Commit 8e4ceb38 authored by Alan Stern's avatar Alan Stern Committed by Greg Kroah-Hartman
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USB: prepare for changover to Runtime PM framework



This patch (as1303) revises the USB Power Management infrastructure to
make it compatible with the new driver-model Runtime PM framework:

	Drivers are no longer allowed to access intf->pm_usage_cnt
	directly; the PM framework manages its own usage counters.

	usb_autopm_set_interface() is eliminated, because it directly
	sets intf->pm_usage_cnt.

	usb_autopm_enable() and usb_autopm_disable() are eliminated,
	because they call usb_autopm_set_interface().

	usb_autopm_get_interface_no_resume() and
	usb_autopm_put_interface_no_suspend() are added.  They
	correspond to pm_runtime_get_noresume() and
	pm_runtime_put_noidle() in the PM framework.

	The power/level attribute no longer accepts "suspend", only
	"on" and "auto".  The PM framework doesn't allow devices to be
	forced into a suspended mode.

The hub driver contains the only code that violates the new
guidelines.  It is updated to use the new interface routines instead.
Signed-off-by: default avatarAlan Stern <stern@rowland.harvard.edu>
Signed-off-by: default avatarGreg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@suse.de>
parent 9af23624
......@@ -2,7 +2,7 @@
Alan Stern <stern@rowland.harvard.edu>
October 5, 2007
November 10, 2009
......@@ -123,9 +123,9 @@ relevant attribute files are: wakeup, level, and autosuspend.
power/level
This file contains one of three words: "on", "auto",
or "suspend". You can write those words to the file
to change the device's setting.
This file contains one of two words: "on" or "auto".
You can write those words to the file to change the
device's setting.
"on" means that the device should be resumed and
autosuspend is not allowed. (Of course, system
......@@ -134,10 +134,10 @@ relevant attribute files are: wakeup, level, and autosuspend.
"auto" is the normal state in which the kernel is
allowed to autosuspend and autoresume the device.
"suspend" means that the device should remain
suspended, and autoresume is not allowed. (But remote
wakeup may still be allowed, since it is controlled
separately by the power/wakeup attribute.)
(In kernels up to 2.6.32, you could also specify
"suspend", meaning that the device should remain
suspended and autoresume was not allowed. This
setting is no longer supported.)
power/autosuspend
......@@ -313,13 +313,14 @@ three of the methods listed above. In addition, a driver indicates
that it supports autosuspend by setting the .supports_autosuspend flag
in its usb_driver structure. It is then responsible for informing the
USB core whenever one of its interfaces becomes busy or idle. The
driver does so by calling these five functions:
driver does so by calling these six functions:
int usb_autopm_get_interface(struct usb_interface *intf);
void usb_autopm_put_interface(struct usb_interface *intf);
int usb_autopm_set_interface(struct usb_interface *intf);
int usb_autopm_get_interface_async(struct usb_interface *intf);
void usb_autopm_put_interface_async(struct usb_interface *intf);
void usb_autopm_get_interface_no_resume(struct usb_interface *intf);
void usb_autopm_put_interface_no_suspend(struct usb_interface *intf);
The functions work by maintaining a counter in the usb_interface
structure. When intf->pm_usage_count is > 0 then the interface is
......@@ -331,11 +332,13 @@ considered to be idle, and the kernel may autosuspend the device.
associated with the device itself rather than any of its interfaces.
This field is used only by the USB core.)
The driver owns intf->pm_usage_count; it can modify the value however
and whenever it likes. A nice aspect of the non-async usb_autopm_*
routines is that the changes they make are protected by the usb_device
structure's PM mutex (udev->pm_mutex); however drivers may change
pm_usage_count without holding the mutex. Drivers using the async
Drivers must not modify intf->pm_usage_count directly; its value
should be changed only be using the functions listed above. Drivers
are responsible for insuring that the overall change to pm_usage_count
during their lifetime balances out to 0 (it may be necessary for the
