Commit 0058f965 authored by Jan Kara's avatar Jan Kara Committed by Theodore Ts'o
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ext4: make ext4_bio_write_page() use BH_Async_Write flags



So far ext4_bio_write_page() attached all the pages to ext4_io_end
structure.  This makes that structure pretty heavy (1 KB for pointers
+ 16 bytes per page attached to the bio).  Also later we would like to
share ext4_io_end structure among several bios in case IO to a single
extent needs to be split among several bios and pointing to pages from
ext4_io_end makes this complex.

We remove page pointers from ext4_io_end and use pointers from bio
itself instead.  This isn't as easy when blocksize < pagesize because
then we can have several bios in flight for a single page and we have
to be careful when to call end_page_writeback().  However this is a
known problem already solved by block_write_full_page() /
end_buffer_async_write() so we mimic its behavior here.  We mark
buffers going to disk with BH_Async_Write flag and in
ext4_bio_end_io() we check whether there are any buffers with
BH_Async_Write flag left.  If there are not, we can call
end_page_writeback().
Signed-off-by: default avatarJan Kara <jack@suse.cz>
Signed-off-by: default avatar"Theodore Ts'o" <tytso@mit.edu>
Reviewed-by: default avatarDmitry Monakhov <dmonakhov@openvz.org>
Reviewed-by: default avatarZheng Liu <wenqing.lz@taobao.com>
parent e1091b15
......@@ -198,19 +198,8 @@ struct mpage_da_data {
#define EXT4_IO_END_ERROR 0x0002
#define EXT4_IO_END_DIRECT 0x0004
struct ext4_io_page {
struct page *p_page;
atomic_t p_count;
};
#define MAX_IO_PAGES 128
/*
* For converting uninitialized extents on a work queue.
*
* 'page' is only used from the writepage() path; 'pages' is only used for
* buffered writes; they are used to keep page references until conversion
* takes place. For AIO/DIO, neither field is filled in.
*/
typedef struct ext4_io_end {
struct list_head list; /* per-file finished IO list */
......@@ -220,15 +209,12 @@ typedef struct ext4_io_end {
ssize_t size; /* size of the extent */
struct kiocb *iocb; /* iocb struct for AIO */
int result; /* error value for AIO */
int num_io_pages; /* for writepages() */
struct ext4_io_page *pages[MAX_IO_PAGES]; /* for writepages() */
} ext4_io_end_t;
struct ext4_io_submit {
int io_op;
struct bio *io_bio;
ext4_io_end_t *io_end;
struct ext4_io_page *io_page;
sector_t io_next_block;
};
......
......@@ -29,25 +29,19 @@
#include "xattr.h"
#include "acl.h"
static struct kmem_cache *io_page_cachep, *io_end_cachep;
static struct kmem_cache *io_end_cachep;
int __init ext4_init_pageio(void)
{
io_page_cachep = KMEM_CACHE(ext4_io_page, SLAB_RECLAIM_ACCOUNT);
if (io_page_cachep == NULL)
return -ENOMEM;
io_end_cachep = KMEM_CACHE(ext4_io_end, SLAB_RECLAIM_ACCOUNT);
if (io_end_cachep == NULL) {
kmem_cache_destroy(io_page_cachep);
if (io_end_cachep == NULL)
return -ENOMEM;
}
return 0;
}
void ext4_exit_pageio(void)
{
kmem_cache_destroy(io_end_cachep);
kmem_cache_destroy(io_page_cachep);
}
/*
......@@ -67,15 +61,6 @@ void ext4_ioend_shutdown(struct inode *inode)
cancel_work_sync(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_unwritten_work);
}
static void put_io_page(struct ext4_io_page *io_page)
{
if (atomic_dec_and_test(&io_page->p_count)) {
end_page_writeback(io_page->p_page);
