Commit b21ebf2f authored by H.J. Lu's avatar H.J. Lu Committed by Linus Torvalds
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x86: Treat R_X86_64_PLT32 as R_X86_64_PC32

On i386, there are 2 types of PLTs, PIC and non-PIC.  PIE and shared
objects must use PIC PLT.  To use PIC PLT, you need to load
_GLOBAL_OFFSET_TABLE_ into EBX first.  There is no need for that on
x86-64 since x86-64 uses PC-relative PLT.

On x86-64, for 32-bit PC-relative branches, we can generate PLT32
relocation, instead of PC32 relocation, which can also be used as
a marker for 32-bit PC-relative branches.  Linker can always reduce
PLT32 relocation to PC32 if function is defined locally.   Local
functions should use PC32 relocation.  As far as Linux kernel is
concerned, R_X86_64_PLT32 can be treated the same as R_X86_64_PC32
since Linux kernel doesn't use PLT.

R_X86_64_PLT32 for 32-bit PC-relative branches has been enabled in
binutils master branch which will become binutils 2.31.

[ hjl is working on having better documentation on this all, but a few
  more notes from him:

   "PLT32 relocation is used as marker for PC-relative branches. Because
    of EBX, it looks odd to generate PLT32 relocation on i386 when EBX
    doesn't have GOT.

    As for symbol resolution, PLT32 and PC32 relocations are almost
    interchangeable. But when linker sees PLT32 relocation against a
    protected symbol, it can resolved locally at link-time since it is
    used on a branch instruction. Linker can't do that for PC32

  but for the kernel use, the two are basically the same, and this
  commit gets things building and working with the current binutils
  master   - Linus ]
Signed-off-by: default avatarH.J. Lu <>
Signed-off-by: default avatarLinus Torvalds <>
parent af3e79d2
......@@ -542,6 +542,7 @@ int arch_kexec_apply_relocations_add(const Elf64_Ehdr *ehdr,
goto overflow;
case R_X86_64_PC32:
case R_X86_64_PLT32:
value -= (u64)address;
*(u32 *)location = value;
......@@ -191,6 +191,7 @@ int apply_relocate_add(Elf64_Shdr *sechdrs,
goto overflow;
case R_X86_64_PC32:
case R_X86_64_PLT32:
if (*(u32 *)loc != 0)
goto invalid_relocation;
val -= (u64)loc;
......@@ -770,9 +770,12 @@ static int do_reloc64(struct section *sec, Elf_Rel *rel, ElfW(Sym) *sym,
case R_X86_64_PC32:
case R_X86_64_PLT32:
* PC relative relocations don't need to be adjusted unless
* referencing a percpu symbol.
* NB: R_X86_64_PLT32 can be treated as R_X86_64_PC32.
if (is_percpu_sym(sym, symname))
add_reloc(&relocs32neg, offset);
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