

	/*
	 * Registers that are stored consecutively in struct pt_regs
	 * can be handled in parallel.  If the register order in
	 * struct_pt_regs changes, this code MUST be updated.
	 */
	scratch_unat  = PUT_BITS( 1,  1, nat);
	scratch_unat |= PUT_BITS( 2,  3, nat);
	scratch_unat |= PUT_BITS(12, 13, nat);
	scratch_unat |= PUT_BITS(14, 14, nat);
	scratch_unat |= PUT_BITS(15, 15, nat);
	scratch_unat |= PUT_BITS( 8, 11, nat);
	scratch_unat |= PUT_BITS(16, 31, nat);

	return scratch_unat;

#	undef PUT_BITS
}

#define IA64_MLX_TEMPLATE	0x2
#define IA64_MOVL_OPCODE	6

void
ia64_increment_ip (struct pt_regs *regs)
{
	unsigned long w0, ri = ia64_psr(regs)->ri + 1;

	if (ri > 2) {
		ri = 0;
		regs->cr_iip += 16;
	} else if (ri == 2) {
		get_user(w0, (char __user *) regs->cr_iip + 0);
		if (((w0 >> 1) & 0xf) == IA64_MLX_TEMPLATE) {
			/*
			 * rfi'ing to slot 2 of an MLX bundle causes
			 * an illegal operation fault.  We don't want
			 * that to happen...
			 */
			ri = 0;
			regs->cr_iip += 16;
		}
	}
	ia64_psr(regs)->ri = ri;
}

void
ia64_decrement_ip (struct pt_regs *regs)
{
	unsigned long w0, ri = ia64_psr(regs)->ri - 1;

	if (ia64_psr(regs)->ri == 0) {
		regs->cr_iip -= 16;
		ri = 2;
		get_user(w0, (char __user *) regs->cr_iip + 0);
		if (((w0 >> 1) & 0xf) == IA64_MLX_TEMPLATE) {
			/*
			 * rfi'ing to slot 2 of an MLX bundle causes
			 * an illegal operation fault.  We don't want
			 * that to happen...
			 */
			ri = 1;
		}
	}
	ia64_psr(regs)->ri = ri;
}

/*
 * This routine is used to read an rnat bits that are stored on the
 * kernel backing store.  Since, in general, the alignment of the user
 * and kernel are different, this is not completely trivial.  In
 * essence, we need to construct the user RNAT based on up to two
 * kernel RNAT values and/or the RNAT value saved in the child's
 * pt_regs.
 *
 * user rbs
 *
 * +--------+ <-- lowest address
 * | slot62 |
 * +--------+
 * |  rnat  | 0x....1f8
 * +--------+
 * | slot00 | \
 * +--------+ |
 * | slot01 | > child_regs->ar_rnat
 * +--------+ |
 * | slot02 | /				kernel rbs
 * +--------+				+--------+
 *	    <- child_regs->ar_bspstore	| slot61 | <-- krbs
 * +- - - - +				+--------+
 *					| slot62 |
 * +- - - - +				+--------+
 *					|  rnat	 |
 * +- - - - +				+--------+
 *   vrnat				| slot00 |
 * +- - - - +				+--------+
 *					=	 =
 *					+--------+
 *					| slot00 | \
 *					+--------+ |
 *					| slot01 | > child_stack->ar_rnat
 *					+--------+ |
 *					| slot02 | /
 *					+--------+
 *						  <--- child_stack->ar_bspstore
 *
 * The way to think of this code is as follows: bit 0 in the user rnat
 * corresponds to some bit N (0 <= N <= 62) in one of the kernel rnat
 * value.  The kernel rnat value holding this bit is stored in
 * variable rnat0.  rnat1 is loaded with the kernel rnat value that
 * form the upper bits of the user rnat value.
 *
 * Boundary cases:
 *
 * o when reading the rnat "below" the first rnat slot on the kernel
 *   backing store, rnat0/rnat1 are set to 0 and the low order bits are
 *   merged in from pt->ar_rnat.
 *
 * o when reading the rnat "above" the last rnat slot on the kernel
 *   backing store, rnat0/rnat1 gets its value from sw->ar_rnat.
 */
static unsigned long
get_rnat (struct task_struct *task, struct switch_stack *sw,
	  unsigned long *krbs, unsigned long *urnat_addr,
	  unsigned long *urbs_end)
{
	unsigned long rnat0 = 0, rnat1 = 0, urnat = 0, *slot0_kaddr;
	unsigned long umask = 0, mask, m;
	unsigned long *kbsp, *ubspstore, *rnat0_kaddr, *rnat1_kaddr, shift;
	long num_regs, nbits;
	struct pt_regs *pt;

	pt = ia64_task_regs(task);
	kbsp = (unsigned long *) sw->ar_bspstore;
	ubspstore = (unsigned long *) pt->ar_bspstore;

	if (urbs_end < urnat_addr)
		nbits = ia64_rse_num_regs(urnat_addr - 63, urbs_end);
	else
		nbits = 63;
	mask = MASK(nbits);
	/*
	 * First, figure out which bit number slot 0 in user-land maps
	 * to in the kernel rnat.  Do this by figuring out how many
	 * register slots we're beyond the user's backingstore and
	 * then computing the equivalent address in kernel space.
	 */
	num_regs = ia64_rse_num_regs(ubspstore, urnat_addr + 1);
	slot0_kaddr = ia64_rse_skip_regs(krbs, num_regs);
	shift = ia64_rse_slot_num(slot0_kaddr);
	rnat1_kaddr = ia64_rse_rnat_addr(slot0_kaddr);
	rnat0_kaddr = rnat1_kaddr - 64;

	if (ubspstore + 63 > urnat_addr) {
		/* some bits need to be merged in from pt->ar_rnat */
		umask = MASK(ia64_rse_slot_num(ubspstore)) & mask;
		urnat = (pt->ar_rnat & umask);
		mask &= ~umask;
		if (!mask)
			return urnat;
	}

	m = mask << shift;
	if (rnat0_kaddr >= kbsp)
		rnat0 = sw->ar_rnat;
	else if (rnat0_kaddr > krbs)
		rnat0 = *rnat0_kaddr;
	urnat |= (rnat0 & m) >> shift;

	m = mask >> (63 - shift);
	if (rnat1_kaddr >= kbsp)
		rnat1 = sw->ar_rnat;
	else if (rnat1_kaddr > krbs)
		rnat1 = *rnat1_kaddr;
	urnat |= (rnat1 & m) << (63 - shift);
	return urnat;
}

