Commit e5ced8eb authored by Tejun Heo's avatar Tejun Heo
Browse files

cgroup_freezer: replace freezer->lock with freezer_mutex

After 96d365e0 ("cgroup: make css_set_lock a rwsem and rename it
to css_set_rwsem"), css task iterators requires sleepable context as
it may block on css_set_rwsem.  I missed that cgroup_freezer was
iterating tasks under IRQ-safe spinlock freezer->lock.  This leads to
errors like the following on freezer state reads and transitions.

  BUG: sleeping function called from invalid context at /work
 /os/work/kernel/locking/rwsem.c:20
  in_atomic(): 0, irqs_disabled(): 0, pid: 462, name: bash
  5 locks held by bash/462:
   #0:  (sb_writers#7){.+.+.+}, at: [<ffffffff811f0843>] vfs_write+0x1a3/0x1c0
   #1:  (&of->mutex){+.+.+.}, at: [<ffffffff8126d78b>] kernfs_fop_write+0xbb/0x170
   #2:  (s_active#70){.+.+.+}, at: [<ffffffff8126d793>] kernfs_fop_write+0xc3/0x170
   #3:  (freezer_mutex){+.+...}, at: [<ffffffff81135981>] freezer_write+0x61/0x1e0
   #4:  (rcu_read_lock){......}, at: [<ffffffff81135973>] freezer_write+0x53/0x1e0
  Preemption disabled at:[<ffffffff81104404>] console_unlock+0x1e4/0x460

  CPU: 3 PID: 462 Comm: bash Not tainted 3.15.0-rc1-work+ #10
  Hardware name: Bochs Bochs, BIOS Bochs 01/01/2011
   ffff88000916a6d0 ffff88000e0a3da0 ffffffff81cf8c96 0000000000000000
   ffff88000e0a3dc8 ffffffff810cf4f2 ffffffff82388040 ffff880013aaf740
   0000000000000002 ffff88000e0a3de8 ffffffff81d05974 0000000000000246
  Call Trace:
   [<ffffffff81cf8c96>] dump_stack+0x4e/0x7a
   [<ffffffff810cf4f2>] __might_sleep+0x162/0x260
   [<ffffffff81d05974>] down_read+0x24/0x60
   [<ffffffff81133e87>] css_task_iter_start+0x27/0x70
   [<ffffffff8113584d>] freezer_apply_state+0x5d/0x130
   [<ffffffff81135a16>] freezer_write+0xf6/0x1e0
   [<ffffffff8112eb88>] cgroup_file_write+0xd8/0x230
   [<ffffffff8126d7b7>] kernfs_fop_write+0xe7/0x170
   [<ffffffff811f0756>] vfs_write+0xb6/0x1c0
   [<ffffffff811f121d>] SyS_write+0x4d/0xc0
   [<ffffffff81d08292>] system_call_fastpath+0x16/0x1b

freezer->lock used to be used in hot paths but that time is long gone
and there's no reason for the lock to be IRQ-safe spinlock or even
per-cgroup.  In fact, given the fact that a cgroup may contain large
number of tasks, it's not a good idea to iterate over them while
holding IRQ-safe spinlock.

Let's simplify locking by replacing per-cgroup freezer->lock with
global freezer_mutex.  This also makes the comments explaining the
intricacies of policy inheritance and the locking around it as the
states are protected by a common mutex.

The conversion is mostly straight-forward.  The followings are worth
mentioning.

* freezer_css_online() no longer needs double locking.

* freezer_attach() now performs propagation simply while holding
  freezer_mutex.  update_if_frozen() race no longer exists and the
  comment is removed.

* freezer_fork() now tests whether the task is in root cgroup using
  the new task_css_is_root() without doing rcu_read_lock/unlock().  If
  not, it grabs freezer_mutex and performs the operation.

* freezer_read() and freezer_change_state() grab freezer_mutex across
  the whole operation and pin the css while iterating so that each
  descendant processing happens in sleepable context.

