Commit 6053ee3b authored by Ingo Molnar's avatar Ingo Molnar Committed by Ingo Molnar
Browse files

[PATCH] mutex subsystem, core



mutex implementation, core files: just the basic subsystem, no users of it.
Signed-off-by: default avatarIngo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
Signed-off-by: default avatarArjan van de Ven <arjan@infradead.org>
parent 2acbb8c6
/*
* Mutexes: blocking mutual exclusion locks
*
* started by Ingo Molnar:
*
* Copyright (C) 2004, 2005, 2006 Red Hat, Inc., Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com>
*
* This file contains the main data structure and API definitions.
*/
#ifndef __LINUX_MUTEX_H
#define __LINUX_MUTEX_H
#include <linux/list.h>
#include <linux/spinlock_types.h>
#include <asm/atomic.h>
/*
* Simple, straightforward mutexes with strict semantics:
*
* - only one task can hold the mutex at a time
* - only the owner can unlock the mutex
* - multiple unlocks are not permitted
* - recursive locking is not permitted
* - a mutex object must be initialized via the API
* - a mutex object must not be initialized via memset or copying
* - task may not exit with mutex held
* - memory areas where held locks reside must not be freed
* - held mutexes must not be reinitialized
* - mutexes may not be used in irq contexts
*
* These semantics are fully enforced when DEBUG_MUTEXES is
* enabled. Furthermore, besides enforcing the above rules, the mutex
* debugging code also implements a number of additional features
* that make lock debugging easier and faster:
*
* - uses symbolic names of mutexes, whenever they are printed in debug output
* - point-of-acquire tracking, symbolic lookup of function names
* - list of all locks held in the system, printout of them
* - owner tracking
* - detects self-recursing locks and prints out all relevant info
* - detects multi-task circular deadlocks and prints out all affected
* locks and tasks (and only those tasks)
*/
struct mutex {
/* 1: unlocked, 0: locked, negative: locked, possible waiters */
atomic_t count;
spinlock_t wait_lock;
struct list_head wait_list;
#ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_MUTEXES
struct thread_info *owner;
struct list_head held_list;
unsigned long acquire_ip;
const char *name;
void *magic;
#endif
};
/*
* This is the control structure for tasks blocked on mutex,
* which resides on the blocked task's kernel stack:
*/
struct mutex_waiter {
struct list_head list;
struct task_struct *task;
#ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_MUTEXES
struct mutex *lock;
void *magic;
#endif
};
#ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_MUTEXES
# include <linux/mutex-debug.h>
#else
# define __DEBUG_MUTEX_INITIALIZER(lockname)
# define mutex_init(mutex) __mutex_init(mutex, NULL)
# define mutex_destroy(mutex) do { } while (0)
# define mutex_debug_show_all_locks() do { } while (0)
# define mutex_debug_show_held_locks(p) do { } while (0)
# define mutex_debug_check_no_locks_held(task) do { } while (0)
# define mutex_debug_check_no_locks_freed(from, to) do { } while (0)
#endif
#define __MUTEX_INITIALIZER(lockname) \
{ .count = ATOMIC_INIT(1) \
, .wait_lock = SPIN_LOCK_UNLOCKED \
, .wait_list = LIST_HEAD_INIT(lockname.wait_list) \
__DEBUG_MUTEX_INITIALIZER(lockname) }
#define DEFINE_MUTEX(mutexname) \
struct mutex mutexname = __MUTEX_INITIALIZER(mutexname)
extern void fastcall __mutex_init(struct mutex *lock, const char *name);
/***
* mutex_is_locked - is the mutex locked
* @lock: the mutex to be queried
*
* Returns 1 if the mutex is locked, 0 if unlocked.
*/
static inline int fastcall mutex_is_locked(struct mutex *lock)
{
return atomic_read(&lock->count) != 1;
}
/*
* See kernel/mutex.c for detailed documentation of these APIs.
* Also see Documentation/mutex-design.txt.