/*
 * The reverse of get_rnat.
 */
static void
put_rnat (struct task_struct *task, struct switch_stack *sw,
	  unsigned long *krbs, unsigned long *urnat_addr, unsigned long urnat,
	  unsigned long *urbs_end)
{
	unsigned long rnat0 = 0, rnat1 = 0, *slot0_kaddr, umask = 0, mask, m;
	unsigned long *kbsp, *ubspstore, *rnat0_kaddr, *rnat1_kaddr, shift;
	long num_regs, nbits;
	struct pt_regs *pt;
	unsigned long cfm, *urbs_kargs;

	pt = ia64_task_regs(task);
	kbsp = (unsigned long *) sw->ar_bspstore;
	ubspstore = (unsigned long *) pt->ar_bspstore;

	urbs_kargs = urbs_end;
	if (in_syscall(pt)) {
		/*
		 * If entered via syscall, don't allow user to set rnat bits
		 * for syscall args.
		 */
		cfm = pt->cr_ifs;
		urbs_kargs = ia64_rse_skip_regs(urbs_end, -(cfm & 0x7f));
	}

	if (urbs_kargs >= urnat_addr)
		nbits = 63;
	else {
		if ((urnat_addr - 63) >= urbs_kargs)
			return;
		nbits = ia64_rse_num_regs(urnat_addr - 63, urbs_kargs);
	}
	mask = MASK(nbits);

	/*
	 * First, figure out which bit number slot 0 in user-land maps
	 * to in the kernel rnat.  Do this by figuring out how many
	 * register slots we're beyond the user's backingstore and
	 * then computing the equivalent address in kernel space.
	 */
	num_regs = ia64_rse_num_regs(ubspstore, urnat_addr + 1);
	slot0_kaddr = ia64_rse_skip_regs(krbs, num_regs);
	shift = ia64_rse_slot_num(slot0_kaddr);
	rnat1_kaddr = ia64_rse_rnat_addr(slot0_kaddr);
	rnat0_kaddr = rnat1_kaddr - 64;

	if (ubspstore + 63 > urnat_addr) {
		/* some bits need to be place in pt->ar_rnat: */
		umask = MASK(ia64_rse_slot_num(ubspstore)) & mask;
		pt->ar_rnat = (pt->ar_rnat & ~umask) | (urnat & umask);
		mask &= ~umask;
		if (!mask)
			return;
	}
	/*
	 * Note: Section 11.1 of the EAS guarantees that bit 63 of an
	 * rnat slot is ignored. so we don't have to clear it here.
	 */
	rnat0 = (urnat << shift);
	m = mask << shift;
	if (rnat0_kaddr >= kbsp)
		sw->ar_rnat = (sw->ar_rnat & ~m) | (rnat0 & m);
	else if (rnat0_kaddr > krbs)
		*rnat0_kaddr = ((*rnat0_kaddr & ~m) | (rnat0 & m));

	rnat1 = (urnat >> (63 - shift));
	m = mask >> (63 - shift);
	if (rnat1_kaddr >= kbsp)
		sw->ar_rnat = (sw->ar_rnat & ~m) | (rnat1 & m);
	else if (rnat1_kaddr > krbs)
		*rnat1_kaddr = ((*rnat1_kaddr & ~m) | (rnat1 & m));
}

static inline int
on_kernel_rbs (unsigned long addr, unsigned long bspstore,
	       unsigned long urbs_end)
{
	unsigned long *rnat_addr = ia64_rse_rnat_addr((unsigned long *)
						      urbs_end);
	return (addr >= bspstore && addr <= (unsigned long) rnat_addr);
}

/*
 * Read a word from the user-level backing store of task CHILD.  ADDR
 * is the user-level address to read the word from, VAL a pointer to
 * the return value, and USER_BSP gives the end of the user-level
 * backing store (i.e., it's the address that would be in ar.bsp after
 * the user executed a "cover" instruction).
 *
 * This routine takes care of accessing the kernel register backing
 * store for those registers that got spilled there.  It also takes
 * care of calculating the appropriate RNaT collection words.
 */
long
ia64_peek (struct task_struct *child, struct switch_stack *child_stack,
	   unsigned long user_rbs_end, unsigned long addr, long *val)
{
	unsigned long *bspstore, *krbs, regnum, *laddr, *urbs_end, *rnat_addr;
	struct pt_regs *child_regs;
	size_t copied;
	long ret;

	urbs_end = (long *) user_rbs_end;
	laddr = (unsigned long *) addr;
	child_regs = ia64_task_regs(child);
	bspstore = (unsigned long *) child_regs->ar_bspstore;
	krbs = (unsigned long *) child + IA64_RBS_OFFSET/8;
	if (on_kernel_rbs(addr, (unsigned long) bspstore,
			  (unsigned long) urbs_end))
	{
		/*
		 * Attempt to read the RBS in an area that's actually
		 * on the kernel RBS => read the corresponding bits in
		 * the kernel RBS.
		 */
		rnat_addr = ia64_rse_rnat_addr(laddr);
		ret = get_rnat(child, child_stack, krbs, rnat_addr, urbs_end);

		if (laddr == rnat_addr) {
			/* return NaT collection word itself */
			*val = ret;
			return 0;
		}

		if (((1UL << ia64_rse_slot_num(laddr)) & ret) != 0) {
			/*
			 * It is implementation dependent whether the
			 * data portion of a NaT value gets saved on a
			 * st8.spill or RSE spill (e.g., see EAS 2.6,
			 * 4.4.4.6 Register Spill and Fill).  To get
			 * consistent behavior across all possible
			 * IA-64 implementations, we return zero in
			 * this case.
			 */
			*val = 0;
			return 0;
		}

		if (laddr < urbs_end) {
			/*
			 * The desired word is on the kernel RBS and
			 * is not a NaT.
			 */
			regnum = ia64_rse_num_regs(bspstore, laddr);
			*val = *ia64_rse_skip_regs(krbs, regnum);
			return 0;
		}
	}
	copied = access_process_vm(child, addr, &ret, sizeof(ret), 0);
	if (copied != sizeof(ret))
		return -EIO;
	*val = ret;
	return 0;
}

long
ia64_poke (struct task_struct *child, struct switch_stack *child_stack,
	   unsigned long user_rbs_end, unsigned long addr, long val)
{
	unsigned long *bspstore, *krbs, regnum, *laddr;
	unsigned long *urbs_end = (long *) user_rbs_end;
	struct pt_regs *child_regs;

	laddr = (unsigned long *) addr;
	child_regs = ia64_task_regs(child);
	bspstore = (unsigned long *) child_regs->ar_bspstore;
	krbs = (unsigned long *) child + IA64_RBS_OFFSET/8;
	if (on_kernel_rbs(addr, (unsigned long) bspstore,
			  (unsigned long) urbs_end))
	{
		/*
		 * Attempt to write the RBS in an area that's actually
		 * on the kernel RBS => write the corresponding bits
		 * in the kernel RBS.
		 */
		if (ia64_rse_is_rnat_slot(laddr))
			put_rnat(child, child_stack, krbs, laddr, val,
				 urbs_end);
		else {
			if (laddr < urbs_end) {
				regnum = ia64_rse_num_regs(bspstore, laddr);
				*ia64_rse_skip_regs(krbs, regnum) = val;
			}
		}
	} else if (access_process_vm(child, addr, &val, sizeof(val), 1)
		   != sizeof(val))
		return -EIO;
	return 0;
}

