Commit 3d1cb205 authored by Tejun Heo's avatar Tejun Heo Committed by Linus Torvalds
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workqueue: include workqueue info when printing debug dump of a worker task

One of the problems that arise when converting dedicated custom
threadpool to workqueue is that the shared worker pool used by workqueue
anonimizes each worker making it more difficult to identify what the
worker was doing on which target from the output of sysrq-t or debug
dump from oops, BUG() and friends.

This patch implements set_worker_desc() which can be called from any
workqueue work function to set its description.  When the worker task is
dumped for whatever reason - sysrq-t, WARN, BUG, oops, lockdep assertion
and so on - the description will be printed out together with the
workqueue name and the worker function pointer.

The printing side is implemented by print_worker_info() which is called
from functions in task dump paths - sched_show_task() and
dump_stack_print_info().  print_worker_info() can be safely called on
any task in any state as long as the task struct itself is accessible.
It uses probe_*() functions to access worker fields.  It may print
garbage if something went very wrong, but it wouldn't cause (another)

The description is currently limited to 24bytes including the
terminating \0.  worker->desc_valid and workder->desc[] are added and
the 64 bytes marker which was already incorrect before adding the new
fields is moved to the correct position.

Here's an example dump with writeback updated to set the bdi name as
worker desc.

 Hardware name: Bochs
 Modules linked in:
 Pid: 7, comm: kworker/u9:0 Not tainted 3.9.0-rc1-work+ #1
 Workqueue: writeback bdi_writeback_workfn (flush-8:0)
  ffffffff820a3ab0 ffff88000f6e9cb8 ffffffff81c61845 ffff88000f6e9cf8
  ffffffff8108f50f 0000000000000000 0000000000000000 ffff88000cde16b0
  ffff88000cde1aa8 ffff88001ee19240 ffff88000f6e9fd8 ffff88000f6e9d08
 Call Trace:
  [<ffffffff81c61845>] dump_stack+0x19/0x1b
  [<ffffffff8108f50f>] warn_slowpath_common+0x7f/0xc0
  [<ffffffff8108f56a>] warn_slowpath_null+0x1a/0x20
  [<ffffffff81200150>] bdi_writeback_workfn+0x2a0/0x3b0
Signed-off-by: default avatarTejun Heo <>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <>
Acked-by: default avatarJan Kara <>
Cc: Oleg Nesterov <>
Cc: Jens Axboe <>
Cc: Dave Chinner <>
Signed-off-by: default avatarAndrew Morton <>
Signed-off-by: default avatarLinus Torvalds <>
parent cd42d559
......@@ -92,6 +92,9 @@ enum {
/* bit mask for work_busy() return values */
/* maximum string length for set_worker_desc() */
struct work_struct {
......@@ -447,6 +450,8 @@ extern void workqueue_set_max_active(struct workqueue_struct *wq,
extern bool current_is_workqueue_rescuer(void);
extern bool workqueue_congested(int cpu, struct workqueue_struct *wq);
extern unsigned int work_busy(struct work_struct *work);
extern __printf(1, 2) void set_worker_desc(const char *fmt, ...);
extern void print_worker_info(const char *log_lvl, struct task_struct *task);
* queue_work - queue work on a workqueue
......@@ -2891,6 +2891,8 @@ void dump_stack_print_info(const char *log_lvl)
if (dump_stack_arch_desc_str[0] != '\0')
printk("%sHardware name: %s\n",
log_lvl, dump_stack_arch_desc_str);
print_worker_info(log_lvl, current);
......@@ -4586,6 +4586,7 @@ void sched_show_task(struct task_struct *p)
task_pid_nr(p), ppid,
(unsigned long)task_thread_info(p)->flags);
print_worker_info(KERN_INFO, p);
show_stack(p, NULL);
......@@ -46,6 +46,7 @@
#include <linux/rculist.h>
#include <linux/nodemask.h>
#include <linux/moduleparam.h>
#include <linux/uaccess.h>
#include "workqueue_internal.h"
......@@ -2197,6 +2198,7 @@ __acquires(&pool->lock)
worker->current_work = NULL;
worker->current_func = NULL;
worker->current_pwq = NULL;
worker->desc_valid = false;
pwq_dec_nr_in_flight(pwq, work_color);
......@@ -4365,6 +4367,83 @@ unsigned int work_busy(struct work_struct *work)
* set_worker_desc - set description for the current work item
* @fmt: printf-style format string
* @...: arguments for the format string
* This function can be called by a running work function to describe what
* the work item is about. If the worker task gets dumped, this
* information will be printed out together to help debugging. The
* description can be at most WORKER_DESC_LEN including the trailing '\0'.
void set_worker_desc(const char *fmt, ...)
struct worker *worker = current_wq_worker();
va_list args;
if (worker) {
va_start(args, fmt);
vsnprintf(worker->desc, sizeof(worker->desc), fmt, args);
worker->desc_valid = true;
* print_worker_info - print out worker information and description
* @log_lvl: the log level to use when printing
* @task: target task
* If @task is a worker and currently executing a work item, print out the
* name of the workqueue being serviced and worker description set with
* set_worker_desc() by the currently executing work item.
* This function can be safely called on any task as long as the
* task_struct itself is accessible. While safe, this function isn't
* synchronized and may print out mixups or garbages of limited length.
void print_worker_info(const char *log_lvl, struct task_struct *task)
work_func_t *fn = NULL;
char name[WQ_NAME_LEN] = { };
char desc[WORKER_DESC_LEN] = { };
struct pool_workqueue *pwq = NULL;
struct workqueue_struct *wq = NULL;
bool desc_valid = false;
struct worker *worker;
if (!(task->flags & PF_WQ_WORKER))
* This function is called without any synchronization and @task
* could be in any state. Be careful with dereferences.
worker = probe_kthread_data(task);
* Carefully copy the associated workqueue's workfn and name. Keep
* the original last '\0' in case the original contains garbage.
probe_kernel_read(&fn, &worker->current_func, sizeof(fn));
probe_kernel_read(&pwq, &worker->current_pwq, sizeof(pwq));
probe_kernel_read(&wq, &pwq->wq, sizeof(wq));
probe_kernel_read(name, wq->name, sizeof(name) - 1);
/* copy worker description */
probe_kernel_read(&desc_valid, &worker->desc_valid, sizeof(desc_valid));
if (desc_valid)
probe_kernel_read(desc, worker->desc, sizeof(desc) - 1);
if (fn || name[0] || desc[0]) {
printk("%sWorkqueue: %s %pf", log_lvl, name, fn);
if (desc[0])
pr_cont(" (%s)", desc);
* CPU hotplug.
......@@ -29,15 +29,25 @@ struct worker {
struct work_struct *current_work; /* L: work being processed */
work_func_t current_func; /* L: current_work's fn */
struct pool_workqueue *current_pwq; /* L: current_work's pwq */
bool desc_valid; /* ->desc is valid */
struct list_head scheduled; /* L: scheduled works */
/* 64 bytes boundary on 64bit, 32 on 32bit */
struct task_struct *task; /* I: worker task */
struct worker_pool *pool; /* I: the associated pool */
/* L: for rescuers */
/* 64 bytes boundary on 64bit, 32 on 32bit */
unsigned long last_active; /* L: last active timestamp */
unsigned int flags; /* X: flags */
int id; /* I: worker id */
* Opaque string set with work_set_desc(). Printed out with task
* dump for debugging - WARN, BUG, panic or sysrq.
char desc[WORKER_DESC_LEN];
/* used only by rescuers to point to the target workqueue */
struct workqueue_struct *rescue_wq; /* I: the workqueue to rescue */
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