pci-driver.c 13 KB
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/*
 * drivers/pci/pci-driver.c
 *
 */

#include <linux/pci.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/device.h>
#include <linux/pci-dynids.h>
#include "pci.h"

/*
 *  Registration of PCI drivers and handling of hot-pluggable devices.
 */

/*
 * Dynamic device IDs are disabled for !CONFIG_HOTPLUG
 */

#ifdef CONFIG_HOTPLUG
/**
 * pci_device_probe_dynamic()
 *
 * Walk the dynamic ID list looking for a match.
 * returns 0 and sets pci_dev->driver when drv claims pci_dev, else error.
 */
static int
pci_device_probe_dynamic(struct pci_driver *drv, struct pci_dev *pci_dev)
{
	int error = -ENODEV;
	struct list_head *pos;
	struct dynid *dynid;

	spin_lock(&drv->dynids.lock);
	list_for_each(pos, &drv->dynids.list) {
		dynid = list_entry(pos, struct dynid, node);
		if (pci_match_one_device(&dynid->id, pci_dev)) {
			spin_unlock(&drv->dynids.lock);
			error = drv->probe(pci_dev, &dynid->id);
			if (error >= 0) {
				pci_dev->driver = drv;
				return 0;
			}
			return error;
		}
	}
	spin_unlock(&drv->dynids.lock);
	return error;
}

/**
 * store_new_id
 *
 * Adds a new dynamic pci device ID to this driver,
 * and causes the driver to probe for all devices again.
 */
static inline ssize_t
store_new_id(struct device_driver *driver, const char *buf, size_t count)
{
	struct dynid *dynid;
	struct bus_type * bus;
	struct pci_driver *pdrv = to_pci_driver(driver);
	__u32 vendor=PCI_ANY_ID, device=PCI_ANY_ID, subvendor=PCI_ANY_ID,
		subdevice=PCI_ANY_ID, class=0, class_mask=0;
	unsigned long driver_data=0;
	int fields=0;

	fields = sscanf(buf, "%x %x %x %x %x %x %lux",
			&vendor, &device, &subvendor, &subdevice,
			&class, &class_mask, &driver_data);
	if (fields < 0)
		return -EINVAL;

	dynid = kmalloc(sizeof(*dynid), GFP_KERNEL);
	if (!dynid)
		return -ENOMEM;

	memset(dynid, 0, sizeof(*dynid));
	INIT_LIST_HEAD(&dynid->node);
	dynid->id.vendor = vendor;
	dynid->id.device = device;
	dynid->id.subvendor = subvendor;
	dynid->id.subdevice = subdevice;
	dynid->id.class = class;
	dynid->id.class_mask = class_mask;
	dynid->id.driver_data = pdrv->dynids.use_driver_data ?
		driver_data : 0UL;

	spin_lock(&pdrv->dynids.lock);
	list_add_tail(&pdrv->dynids.list, &dynid->node);
	spin_unlock(&pdrv->dynids.lock);

	bus = get_bus(pdrv->driver.bus);
	if (bus) {
		if (get_driver(&pdrv->driver)) {
			down_write(&bus->subsys.rwsem);
			driver_attach(&pdrv->driver);
			up_write(&bus->subsys.rwsem);
			put_driver(&pdrv->driver);
		}
		put_bus(bus);
	}

	return count;
}

static DRIVER_ATTR(new_id, S_IWUSR, NULL, store_new_id);
static inline void
pci_init_dynids(struct pci_dynids *dynids)
{
	spin_lock_init(&dynids->lock);
	INIT_LIST_HEAD(&dynids->list);
}

static void
pci_free_dynids(struct pci_driver *drv)
{
	struct list_head *pos, *n;
	struct dynid *dynid;

	spin_lock(&drv->dynids.lock);
	list_for_each_safe(pos, n, &drv->dynids.list) {
		dynid = list_entry(pos, struct dynid, node);
		list_del(&dynid->node);
		kfree(dynid);
	}
	spin_unlock(&drv->dynids.lock);
}