/*
 * Calculate the address of the end of the user-level register backing
 * store.  This is the address that would have been stored in ar.bsp
 * if the user had executed a "cover" instruction right before
 * entering the kernel.  If CFMP is not NULL, it is used to return the
 * "current frame mask" that was active at the time the kernel was
 * entered.
 */
unsigned long
ia64_get_user_rbs_end (struct task_struct *child, struct pt_regs *pt,
		       unsigned long *cfmp)
{
	unsigned long *krbs, *bspstore, cfm = pt->cr_ifs;
	long ndirty;

	krbs = (unsigned long *) child + IA64_RBS_OFFSET/8;
	bspstore = (unsigned long *) pt->ar_bspstore;
	ndirty = ia64_rse_num_regs(krbs, krbs + (pt->loadrs >> 19));

	if (in_syscall(pt))
		ndirty += (cfm & 0x7f);
	else
		cfm &= ~(1UL << 63);	/* clear valid bit */

	if (cfmp)
		*cfmp = cfm;
	return (unsigned long) ia64_rse_skip_regs(bspstore, ndirty);
}

/*
 * Synchronize (i.e, write) the RSE backing store living in kernel
 * space to the VM of the CHILD task.  SW and PT are the pointers to
 * the switch_stack and pt_regs structures, respectively.
 * USER_RBS_END is the user-level address at which the backing store
 * ends.
 */
long
ia64_sync_user_rbs (struct task_struct *child, struct switch_stack *sw,
		    unsigned long user_rbs_start, unsigned long user_rbs_end)
{
	unsigned long addr, val;
	long ret;

	/* now copy word for word from kernel rbs to user rbs: */
	for (addr = user_rbs_start; addr < user_rbs_end; addr += 8) {
		ret = ia64_peek(child, sw, user_rbs_end, addr, &val);
		if (ret < 0)
			return ret;
		if (access_process_vm(child, addr, &val, sizeof(val), 1)
		    != sizeof(val))
			return -EIO;
	}
	return 0;
}

static inline int
thread_matches (struct task_struct *thread, unsigned long addr)
{
	unsigned long thread_rbs_end;
	struct pt_regs *thread_regs;

	if (ptrace_check_attach(thread, 0) < 0)
		/*
		 * If the thread is not in an attachable state, we'll
		 * ignore it.  The net effect is that if ADDR happens
		 * to overlap with the portion of the thread's
		 * register backing store that is currently residing
		 * on the thread's kernel stack, then ptrace() may end
		 * up accessing a stale value.  But if the thread
		 * isn't stopped, that's a problem anyhow, so we're
		 * doing as well as we can...
		 */
		return 0;

	thread_regs = ia64_task_regs(thread);
	thread_rbs_end = ia64_get_user_rbs_end(thread, thread_regs, NULL);
	if (!on_kernel_rbs(addr, thread_regs->ar_bspstore, thread_rbs_end))
		return 0;

	return 1;	/* looks like we've got a winner */
}

/*
 * GDB apparently wants to be able to read the register-backing store
 * of any thread when attached to a given process.  If we are peeking
 * or poking an address that happens to reside in the kernel-backing
 * store of another thread, we need to attach to that thread, because
 * otherwise we end up accessing stale data.
 *
 * task_list_lock must be read-locked before calling this routine!
 */
static struct task_struct *
find_thread_for_addr (struct task_struct *child, unsigned long addr)
{
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	struct task_struct *p;
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	struct mm_struct *mm;
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	struct list_head *this, *next;
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	int mm_users;

	if (!(mm = get_task_mm(child)))
		return child;

	/* -1 because of our get_task_mm(): */
	mm_users = atomic_read(&mm->mm_users) - 1;
	if (mm_users <= 1)
		goto out;		/* not multi-threaded */

	/*
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	 * Traverse the current process' children list.  Every task that
	 * one attaches to becomes a child.  And it is only attached children
	 * of the debugger that are of interest (ptrace_check_attach checks
	 * for this).
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	 */
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 	list_for_each_safe(this, next, &current->children) {
		p = list_entry(this, struct task_struct, sibling);
		if (p->mm != mm)
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			continue;
		if (thread_matches(p, addr)) {
			child = p;
			goto out;
		}
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	}

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  out:
	mmput(mm);
	return child;
}

/*
 * Write f32-f127 back to task->thread.fph if it has been modified.
 */
inline void
ia64_flush_fph (struct task_struct *task)
{
	struct ia64_psr *psr = ia64_psr(ia64_task_regs(task));

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	/*
	 * Prevent migrating this task while
	 * we're fiddling with the FPU state
	 */
	preempt_disable();
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	if (ia64_is_local_fpu_owner(task) && psr->mfh) {
		psr->mfh = 0;
		task->thread.flags |= IA64_THREAD_FPH_VALID;
		ia64_save_fpu(&task->thread.fph[0]);
	}
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	preempt_enable();
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}

/*
 * Sync the fph state of the task so that it can be manipulated
 * through thread.fph.  If necessary, f32-f127 are written back to
 * thread.fph or, if the fph state hasn't been used before, thread.fph
 * is cleared to zeroes.  Also, access to f32-f127 is disabled to
 * ensure that the task picks up the state from thread.fph when it
 * executes again.
 */
void
ia64_sync_fph (struct task_struct *task)
{
	struct ia64_psr *psr = ia64_psr(ia64_task_regs(task));

	ia64_flush_fph(task);
	if (!(task->thread.flags & IA64_THREAD_FPH_VALID)) {
		task->thread.flags |= IA64_THREAD_FPH_VALID;
		memset(&task->thread.fph, 0, sizeof(task->thread.fph));
	}
	ia64_drop_fpu(task);
	psr->dfh = 1;
}

static int
access_fr (struct unw_frame_info *info, int regnum, int hi,
	   unsigned long *data, int write_access)
{
	struct ia64_fpreg fpval;
	int ret;

	ret = unw_get_fr(info, regnum, &fpval);
	if (ret < 0)
		return ret;

	if (write_access) {
		fpval.u.bits[hi] = *data;
		ret = unw_set_fr(info, regnum, fpval);
	} else
		*data = fpval.u.bits[hi];
	return ret;
}

