Commit 9faae545 authored by André Przywara's avatar André Przywara
Browse files

mmc: sunxi: Increase MMIO FIFO read performance

To avoid the complexity of DMA operations (with chained descriptors), we
use repeated MMIO reads and writes to the SD_FIFO_REG, which allows us
to drain or fill the MMC data buffer FIFO very easily.

However those MMIO accesses are somewhat costly, so this limits our MMC
performance, to between 17 and 22 MB/s, but down to 9.5 MB/s on the H6
(partly due to the lower AHB1 frequency).

As it turns out we read the FIFO status register after *every* word we
read or write, which effectively doubles the number of MMIO accesses,
thus effectively more than halving our performance.

To avoid this overhead, we can make use of the FIFO level bits, which are
in the very same FIFO status registers.
So for a read request, we now can collect as many words as the FIFO
level originally indicated, and only then need to update the status

We don't know for sure the size of the FIFO (and it seems to differ
across SoCs anyway), so writing is more fragile, which is why we still
use the old method for that. If we find a minimum FIFO size available on
all SoCs, we could use that, in a later optimisation.

This patch increases the eMMC read speed on a Pine64-LTS from about
22MB/s to 44 MB/s. SD card reads don't gain that much, but with 23 MB/s
we now reach the practical limit for 3.3V SD cards.
On the H6 we double our transfer speed, from 9.5 MB/s to 19.7 MB/s.
Signed-off-by: André Przywara's avatarAndre Przywara <>
parent b5dd39c9
......@@ -119,6 +119,7 @@ struct sunxi_mmc {
#define SUNXI_MMC_STATUS_DATA_FSM_BUSY (0x1 << 10)
#define SUNXI_MMC_STATUS_FIFO_LEVEL(reg) (((reg) >> 17) & 0x3fff)
#define SUNXI_MMC_NTSR_MODE_SEL_NEW (0x1 << 31)
......@@ -311,8 +311,9 @@ static int mmc_trans_data_by_cpu(struct sunxi_mmc_priv *priv, struct mmc *mmc,
unsigned i;
unsigned *buff = (unsigned int *)(reading ? data->dest : data->src);
unsigned byte_cnt = data->blocksize * data->blocks;
unsigned timeout_msecs = byte_cnt >> 8;
unsigned word_cnt = (data->blocksize * data->blocks) >> 2;
unsigned timeout_msecs = word_cnt >> 6;
uint32_t status;
unsigned long start;
if (timeout_msecs < 2000)
......@@ -323,16 +324,38 @@ static int mmc_trans_data_by_cpu(struct sunxi_mmc_priv *priv, struct mmc *mmc,
start = get_timer(0);
for (i = 0; i < (byte_cnt >> 2); i++) {
while (readl(&priv->reg->status) & status_bit) {
for (i = 0; i < word_cnt;) {
unsigned int in_fifo;
while ((status = readl(&priv->reg->status)) & status_bit) {
if (get_timer(start) > timeout_msecs)
return -1;
if (reading)
buff[i] = readl(&priv->reg->fifo);
writel(buff[i], &priv->reg->fifo);
* For writing we do not easily know the FIFO size, so have
* to check the FIFO status after every word written.
* TODO: For optimisation we could work out a minimum FIFO
* size across all SoCs, and use that together with the current
* fill level to write chunks of words.
if (!reading) {
writel(buff[i++], &priv->reg->fifo);
* The status register holds the current FIFO level, so we
* can be sure to collect as many words from the FIFO
* register without checking the status register after every
* read. That saves half of the costly MMIO reads, effectively
* doubling the read performance.
for (in_fifo = SUNXI_MMC_STATUS_FIFO_LEVEL(status);
in_fifo > 0;
buff[i++] = readl_relaxed(&priv->reg->fifo);
return 0;
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