static int
pci_create_newid_file(struct pci_driver *drv)
{
	int error = 0;
	if (drv->probe != NULL)
		error = sysfs_create_file(&drv->driver.kobj,
					  &driver_attr_new_id.attr);
	return error;
}

static int
pci_bus_match_dynids(const struct pci_dev *pci_dev, struct pci_driver *pci_drv)
{
	struct list_head *pos;
	struct dynid *dynid;

	spin_lock(&pci_drv->dynids.lock);
	list_for_each(pos, &pci_drv->dynids.list) {
		dynid = list_entry(pos, struct dynid, node);
		if (pci_match_one_device(&dynid->id, pci_dev)) {
			spin_unlock(&pci_drv->dynids.lock);
			return 1;
		}
	}
	spin_unlock(&pci_drv->dynids.lock);
	return 0;
}

#else /* !CONFIG_HOTPLUG */
static inline int pci_device_probe_dynamic(struct pci_driver *drv, struct pci_dev *pci_dev)
{
	return -ENODEV;
}
static inline void pci_init_dynids(struct pci_dynids *dynids) {}
static inline void pci_free_dynids(struct pci_driver *drv) {}
static inline int pci_create_newid_file(struct pci_driver *drv)
{
	return 0;
}
static inline int pci_bus_match_dynids(const struct pci_dev *pci_dev, struct pci_driver *pci_drv)
{
	return 0;
}
#endif

/**
 * pci_match_device - Tell if a PCI device structure has a matching
 *                    PCI device id structure
 * @ids: array of PCI device id structures to search in
 * @dev: the PCI device structure to match against
 * 
 * Used by a driver to check whether a PCI device present in the
 * system is in its list of supported devices.Returns the matching
 * pci_device_id structure or %NULL if there is no match.
 */
const struct pci_device_id *
pci_match_device(const struct pci_device_id *ids, const struct pci_dev *dev)
{
	while (ids->vendor || ids->subvendor || ids->class_mask) {
		if (pci_match_one_device(ids, dev))
			return ids;
		ids++;
	}
	return NULL;
}

/**
 * pci_device_probe_static()
 * 
 * returns 0 and sets pci_dev->driver when drv claims pci_dev, else error.
 */
static int
pci_device_probe_static(struct pci_driver *drv, struct pci_dev *pci_dev)
{		   
	int error = -ENODEV;
	const struct pci_device_id *id;

	if (!drv->id_table)
		return error;
	id = pci_match_device(drv->id_table, pci_dev);
	if (id)
		error = drv->probe(pci_dev, id);
	if (error >= 0) {
		pci_dev->driver = drv;
		error = 0;
	}
	return error;
}

/**
 * __pci_device_probe()
 * 
 * returns 0  on success, else error.
 * side-effect: pci_dev->driver is set to drv when drv claims pci_dev.
 */
static int
__pci_device_probe(struct pci_driver *drv, struct pci_dev *pci_dev)
{		   
	int error = 0;

	if (!pci_dev->driver && drv->probe) {
		error = pci_device_probe_static(drv, pci_dev);
		if (error == -ENODEV)
			error = pci_device_probe_dynamic(drv, pci_dev);
	}
	return error;
}

static int pci_device_probe(struct device * dev)
{
	int error = 0;
	struct pci_driver *drv;
	struct pci_dev *pci_dev;

	drv = to_pci_driver(dev->driver);
	pci_dev = to_pci_dev(dev);
	pci_dev_get(pci_dev);
	error = __pci_device_probe(drv, pci_dev);
	if (error)
		pci_dev_put(pci_dev);

	return error;
}

static int pci_device_remove(struct device * dev)
{
	struct pci_dev * pci_dev = to_pci_dev(dev);
	struct pci_driver * drv = pci_dev->driver;

	if (drv) {
		if (drv->remove)
			drv->remove(pci_dev);
		pci_dev->driver = NULL;
	}