/*
 * Change the machine-state of CHILD such that it will return via the normal
 * kernel exit-path, rather than the syscall-exit path.
 */
static void
convert_to_non_syscall (struct task_struct *child, struct pt_regs  *pt,
			unsigned long cfm)
{
	struct unw_frame_info info, prev_info;
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	unsigned long ip, sp, pr;
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	unw_init_from_blocked_task(&info, child);
	while (1) {
		prev_info = info;
		if (unw_unwind(&info) < 0)
			return;
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		unw_get_sp(&info, &sp);
		if ((long)((unsigned long)child + IA64_STK_OFFSET - sp)
		    < IA64_PT_REGS_SIZE) {
			dprintk("ptrace.%s: ran off the top of the kernel "
				"stack\n", __FUNCTION__);
			return;
		}
		if (unw_get_pr (&prev_info, &pr) < 0) {
			unw_get_rp(&prev_info, &ip);
			dprintk("ptrace.%s: failed to read "
				"predicate register (ip=0x%lx)\n",
				__FUNCTION__, ip);
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			return;
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		}
		if (unw_is_intr_frame(&info)
		    && (pr & (1UL << PRED_USER_STACK)))
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			break;
	}

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	/*
	 * Note: at the time of this call, the target task is blocked
	 * in notify_resume_user() and by clearling PRED_LEAVE_SYSCALL
	 * (aka, "pLvSys") we redirect execution from
	 * .work_pending_syscall_end to .work_processed_kernel.
	 */
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	unw_get_pr(&prev_info, &pr);
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	pr &= ~((1UL << PRED_SYSCALL) | (1UL << PRED_LEAVE_SYSCALL));
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	pr |=  (1UL << PRED_NON_SYSCALL);
	unw_set_pr(&prev_info, pr);

	pt->cr_ifs = (1UL << 63) | cfm;
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	/*
	 * Clear the memory that is NOT written on syscall-entry to
	 * ensure we do not leak kernel-state to user when execution
	 * resumes.
	 */
	pt->r2 = 0;
	pt->r3 = 0;
	pt->r14 = 0;
	memset(&pt->r16, 0, 16*8);	/* clear r16-r31 */
	memset(&pt->f6, 0, 6*16);	/* clear f6-f11 */
	pt->b7 = 0;
	pt->ar_ccv = 0;
	pt->ar_csd = 0;
	pt->ar_ssd = 0;
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}

static int
access_nat_bits (struct task_struct *child, struct pt_regs *pt,
		 struct unw_frame_info *info,
		 unsigned long *data, int write_access)
{
	unsigned long regnum, nat_bits, scratch_unat, dummy = 0;
	char nat = 0;

	if (write_access) {
		nat_bits = *data;
		scratch_unat = ia64_put_scratch_nat_bits(pt, nat_bits);
		if (unw_set_ar(info, UNW_AR_UNAT, scratch_unat) < 0) {
			dprintk("ptrace: failed to set ar.unat\n");
			return -1;
		}
		for (regnum = 4; regnum <= 7; ++regnum) {
			unw_get_gr(info, regnum, &dummy, &nat);
			unw_set_gr(info, regnum, dummy,
				   (nat_bits >> regnum) & 1);
		}
	} else {
		if (unw_get_ar(info, UNW_AR_UNAT, &scratch_unat) < 0) {
			dprintk("ptrace: failed to read ar.unat\n");
			return -1;
		}
		nat_bits = ia64_get_scratch_nat_bits(pt, scratch_unat);
		for (regnum = 4; regnum <= 7; ++regnum) {
			unw_get_gr(info, regnum, &dummy, &nat);
			nat_bits |= (nat != 0) << regnum;
		}
		*data = nat_bits;
	}
	return 0;
}

static int
access_uarea (struct task_struct *child, unsigned long addr,
	      unsigned long *data, int write_access)
{
	unsigned long *ptr, regnum, urbs_end, rnat_addr, cfm;
	struct switch_stack *sw;
	struct pt_regs *pt;
#	define pt_reg_addr(pt, reg)	((void *)			    \
					 ((unsigned long) (pt)		    \
					  + offsetof(struct pt_regs, reg)))


	pt = ia64_task_regs(child);
	sw = (struct switch_stack *) (child->thread.ksp + 16);

	if ((addr & 0x7) != 0) {
		dprintk("ptrace: unaligned register address 0x%lx\n", addr);
		return -1;
	}

	if (addr < PT_F127 + 16) {
		/* accessing fph */
		if (write_access)
			ia64_sync_fph(child);
		else
			ia64_flush_fph(child);
		ptr = (unsigned long *)
			((unsigned long) &child->thread.fph + addr);
	} else if ((addr >= PT_F10) && (addr < PT_F11 + 16)) {
		/* scratch registers untouched by kernel (saved in pt_regs) */
		ptr = pt_reg_addr(pt, f10) + (addr - PT_F10);
	} else if (addr >= PT_F12 && addr < PT_F15 + 16) {
		/*
		 * Scratch registers untouched by kernel (saved in
		 * switch_stack).
		 */
		ptr = (unsigned long *) ((long) sw
					 + (addr - PT_NAT_BITS - 32));
	} else if (addr < PT_AR_LC + 8) {
		/* preserved state: */
		struct unw_frame_info info;
		char nat = 0;
		int ret;

		unw_init_from_blocked_task(&info, child);
		if (unw_unwind_to_user(&info) < 0)
			return -1;

		switch (addr) {
		      case PT_NAT_BITS:
			return access_nat_bits(child, pt, &info,
					       data, write_access);

		      case PT_R4: case PT_R5: case PT_R6: case PT_R7:
			if (write_access) {
				/* read NaT bit first: */
				unsigned long dummy;

				ret = unw_get_gr(&info, (addr - PT_R4)/8 + 4,
						 &dummy, &nat);
				if (ret < 0)
					return ret;
			}
			return unw_access_gr(&info, (addr - PT_R4)/8 + 4, data,
					     &nat, write_access);

		      case PT_B1: case PT_B2: case PT_B3:
		      case PT_B4: case PT_B5:
			return unw_access_br(&info, (addr - PT_B1)/8 + 1, data,
					     write_access);

		      case PT_AR_EC:
			return unw_access_ar(&info, UNW_AR_EC, data,
					     write_access);

		      case PT_AR_LC:
			return unw_access_ar(&info, UNW_AR_LC, data,
					     write_access);

