Commit 07a6a4ae authored by Hidetoshi Seto's avatar Hidetoshi Seto Committed by Tony Luck
Browse files

[IA64] kexec: Make INIT safe while transition to



kdump/kexec kernel

Summary:

  Asserting INIT on the beginning of kdump/kexec kernel will result
  in unexpected behavior because INIT handler for previous kernel is
  invoked on new kernel.

Description:

  In panic situation, we can receive INIT while kernel transition,
  i.e. from beginning of panic to bootstrap of kdump kernel.
  Since we initialize registers on leave from current kernel, no
  longer monarch/slave handlers of current kernel in virtual mode are
  called safely.  (In fact system goes hang as far as I confirmed)

How to Reproduce:

  Start kdump
    # echo c > /proc/sysrq-trigger
  Then assert INIT while kdump kernel is booting, before new INIT
  handler for kdump kernel is registered.

Expected(Desirable) result:

  kdump kernel boots without any problem, crashdump retrieved

Actual result:

  INIT handler for previous kernel is invoked on kdump kernel
  => panic, hang etc. (unexpected)

Proposed fix:

  We can unregister these init handlers from SAL before jumping into
  new kernel, however then the INIT will fallback to default behavior,
  result in warmboot by SAL (according to the SAL specification) and
  we cannot retrieve the crashdump.

  Therefore this patch introduces a NOP init handler and register it
  to SAL before leave from current kernel, to start kdump safely by
  preventing INITs from entering virtual mode and resulting in warmboot.

  On the other hand, in case of kexec that not for kdump, it also
  has same problem with INIT while kernel transition.
  This patch handles this case differently, because for kexec
  unregistering handlers will be preferred than registering NOP
  handler, since the situation "no handlers registered" is usual
  state for kernel's entry.
Signed-off-by: default avatarHidetoshi Seto <seto.hidetoshi@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Vivek Goyal <vgoyal@redhat.com>
Cc: Haren Myneni <hbabu@us.ibm.com>
Cc: kexec@lists.infradead.org
Acked-by: default avatarFenghua Yu <fenghua.yu@intel.com>
Signed-off-by: default avatarTony Luck <tony.luck@intel.com>
parent 4295ab34
......@@ -145,6 +145,7 @@ extern void ia64_mca_ucmc_handler(struct pt_regs *, struct ia64_sal_os_state *);
extern void ia64_init_handler(struct pt_regs *,
struct switch_stack *,
struct ia64_sal_os_state *);
extern void ia64_os_init_on_kdump(void);
extern void ia64_monarch_init_handler(void);
extern void ia64_slave_init_handler(void);
extern void ia64_mca_cmc_vector_setup(void);
......
......@@ -24,6 +24,8 @@
#include <asm/delay.h>
#include <asm/meminit.h>
#include <asm/processor.h>
#include <asm/sal.h>
#include <asm/mca.h>
typedef NORET_TYPE void (*relocate_new_kernel_t)(
unsigned long indirection_page,
......@@ -85,11 +87,21 @@ static void ia64_machine_kexec(struct unw_frame_info *info, void *arg)
void *pal_addr = efi_get_pal_addr();
unsigned long code_addr = (unsigned long)page_address(image->control_code_page);
int ii;
u64 fp, gp;
ia64_fptr_t *init_handler = (ia64_fptr_t *)ia64_os_init_on_kdump;
BUG_ON(!image);
if (image->type == KEXEC_TYPE_CRASH) {
crash_save_this_cpu();
current->thread.ksp = (__u64)info->sw - 16;
/* Register noop init handler */
fp = ia64_tpa(init_handler->fp);
gp = ia64_tpa(ia64_getreg(_IA64_REG_GP));
ia64_sal_set_vectors(SAL_VECTOR_OS_INIT, fp, gp, 0, fp, gp, 0);
} else {
/* Unregister init handlers of current kernel */
ia64_sal_set_vectors(SAL_VECTOR_OS_INIT, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0);
}
/* Interrupts aren't acceptable while we reboot */
......
......@@ -40,6 +40,7 @@
.global ia64_do_tlb_purge
.global ia64_os_mca_dispatch
.global ia64_os_init_on_kdump
.global ia64_os_init_dispatch_monarch
.global ia64_os_init_dispatch_slave
......@@ -298,6 +299,25 @@ END(ia64_os_mca_virtual_begin)
//StartMain////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
//
// NOP init handler for kdump. In panic situation, we may receive INIT
// while kernel transition. Since we initialize registers on leave from
// current kernel, no longer monarch/slave handlers of current kernel in
// virtual mode are called safely.
// We can unregister these init handlers from SAL, however then the INIT
// will result in warmboot by SAL and we cannot retrieve the crashdump.
// Therefore register this NOP function to SAL, to prevent entering virtual
// mode and resulting warmboot by SAL.
//
ia64_os_init_on_kdump:
mov r8=r0 // IA64_INIT_RESUME
mov r9=r10 // SAL_GP
mov r22=r17 // *minstate
;;
mov r10=r0 // return to same context
mov b0=r12 // SAL_CHECK return address
br b0
//
// SAL to OS entry point for INIT on all processors. This has been defined for
// registration purposes with SAL as a part of ia64_mca_init. Monarch and
......
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