	/*
	 * We would love to complain here if pci_dev->is_enabled is set, that
	 * the driver should have called pci_disable_device(), but the
	 * unfortunate fact is there are too many odd BIOS and bridge setups
	 * that don't like drivers doing that all of the time.  
	 * Oh well, we can dream of sane hardware when we sleep, no matter how
	 * horrible the crap we have to deal with is when we are awake...
	 */

	pci_dev_put(pci_dev);
	return 0;
}

static int pci_device_suspend(struct device * dev, pm_message_t state)
{
	struct pci_dev * pci_dev = to_pci_dev(dev);
	struct pci_driver * drv = pci_dev->driver;
	int i = 0;

	if (drv && drv->suspend)
		i = drv->suspend(pci_dev, state);
	else
		pci_save_state(pci_dev);
	return i;
}


/* 
 * Default resume method for devices that have no driver provided resume,
 * or not even a driver at all.
 */
static void pci_default_resume(struct pci_dev *pci_dev)
{
	/* restore the PCI config space */
	pci_restore_state(pci_dev);
	/* if the device was enabled before suspend, reenable */
	if (pci_dev->is_enabled)
		pci_enable_device(pci_dev);
	/* if the device was busmaster before the suspend, make it busmaster again */
	if (pci_dev->is_busmaster)
		pci_set_master(pci_dev);
}

static int pci_device_resume(struct device * dev)
{
	struct pci_dev * pci_dev = to_pci_dev(dev);
	struct pci_driver * drv = pci_dev->driver;

	if (drv && drv->resume)
		drv->resume(pci_dev);
	else
		pci_default_resume(pci_dev);
	return 0;
}

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static void pci_device_shutdown(struct device *dev)
{
	struct pci_dev *pci_dev = to_pci_dev(dev);
	struct pci_driver *drv = pci_dev->driver;

	if (drv && drv->shutdown)
		drv->shutdown(pci_dev);
}
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#define kobj_to_pci_driver(obj) container_of(obj, struct device_driver, kobj)
#define attr_to_driver_attribute(obj) container_of(obj, struct driver_attribute, attr)

static ssize_t
pci_driver_attr_show(struct kobject * kobj, struct attribute *attr, char *buf)
{
	struct device_driver *driver = kobj_to_pci_driver(kobj);
	struct driver_attribute *dattr = attr_to_driver_attribute(attr);
	ssize_t ret = 0;

	if (get_driver(driver)) {
		if (dattr->show)
			ret = dattr->show(driver, buf);
		put_driver(driver);
	}
	return ret;
}

static ssize_t
pci_driver_attr_store(struct kobject * kobj, struct attribute *attr,
		      const char *buf, size_t count)
{
	struct device_driver *driver = kobj_to_pci_driver(kobj);
	struct driver_attribute *dattr = attr_to_driver_attribute(attr);
	ssize_t ret = 0;

	if (get_driver(driver)) {
		if (dattr->store)
			ret = dattr->store(driver, buf, count);
		put_driver(driver);
	}
	return ret;
}

static struct sysfs_ops pci_driver_sysfs_ops = {
	.show = pci_driver_attr_show,
	.store = pci_driver_attr_store,
};
static struct kobj_type pci_driver_kobj_type = {
	.sysfs_ops = &pci_driver_sysfs_ops,
};

static int
pci_populate_driver_dir(struct pci_driver *drv)
{
	return pci_create_newid_file(drv);
}

/**
 * pci_register_driver - register a new pci driver
 * @drv: the driver structure to register
 * 
 * Adds the driver structure to the list of registered drivers.
 * Returns a negative value on error, otherwise 0. 
 * If no error occured, the driver remains registered even if 
 * no device was claimed during registration.
 */
int pci_register_driver(struct pci_driver *drv)
{
	int error;

	/* initialize common driver fields */
	drv->driver.name = drv->name;
	drv->driver.bus = &pci_bus_type;
	drv->driver.probe = pci_device_probe;
	drv->driver.remove = pci_device_remove;
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	drv->driver.shutdown = pci_device_shutdown,
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	drv->driver.owner = drv->owner;
	drv->driver.kobj.ktype = &pci_driver_kobj_type;
	pci_init_dynids(&drv->dynids);