		      default:
			if (addr >= PT_F2 && addr < PT_F5 + 16)
				return access_fr(&info, (addr - PT_F2)/16 + 2,
						 (addr & 8) != 0, data,
						 write_access);
			else if (addr >= PT_F16 && addr < PT_F31 + 16)
				return access_fr(&info,
						 (addr - PT_F16)/16 + 16,
						 (addr & 8) != 0,
						 data, write_access);
			else {
				dprintk("ptrace: rejecting access to register "
					"address 0x%lx\n", addr);
				return -1;
			}
		}
	} else if (addr < PT_F9+16) {
		/* scratch state */
		switch (addr) {
		      case PT_AR_BSP:
			/*
			 * By convention, we use PT_AR_BSP to refer to
			 * the end of the user-level backing store.
			 * Use ia64_rse_skip_regs(PT_AR_BSP, -CFM.sof)
			 * to get the real value of ar.bsp at the time
			 * the kernel was entered.
			 *
			 * Furthermore, when changing the contents of
			 * PT_AR_BSP (or PT_CFM) we MUST copy any
			 * users-level stacked registers that are
			 * stored on the kernel stack back to
			 * user-space because otherwise, we might end
			 * up clobbering kernel stacked registers.
			 * Also, if this happens while the task is
			 * blocked in a system call, which convert the
			 * state such that the non-system-call exit
			 * path is used.  This ensures that the proper
			 * state will be picked up when resuming
			 * execution.  However, it *also* means that
			 * once we write PT_AR_BSP/PT_CFM, it won't be
			 * possible to modify the syscall arguments of
			 * the pending system call any longer.  This
			 * shouldn't be an issue because modifying
			 * PT_AR_BSP/PT_CFM generally implies that
			 * we're either abandoning the pending system
			 * call or that we defer it's re-execution
			 * (e.g., due to GDB doing an inferior
			 * function call).
			 */
			urbs_end = ia64_get_user_rbs_end(child, pt, &cfm);
			if (write_access) {
				if (*data != urbs_end) {
					if (ia64_sync_user_rbs(child, sw,
							       pt->ar_bspstore,
							       urbs_end) < 0)
						return -1;
					if (in_syscall(pt))
						convert_to_non_syscall(child,
								       pt,
								       cfm);
					/*
					 * Simulate user-level write
					 * of ar.bsp:
					 */
					pt->loadrs = 0;
					pt->ar_bspstore = *data;
				}
			} else
				*data = urbs_end;
			return 0;

		      case PT_CFM:
			urbs_end = ia64_get_user_rbs_end(child, pt, &cfm);
			if (write_access) {
				if (((cfm ^ *data) & PFM_MASK) != 0) {
					if (ia64_sync_user_rbs(child, sw,
							       pt->ar_bspstore,
							       urbs_end) < 0)
						return -1;
					if (in_syscall(pt))
						convert_to_non_syscall(child,
								       pt,
								       cfm);
					pt->cr_ifs = ((pt->cr_ifs & ~PFM_MASK)
						      | (*data & PFM_MASK));
				}
			} else
				*data = cfm;
			return 0;

		      case PT_CR_IPSR:
			if (write_access)
				pt->cr_ipsr = ((*data & IPSR_MASK)
					       | (pt->cr_ipsr & ~IPSR_MASK));
			else
				*data = (pt->cr_ipsr & IPSR_MASK);
			return 0;

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		      case PT_AR_RSC:
			if (write_access)
				pt->ar_rsc = *data | (3 << 2); /* force PL3 */
			else
				*data = pt->ar_rsc;
			return 0;

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		      case PT_AR_RNAT:
			urbs_end = ia64_get_user_rbs_end(child, pt, NULL);
			rnat_addr = (long) ia64_rse_rnat_addr((long *)
							      urbs_end);
			if (write_access)
				return ia64_poke(child, sw, urbs_end,
						 rnat_addr, *data);
			else
				return ia64_peek(child, sw, urbs_end,
						 rnat_addr, data);

		      case PT_R1:
			ptr = pt_reg_addr(pt, r1);
			break;
		      case PT_R2:  case PT_R3:
			ptr = pt_reg_addr(pt, r2) + (addr - PT_R2);
			break;
		      case PT_R8:  case PT_R9:  case PT_R10: case PT_R11:
			ptr = pt_reg_addr(pt, r8) + (addr - PT_R8);
			break;
		      case PT_R12: case PT_R13:
			ptr = pt_reg_addr(pt, r12) + (addr - PT_R12);
			break;
		      case PT_R14:
			ptr = pt_reg_addr(pt, r14);
			break;
		      case PT_R15:
			ptr = pt_reg_addr(pt, r15);
			break;
		      case PT_R16: case PT_R17: case PT_R18: case PT_R19:
		      case PT_R20: case PT_R21: case PT_R22: case PT_R23:
		      case PT_R24: case PT_R25: case PT_R26: case PT_R27:
		      case PT_R28: case PT_R29: case PT_R30: case PT_R31:
			ptr = pt_reg_addr(pt, r16) + (addr - PT_R16);
			break;
		      case PT_B0:
			ptr = pt_reg_addr(pt, b0);
			break;
		      case PT_B6:
			ptr = pt_reg_addr(pt, b6);
			break;
		      case PT_B7:
			ptr = pt_reg_addr(pt, b7);
			break;
		      case PT_F6:  case PT_F6+8: case PT_F7: case PT_F7+8:
		      case PT_F8:  case PT_F8+8: case PT_F9: case PT_F9+8:
			ptr = pt_reg_addr(pt, f6) + (addr - PT_F6);
			break;
		      case PT_AR_BSPSTORE:
			ptr = pt_reg_addr(pt, ar_bspstore);
			break;
		      case PT_AR_UNAT:
			ptr = pt_reg_addr(pt, ar_unat);
			break;
		      case PT_AR_PFS:
			ptr = pt_reg_addr(pt, ar_pfs);
			break;
		      case PT_AR_CCV:
			ptr = pt_reg_addr(pt, ar_ccv);
			break;
		      case PT_AR_FPSR:
			ptr = pt_reg_addr(pt, ar_fpsr);
			break;
		      case PT_CR_IIP:
			ptr = pt_reg_addr(pt, cr_iip);
			break;
		      case PT_PR:
			ptr = pt_reg_addr(pt, pr);
			break;
			/* scratch register */

		      default:
			/* disallow accessing anything else... */
			dprintk("ptrace: rejecting access to register "
				"address 0x%lx\n", addr);
			return -1;
		}
	} else if (addr <= PT_AR_SSD) {
		ptr = pt_reg_addr(pt, ar_csd) + (addr - PT_AR_CSD);
	} else {
		/* access debug registers */

		if (addr >= PT_IBR) {
			regnum = (addr - PT_IBR) >> 3;
			ptr = &child->thread.ibr[0];
		} else {
			regnum = (addr - PT_DBR) >> 3;
			ptr = &child->thread.dbr[0];
		}

		if (regnum >= 8) {
			dprintk("ptrace: rejecting access to register "
				"address 0x%lx\n", addr);
			return -1;
		}
#ifdef CONFIG_PERFMON
		/*
		 * Check if debug registers are used by perfmon. This
		 * test must be done once we know that we can do the
		 * operation, i.e. the arguments are all valid, but
		 * before we start modifying the state.
		 *
		 * Perfmon needs to keep a count of how many processes
		 * are trying to modify the debug registers for system
		 * wide monitoring sessions.
		 *
		 * We also include read access here, because they may
		 * cause the PMU-installed debug register state
		 * (dbr[], ibr[]) to be reset. The two arrays are also
		 * used by perfmon, but we do not use
		 * IA64_THREAD_DBG_VALID. The registers are restored
		 * by the PMU context switch code.
		 */
		if (pfm_use_debug_registers(child)) return -1;
#endif