Fixes: 96d365e0

 ("cgroup: make css_set_lock a rwsem and rename it to css_set_rwsem")
Signed-off-by: default avatarTejun Heo <tj@kernel.org>
Acked-by: default avatarLi Zefan <lizefan@huawei.com>
parent 5024ae29
......@@ -21,6 +21,7 @@
#include <linux/uaccess.h>
#include <linux/freezer.h>
#include <linux/seq_file.h>
#include <linux/mutex.h>
/*
* A cgroup is freezing if any FREEZING flags are set. FREEZING_SELF is
......@@ -42,9 +43,10 @@ enum freezer_state_flags {
struct freezer {
struct cgroup_subsys_state css;
unsigned int state;
spinlock_t lock;
};
static DEFINE_MUTEX(freezer_mutex);
static inline struct freezer *css_freezer(struct cgroup_subsys_state *css)
{
return css ? container_of(css, struct freezer, css) : NULL;
......@@ -93,7 +95,6 @@ freezer_css_alloc(struct cgroup_subsys_state *parent_css)
if (!freezer)
return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
spin_lock_init(&freezer->lock);
return &freezer->css;
}
......@@ -110,14 +111,7 @@ static int freezer_css_online(struct cgroup_subsys_state *css)
struct freezer *freezer = css_freezer(css);
struct freezer *parent = parent_freezer(freezer);
/*
* The following double locking and freezing state inheritance
* guarantee that @cgroup can never escape ancestors' freezing
* states. See css_for_each_descendant_pre() for details.
*/
if (parent)
spin_lock_irq(&parent->lock);
spin_lock_nested(&freezer->lock, SINGLE_DEPTH_NESTING);
mutex_lock(&freezer_mutex);
freezer->state |= CGROUP_FREEZER_ONLINE;
......@@ -126,10 +120,7 @@ static int freezer_css_online(struct cgroup_subsys_state *css)
atomic_inc(&system_freezing_cnt);
}
spin_unlock(&freezer->lock);
if (parent)
spin_unlock_irq(&parent->lock);
mutex_unlock(&freezer_mutex);
return 0;
}
......@@ -144,14 +135,14 @@ static void freezer_css_offline(struct cgroup_subsys_state *css)
{
struct freezer *freezer = css_freezer(css);
spin_lock_irq(&freezer->lock);
mutex_lock(&freezer_mutex);
if (freezer->state & CGROUP_FREEZING)
atomic_dec(&system_freezing_cnt);
freezer->state = 0;
spin_unlock_irq(&freezer->lock);
mutex_unlock(&freezer_mutex);
}
static void freezer_css_free(struct cgroup_subsys_state *css)
......@@ -175,7 +166,7 @@ static void freezer_attach(struct cgroup_subsys_state *new_css,
struct task_struct *task;
bool clear_frozen = false;
spin_lock_irq(&freezer->lock);
mutex_lock(&freezer_mutex);
/*
* Make the new tasks conform to the current state of @new_css.
......@@ -197,21 +188,13 @@ static void freezer_attach(struct cgroup_subsys_state *new_css,
}
}
spin_unlock_irq(&freezer->lock);
/*
* Propagate FROZEN clearing upwards. We may race with
* update_if_frozen(), but as long as both work bottom-up, either
* update_if_frozen() sees child's FROZEN cleared or we clear the
* parent's FROZEN later. No parent w/ !FROZEN children can be
* left FROZEN.
*/
/* propagate FROZEN clearing upwards */
while (clear_frozen && (freezer = parent_freezer(freezer))) {
spin_lock_irq(&freezer->lock);
freezer->state &= ~CGROUP_FROZEN;
clear_frozen = freezer->state & CGROUP_FREEZING;
spin_unlock_irq(&freezer->lock);
}
mutex_unlock(&freezer_mutex);
}
/**
......@@ -228,9 +211,6 @@ static void freezer_fork(struct task_struct *task)
{
struct freezer *freezer;
rcu_read_lock();
freezer = task_freezer(task);
/*
* The root cgroup is non-freezable, so we can skip locking the
* freezer. This is safe regardless of race with task migration.
......@@ -238,24 +218,18 @@ static void freezer_fork(struct task_struct *task)
* to do. If we lost and root is the new cgroup, noop is still the
* right thing to do.
*/
if (!parent_freezer(freezer))