	/* register with core */
	error = driver_register(&drv->driver);

	if (!error)
		pci_populate_driver_dir(drv);

	return error;
}

/**
 * pci_unregister_driver - unregister a pci driver
 * @drv: the driver structure to unregister
 * 
 * Deletes the driver structure from the list of registered PCI drivers,
 * gives it a chance to clean up by calling its remove() function for
 * each device it was responsible for, and marks those devices as
 * driverless.
 */

void
pci_unregister_driver(struct pci_driver *drv)
{
	driver_unregister(&drv->driver);
	pci_free_dynids(drv);
}

static struct pci_driver pci_compat_driver = {
	.name = "compat"
};

/**
 * pci_dev_driver - get the pci_driver of a device
 * @dev: the device to query
 *
 * Returns the appropriate pci_driver structure or %NULL if there is no 
 * registered driver for the device.
 */
struct pci_driver *
pci_dev_driver(const struct pci_dev *dev)
{
	if (dev->driver)
		return dev->driver;
	else {
		int i;
		for(i=0; i<=PCI_ROM_RESOURCE; i++)
			if (dev->resource[i].flags & IORESOURCE_BUSY)
				return &pci_compat_driver;
	}
	return NULL;
}

/**
 * pci_bus_match - Tell if a PCI device structure has a matching PCI device id structure
 * @ids: array of PCI device id structures to search in
 * @dev: the PCI device structure to match against
 * 
 * Used by a driver to check whether a PCI device present in the
 * system is in its list of supported devices.Returns the matching
 * pci_device_id structure or %NULL if there is no match.
 */
static int pci_bus_match(struct device * dev, struct device_driver * drv) 
{
	const struct pci_dev * pci_dev = to_pci_dev(dev);
	struct pci_driver * pci_drv = to_pci_driver(drv);
	const struct pci_device_id * ids = pci_drv->id_table;
	const struct pci_device_id *found_id;

	if (!ids)
		return 0;

	found_id = pci_match_device(ids, pci_dev);
	if (found_id)
		return 1;

	return pci_bus_match_dynids(pci_dev, pci_drv);
}

/**
 * pci_dev_get - increments the reference count of the pci device structure
 * @dev: the device being referenced
 *
 * Each live reference to a device should be refcounted.
 *
 * Drivers for PCI devices should normally record such references in
 * their probe() methods, when they bind to a device, and release
 * them by calling pci_dev_put(), in their disconnect() methods.
 *
 * A pointer to the device with the incremented reference counter is returned.
 */
struct pci_dev *pci_dev_get(struct pci_dev *dev)
{
	if (dev)
		get_device(&dev->dev);
	return dev;
}

/**
 * pci_dev_put - release a use of the pci device structure
 * @dev: device that's been disconnected
 *
 * Must be called when a user of a device is finished with it.  When the last
 * user of the device calls this function, the memory of the device is freed.
 */
void pci_dev_put(struct pci_dev *dev)
{
	if (dev)
		put_device(&dev->dev);
}

#ifndef CONFIG_HOTPLUG
int pci_hotplug (struct device *dev, char **envp, int num_envp,
		 char *buffer, int buffer_size)
{
	return -ENODEV;
}
#endif

struct bus_type pci_bus_type = {
	.name		= "pci",
	.match		= pci_bus_match,
	.hotplug	= pci_hotplug,
	.suspend	= pci_device_suspend,
	.resume		= pci_device_resume,
	.dev_attrs	= pci_dev_attrs,
};

static int __init pci_driver_init(void)
{
	return bus_register(&pci_bus_type);
}

postcore_initcall(pci_driver_init);

EXPORT_SYMBOL(pci_match_device);
EXPORT_SYMBOL(pci_register_driver);
EXPORT_SYMBOL(pci_unregister_driver);
EXPORT_SYMBOL(pci_dev_driver);
EXPORT_SYMBOL(pci_bus_type);
EXPORT_SYMBOL(pci_dev_get);
EXPORT_SYMBOL(pci_dev_put);