		if (!(child->thread.flags & IA64_THREAD_DBG_VALID)) {
			child->thread.flags |= IA64_THREAD_DBG_VALID;
			memset(child->thread.dbr, 0,
			       sizeof(child->thread.dbr));
			memset(child->thread.ibr, 0,
			       sizeof(child->thread.ibr));
		}

		ptr += regnum;

		if ((regnum & 1) && write_access) {
			/* don't let the user set kernel-level breakpoints: */
			*ptr = *data & ~(7UL << 56);
			return 0;
		}
	}
	if (write_access)
		*ptr = *data;
	else
		*data = *ptr;
	return 0;
}

static long
ptrace_getregs (struct task_struct *child, struct pt_all_user_regs __user *ppr)
{
	unsigned long psr, ec, lc, rnat, bsp, cfm, nat_bits, val;
	struct unw_frame_info info;
	struct ia64_fpreg fpval;
	struct switch_stack *sw;
	struct pt_regs *pt;
	long ret, retval = 0;
	char nat = 0;
	int i;

	if (!access_ok(VERIFY_WRITE, ppr, sizeof(struct pt_all_user_regs)))
		return -EIO;

	pt = ia64_task_regs(child);
	sw = (struct switch_stack *) (child->thread.ksp + 16);
	unw_init_from_blocked_task(&info, child);
	if (unw_unwind_to_user(&info) < 0) {
		return -EIO;
	}

	if (((unsigned long) ppr & 0x7) != 0) {
		dprintk("ptrace:unaligned register address %p\n", ppr);
		return -EIO;
	}

	if (access_uarea(child, PT_CR_IPSR, &psr, 0) < 0
	    || access_uarea(child, PT_AR_EC, &ec, 0) < 0
	    || access_uarea(child, PT_AR_LC, &lc, 0) < 0
	    || access_uarea(child, PT_AR_RNAT, &rnat, 0) < 0
	    || access_uarea(child, PT_AR_BSP, &bsp, 0) < 0
	    || access_uarea(child, PT_CFM, &cfm, 0)
	    || access_uarea(child, PT_NAT_BITS, &nat_bits, 0))
		return -EIO;

	/* control regs */

	retval |= __put_user(pt->cr_iip, &ppr->cr_iip);
	retval |= __put_user(psr, &ppr->cr_ipsr);

	/* app regs */

	retval |= __put_user(pt->ar_pfs, &ppr->ar[PT_AUR_PFS]);
	retval |= __put_user(pt->ar_rsc, &ppr->ar[PT_AUR_RSC]);
	retval |= __put_user(pt->ar_bspstore, &ppr->ar[PT_AUR_BSPSTORE]);
	retval |= __put_user(pt->ar_unat, &ppr->ar[PT_AUR_UNAT]);
	retval |= __put_user(pt->ar_ccv, &ppr->ar[PT_AUR_CCV]);
	retval |= __put_user(pt->ar_fpsr, &ppr->ar[PT_AUR_FPSR]);

	retval |= __put_user(ec, &ppr->ar[PT_AUR_EC]);
	retval |= __put_user(lc, &ppr->ar[PT_AUR_LC]);
	retval |= __put_user(rnat, &ppr->ar[PT_AUR_RNAT]);
	retval |= __put_user(bsp, &ppr->ar[PT_AUR_BSP]);
	retval |= __put_user(cfm, &ppr->cfm);

	/* gr1-gr3 */

	retval |= __copy_to_user(&ppr->gr[1], &pt->r1, sizeof(long));
	retval |= __copy_to_user(&ppr->gr[2], &pt->r2, sizeof(long) *2);

	/* gr4-gr7 */

	for (i = 4; i < 8; i++) {
		if (unw_access_gr(&info, i, &val, &nat, 0) < 0)
			return -EIO;
		retval |= __put_user(val, &ppr->gr[i]);
	}

	/* gr8-gr11 */

	retval |= __copy_to_user(&ppr->gr[8], &pt->r8, sizeof(long) * 4);

	/* gr12-gr15 */

	retval |= __copy_to_user(&ppr->gr[12], &pt->r12, sizeof(long) * 2);
	retval |= __copy_to_user(&ppr->gr[14], &pt->r14, sizeof(long));
	retval |= __copy_to_user(&ppr->gr[15], &pt->r15, sizeof(long));

	/* gr16-gr31 */

	retval |= __copy_to_user(&ppr->gr[16], &pt->r16, sizeof(long) * 16);

	/* b0 */

	retval |= __put_user(pt->b0, &ppr->br[0]);

	/* b1-b5 */

	for (i = 1; i < 6; i++) {
		if (unw_access_br(&info, i, &val, 0) < 0)
			return -EIO;
		__put_user(val, &ppr->br[i]);
	}

	/* b6-b7 */

	retval |= __put_user(pt->b6, &ppr->br[6]);
	retval |= __put_user(pt->b7, &ppr->br[7]);

	/* fr2-fr5 */

	for (i = 2; i < 6; i++) {
		if (unw_get_fr(&info, i, &fpval) < 0)
			return -EIO;
		retval |= __copy_to_user(&ppr->fr[i], &fpval, sizeof (fpval));
	}

	/* fr6-fr11 */

	retval |= __copy_to_user(&ppr->fr[6], &pt->f6,
				 sizeof(struct ia64_fpreg) * 6);

	/* fp scratch regs(12-15) */

	retval |= __copy_to_user(&ppr->fr[12], &sw->f12,
				 sizeof(struct ia64_fpreg) * 4);

	/* fr16-fr31 */

	for (i = 16; i < 32; i++) {
		if (unw_get_fr(&info, i, &fpval) < 0)
			return -EIO;
		retval |= __copy_to_user(&ppr->fr[i], &fpval, sizeof (fpval));
	}

	/* fph */

	ia64_flush_fph(child);
	retval |= __copy_to_user(&ppr->fr[32], &child->thread.fph,
				 sizeof(ppr->fr[32]) * 96);

	/*  preds */

	retval |= __put_user(pt->pr, &ppr->pr);