*/
extern void fastcall mutex_lock(struct mutex *lock);
extern int fastcall mutex_lock_interruptible(struct mutex *lock);
/*
* NOTE: mutex_trylock() follows the spin_trylock() convention,
* not the down_trylock() convention!
*/
extern int fastcall mutex_trylock(struct mutex *lock);
extern void fastcall mutex_unlock(struct mutex *lock);
#endif
......@@ -7,7 +7,7 @@ obj-y = sched.o fork.o exec_domain.o panic.o printk.o profile.o \
sysctl.o capability.o ptrace.o timer.o user.o \
signal.o sys.o kmod.o workqueue.o pid.o \
rcupdate.o intermodule.o extable.o params.o posix-timers.o \
kthread.o wait.o kfifo.o sys_ni.o posix-cpu-timers.o
kthread.o wait.o kfifo.o sys_ni.o posix-cpu-timers.o mutex.o
obj-$(CONFIG_FUTEX) += futex.o
obj-$(CONFIG_GENERIC_ISA_DMA) += dma.o
......
/*
* kernel/mutex.c
*
* Mutexes: blocking mutual exclusion locks
*
* Started by Ingo Molnar:
*
* Copyright (C) 2004, 2005, 2006 Red Hat, Inc., Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com>
*
* Many thanks to Arjan van de Ven, Thomas Gleixner, Steven Rostedt and
* David Howells for suggestions and improvements.
*
* Also see Documentation/mutex-design.txt.
*/
#include <linux/mutex.h>
#include <linux/sched.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/spinlock.h>
#include <linux/interrupt.h>
/*
* In the DEBUG case we are using the "NULL fastpath" for mutexes,
* which forces all calls into the slowpath:
*/
#ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_MUTEXES
# include "mutex-debug.h"
# include <asm-generic/mutex-null.h>
#else
# include "mutex.h"
# include <asm/mutex.h>
#endif
/***
* mutex_init - initialize the mutex
* @lock: the mutex to be initialized
*
* Initialize the mutex to unlocked state.
*
* It is not allowed to initialize an already locked mutex.
*/
void fastcall __mutex_init(struct mutex *lock, const char *name)
{
atomic_set(&lock->count, 1);
spin_lock_init(&lock->wait_lock);
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&lock->wait_list);
debug_mutex_init(lock, name);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(__mutex_init);
/*
* We split the mutex lock/unlock logic into separate fastpath and
* slowpath functions, to reduce the register pressure on the fastpath.
* We also put the fastpath first in the kernel image, to make sure the
* branch is predicted by the CPU as default-untaken.
*/
static void fastcall noinline __sched
__mutex_lock_slowpath(atomic_t *lock_count __IP_DECL__);
/***
* mutex_lock - acquire the mutex
* @lock: the mutex to be acquired
*
* Lock the mutex exclusively for this task. If the mutex is not
* available right now, it will sleep until it can get it.
*
* The mutex must later on be released by the same task that
* acquired it. Recursive locking is not allowed. The task
* may not exit without first unlocking the mutex. Also, kernel
* memory where the mutex resides mutex must not be freed with
* the mutex still locked. The mutex must first be initialized
* (or statically defined) before it can be locked. memset()-ing
* the mutex to 0 is not allowed.
*
* ( The CONFIG_DEBUG_MUTEXES .config option turns on debugging
* checks that will enforce the restrictions and will also do
* deadlock debugging. )
*
* This function is similar to (but not equivalent to) down().
*/
void fastcall __sched mutex_lock(struct mutex *lock)
{
/*
* The locking fastpath is the 1->0 transition from
* 'unlocked' into 'locked' state.
*
* NOTE: if asm/mutex.h is included, then some architectures
* rely on mutex_lock() having _no other code_ here but this
* fastpath. That allows the assembly fastpath to do
* tail-merging optimizations. (If you want to put testcode
* here, do it under #ifndef CONFIG_MUTEX_DEBUG.)
*/
__mutex_fastpath_lock(&lock->count, __mutex_lock_slowpath);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(mutex_lock);
static void fastcall noinline __sched
__mutex_unlock_slowpath(atomic_t *lock_count __IP_DECL__);
/***
* mutex_unlock - release the mutex
* @lock: the mutex to be released
*
* Unlock a mutex that has been locked by this task previously.