put_page(io_page->p_page);
kmem_cache_free(io_page_cachep, io_page);
}
}
void ext4_free_io_end(ext4_io_end_t *io)
{
int i;
......@@ -84,9 +69,6 @@ void ext4_free_io_end(ext4_io_end_t *io)
BUG_ON(!list_empty(&io->list));
BUG_ON(io->flag & EXT4_IO_END_UNWRITTEN);
for (i = 0; i < io->num_io_pages; i++)
put_io_page(io->pages[i]);
io->num_io_pages = 0;
if (atomic_dec_and_test(&EXT4_I(io->inode)->i_ioend_count))
wake_up_all(ext4_ioend_wq(io->inode));
kmem_cache_free(io_end_cachep, io);
......@@ -243,45 +225,56 @@ static void ext4_end_bio(struct bio *bio, int error)
ext4_io_end_t *io_end = bio->bi_private;
struct inode *inode;
int i;
int blocksize;
sector_t bi_sector = bio->bi_sector;
BUG_ON(!io_end);
inode = io_end->inode;
blocksize = 1 << inode->i_blkbits;
bio->bi_private = NULL;
bio->bi_end_io = NULL;
if (test_bit(BIO_UPTODATE, &bio->bi_flags))
error = 0;
bio_put(bio);
for (i = 0; i < io_end->num_io_pages; i++) {
struct page *page = io_end->pages[i]->p_page;
for (i = 0; i < bio->bi_vcnt; i++) {
struct bio_vec *bvec = &bio->bi_io_vec[i];
struct page *page = bvec->bv_page;
struct buffer_head *bh, *head;
loff_t offset;
loff_t io_end_offset;
unsigned bio_start = bvec->bv_offset;
unsigned bio_end = bio_start + bvec->bv_len;
unsigned under_io = 0;
unsigned long flags;
if (!page)
continue;
if (error) {
SetPageError(page);
set_bit(AS_EIO, &page->mapping->flags);
head = page_buffers(page);
BUG_ON(!head);
io_end_offset = io_end->offset + io_end->size;
offset = (sector_t) page->index << PAGE_CACHE_SHIFT;
bh = head;
do {
if ((offset >= io_end->offset) &&
(offset+bh->b_size <= io_end_offset))
buffer_io_error(bh);
offset += bh->b_size;
bh = bh->b_this_page;
} while (bh != head);
}
put_io_page(io_end->pages[i]);
bh = head = page_buffers(page);
/*
* We check all buffers in the page under BH_Uptodate_Lock
* to avoid races with other end io clearing async_write flags
*/
local_irq_save(flags);
bit_spin_lock(BH_Uptodate_Lock, &head->b_state);
do {
if (bh_offset(bh) < bio_start ||
bh_offset(bh) + blocksize > bio_end) {
if (buffer_async_write(bh))
under_io++;
continue;
}
clear_buffer_async_write(bh);
if (error)
buffer_io_error(bh);
} while ((bh = bh->b_this_page) != head);
bit_spin_unlock(BH_Uptodate_Lock, &head->b_state);
local_irq_restore(flags);
if (!under_io)
end_page_writeback(page);
}
io_end->num_io_pages = 0;
inode = io_end->inode;
bio_put(bio);
if (error) {
io_end->flag |= EXT4_IO_END_ERROR;
......@@ -345,7 +338,6 @@ static int io_submit_init(struct ext4_io_submit *io,
}
static int io_submit_add_bh(struct ext4_io_submit *io,
struct ext4_io_page *io_page,
struct inode *inode,
struct writeback_control *wbc,
struct buffer_head *bh)
......@@ -353,11 +345,6 @@ static int io_submit_add_bh(struct ext4_io_submit *io,
ext4_io_end_t *io_end;
int ret;
if (buffer_new(bh)) {
clear_buffer_new(bh);
unmap_underlying_metadata(bh->b_bdev, bh->b_blocknr);
}
if (io->io_bio && bh->b_blocknr != io->io_next_block) {
submit_and_retry:
ext4_io_submit(io);
......@@ -368,9 +355,6 @@ submit_and_retry:
return ret;
}
io_end = io->io_end;
if ((io_end->num_io_pages >= MAX_IO_PAGES) &&
(io_end->pages[io_end->num_io_pages-1] != io_page))
goto submit_and_retry;
if (buffer_uninit(bh))
ext4_set_io_unwritten_flag(inode, io_end);
io->io_end->size += bh->b_size;
......@@ -378,11 +362,6 @@ submit_and_retry:
ret = bio_add_page(io->io_bio, bh->b_page, bh->b_size, bh_offset(bh));
if (ret != bh->b_size)
goto submit_and_retry;
if ((io_end->num_io_pages == 0) ||
(io_end->pages[io_end->num_io_pages-1] != io_page)) {
io_end->pages[io_end->num_io_pages++] = io_page;
atomic_inc(&io_page->p_count);
}
return 0;
}
......@@ -392,33 +371,29 @@ int ext4_bio_write_page(struct ext4_io_submit *io,
struct writeback_control *wbc)
{
struct inode *inode = page->mapping->host;
unsigned block_start, block_end, blocksize;
struct ext4_io_page *io_page;
unsigned block_start, blocksize;
struct buffer_head *bh, *head;
int ret = 0;
int nr_submitted = 0;
blocksize = 1 << inode->i_blkbits;
BUG_ON(!PageLocked(page));
BUG_ON(PageWriteback(page));
io_page = kmem_cache_alloc(io_page_cachep, GFP_NOFS);
if (!io_page) {
redirty_page_for_writepage(wbc, page);
unlock_page(page);
return -ENOMEM;
}
io_page->p_page = page;
atomic_set(&io_page->p_count, 1);
get_page(page);
set_page_writeback(page);
ClearPageError(page);
for (bh = head = page_buffers(page), block_start = 0;
bh != head || !block_start;
block_start = block_end, bh = bh->b_this_page) {
block_end = block_start + blocksize;
/*
* In the first loop we prepare and mark buffers to submit. We have to
* mark all buffers in the page before submitting so that
* end_page_writeback() cannot be called from ext4_bio_end_io() when IO
* on the first buffer finishes and we are still working on submitting
* the second buffer.
*/
bh = head = page_buffers(page);
do {
block_start = bh_offset(bh);
if (block_start >= len) {
/*
* Comments copied from block_write_full_page_endio:
......@@ -431,7 +406,8 @@ int ext4_bio_write_page(struct ext4_io_submit *io,
* mapped, and writes to that region are not written
* out to the file."
*/
zero_user_segment(page, block_start, block_end);
zero_user_segment(page, block_start,
block_start + blocksize);
clear_buffer_dirty(bh);
set_buffer_uptodate(bh);
continue;
......@@ -445,7 +421,19 @@ int ext4_bio_write_page(struct ext4_io_submit *io,
ext4_io_submit(io);
continue;
}
ret = io_submit_add_bh(io, io_page, inode, wbc, bh);
if (buffer_new(bh)) {
clear_buffer_new(bh);
unmap_underlying_metadata(bh->b_bdev, bh->b_blocknr);
}
set_buffer_async_write(bh);
} while ((bh = bh->b_this_page) != head);
/* Now submit buffers to write */
bh = head = page_buffers(page);
do {
if (!buffer_async_write(bh))
continue;
ret = io_submit_add_bh(io, inode, wbc, bh);
if (ret) {
/*
* We only get here on ENOMEM. Not much else
......@@ -455,17 +443,20 @@ int ext4_bio_write_page(struct ext4_io_submit *io,
redirty_page_for_writepage(wbc, page);
break;
}
nr_submitted++;
clear_buffer_dirty(bh);
} while ((bh = bh->b_this_page) != head);
/* Error stopped previous loop? Clean up buffers... */
if (ret) {
do {
clear_buffer_async_write(bh);
bh = bh->b_this_page;
} while (bh != head);
}
unlock_page(page);
/*
* If the page was truncated before we could do the writeback,
* or we had a memory allocation error while trying to write
* the first buffer head, we won't have submitted any pages for
* I/O. In that case we need to make sure we've cleared the
* PageWriteback bit from the page to prevent the system from
* wedging later on.
*/
put_io_page(io_page);
/* Nothing submitted - we have to end page writeback */
if (!nr_submitted)
end_page_writeback(page);
return ret;
}
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