	/* nat bits */

	retval |= __put_user(nat_bits, &ppr->nat);

	ret = retval ? -EIO : 0;
	return ret;
}

static long
ptrace_setregs (struct task_struct *child, struct pt_all_user_regs __user *ppr)
{
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	unsigned long psr, rsc, ec, lc, rnat, bsp, cfm, nat_bits, val = 0;
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	struct unw_frame_info info;
	struct switch_stack *sw;
	struct ia64_fpreg fpval;
	struct pt_regs *pt;
	long ret, retval = 0;
	int i;

	memset(&fpval, 0, sizeof(fpval));

	if (!access_ok(VERIFY_READ, ppr, sizeof(struct pt_all_user_regs)))
		return -EIO;

	pt = ia64_task_regs(child);
	sw = (struct switch_stack *) (child->thread.ksp + 16);
	unw_init_from_blocked_task(&info, child);
	if (unw_unwind_to_user(&info) < 0) {
		return -EIO;
	}

	if (((unsigned long) ppr & 0x7) != 0) {
		dprintk("ptrace:unaligned register address %p\n", ppr);
		return -EIO;
	}

	/* control regs */

	retval |= __get_user(pt->cr_iip, &ppr->cr_iip);
	retval |= __get_user(psr, &ppr->cr_ipsr);

	/* app regs */

	retval |= __get_user(pt->ar_pfs, &ppr->ar[PT_AUR_PFS]);
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	retval |= __get_user(rsc, &ppr->ar[PT_AUR_RSC]);
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	retval |= __get_user(pt->ar_bspstore, &ppr->ar[PT_AUR_BSPSTORE]);
	retval |= __get_user(pt->ar_unat, &ppr->ar[PT_AUR_UNAT]);
	retval |= __get_user(pt->ar_ccv, &ppr->ar[PT_AUR_CCV]);
	retval |= __get_user(pt->ar_fpsr, &ppr->ar[PT_AUR_FPSR]);

	retval |= __get_user(ec, &ppr->ar[PT_AUR_EC]);
	retval |= __get_user(lc, &ppr->ar[PT_AUR_LC]);
	retval |= __get_user(rnat, &ppr->ar[PT_AUR_RNAT]);
	retval |= __get_user(bsp, &ppr->ar[PT_AUR_BSP]);
	retval |= __get_user(cfm, &ppr->cfm);

	/* gr1-gr3 */

	retval |= __copy_from_user(&pt->r1, &ppr->gr[1], sizeof(long));
	retval |= __copy_from_user(&pt->r2, &ppr->gr[2], sizeof(long) * 2);

	/* gr4-gr7 */

	for (i = 4; i < 8; i++) {
		retval |= __get_user(val, &ppr->gr[i]);
		/* NaT bit will be set via PT_NAT_BITS: */
		if (unw_set_gr(&info, i, val, 0) < 0)
			return -EIO;
	}

	/* gr8-gr11 */

	retval |= __copy_from_user(&pt->r8, &ppr->gr[8], sizeof(long) * 4);

	/* gr12-gr15 */

	retval |= __copy_from_user(&pt->r12, &ppr->gr[12], sizeof(long) * 2);
	retval |= __copy_from_user(&pt->r14, &ppr->gr[14], sizeof(long));
	retval |= __copy_from_user(&pt->r15, &ppr->gr[15], sizeof(long));

	/* gr16-gr31 */

	retval |= __copy_from_user(&pt->r16, &ppr->gr[16], sizeof(long) * 16);

	/* b0 */

	retval |= __get_user(pt->b0, &ppr->br[0]);

	/* b1-b5 */

	for (i = 1; i < 6; i++) {
		retval |= __get_user(val, &ppr->br[i]);
		unw_set_br(&info, i, val);
	}

	/* b6-b7 */

	retval |= __get_user(pt->b6, &ppr->br[6]);
	retval |= __get_user(pt->b7, &ppr->br[7]);

	/* fr2-fr5 */

	for (i = 2; i < 6; i++) {
		retval |= __copy_from_user(&fpval, &ppr->fr[i], sizeof(fpval));
		if (unw_set_fr(&info, i, fpval) < 0)
			return -EIO;
	}

	/* fr6-fr11 */

	retval |= __copy_from_user(&pt->f6, &ppr->fr[6],
				   sizeof(ppr->fr[6]) * 6);

	/* fp scratch regs(12-15) */

	retval |= __copy_from_user(&sw->f12, &ppr->fr[12],
				   sizeof(ppr->fr[12]) * 4);

	/* fr16-fr31 */

	for (i = 16; i < 32; i++) {
		retval |= __copy_from_user(&fpval, &ppr->fr[i],
					   sizeof(fpval));
		if (unw_set_fr(&info, i, fpval) < 0)
			return -EIO;
	}

	/* fph */

	ia64_sync_fph(child);
	retval |= __copy_from_user(&child->thread.fph, &ppr->fr[32],
				   sizeof(ppr->fr[32]) * 96);

	/* preds */

	retval |= __get_user(pt->pr, &ppr->pr);

	/* nat bits */

	retval |= __get_user(nat_bits, &ppr->nat);

	retval |= access_uarea(child, PT_CR_IPSR, &psr, 1);
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	retval |= access_uarea(child, PT_AR_RSC, &rsc, 1);
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	retval |= access_uarea(child, PT_AR_EC, &ec, 1);
	retval |= access_uarea(child, PT_AR_LC, &lc, 1);
	retval |= access_uarea(child, PT_AR_RNAT, &rnat, 1);
	retval |= access_uarea(child, PT_AR_BSP, &bsp, 1);
	retval |= access_uarea(child, PT_CFM, &cfm, 1);
	retval |= access_uarea(child, PT_NAT_BITS, &nat_bits, 1);

	ret = retval ? -EIO : 0;
	return ret;
}

/*
 * Called by kernel/ptrace.c when detaching..
 *
 * Make sure the single step bit is not set.
 */
void
ptrace_disable (struct task_struct *child)
{
	struct ia64_psr *child_psr = ia64_psr(ia64_task_regs(child));

	/* make sure the single step/taken-branch trap bits are not set: */
	child_psr->ss = 0;
	child_psr->tb = 0;
}

asmlinkage long
sys_ptrace (long request, pid_t pid, unsigned long addr, unsigned long data)
{
	struct pt_regs *pt;
	unsigned long urbs_end, peek_or_poke;
	struct task_struct *child;
	struct switch_stack *sw;
	long ret;

	lock_kernel();
	ret = -EPERM;
	if (request == PTRACE_TRACEME) {
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		ret = ptrace_traceme();
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		goto out;
	}

	peek_or_poke = (request == PTRACE_PEEKTEXT
			|| request == PTRACE_PEEKDATA
			|| request == PTRACE_POKETEXT
			|| request == PTRACE_POKEDATA);
	ret = -ESRCH;
	read_lock(&tasklist_lock);
	{
		child = find_task_by_pid(pid);
		if (child) {
			if (peek_or_poke)
				child = find_thread_for_addr(child, addr);
			get_task_struct(child);
		}
	}
	read_unlock(&tasklist_lock);
	if (!child)
		goto out;
	ret = -EPERM;
	if (pid == 1)		/* no messing around with init! */
		goto out_tsk;

