Commit 098b1aea authored by Konrad Rzeszutek Wilk's avatar Konrad Rzeszutek Wilk
Browse files

xen/pcifront: Deal with toolstack missing 'XenbusStateClosing' state.

There are two tool-stack that can instruct the Xen PCI frontend
and backend to change states: 'xm' (Python code with a daemon),
and 'xl' (C library - does not keep state changes).

With the 'xm', the path to disconnect a single PCI device (xm pci-detach
<guest> <BDF>) is:

4(Connected)->7(Reconfiguring*)-> 8(Reconfigured)-> 4(Connected)->5(Closing*).

The * is for states that the tool-stack sets. For 'xl', it is similar:

4(Connected)->7(Reconfiguring*)-> 8(Reconfigured)-> 4(Connected)

Both of them also tear down the XenBus structure, so the backend
state ends up going in the 3(Initialised) and calls pcifront_xenbus_remove.

When a PCI device is plugged back in (xm pci-attach <guest> <BDF>)
both of them follow the same pattern:

2(InitWait*), 3(Initialized*), 4(Connected*)->4(Connected).

[xen-pcifront ignores the 2,3 state changes and only acts when
4 (Connected) has been reached]

Note that this is for a _single_ PCI device. If there were two
PCI devices and only one was disconnected 'xm' would show the same
state changes.

The problem is that git commit 3d925320

("xen/pcifront: Use Xen-SWIOTLB when initting if required") introduced
a mechanism to initialize the SWIOTLB when the Xen PCI front moves to
Connected state. It also had some aggressive seatbelt code check that
would warn the user if one tried to change to Connected state without
hitting first the Closing state:

 pcifront pci-0: PCI frontend already installed!

However, that code can be relaxed and we can continue on working
even if the frontend is instructed to be the 'Connected' state with
no devices and then gets tickled to be in 'Connected' state again.

In other words, this 4(Connected)->5(Closing)->4(Connected) state
was expected, while 4(Connected)->.... anything but 5(Closing)->4(Connected)
was not. This patch removes that aggressive check and allows
Xen pcifront to work with the 'xl' toolstack (for one or more
PCI devices) and with 'xm' toolstack (for more than two PCI
Acked-by: default avatarBjorn Helgaas <>
[v2: Added in the description about two PCI devices]
Signed-off-by: default avatarKonrad Rzeszutek Wilk <>
parent 09e99da7
......@@ -678,10 +678,9 @@ static int pcifront_connect_and_init_dma(struct pcifront_device *pdev)
if (!pcifront_dev) {
dev_info(&pdev->xdev->dev, "Installing PCI frontend\n");
pcifront_dev = pdev;
} else {
dev_err(&pdev->xdev->dev, "PCI frontend already installed!\n");
} else
err = -EEXIST;
if (!err && !swiotlb_nr_tbl()) {
......@@ -848,7 +847,7 @@ static int pcifront_try_connect(struct pcifront_device *pdev)
goto out;
err = pcifront_connect_and_init_dma(pdev);
if (err) {
if (err && err != -EEXIST) {
xenbus_dev_fatal(pdev->xdev, err,
"Error setting up PCI Frontend");
goto out;
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