disconnect method to call usb_autopm_put_interface() one or more times
to fulfill this requirement). The first two routines use the PM mutex
in struct usb_device for mutual exclusion; drivers using the async
routines are responsible for their own synchronization and mutual
exclusion.
......@@ -347,11 +350,6 @@ exclusion.
attempts an autosuspend if the new value is <= 0 and the
device isn't suspended.
usb_autopm_set_interface() leaves pm_usage_count alone.
It attempts an autoresume if the value is > 0 and the device
is suspended, and it attempts an autosuspend if the value is
<= 0 and the device isn't suspended.
usb_autopm_get_interface_async() and
usb_autopm_put_interface_async() do almost the same things as
their non-async counterparts. The differences are: they do
......@@ -360,13 +358,11 @@ exclusion.
such as an URB's completion handler, but when they return the
device will not generally not yet be in the desired state.
There also are a couple of utility routines drivers can use:
usb_autopm_enable() sets pm_usage_cnt to 0 and then calls
usb_autopm_set_interface(), which will attempt an autosuspend.
usb_autopm_disable() sets pm_usage_cnt to 1 and then calls
usb_autopm_set_interface(), which will attempt an autoresume.
usb_autopm_get_interface_no_resume() and
usb_autopm_put_interface_no_suspend() merely increment or
decrement the pm_usage_count value; they do not attempt to
carry out an autoresume or an autosuspend. Hence they can be
called in an atomic context.
The conventional usage pattern is that a driver calls
usb_autopm_get_interface() in its open routine and
......@@ -400,11 +396,11 @@ though, setting this flag won't cause the kernel to autoresume it.
Normally a driver would set this flag in its probe method, at which
time the device is guaranteed not to be autosuspended.)
The usb_autopm_* routines have to run in a sleepable process context;
they must not be called from an interrupt handler or while holding a
spinlock. In fact, the entire autosuspend mechanism is not well geared
toward interrupt-driven operation. However there is one thing a
driver can do in an interrupt handler:
The synchronous usb_autopm_* routines have to run in a sleepable
process context; they must not be called from an interrupt handler or
while holding a spinlock. In fact, the entire autosuspend mechanism
is not well geared toward interrupt-driven operation. However there
is one thing a driver can do in an interrupt handler:
usb_mark_last_busy(struct usb_device *udev);
......
......@@ -948,8 +948,6 @@ static int usb_resume_device(struct usb_device *udev, pm_message_t msg)
done:
dev_vdbg(&udev->dev, "%s: status %d\n", __func__, status);
if (status == 0)
udev->autoresume_disabled = 0;
return status;
}
......@@ -1280,11 +1278,6 @@ static int usb_resume_both(struct usb_device *udev, pm_message_t msg)
/* Propagate the resume up the tree, if necessary */
if (udev->state == USB_STATE_SUSPENDED) {
if ((msg.event & PM_EVENT_AUTO) &&
udev->autoresume_disabled) {
status = -EPERM;
goto done;
}
if (parent) {
status = usb_autoresume_device(parent);
if (status == 0) {
......@@ -1638,8 +1631,6 @@ int usb_autopm_get_interface_async(struct usb_interface *intf)
if (intf->condition == USB_INTERFACE_UNBOUND)
status = -ENODEV;
else if (udev->autoresume_disabled)
status = -EPERM;
else {
atomic_inc(&intf->pm_usage_cnt);
if (atomic_read(&intf->pm_usage_cnt) > 0 &&
......@@ -1652,28 +1643,6 @@ int usb_autopm_get_interface_async(struct usb_interface *intf)
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(usb_autopm_get_interface_async);
/**
* usb_autopm_set_interface - set a USB interface's autosuspend state
* @intf: the usb_interface whose state should be set
*
* This routine sets the autosuspend state of @intf's device according
* to @intf's usage counter, which the caller must have set previously.
* If the counter is <= 0, the device is autosuspended (if it isn't
* already suspended and if nothing else prevents the autosuspend). If
* the counter is > 0, the device is autoresumed (if it isn't already
* awake).
*/
int usb_autopm_set_interface(struct usb_interface *intf)
{
int status;
status = usb_autopm_do_interface(intf, 0);
dev_vdbg(&intf->dev, "%s: status %d cnt %d\n",