	if (request == PTRACE_ATTACH) {
		ret = ptrace_attach(child);
		goto out_tsk;
	}

	ret = ptrace_check_attach(child, request == PTRACE_KILL);
	if (ret < 0)
		goto out_tsk;

	pt = ia64_task_regs(child);
	sw = (struct switch_stack *) (child->thread.ksp + 16);

	switch (request) {
	      case PTRACE_PEEKTEXT:
	      case PTRACE_PEEKDATA:
		/* read word at location addr */
		urbs_end = ia64_get_user_rbs_end(child, pt, NULL);
		ret = ia64_peek(child, sw, urbs_end, addr, &data);
		if (ret == 0) {
			ret = data;
			/* ensure "ret" is not mistaken as an error code: */
			force_successful_syscall_return();
		}
		goto out_tsk;

	      case PTRACE_POKETEXT:
	      case PTRACE_POKEDATA:
		/* write the word at location addr */
		urbs_end = ia64_get_user_rbs_end(child, pt, NULL);
		ret = ia64_poke(child, sw, urbs_end, addr, data);
		goto out_tsk;

	      case PTRACE_PEEKUSR:
		/* read the word at addr in the USER area */
		if (access_uarea(child, addr, &data, 0) < 0) {
			ret = -EIO;
			goto out_tsk;
		}
		ret = data;
		/* ensure "ret" is not mistaken as an error code */
		force_successful_syscall_return();
		goto out_tsk;

	      case PTRACE_POKEUSR:
		/* write the word at addr in the USER area */
		if (access_uarea(child, addr, &data, 1) < 0) {
			ret = -EIO;
			goto out_tsk;
		}
		ret = 0;
		goto out_tsk;

	      case PTRACE_OLD_GETSIGINFO:
		/* for backwards-compatibility */
		ret = ptrace_request(child, PTRACE_GETSIGINFO, addr, data);
		goto out_tsk;

	      case PTRACE_OLD_SETSIGINFO:
		/* for backwards-compatibility */
		ret = ptrace_request(child, PTRACE_SETSIGINFO, addr, data);
		goto out_tsk;

	      case PTRACE_SYSCALL:
		/* continue and stop at next (return from) syscall */
	      case PTRACE_CONT:
		/* restart after signal. */
		ret = -EIO;
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		if (!valid_signal(data))
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			goto out_tsk;
		if (request == PTRACE_SYSCALL)
			set_tsk_thread_flag(child, TIF_SYSCALL_TRACE);
		else
			clear_tsk_thread_flag(child, TIF_SYSCALL_TRACE);
		child->exit_code = data;

		/*
		 * Make sure the single step/taken-branch trap bits
		 * are not set:
		 */
		ia64_psr(pt)->ss = 0;
		ia64_psr(pt)->tb = 0;

		wake_up_process(child);
		ret = 0;
		goto out_tsk;

	      case PTRACE_KILL:
		/*
		 * Make the child exit.  Best I can do is send it a
		 * sigkill.  Perhaps it should be put in the status
		 * that it wants to exit.
		 */
		if (child->exit_state == EXIT_ZOMBIE)
			/* already dead */
			goto out_tsk;
		child->exit_code = SIGKILL;

		ptrace_disable(child);
		wake_up_process(child);
		ret = 0;
		goto out_tsk;

	      case PTRACE_SINGLESTEP:
		/* let child execute for one instruction */
	      case PTRACE_SINGLEBLOCK:
		ret = -EIO;
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		if (!valid_signal(data))
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			goto out_tsk;

		clear_tsk_thread_flag(child, TIF_SYSCALL_TRACE);
		if (request == PTRACE_SINGLESTEP) {
			ia64_psr(pt)->ss = 1;
		} else {
			ia64_psr(pt)->tb = 1;
		}
		child->exit_code = data;

		/* give it a chance to run. */
		wake_up_process(child);
		ret = 0;
		goto out_tsk;

	      case PTRACE_DETACH:
		/* detach a process that was attached. */
		ret = ptrace_detach(child, data);
		goto out_tsk;

	      case PTRACE_GETREGS:
		ret = ptrace_getregs(child,
				     (struct pt_all_user_regs __user *) data);
		goto out_tsk;

	      case PTRACE_SETREGS:
		ret = ptrace_setregs(child,
				     (struct pt_all_user_regs __user *) data);
		goto out_tsk;

	      default:
		ret = ptrace_request(child, request, addr, data);
		goto out_tsk;
	}
  out_tsk:
	put_task_struct(child);
  out:
	unlock_kernel();
	return ret;
}


void
syscall_trace (void)
{
	if (!test_thread_flag(TIF_SYSCALL_TRACE))
		return;
	if (!(current->ptrace & PT_PTRACED))
		return;
	/*
	 * The 0x80 provides a way for the tracing parent to
	 * distinguish between a syscall stop and SIGTRAP delivery.
	 */
	ptrace_notify(SIGTRAP
		      | ((current->ptrace & PT_TRACESYSGOOD) ? 0x80 : 0));

	/*
	 * This isn't the same as continuing with a signal, but it
	 * will do for normal use.  strace only continues with a
	 * signal if the stopping signal is not SIGTRAP.  -brl
	 */
	if (current->exit_code) {
		send_sig(current->exit_code, current, 1);
		current->exit_code = 0;
	}
}

/* "asmlinkage" so the input arguments are preserved... */

asmlinkage void
syscall_trace_enter (long arg0, long arg1, long arg2, long arg3,
		     long arg4, long arg5, long arg6, long arg7,
		     struct pt_regs regs)
{
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	if (test_thread_flag(TIF_SYSCALL_TRACE) 
	    && (current->ptrace & PT_PTRACED))
		syscall_trace();
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	if (unlikely(current->audit_context)) {
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		long syscall;
		int arch;

		if (IS_IA32_PROCESS(&regs)) {
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			syscall = regs.r1;
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			arch = AUDIT_ARCH_I386;
		} else {
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			syscall = regs.r15;
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			arch = AUDIT_ARCH_IA64;
		}
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		audit_syscall_entry(current, arch, syscall, arg0, arg1, arg2, arg3);
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	}

}

/* "asmlinkage" so the input arguments are preserved... */

asmlinkage void
syscall_trace_leave (long arg0, long arg1, long arg2, long arg3,
		     long arg4, long arg5, long arg6, long arg7,
		     struct pt_regs regs)
{
	if (unlikely(current->audit_context))
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		audit_syscall_exit(current, AUDITSC_RESULT(regs.r10), regs.r8);
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	if (test_thread_flag(TIF_SYSCALL_TRACE)
	    && (current->ptrace & PT_PTRACED))
		syscall_trace();
}