goto out;
if (task_css_is_root(task, freezer_cgrp_id))
return;
/*
* Grab @freezer->lock and freeze @task after verifying @task still
* belongs to @freezer and it's freezing. The former is for the
* case where we have raced against task migration and lost and
* @task is already in a different cgroup which may not be frozen.
* This isn't strictly necessary as freeze_task() is allowed to be
* called spuriously but let's do it anyway for, if nothing else,
* documentation.
*/
spin_lock_irq(&freezer->lock);
if (freezer == task_freezer(task) && (freezer->state & CGROUP_FREEZING))
mutex_lock(&freezer_mutex);
rcu_read_lock();
freezer = task_freezer(task);
if (freezer->state & CGROUP_FREEZING)
freeze_task(task);
spin_unlock_irq(&freezer->lock);
out:
rcu_read_unlock();
mutex_unlock(&freezer_mutex);
}
/**
......@@ -281,22 +255,22 @@ static void update_if_frozen(struct cgroup_subsys_state *css)
struct css_task_iter it;
struct task_struct *task;
WARN_ON_ONCE(!rcu_read_lock_held());
spin_lock_irq(&freezer->lock);
lockdep_assert_held(&freezer_mutex);
if (!(freezer->state & CGROUP_FREEZING) ||
(freezer->state & CGROUP_FROZEN))
goto out_unlock;
return;
/* are all (live) children frozen? */
rcu_read_lock();
css_for_each_child(pos, css) {
struct freezer *child = css_freezer(pos);
if ((child->state & CGROUP_FREEZER_ONLINE) &&
!(child->state & CGROUP_FROZEN))
goto out_unlock;
return;
}
rcu_read_unlock();
/* are all tasks frozen? */
css_task_iter_start(css, &it);
......@@ -317,21 +291,29 @@ static void update_if_frozen(struct cgroup_subsys_state *css)
freezer->state |= CGROUP_FROZEN;
out_iter_end:
css_task_iter_end(&it);
out_unlock:
spin_unlock_irq(&freezer->lock);
}
static int freezer_read(struct seq_file *m, void *v)
{
struct cgroup_subsys_state *css = seq_css(m), *pos;
mutex_lock(&freezer_mutex);
rcu_read_lock();
/* update states bottom-up */
css_for_each_descendant_post(pos, css)
css_for_each_descendant_post(pos, css) {
if (!css_tryget(pos))
continue;
rcu_read_unlock();
update_if_frozen(pos);
rcu_read_lock();
css_put(pos);
}
rcu_read_unlock();
mutex_unlock(&freezer_mutex);
seq_puts(m, freezer_state_strs(css_freezer(css)->state));
seq_putc(m, '\n');
......@@ -373,7 +355,7 @@ static void freezer_apply_state(struct freezer *freezer, bool freeze,
unsigned int state)
{
/* also synchronizes against task migration, see freezer_attach() */
lockdep_assert_held(&freezer->lock);
lockdep_assert_held(&freezer_mutex);
if (!(freezer->state & CGROUP_FREEZER_ONLINE))
return;
......@@ -414,31 +396,29 @@ static void freezer_change_state(struct freezer *freezer, bool freeze)
* descendant will try to inherit its parent's FREEZING state as
* CGROUP_FREEZING_PARENT.
*/
mutex_lock(&freezer_mutex);
rcu_read_lock();
css_for_each_descendant_pre(pos, &freezer->css) {
struct freezer *pos_f = css_freezer(pos);
struct freezer *parent = parent_freezer(pos_f);
spin_lock_irq(&pos_f->lock);
if (!css_tryget(pos))
continue;
rcu_read_unlock();
if (pos_f == freezer) {
if (pos_f == freezer)
freezer_apply_state(pos_f, freeze,
CGROUP_FREEZING_SELF);
} else {
/*
* Our update to @parent->state is already visible
* which is all we need. No need to lock @parent.
* For more info on synchronization, see
* freezer_post_create().
*/
else
freezer_apply_state(pos_f,
parent->state & CGROUP_FREEZING,
CGROUP_FREEZING_PARENT);
}
spin_unlock_irq(&pos_f->lock);
rcu_read_lock();
css_put(pos);
}
rcu_read_unlock();
mutex_unlock(&freezer_mutex);
}
static int freezer_write(struct cgroup_subsys_state *css, struct cftype *cft,
......
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