__func__, status, atomic_read(&intf->pm_usage_cnt));
return status;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(usb_autopm_set_interface);
#else
void usb_autosuspend_work(struct work_struct *work)
......
......@@ -71,6 +71,7 @@ struct usb_hub {
unsigned mA_per_port; /* current for each child */
unsigned init_done:1;
unsigned limited_power:1;
unsigned quiescing:1;
unsigned disconnected:1;
......@@ -375,12 +376,13 @@ static void kick_khubd(struct usb_hub *hub)
{
unsigned long flags;
/* Suppress autosuspend until khubd runs */
atomic_set(&to_usb_interface(hub->intfdev)->pm_usage_cnt, 1);
spin_lock_irqsave(&hub_event_lock, flags);
if (!hub->disconnected && list_empty(&hub->event_list)) {
list_add_tail(&hub->event_list, &hub_event_list);
/* Suppress autosuspend until khubd runs */
usb_autopm_get_interface_no_resume(
to_usb_interface(hub->intfdev));
wake_up(&khubd_wait);
}
spin_unlock_irqrestore(&hub_event_lock, flags);
......@@ -665,7 +667,7 @@ int usb_remove_device(struct usb_device *udev)
}
enum hub_activation_type {
HUB_INIT, HUB_INIT2, HUB_INIT3,
HUB_INIT, HUB_INIT2, HUB_INIT3, /* INITs must come first */
HUB_POST_RESET, HUB_RESUME, HUB_RESET_RESUME,
};
......@@ -710,8 +712,8 @@ static void hub_activate(struct usb_hub *hub, enum hub_activation_type type)
msecs_to_jiffies(delay));
/* Suppress autosuspend until init is done */
atomic_set(&to_usb_interface(hub->intfdev)->
pm_usage_cnt, 1);
usb_autopm_get_interface_no_resume(
to_usb_interface(hub->intfdev));
return; /* Continues at init2: below */
} else {
hub_power_on(hub, true);
......@@ -818,6 +820,7 @@ static void hub_activate(struct usb_hub *hub, enum hub_activation_type type)
}
init3:
hub->quiescing = 0;
hub->init_done = 1;
status = usb_submit_urb(hub->urb, GFP_NOIO);
if (status < 0)
......@@ -827,6 +830,10 @@ static void hub_activate(struct usb_hub *hub, enum hub_activation_type type)
/* Scan all ports that need attention */
kick_khubd(hub);
/* Allow autosuspend if it was suppressed */
if (type <= HUB_INIT3)
usb_autopm_put_interface_async(to_usb_interface(hub->intfdev));
}
/* Implement the continuations for the delays above */
......@@ -854,6 +861,11 @@ static void hub_quiesce(struct usb_hub *hub, enum hub_quiescing_type type)
int i;
cancel_delayed_work_sync(&hub->init_work);
if (!hub->init_done) {
hub->init_done = 1;
usb_autopm_put_interface_no_suspend(
to_usb_interface(hub->intfdev));
}
/* khubd and related activity won't re-trigger */
hub->quiescing = 1;
......@@ -1176,7 +1188,10 @@ static void hub_disconnect(struct usb_interface *intf)
/* Take the hub off the event list and don't let it be added again */
spin_lock_irq(&hub_event_lock);
list_del_init(&hub->event_list);
if (!list_empty(&hub->event_list)) {
list_del_init(&hub->event_list);
usb_autopm_put_interface_no_suspend(intf);
}
hub->disconnected = 1;
spin_unlock_irq(&hub_event_lock);
......@@ -3235,7 +3250,7 @@ static void hub_events(void)
* disconnected while waiting for the lock to succeed. */
usb_lock_device(hdev);
if (unlikely(hub->disconnected))
goto loop;
goto loop2;
/* If the hub has died, clean up after it */
if (hdev->state == USB_STATE_NOTATTACHED) {
......@@ -3384,11 +3399,15 @@ static void hub_events(void)
}
}
loop_autopm:
/* Allow autosuspend if we're not going to run again */
if (list_empty(&hub->event_list))
usb_autopm_enable(intf);
loop:
loop_autopm:
/* Balance the usb_autopm_get_interface() above */
usb_autopm_put_interface_no_suspend(intf);
loop:
/* Balance the usb_autopm_get_interface_no_resume() in
* kick_khubd() and allow autosuspend.
*/
usb_autopm_put_interface(intf);
loop2:
usb_unlock_device(hdev);
kref_put(&hub->kref, hub_release);
......
......@@ -327,7 +327,6 @@ static DEVICE_ATTR(autosuspend, S_IRUGO | S_IWUSR,
static const char on_string[] = "on";
static const char auto_string[] = "auto";
static const char suspend_string[] = "suspend";
static ssize_t
show_level(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf)
......@@ -335,13 +334,8 @@ show_level(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf)
struct usb_device *udev = to_usb_device(dev);
const char *p = auto_string;
if (udev->state == USB_STATE_SUSPENDED) {
if (udev->autoresume_disabled)
p = suspend_string;
} else {
if (udev->autosuspend_disabled)
p = on_string;
}