*
* This function must not be used in interrupt context. Unlocking
* of a not locked mutex is not allowed.
*
* This function is similar to (but not equivalent to) up().
*/
void fastcall __sched mutex_unlock(struct mutex *lock)
{
/*
* The unlocking fastpath is the 0->1 transition from 'locked'
* into 'unlocked' state:
*
* NOTE: no other code must be here - see mutex_lock() .
*/
__mutex_fastpath_unlock(&lock->count, __mutex_unlock_slowpath);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(mutex_unlock);
/*
* Lock a mutex (possibly interruptible), slowpath:
*/
static inline int __sched
__mutex_lock_common(struct mutex *lock, long state __IP_DECL__)
{
struct task_struct *task = current;
struct mutex_waiter waiter;
unsigned int old_val;
debug_mutex_init_waiter(&waiter);
spin_lock_mutex(&lock->wait_lock);
debug_mutex_add_waiter(lock, &waiter, task->thread_info, ip);
/* add waiting tasks to the end of the waitqueue (FIFO): */
list_add_tail(&waiter.list, &lock->wait_list);
waiter.task = task;
for (;;) {
/*
* Lets try to take the lock again - this is needed even if
* we get here for the first time (shortly after failing to
* acquire the lock), to make sure that we get a wakeup once
* it's unlocked. Later on, if we sleep, this is the
* operation that gives us the lock. We xchg it to -1, so
* that when we release the lock, we properly wake up the
* other waiters:
*/
old_val = atomic_xchg(&lock->count, -1);
if (old_val == 1)
break;
/*
* got a signal? (This code gets eliminated in the
* TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE case.)
*/
if (unlikely(state == TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE &&
signal_pending(task))) {
mutex_remove_waiter(lock, &waiter, task->thread_info);
spin_unlock_mutex(&lock->wait_lock);
debug_mutex_free_waiter(&waiter);
return -EINTR;
}
__set_task_state(task, state);
/* didnt get the lock, go to sleep: */
spin_unlock_mutex(&lock->wait_lock);
schedule();
spin_lock_mutex(&lock->wait_lock);
}
/* got the lock - rejoice! */
mutex_remove_waiter(lock, &waiter, task->thread_info);
debug_mutex_set_owner(lock, task->thread_info __IP__);
/* set it to 0 if there are no waiters left: */
if (likely(list_empty(&lock->wait_list)))
atomic_set(&lock->count, 0);
spin_unlock_mutex(&lock->wait_lock);
debug_mutex_free_waiter(&waiter);
DEBUG_WARN_ON(list_empty(&lock->held_list));
DEBUG_WARN_ON(lock->owner != task->thread_info);
return 0;
}
static void fastcall noinline __sched
__mutex_lock_slowpath(atomic_t *lock_count __IP_DECL__)
{
struct mutex *lock = container_of(lock_count, struct mutex, count);
__mutex_lock_common(lock, TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE __IP__);
}
/*
* Release the lock, slowpath:
*/
static fastcall noinline void
__mutex_unlock_slowpath(atomic_t *lock_count __IP_DECL__)
{
struct mutex *lock = container_of(lock_count, struct mutex, count);
DEBUG_WARN_ON(lock->owner != current_thread_info());
spin_lock_mutex(&lock->wait_lock);
/*
* some architectures leave the lock unlocked in the fastpath failure
* case, others need to leave it locked. In the later case we have to
* unlock it here
*/
if (__mutex_slowpath_needs_to_unlock())
atomic_set(&lock->count, 1);
debug_mutex_unlock(lock);
if (!list_empty(&lock->wait_list)) {
/* get the first entry from the wait-list: */
struct mutex_waiter *waiter =
list_entry(lock->wait_list.next,
struct mutex_waiter, list);
debug_mutex_wake_waiter(lock, waiter);
wake_up_process(waiter->task);
}
debug_mutex_clear_owner(lock);
spin_unlock_mutex(&lock->wait_lock);
}
/*
* Here come the less common (and hence less performance-critical) APIs:
* mutex_lock_interruptible() and mutex_trylock().
*/
static int fastcall noinline __sched
__mutex_lock_interruptible_slowpath(atomic_t *lock_count __IP_DECL__);
/***
* mutex_lock_interruptible - acquire the mutex, interruptable
* @lock: the mutex to be acquired
*
* Lock the mutex like mutex_lock(), and return 0 if the mutex has
* been acquired or sleep until the mutex becomes available. If a
* signal arrives while waiting for the lock then this function
* returns -EINTR.
*
* This function is similar to (but not equivalent to) down_interruptible().
*/
int fastcall __sched mutex_lock_interruptible(struct mutex *lock)
{
/* NOTE: no other code must be here - see mutex_lock() */
return __mutex_fastpath_lock_retval
(&lock->count, __mutex_lock_interruptible_slowpath);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(mutex_lock_interruptible);
static int fastcall noinline __sched
__mutex_lock_interruptible_slowpath(atomic_t *lock_count __IP_DECL__)
{
struct mutex *lock = container_of(lock_count, struct mutex, count);
return __mutex_lock_common(lock, TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE __IP__);
}
/*
* Spinlock based trylock, we take the spinlock and check whether we
* can get the lock:
*/
static inline int __mutex_trylock_slowpath(atomic_t *lock_count)
{
struct mutex *lock = container_of(lock_count, struct mutex, count);
int prev;
spin_lock_mutex(&lock->wait_lock);
prev = atomic_xchg(&lock->count, -1);
if (likely(prev == 1))
debug_mutex_set_owner(lock, current_thread_info() __RET_IP__);
/* Set it back to 0 if there are no waiters: */
if (likely(list_empty(&lock->wait_list)))
atomic_set(&lock->count, 0);
spin_unlock_mutex(&lock->wait_lock);
return prev == 1;
}
/***
* mutex_trylock - try acquire the mutex, without waiting
* @lock: the mutex to be acquired
*
* Try to acquire the mutex atomically. Returns 1 if the mutex
* has been acquired successfully, and 0 on contention.
*
* NOTE: this function follows the spin_trylock() convention, so
* it is negated to the down_trylock() return values! Be careful
* about this when converting semaphore users to mutexes.
*
* This function must not be used in interrupt context. The
* mutex must be released by the same task that acquired it.
*/
int fastcall mutex_trylock(struct mutex *lock)
{
return __mutex_fastpath_trylock(&lock->count,
__mutex_trylock_slowpath);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(mutex_trylock);
/*
* Mutexes: blocking mutual exclusion locks
*
* started by Ingo Molnar:
*
* Copyright (C) 2004, 2005, 2006 Red Hat, Inc., Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com>
*
* This file contains mutex debugging related internal prototypes, for the
* !CONFIG_DEBUG_MUTEXES case. Most of them are NOPs:
*/
#define spin_lock_mutex(lock) spin_lock(lock)
#define spin_unlock_mutex(lock) spin_unlock(lock)
#define mutex_remove_waiter(lock, waiter, ti) \
__list_del((waiter)->list.prev, (waiter)->list.next)
#define DEBUG_WARN_ON(c) do { } while (0)
#define debug_mutex_set_owner(lock, new_owner) do { } while (0)
#define debug_mutex_clear_owner(lock) do { } while (0)
#define debug_mutex_init_waiter(waiter) do { } while (0)
#define debug_mutex_wake_waiter(lock, waiter) do { } while (0)
#define debug_mutex_free_waiter(waiter) do { } while (0)
#define debug_mutex_add_waiter(lock, waiter, ti, ip) do { } while (0)
#define debug_mutex_unlock(lock) do { } while (0)
#define debug_mutex_init(lock, name) do { } while (0)
/*
* Return-address parameters/declarations. They are very useful for
* debugging, but add overhead in the !DEBUG case - so we go the
* trouble of using this not too elegant but zero-cost solution:
*/
#define __IP_DECL__
#define __IP__
#define __RET_IP__
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