if (udev->state != USB_STATE_SUSPENDED && udev->autosuspend_disabled)
p = on_string;
return sprintf(buf, "%s\n", p);
}
......@@ -353,7 +347,7 @@ set_level(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr,
int len = count;
char *cp;
int rc = 0;
int old_autosuspend_disabled, old_autoresume_disabled;
int old_autosuspend_disabled;
cp = memchr(buf, '\n', count);
if (cp)
......@@ -361,7 +355,6 @@ set_level(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr,
usb_lock_device(udev);
old_autosuspend_disabled = udev->autosuspend_disabled;
old_autoresume_disabled = udev->autoresume_disabled;
/* Setting the flags without calling usb_pm_lock is a subject to
* races, but who cares...
......@@ -369,28 +362,18 @@ set_level(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr,
if (len == sizeof on_string - 1 &&
strncmp(buf, on_string, len) == 0) {
udev->autosuspend_disabled = 1;
udev->autoresume_disabled = 0;
rc = usb_external_resume_device(udev, PMSG_USER_RESUME);
} else if (len == sizeof auto_string - 1 &&
strncmp(buf, auto_string, len) == 0) {
udev->autosuspend_disabled = 0;
udev->autoresume_disabled = 0;
rc = usb_external_resume_device(udev, PMSG_USER_RESUME);
} else if (len == sizeof suspend_string - 1 &&
strncmp(buf, suspend_string, len) == 0) {
udev->autosuspend_disabled = 0;
udev->autoresume_disabled = 1;
rc = usb_external_suspend_device(udev, PMSG_USER_SUSPEND);
} else
rc = -EINVAL;
if (rc) {
if (rc)
udev->autosuspend_disabled = old_autosuspend_disabled;
udev->autoresume_disabled = old_autoresume_disabled;
}
usb_unlock_device(udev);
return (rc < 0 ? rc : count);
}
......
......@@ -432,7 +432,6 @@ struct usb_tt;
* @do_remote_wakeup: remote wakeup should be enabled
* @reset_resume: needs reset instead of resume
* @autosuspend_disabled: autosuspend disabled by the user
* @autoresume_disabled: autoresume disabled by the user
* @skip_sys_resume: skip the next system resume
* @wusb_dev: if this is a Wireless USB device, link to the WUSB
* specific data for the device.
......@@ -516,7 +515,6 @@ struct usb_device {
unsigned do_remote_wakeup:1;
unsigned reset_resume:1;
unsigned autosuspend_disabled:1;
unsigned autoresume_disabled:1;
unsigned skip_sys_resume:1;
#endif
struct wusb_dev *wusb_dev;
......@@ -542,22 +540,20 @@ extern struct usb_device *usb_find_device(u16 vendor_id, u16 product_id);
/* USB autosuspend and autoresume */
#ifdef CONFIG_USB_SUSPEND
extern int usb_autopm_set_interface(struct usb_interface *intf);
extern int usb_autopm_get_interface(struct usb_interface *intf);
extern void usb_autopm_put_interface(struct usb_interface *intf);
extern int usb_autopm_get_interface_async(struct usb_interface *intf);
extern void usb_autopm_put_interface_async(struct usb_interface *intf);
static inline void usb_autopm_enable(struct usb_interface *intf)
static inline void usb_autopm_get_interface_no_resume(
struct usb_interface *intf)
{
atomic_set(&intf->pm_usage_cnt, 0);
usb_autopm_set_interface(intf);
atomic_inc(&intf->pm_usage_cnt);
}
static inline void usb_autopm_disable(struct usb_interface *intf)
static inline void usb_autopm_put_interface_no_suspend(
struct usb_interface *intf)
{
atomic_set(&intf->pm_usage_cnt, 1);
usb_autopm_set_interface(intf);
atomic_dec(&intf->pm_usage_cnt);
}
static inline void usb_mark_last_busy(struct usb_device *udev)
......@@ -567,12 +563,8 @@ static inline void usb_mark_last_busy(struct usb_device *udev)
#else
static inline int usb_autopm_set_interface(struct usb_interface *intf)
{ return 0; }
static inline int usb_autopm_get_interface(struct usb_interface *intf)
{ return 0; }
static inline int usb_autopm_get_interface_async(struct usb_interface *intf)
{ return 0; }
......@@ -580,9 +572,11 @@ static inline void usb_autopm_put_interface(struct usb_interface *intf)
{ }
static inline void usb_autopm_put_interface_async(struct usb_interface *intf)
{ }
static inline void usb_autopm_enable(struct usb_interface *intf)
static inline void usb_autopm_get_interface_no_resume(
struct usb_interface *intf)
{ }
static inline void usb_autopm_disable(struct usb_interface *intf)
static inline void usb_autopm_put_interface_no_suspend(
struct usb_interface *intf)
{ }
static inline void usb_mark_last_busy(struct usb_device *udev)
{ }
......
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